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Spain Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2017 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

Spain's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Spain) was 97.9 in Nov 2017, compared with the number of 97.7 in the previous month. Spain's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 105.9 from Jan 1993 to Nov 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 105.9 in Apr 2008 and a record low of 87.5 in Oct 2000. Spain joined the Euro Area on January 1st, 1999. CEIC generates Harmonized Competitiveness Index (HCI) to base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides HCI with base period first quarter of 1999 only. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Spain's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Dec 2017. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Spain: ECB Harmonised) was reported at 1.4 % pa in Dec 2017. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Dec 2017. Spain's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.8 (EUR/USD) in Dec 2017.

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What was Spain's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Nov 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

97.9

Nov 2017

97.7

Oct 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017

View Spain's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Nov 2017 in the chart:

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HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Spain

Series Details
Series ID

238174303

Name

HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Spain

Country

Spain

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generate

First Date

Jan 1993

Last Date

Nov 2017

Last Updated

11 Dec 2017

Statistics
Mean

96.83

Variance

22.61

Standard deviation

4.75

Skewness

-0.07

Kurtosis

-1.10

Coefficient variation

0.05

Median

96.98

Max
Apr 2008

NaN

Min
Oct 2000

NaN

Previous observation
Oct 2017

97.69

Last observation
Nov 2017

97.87

Number of Observations

299

Get This Data

More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

99.5

Dec 2017

99.8

Nov 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Canada

97.3

Dec 2017

97.4

Nov 2017

79.0

Nov 2001

122.7

Nov 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1998 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
France

