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Spain Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2017 | monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Generated

Spain's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Spain) was 97.5 in Sep 2017, compared with the number of 97.6 in the previous month. Spain's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 105.9 from Jan 1993 to Sep 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 105.9 in Apr 2008 and a record low of 87.5 in Oct 2000. Spain joined the Euro Area on January 1st, 1999. CEIC generates Harmonized Competitiveness Index (HCI) to base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides HCI with base period first quarter of 1999 only. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Spain's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Sep 2017. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Spain: ECB Harmonised) was reported at 1.5 % pa in Sep 2017. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Sep 2017. Spain's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.8 (EUR/USD) in Sep 2017.

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What was Spain's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Sep 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

97.5

Sep 2017

97.6

Aug 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017

View Spain's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Sep 2017 in the chart:

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More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

97.3

Sep 2017

98.4

Aug 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Canada

100.7

Sep 2017

98.3

Aug 2017

79.0

Nov 2001

122.7

Nov 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
France

92.7

Sep 2017

92.7

Aug 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Germany

92.5

Sep 2017

92.5

Aug 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Italy

94.8

Sep 2017

94.8

Aug 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Japan

76.2

Aug 2017

75.3

Jul 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
United Kingdom

77.1

Aug 2017

78.3

Jul 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Austria

99.6

Sep 2017

99.5

Aug 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Belgium

100.4

Sep 2017

100.4

Aug 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Bulgaria

113.0

Sep 2017

113.2

Aug 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Cyprus

93.5

Sep 2017

93.7

Aug 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Czech Republic

117.2

Aug 2017

117.0

Jul 2017

75.1

Feb 1995

129.7

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Denmark

103.7

Jul 2017

102.7

Jun 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Estonia

119.3

Sep 2017

119.4

Aug 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

119.4

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Finland

97.0

Sep 2017

97.2

Aug 2017

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Greece

95.2

Sep 2017

95.4

Aug 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Hungary

98.9

Aug 2017

100.0

Jul 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Iceland

91.9

Aug 2017

94.9

Jul 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

108.5

Apr 1974

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Ireland

88.6

Sep 2017

88.7

Aug 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Latvia

117.2

Sep 2017

117.4

Aug 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Lithuania

114.4

Sep 2017

114.6

Aug 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Argentina

56.1

Sep 2017

57.2

Aug 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Luxembourg

99.3

Sep 2017

99.3

Aug 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Malta

98.9

Sep 2017

99.0

Aug 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Bolivia

58.1

Aug 2017

58.0

Jul 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Netherlands

92.2

Sep 2017

92.3

Aug 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Norway

88.0

Aug 2017

87.5

Jul 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Brazil

112.6

Aug 2017

112.4

Jul 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Poland

94.1

Aug 2017

94.5

Jul 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Chile

97.0

Aug 2017

97.9

Jul 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Portugal

95.9

Sep 2017

96.0

Aug 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Colombia

111.9

Sep 2017

113.8

Aug 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Romania

97.5

Aug 2017

97.6

Jul 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Slovakia

125.3

Sep 2017

125.3

Aug 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Slovenia

98.9

Sep 2017

99.0

Aug 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ecuador

106.5

Sep 2017

104.5

Aug 2017

85.1

Mar 2015

106.5

Sep 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Mexico

120.1

Jul 2017

121.8

Jun 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Spain

97.5

Sep 2017

97.6

Aug 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Sweden

89.8

Aug 2017

89.1

Jul 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Paraguay

61.2

Aug 2017

60.3

Jul 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Switzerland

113.7

Sep 2017

114.4

Aug 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Peru