92.7

Dec 2017

92.7

Nov 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Germany

92.4

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Italy

94.2

Dec 2017

94.1

Nov 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Japan

74.0

Nov 2017

74.0

Oct 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
United Kingdom

79.3

Nov 2017

78.7

Oct 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Austria

100.2

Dec 2017

100.0

Nov 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Belgium

100.5

Dec 2017

100.4

Nov 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bulgaria

113.7

Dec 2017

113.7

Nov 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Cyprus

92.5

Dec 2017

92.5

Nov 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Czech Republic

119.3

Dec 2017

119.8

Nov 2017

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Denmark

103.8

Oct 2017

103.8

Sep 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Estonia

120.3

Dec 2017

119.9

Nov 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

120.3

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Finland

97.4

Dec 2017

97.1

Nov 2017

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Greece

94.5

Dec 2017

94.6

Nov 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Hungary

101.3

Nov 2017

100.8

Oct 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Iceland

93.9

Nov 2017

92.7

Oct 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Ireland

87.9

Dec 2017

87.8

Nov 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Latvia

117.5

Dec 2017

117.5

Nov 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Lithuania

114.8

Dec 2017

114.6

Nov 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Argentina

54.1

Dec 2017

54.4

Nov 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Luxembourg

99.3

Dec 2017

99.1

Nov 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Malta

99.0

Dec 2017

98.9

Nov 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bolivia

57.6

Nov 2017

57.1

Oct 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Netherlands

92.0

Dec 2017

91.9

Nov 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Norway

85.6

Nov 2017

87.4

Oct 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Brazil

109.8

Nov 2017

112.1

Oct 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Poland

95.7

Nov 2017

94.4

Oct 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Chile

95.5

Nov 2017

94.9

Oct 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Portugal

95.7

Dec 2017

95.7

Nov 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Colombia

113.5

Dec 2017

114.5

Nov 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Romania

98.3

Nov 2017

98.6

Oct 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Slovakia

125.5

Dec 2017

125.4

Nov 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Slovenia

99.1

Dec 2017

99.0

Nov 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ecuador

111.6

Dec 2017

110.3

Nov 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

111.6

Dec 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Mexico

125.6

Oct 2017

121.3

Sep 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Spain

97.9

Nov 2017

97.7

Oct 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Sweden

86.8

Nov 2017

88.7

Oct 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Paraguay

60.4

Nov 2017

61.1

Oct 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Switzerland

111.9

Dec 2017

112.1

Nov 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Peru

92.8

Dec 2017

92.4

Nov 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Uruguay

58.0

Nov 2017

58.5

Oct 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Venezuela

3,326.9

Nov 2017

2,988.8

Oct 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

3,326.9

Nov 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Algeria

93.8

Nov 2017

92.9

Oct 2017

92.9

Oct 2017

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Australia

104.0

Nov 2017

106.2

Oct 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.7

Nov 2017

102.5

Oct 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

225.0

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
China

143.9

Nov 2017

144.0

Oct 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Botswana

100.1

Oct 2017

100.2

Sep 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Hong Kong

105.6

Nov 2017

105.6

Oct 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
India

118.6

Dec 2017

118.2

Nov 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

118.8

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Israel

125.3

Nov 2017

125.8

Oct 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Indonesia

114.5

Nov 2017

114.6

Oct 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
South Korea

92.4

Nov 2017

90.4

Oct 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Malaysia

95.0

Nov 2017

92.9

Oct 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
New Zealand

96.5

Oct 2017

97.8

Sep 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Pakistan

126.4

Nov 2017

125.8

Oct 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Philippines

130.5

Dec 2017

129.5

Nov 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Singapore

120.4

Nov 2017

120.1

Oct 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Sri Lanka

144.8

Nov 2017

143.8

Oct 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Taiwan

92.9

Nov 2017

92.3

Oct 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Thailand

123.0

Nov 2017

122.0

Oct 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Armenia

124.2

Nov 2017

121.5

Oct 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Azerbaijan

117.8

Nov 2017

116.2

Oct 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

97.1

Oct 2017

96.6

Sep 2017

96.3

Oct 2016

106.0

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Croatia

103.2

Nov 2017

102.6

Oct 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Georgia

107.4

Nov 2017

112.5

Oct 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Kazakhstan

92.0

Nov 2017

89.2

Oct 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kyrgyzstan

117.9

Nov 2017

118.1

Oct 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Macedonia

103.5

Nov 2017

103.1

Oct 2017

92.8

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Moldova

144.5

Nov 2017

144.0

Oct 2017

46.8

Nov 1993

154.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Mongolia

111.5

Oct 2017

110.7

Sep 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Russia

106.5

Nov 2017

108.5

Oct 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Serbia

122.8

Nov 2017

122.6

Oct 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Turkey

75.1

Dec 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

113.4

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ukraine

76.0

Nov 2017

75.0

Oct 2017

44.8

Apr 1993

233.1

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Morocco

98.9

Nov 2017

98.6

Oct 2017

89.9

Sep 1990

112.9

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Nigeria

128.2

Nov 2017

126.5

Oct 2017

51.0

Mar 1992

703.1

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Saudi Arabia

123.2

Nov 2017

123.6

Oct 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
South Africa

83.1

Oct 2017

85.5

Sep 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Tunisia

78.6

Nov 2017

78.6

Oct 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

218.6

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
United Arab Emirates

124.4

Nov 2017

124.4

Oct 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Ivory Coast

100.2

Nov 2017

100.0

Oct 2017

66.2

Jan 1994

136.1

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
European Union

90.5

Dec 2017

90.3

Nov 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Iran

147.7

Nov 2017

150.6

Oct 2017

67.4

Aug 1992

629.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Kosovo

104.6

Nov 2017

104.7

Oct 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017

More Indicators for Spain

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

98.7

Sep 2017

99.8

Jun 2017

34.8

Mar 2008

100.8

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

2.1

Sep 2017

-0.3

Aug 2017

-38.5

Mar 2009

7.9

Sep 1997

% Point

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

-1,615.4

Sep 2017

1,438.8

Aug 2017

-11,793.9

Dec 2014

33,091.7

Oct 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Imports Growth

10.3

Oct 2017

10.8

Sep 2017

-36.7

Mar 2009

35.5

Jan 1989

%

monthly

Jan 1986 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Money Supply M2

1,344,593.46

Nov 2017

1,339,557.48

Oct 2017

6,053.33

Jan 1962

1,532,452.95

Nov 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1962 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Forecast: Government Revenue

522.93

2022

507.55

2021

27.89

1980

522.93

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Production

2,885,922.00

Dec 2016

1,621,017.00

Jun 2016

1,096,082.00

Jun 2012

3,029,826.00

Dec 2003

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

41.32

2016

41.52

2015

4.28

1960

45.48

2008

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Exports

3,984.00

2016

5,047.00

2015

160.00

2008

6,032.00

2014

Cub m mn

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

3.1

Sep 2017

3.1

Jun 2017

-4.3

Jun 2009

5.6

Mar 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

0.15

Sep 2017

0.58

Jun 2017

-0.91

Dec 2004

3.22

Sep 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

-1.0

Oct 2017

-2.1

Sep 2017

-10.2

Dec 2013

28.2

May 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

92.6

2016

90.3

2015

30.0

1995

128.1

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Total Imports

29,956.4

Oct 2017

29,873.6

Sep 2017

2,122.8

Mar 1985

40,190.6

Mar 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1985 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

2.22

Nov 2017

2.34

Oct 2017

-2.75

Feb 2010

7.20

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

35,399.62

2022

34,304.62

2021

4,460.60

1984

35,724.77

2008

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

750.14

2016

348.83

2015

30.94

1996

883.61

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

17.2

Sep 2017

18.9

Jun 2017

15.6

Sep 2001

22.2

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Retail Sales Growth

-0.1

Oct 2017

1.6

Sep 2017

-11.2

Sep 2012

5.9

Sep 2002

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Equity Market Index

10,043.9

Dec 2017

10,211.0

Nov 2017

2,032.1

Sep 1992

15,890.5

Oct 2007

31Dec1989=3000

monthly

Dec 1989 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Domestic Credit

2,442,575.0

Oct 2017

2,474,557.6

Sep 2017

597,875.3

Oct 2000

3,747,150.7

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

8.2

Oct 2017

8.3

Sep 2017

0.3

Oct 1962

13.6

Dec 2013

%

monthly

Jan 1962 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Visitor Arrivals

7,265,492

Oct 2017

8,835,228

Sep 2017

1,397,400

Jan 1995

10,510,531

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 1995 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Core CPI Change

0.84

Nov 2017

0.93

Oct 2017

-0.08

Oct 2014

3.49

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

552.46

2022

534.76

2021

30.07

1980

552.46

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

200,337.00

Dec 2016

100,282.00

Jun 2016

46,592.00

Jun 2013

430,611.00

Dec 2005

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Gold Production

1,800.00

2015

2,100.00

2014

0.00

2010

7,402.00

1991

kg

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Population

46.6

2016

46.6

2015

27.5

1948

47.3

2011

Person mn

yearly

1948 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Capital Adequacy Ratio

14.4

Jun 2017

14.7

Dec 2016

11.3

Dec 2008

14.7

Dec 2016

%

semiannually

Jun 2002 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

68.7

2016

72.0

2015

39.2

1995

87.5

2010

%

yearly

1989 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Nov 2017

-0.33

Oct 2017

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gold Reserves

11,593.46

Dec 2017

11,488.72

Nov 2017

57.00

Nov 1959

16,300.69

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Forecast: Government Net Debt

1,281.53

2022

1,252.01

2021

16.00

1980

1,281.53

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

1,147,007.00

Dec 2016

623,234.00

Jun 2016

386,359.00

Jun 2013

1,634,608.00

Dec 2006

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

1.0

Sep 2017

0.7

Jun 2017

-0.3

Jun 2014

4.3

Jun 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Unemployment Rate

16.38

Sep 2017

17.22

Jun 2017

4.41

Sep 1976

26.94

Mar 2013

%

quarterly

Sep 1976 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

8,050.8

Sep 2017

4,110.9

Aug 2017

-7,530.8

Feb 2010

37,997.8

Oct 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

1.49

Nov 2017

1.61

Oct 2017

1.01

Aug 2016

12.26

Mar 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Exports

27,377.9

Oct 2017

28,030.1

Sep 2017

1,763.7

Mar 1985

28,030.1

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1985 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
New Orders Growth

14.9

Sep 2017

8.4

Aug 2017

-33.5

Mar 2009

14.9

Sep 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-1.5

Dec 2017

-1.7

Nov 2017

-47.6

Feb 2009

5.4

Dec 2015

% Point

monthly

Jun 1986 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
External Debt: % of GDP

166.9

2016

168.6

2015

74.4

2000

168.6

2015

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

3.1

Nov 2017

2.8

Oct 2017

-6.7

Jul 2009

24.6

Dec 1977

%

monthly

Jan 1975 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Trade Balance

-2,578.5

Oct 2017

-1,843.5

Sep 2017

-15,284.2

Mar 2008

-117.0

Mar 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1985 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tax Revenue

273,412.38

2016

269,647.12

2015

122,845.89

1997

366,344.19

2007

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

46,825.07

2022

45,113.55

2021

7,883.29

1980

46,825.07

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

2.70

2016

2.64

2015

0.01

1970

3.74

2008

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1969 - 2016

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

6.6

Sep 2017

5.6

Jun 2017

-15.2

Sep 2012

6.6

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

1.2

Dec 2017

0.5

Nov 2017

-28.2

Jul 2008

30.1

Jan 2010

% Point

monthly

Jun 1987 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Exchange Rate against USD

0.845

Dec 2017

0.852

Nov 2017

0.234

Mar 1957

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Foreign Exchange Reserves

51,011.3

Dec 2017

50,401.9

Nov 2017

8,220.2

Jul 2005

70,301.0

Oct 1998

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1987 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Visitor Arrivals Growth