92.8

Sep 2017

91.7

Aug 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Uruguay

57.3

Aug 2017

57.0

Jul 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Venezuela

2,466.1

Aug 2017

2,246.2

Jul 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

2,466.1

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Algeria

94.1

Aug 2017

96.5

Jul 2017

93.2

Apr 2016

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Australia

107.5

Aug 2017

107.2

Jul 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.9

Aug 2017

102.8

Jul 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

228.4

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
China

141.7

Aug 2017

141.0

Jul 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Botswana

100.5

Jul 2017

100.6

Jun 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Hong Kong

105.3

Aug 2017

106.9

Jul 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
India

114.6

Sep 2017

116.0

Aug 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

117.0

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Israel

122.3

Aug 2017

125.4

Jul 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Indonesia

116.1

Aug 2017

117.9

Jul 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
South Korea

90.7

Aug 2017

91.4

Jul 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Malaysia

91.6

Aug 2017

92.0

Jul 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
New Zealand

99.4

Aug 2017

101.3

Jul 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Pakistan

124.4

Aug 2017

125.8

Jul 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Philippines

128.1

Sep 2017

128.9

Aug 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Singapore

120.8

Aug 2017

120.9

Jul 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Sri Lanka

143.0

Aug 2017

144.6

Jul 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Taiwan

91.9

Aug 2017

92.7

Jul 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Thailand

120.9

Aug 2017

120.3

Jul 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Armenia

122.1

Aug 2017

123.2

Jul 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Azerbaijan

114.4

Aug 2017

115.6

Jul 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

96.7

Jul 2017

96.5

Jun 2017

96.4

Sep 2016

106.1

Jan 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Croatia

102.5

Aug 2017

102.7

Jul 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Georgia

116.0

Aug 2017

117.3

Jul 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Kazakhstan

89.4

Aug 2017

92.5

Jul 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Kyrgyzstan

116.7

Aug 2017

115.1

Jul 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Macedonia

99.7

Aug 2017

99.8

Jul 2017

93.2

Dec 1993

165.3

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Moldova

146.1

Aug 2017

145.0

Jul 2017

47.1

Nov 1993

154.1

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Mongolia

114.5

Jul 2017

116.6

Jun 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Russia

105.5

Aug 2017

107.8

Jul 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Serbia

122.6

Aug 2017

121.2

Jul 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Turkey

80.0

Sep 2017

79.4

Aug 2017

77.6

Jan 2017

113.2

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ukraine

77.3

Aug 2017

76.7

Jul 2017

45.0

Apr 1993

234.2

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Morocco

95.7

Aug 2017

95.8

Jul 2017

90.7

Sep 1990

113.4

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Nigeria

124.5

Aug 2017

123.0

Jul 2017

51.7

Mar 1992

718.3

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Saudi Arabia

123.8

Aug 2017

126.0

Jul 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
South Africa

87.1

Jul 2017

89.1

Jun 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Tunisia

79.8

Aug 2017

79.6

Jul 2017

79.6

Jul 2017

258.1

Jun 1975

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1975 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
United Arab Emirates

123.5

Aug 2017

124.9

Jul 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Ivory Coast

101.0

Aug 2017

100.8

Jul 2017

66.5

Jan 1994

137.0

Dec 1979

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
European Union

90.6

Sep 2017

90.7

Aug 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Iran

159.2

Aug 2017

158.1

Jul 2017

67.7

Aug 1992

515.1

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Kosovo

104.9

Jul 2017

104.6

Jun 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017

More Indicators for Spain

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

99.8

Jun 2017

99.9

Mar 2017

34.8

Mar 2008

100.8

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

-0.4

Aug 2017

-1.7

Jul 2017

-39.0

Mar 2009

8.5

Sep 1997

% Point

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

1,945.6

Jun 2017

-3,022.2

May 2017

-11,793.9

Dec 2014

33,091.7

Oct 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Total Imports Growth

11.0

Jul 2017

5.2

Jun 2017

-36.7

Mar 2009

34.8

Jan 1989

%

monthly

Jan 1986 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Money Supply M2

1,348,731.56

Aug 2017

1,308,759.92

Jul 2017

6,053.33

Jan 1962

1,532,452.95

Nov 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1962 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