7.4

Nov 2017

1.8

Oct 2017

-20.8

Mar 2009

27.6

Apr 2000

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Non-Performing Loans

121,013.56

Oct 2017

123,901.37

Sep 2017

12.87

Jan 1962

270,369.54

Dec 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1962 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.68

2022

1.66

2021

-3.58

2009

5.71

1987

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Silver Production

6.00

2014

6.00

2013

2.25

2003

500.00

1990

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-4.7

2016

-5.1

2015

-11.0

2009

2.2

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.1

Dec 2017

1.7

Nov 2017

-1.4

Jul 2009

28.4

Aug 1977

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
External Debt

2,246,899.1

Sep 2017

2,117,756.8

Jun 2017

378,727.5

Jun 2000

2,561,528.5

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross National Product

336,513.88

Sep 2017

320,746.06

Jun 2017

140,864.46

Sep 2000

433,985.44

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross Savings Rate

23.6

Sep 2017

23.0

Jun 2017

15.3

Mar 2012

25.7

Dec 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

58.9

Sep 2017

58.8

Jun 2017

48.9

Jun 1985

60.5

Sep 2012

%

quarterly

Sep 1976 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

2.8

Sep 2017

1.9

Jun 2017

-11.6

Mar 2008

4.5

Sep 1985

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
M2 Growth

4.3

Apr/2017

5.7

Mar/2017

-7.3

Aug/2012

20.8

Mar/2007

%

monthly

Sep/1998 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Dec 2017

1.0

Nov 2017

1.0

Dec 2017

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

197,460.35

Sep 2017

183,965.61

Jun 2017

85,191.42

Sep 1997

250,109.91

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Employment

19.18

2018

18.86

2017

11.38

1985

20.58

2007

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2017
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

2,122.38

Jun 2017

1,990.32

Mar 2017

25.74

Mar 1970

3,623.48

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Crude Oil: Imports

1,296.00

2016

1,306.00

2015

1,053.90

2011

1,306.00

2015

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Production

0.68

2016

1.20

2015

0.68

2016

13.23

1986

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

20.6

Sep 2017

21.0

Jun 2017

13.9

Sep 1983

32.3

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Business Confidence Growth

5.1

Sep 2017

4.4

Aug 2017

-35.3

Dec 2008

28.0

Jul 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

0.3

Sep 2017

-0.3

Jun 2017

-3.1

Dec 2014

11.9

Dec 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Policy Rate

0.00

Dec 2017

0.00

Nov 2017

0.00

Dec 2017

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

70,591.30

Sep 2017

64,964.81

Jun 2017

31,543.85

Sep 1997

131,154.87

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

31.91

2022

30.89

2021

-151.96

2008

31.91

2022

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

13.91

2022

13.92

2021

8.23

2007

26.09

2013

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

2,389,442.00

2016

2,489,700.44

2015

700,495.12

1999

2,489,700.44

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Expenditure per Capita

12,513.97

2016

12,160.48

2015

12,160.48

2015

17,373.11

2008

USD

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term

893,203.9

Sep 2017

837,364.0

Jun 2017

132,776.8

Jun 2000

930,639.5

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
P/E ratio

16.54

Nov 2017

16.98

Oct 2017

7.77

Nov 2008

35.58

May 2013

NA

monthly

Jun 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tourism Revenue

7,966

Sep 2017

9,187

Aug 2017

1,173

Feb 1994

9,187

Aug 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Employed Persons

19,049,200.00

Sep 2017

18,813,300.00

Jun 2017

10,949,200.00

Jun 1985

20,753,400.00

Sep 2007

Person

quarterly

Sep 1976 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

5.5

2016

24.0

2015

-29.7

2008

25.1

2014

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

1.86

2022

1.79

2021

-0.50

2015

15.58

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.04

2022

3.05

2021

-11.50

2009

20.27

1994

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Credit to Households

821.77

Jun 2017

762.64

Mar 2017

35.81

Sep 1984

1,432.97

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1980 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