522.93

2022

507.55

2021

27.89

1980

522.93

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Production

2,885,922.00

Dec 2016

1,621,017.00

Jun 2016

1,096,082.00

Jun 2012

3,029,826.00

Dec 2003

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Natural Gas: Exports

3,984.00

2016

5,047.00

2015

160.00

2008

6,032.00

2014

Cub m mn

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

3.1

Jun 2017

3.0

Mar 2017

-4.3

Jun 2009

5.6

Mar 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

0.36

Jun 2017

0.39

Mar 2017

-0.91

Dec 2004

3.22

Sep 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

-0.9

Jul 2017

-3.3

Jun 2017

-10.2

Dec 2013

28.2

May 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

92.6

2016

90.3

2015

30.0

1995

128.1

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Total Imports

28,677.2

Jul 2017

27,212.3

Jun 2017

2,143.1

Mar 1985

40,198.9

Mar 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

0.05

Aug 2017

0.15

Jul 2017

-2.75

Feb 2010

7.20

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

31,614.16

2022

30,696.19

2021

4,460.60

1984

35,724.77

2008

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

750.14

2016

348.83

2015

30.94

1996

883.61

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

18.9

Jun 2017

18.0

Mar 2017

15.6

Sep 2001

22.2

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Retail Sales Growth

1.6

Aug 2017

1.2

Jul 2017

-11.3

Sep 2012

5.9

Sep 2002

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Equity Market Index

10,381.5

Sep 2017

10,299.5

Aug 2017

2,032.1

Sep 1992

15,890.5

Oct 2007

31Dec1989=3000

monthly

Dec 1989 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Domestic Credit

2,418,617.9

Jul 2017

2,337,498.6

Jun 2017

597,875.3

Oct 2000

3,747,150.7

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

8.5

Jul 2017

8.4

Jun 2017

0.3

Oct 1962

13.6

Dec 2013

%

monthly

Jan 1962 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Visitor Arrivals

10,510,531

Jul 2017

8,432,076

Jun 2017

1,397,400

Jan 1995

10,510,531

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 1995 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Core CPI Change

1.24

Aug 2017

1.37

Jul 2017

-0.08

Oct 2014

3.49

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

552.46

2022

534.76

2021

30.07

1980

552.46

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

200,337.00

Dec 2016

100,282.00

Jun 2016

46,592.00

Jun 2013

430,611.00

Dec 2005

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Gold Production

1,800.00

2015

2,100.00

2014

0.00

2010

7,402.00

1991

kg

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Population

46.5

2016

46.6

2015

27.5

1948

47.3

2011

Person mn

yearly

1948 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Capital Adequacy Ratio

14.7

Dec 2016

14.6

Jun 2016

11.3

Dec 2008

14.7

Dec 2016

%

semiannually

Jun 2002 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

68.5

2016

71.9

2015

39.2

1995

87.5

2010

%

yearly

1989 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Sep 2017

-0.33

Aug 2017

-0.33

Jun 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Gold Reserves

11,809.48

Aug 2017

11,290.42

Jul 2017

57.00

Nov 1959

16,300.69

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

1,281.53

2022

1,252.01

2021

16.00

1980

1,281.53

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

1,147,007.00

Dec 2016

623,234.00

Jun 2016

386,359.00

Jun 2013

1,634,608.00

Dec 2006

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

0.7

Jun 2017

1.0

Mar 2017

-0.3

Jun 2014

4.3

Jun 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Unemployment Rate

17.22

Jun 2017

18.75

Mar 2017

4.41

Sep 1976

26.94

Mar 2013

%

quarterly

Sep 1976 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

2,962.1

Jul 2017

3,503.6

Jun 2017

-7,530.8

Feb 2010

37,997.8

Oct 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

1.48

Aug 2017

1.60

Jul 2017

1.01

Aug 2016

12.26

Mar 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Total Exports

25,451.4

Jul 2017

25,441.7

Jun 2017

1,773.3

Feb 1985

27,543.4

Aug 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
New Orders Growth

6.9

Jun 2017

6.0

May 2017

-33.6

Mar 2009

13.2

Feb 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-1.1

Sep 2017

-0.2

Aug 2017

-47.6

Feb 2009

5.4

Dec 2015

% Point

monthly

Jun 1986 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
External Debt: % of GDP

167.0

2016

168.5

2015

74.4

2000

168.5

2015

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Trade Balance

-3,225.8

Jul 2017

-1,770.6

Jun 2017

-15,349.8

Mar 2008

-202.9

Mar 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Tax Revenue

273,412.38

2016

269,647.12

2015

122,845.89

1997

366,344.19

2007

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

46,911.16

2022

45,162.35

2021

7,883.29

1980

46,911.16

2022

Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

2.70

2016

2.64

2015

0.01

1970

3.74

2008

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1969 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Crude Steel Production

13,654.41

2016

14,845.00

2015

4,512.00

1967

18,999.00

2007

Tonne th

yearly

1967 - 2016

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

5.6

Jun 2017

5.3

Mar 2017

-15.2

Sep 2012

6.3

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

6.2

Sep 2017

5.0

Aug 2017

-28.2

Jul 2008

30.1

Jan 2010

% Point

monthly

Jun 1987 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

0.839

Sep 2017

0.847

Aug 2017

0.234

Mar 1957

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves

49,139.8

Sep 2017

48,593.7

Aug 2017

8,220.2

Jul 2005

70,301.0

Oct 1998

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1987 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

4.0

Aug 2017

10.1

Jul 2017

-20.8

Mar 2009

27.6

Apr 2000

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Non-Performing Loans

122,617.97

Jul 2017

119,290.27

Jun 2017

12.87

Jan 1962

270,369.54

Dec 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1962 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.60

2022

1.73

2021

-3.58

2009

5.71

1987

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Silver Production

6.00

2014

6.00

2013

2.25

2003

500.00

1990

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-4.7

2016

-5.1

2015

-11.0

2009

2.2

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.8

Sep 2017

1.6

Aug 2017

-1.4

Jul 2009

28.4

Aug 1977

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
External Debt

2,036,564.8

Mar 2017

2,013,865.6

Dec 2016

378,727.5

Jun 2000

2,561,528.5

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Gross National Product

295,003.79

Mar 2017

319,026.68

Dec 2016

140,864.46

Sep 2000

433,979.19

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Gross Savings Rate

20.0

Mar 2017

24.1

Dec 2016

15.3

Mar 2012

25.7

Dec 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

58.8

Jun 2017

58.8

Mar 2017

48.9

Jun 1985

60.5

Sep 2012

%

quarterly

Sep 1976 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

1.9

Jun 2017

-0.3

Mar 2017

-11.6

Mar 2008

4.5

Sep 1985

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
M2 Growth

4.3

Apr/2017

5.7

Mar/2017

-7.3

Aug/2012

20.8

Mar/2007

%

monthly

Sep/1998 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Sep 2017

1.0

Aug 2017

1.0

Sep 2017

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

184,182.21

Jun 2017

176,912.74

Mar 2017

85,191.42

Sep 1997

250,109.91

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Forecast: Employment

19.06

2018

18.78

2017

11.38

1985

20.58

2007

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2017
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

1,985.91

Mar 2017

1,951.27

Dec 2016

25.74

Mar 1970

3,623.48

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Mar 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Crude Oil: Imports