6,495,884.21

2016

6,705,450.17

2015

1,914,168.19

1995

9,771,097.06

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

1,432,105.86

2016

1,368,203.48

2015

506,068.70

1995

3,116,169.70

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

51,943,202.00

2016

51,067,770.00

2015

0.00

1982

52,590,507.00

2011

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

1,267.80

2016

1,237.27

2015

268.46

1965

1,613.46

2007

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Imports

32,405.00

2016

32,391.00

2015

8,103.00

1995

39,060.00

2008

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

14,993,941.00

2016

14,291,755.00

2015

11,803,192.28

2009

14,993,941.00

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

82.15

2017

81.44

2016

54.44

2004

84.89

2015

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

4,736.21

2016

4,074.48

2015

475.76

1995

5,090.97

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

140,438.17

2016

178,682.72

2015

57.41

1998

197,453.05

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

10.44

2016

13.69

2015

6.90

2010

21.60

2002

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

26,516.00

2016

25,714.76

2015

396.39

1960

35,521.87

2008

USD

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

57.8

Sep 2017

56.4

Jun 2017

54.3

Jun 2009

68.6

Sep 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Deposits

1,174,341.10

Nov 2017

1,168,253.04

Oct 2017

535,825.73

Jan 2003

1,398,322.45

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Imports: ICT Goods

15,198,906.67

2015

16,138,742.33

2014

11,656,768.20

2002

33,124,003.51

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,378,866.81

2016

1,451,979.07

2015

1,042,289.94

2011

1,890,082.97

2003

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

255,813.12

2016

225,982.37

2015

217,793.68

2014

2,951,855.60

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

82.04

Jun 2017

80.41

Mar 2017

70.75

Mar 2014

112.15

Sep 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

5.59

Jun 2017

5.31

Mar 2017

-16.10

Sep 2012

14.58

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

75.64

Jun 2017

74.73

Mar 2017

65.86

Dec 2013

118.69

Sep 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

3.52

Jun 2017

2.50

Mar 2017

-18.36

Sep 2012

11.69

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

19,557,141.00

2016

19,599,274.00

2015

1,302,750.00

1960

20,576,070.00

2008

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

109.74

2016

108.20

2015

0.00

1982

113.06

2011

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

332,364.00

2016

315,713.06

2015

44,306.75

1996

332,364.00

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

18,779,232.00

2015

19,311,354.00

2014

18,779,232.00

2015

25,280,945.00

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Building Permits

4,763.00

Jun 2017

4,446.00

May 2017

3,064.00

Aug 2013

17,427.00

Oct 2006

Unit

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
National Government Debt

1,334,971.6

Sep 2017

1,251,050.4

Jun 2017

218,821.1

Jun 1991

1,400,667.7

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Monthly Earnings

2,232

Sep 2017

2,086

Jun 2017

1,171

Dec 2000

2,790

Jun 2008

USD

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Household Income per Capita

11,880.47

2015

13,823.95

2014

11,880.47

2015

16,562.43

2008

USD

yearly

2007 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Current Account Balance

2,810.3

Sep 2017

3,092.6

Aug 2017

-18,215.6

Jan 2008

5,397.6

Dec 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Electricity Production

21,421

Oct 2017

20,310

Sep 2017

6,137

Aug 1977

26,638

Jan 2008

GWh

monthly

Jan 1977 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

64.5

2016

59.5

2015

24.8

2001

64.5

2016

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt

906,234.9

Sep 2017

855,568.0

Jun 2017

165,941.6

Dec 1989

1,486,185.1

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1989 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Motor Vehicles Sales

1,347,344

2016

1,277,059

2015

790,991

2012

1,959,488

2005

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1.6

Oct 2017

1.6

Sep 2017

0.3

Apr 2008

10.9

Aug 1992

NA

monthly

Jan 1987 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

12,145.56

Sep 2017

31,213.87

Jun 2017

-74,163.87

Jun 2012

83,249.14

Mar 2006

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Exports Growth

8.8

Oct 2017

11.4

Sep 2017

-24.3

Jan 2009

47.1

Dec 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1986 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

11.2

Sep 2017

9.1

Aug 2017

-16.0

Mar 2009

35.8

May 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

4.19

Sep 2017

3.84

Jun 2017

-3.92

Sep 2009

9.11

Dec 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

62,944.56

Sep 2017

58,476.79

Jun 2017

24,138.55

Dec 2000

82,674.30

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Money Supply M1

1,061,866.64

Nov 2017

1,044,154.33

Oct 2017

3,505.00

Jan 1962

1,061,866.64

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1962 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

3.58

Sep 2017

3.69

Jun 2017

0.61

Jun 2008

11.59

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Population

46.00

2022

46.07

2021

37.66

1980

46.77

2012

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

27,462.98

2015

27,114.85

2014

25,158.00

2005

27,613.00

2008

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

14.50

Jun 2017

14.70

Mar 2017

11.00

Jun 1999

24.90

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Households

6.80

Jun 2017

6.80

Mar 2017

5.40

Jun 1999

11.90

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

3,497,105.27

2015

3,598,551.19

2014

3,331,785.45

2013

7,347,298.95

2006

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017