1,296.00

2016

1,306.00

2015

1,053.90

2011

1,306.00

2015

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Production

0.68

2016

1.20

2015

0.68

2016

13.23

1986

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

20.9

Jun 2017

20.3

Mar 2017

13.9

Sep 1983

32.3

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Business Confidence Growth

4.3

Aug 2017

0.7

Jul 2017

-35.5

Dec 2008

28.1

Jul 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

1.1

Jun 2017

4.4

Mar 2017

-3.1

Dec 2014

11.9

Dec 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Policy Rate

0.00

Sep 2017

0.00

Aug 2017

0.00

Sep 2017

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

64,576.69

Jun 2017

62,345.43

Mar 2017

31,543.85

Sep 1997

131,154.87

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

31.91

2022

30.89

2021

-151.96

2008

31.91

2022

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

13.91

2022

13.92

2021

8.23

2007

26.09

2013

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

2,389,442.00

2016

2,489,700.44

2015

700,495.12

1999

2,489,700.44

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Expenditure per Capita

12,513.97

2016

12,160.48

2015

12,160.48

2015

17,373.11

2008

USD

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term

837,687.2

Jun 2017

816,085.3

Mar 2017

132,776.8

Jun 2000

930,639.5

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
P/E ratio

17.32

Sep 2017

21.95

Aug 2017

7.77

Nov 2008

35.58

May 2013

NA

monthly

Jun 1991 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Tourism Revenue

7,017

Jun 2017

5,618

May 2017

1,173

Feb 1994

8,857

Aug 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Employed Persons

18,813,300.00

Jun 2017

18,438,300.00

Mar 2017

10,949,200.00

Jun 1985

20,753,400.00

Sep 2007

Person

quarterly

Sep 1976 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

5.5

2016

24.0

2015

-29.7

2008

25.1

2014

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

1.86

2022

1.76

2021

-0.50

2015

15.58

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.04

2022

3.05

2021

-11.50

2009

20.27

1994

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Credit to Households

762.54

Mar 2017

755.85

Dec 2016

35.81

Sep 1984

1,432.97

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

6,495,884.21

2016

6,705,450.17

2015

1,914,168.19

1995

9,771,097.06

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

1,432,105.86

2016

1,368,203.48

2015

506,068.70

1995

3,116,169.70

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

51,943,202.00

2016

51,067,770.00

2015

0.00

1982

52,590,507.00

2011

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

1,267.80

2016

1,237.27

2015

268.46

1965

1,613.46

2007

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Imports

32,405.00

2016

32,391.00

2015

8,103.00

1995

39,060.00

2008

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

14,710,955.46

2014

14,021,562.19

2013

11,803,192.28

2009

14,710,955.46

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2014

Updated on 2015
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

82.15

2017

81.44

2016

54.44

2004

84.89

2015

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

4,736.21

2016

4,074.48

2015

475.76

1995

5,090.97

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

140,438.17

2016

178,682.72

2015

57.41

1998

197,453.05

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

10.44

2016

13.69

2015

6.90

2010

21.60

2002

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

26,516.00

2016

25,714.76

2015

396.39

1960

35,521.87

2008

USD

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

56.5

Jun 2017

60.8

Mar 2017

54.3

Jun 2009

68.6

Sep 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Total Deposits

1,178,448.35

Aug 2017

1,144,523.14

Jul 2017

535,825.73

Jan 2003

1,398,322.45

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

15,198,906.67

2015

16,138,742.33

2014

11,656,768.20

2002

33,124,003.51

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,378,866.81

2016

1,451,979.07

2015

1,042,289.94

2011

1,890,082.97

2003

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

255,813.12

2016

225,982.37

2015

217,793.68

2014

2,951,855.60

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

80.41

Mar 2017

78.62

Dec 2016

70.75

Mar 2014

112.15

Sep 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

5.31

Mar 2017

4.41

Dec 2016

-16.10

Sep 2012

14.58

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

74.73

Mar 2017

72.85

Dec 2016

65.86

Dec 2013

118.69

Sep 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

2.50

Mar 2017

3.40

Dec 2016

-18.36

Sep 2012

11.69

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

19,557,141.00

2016

19,599,274.00

2015

1,302,750.00

1960

20,576,070.00

2008

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

332,364.00

2016

315,713.06

2015

44,306.75

1996

332,364.00

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Hot Rolled Products Production

13,781.00

2015

13,529.00

2014

10,993.00

1992

19,049.00

2007

Tonne th

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2016
Minerals Production

18,779,232.00

2015

19,311,354.00

2014

18,779,232.00

2015

25,280,945.00

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Building Permits

3,976.00

Feb 2017

3,533.00

Jan 2017

3,064.00

Aug 2013

17,427.00

Oct 2006

Unit

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
National Government Debt

1,251,043.0

Jun 2017

1,203,318.3

Mar 2017

218,821.1

Jun 1991

1,400,667.7

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1990 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Monthly Earnings

2,084

Jun 2017

2,021

Mar 2017

1,171

Dec 2000

2,790

Jun 2008

USD

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Household Income per Capita

11,880.47

2015

13,823.95

2014

11,880.47

2015

16,562.43

2008

USD

yearly

2007 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Current Account Balance

2,445.4

Jun 2017

2,994.5

May 2017

-18,215.6

Jan 2008

5,397.6

Dec 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Electricity Production

22,810

Jul 2017

22,036

Jun 2017

6,137

Aug 1977

26,638

Jan 2008

GWh

monthly

Jan 1977 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

64.5

2016

59.5

2015

24.8

2001

64.5

2016

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt

848,689.4

Jun 2017

815,991.9

Mar 2017

165,941.6

Dec 1989

1,486,185.1

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1989 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

1,347,344

2016

1,277,059

2015

790,991

2012

1,959,488

2005

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1.7

Jul 2017

1.7

Jun 2017

0.3

Apr 2008

10.9

Aug 1992

NA

monthly

Jan 1987 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

29,455.73

Jun 2017

1,652.93

Mar 2017

-74,163.87

Jun 2012

83,249.14

Mar 2006

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Total Exports Growth

4.1

Jul 2017

5.9

Jun 2017

-24.3

Jan 2009

48.0

Dec 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1986 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

14.4

Jul 2017

12.5

Jun 2017

-16.0

Mar 2009

35.8

May 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

3.79

Jun 2017

4.01

Mar 2017

-3.92

Sep 2009

9.11

Dec 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

58,361.35

Jun 2017

56,665.46

Mar 2017

24,138.55

Dec 2000

82,492.66

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Money Supply M1

1,034,907.40

Aug 2017

999,353.52

Jul 2017

3,505.00

Jan 1962

1,034,907.40

Aug 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1962 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

3.69

Jun 2017

3.95

Mar 2017

0.61

Jun 2008

11.59

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Forecast: Population

45.92

2022

45.99

2021

37.66

1980

46.77

2012

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

27,462.98

2015

27,114.85

2014

25,158.00

2005

27,613.00

2008

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

14.70

Mar 2017

14.90

Dec 2016

11.00

Jun 1999

24.90

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Households

6.80

Mar 2017

7.00

Dec 2016

5.40

Jun 1999

11.90

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

3,497,105.27

2015

3,598,551.19

2014

3,331,785.45

2013

7,347,298.95

2006

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017