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Venezuela Real Effective Exchange Rate

1994 - 2017 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

Venezuela's Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: Venezuela) was 3,534.2 in Dec 2017, compared with the number of 3,326.5 in the previous month. Venezuela's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 3,534.2 from Jan 1994 to Dec 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 3,534.2 in Dec 2017 and a record low of 62.2 in Jun 1994. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. Bank for International Settlements provides Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2010=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Venezuela: Government Bond Yield: 10 Years) was reported at 14.2 % pa in Dec 2016. Venezuela's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 10.0 (VEF/USD) in Dec 2017.

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What was Venezuela's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Dec 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

3,534.2

Dec 2017

3,326.5

Nov 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

3,534.2

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018

View Venezuela's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1994 to Dec 2017 in the chart:

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REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: Venezuela

Series Details
Series ID

255616202

Name

REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: Venezuela

Country

Venezuela

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generate

First Date

Jan 1994

Last Date

Jan 2018

Last Updated

20 Feb 2018

Statistics
Mean

286.51

Variance

280,219.26

Standard deviation

529.36

Skewness

4.21

Kurtosis

19.26

Coefficient variation

1.85

Median

128.97

Max
Jan 2018

3,707.74

Min
Jul 1994

61.96

Previous observation
Dec 2017

3,533.86

Last observation
Jan 2018

3,707.74

Number of Observations

289

Get This Data

More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

99.5

Dec 2017

99.8

Nov 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Canada

95.5

Sep 2017

93.6

Aug 2017

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
France

92.7

Dec 2017

92.7

Nov 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Germany

92.4

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Italy

94.2

Dec 2017

94.1

Nov 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Japan

73.3

Dec 2017

74.2

Nov 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
United Kingdom

79.9

Dec 2017

79.2

Nov 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Austria

100.2

Dec 2017

100.0

Nov 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Belgium

100.5

Dec 2017

100.4

Nov 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bulgaria

113.7

Dec 2017

113.7

Nov 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Cyprus

92.5

Dec 2017

92.5

Nov 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Czech Republic

119.3

Dec 2017

119.8

Nov 2017

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Denmark

103.8

Oct 2017

103.8

Sep 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Estonia

120.3

Dec 2017

119.9

Nov 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

120.3

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Finland

97.4

Dec 2017

97.1

Nov 2017

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Greece

94.5

Dec 2017

94.6

Nov 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Hungary

102.0

Dec 2017

101.5

Nov 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Iceland

92.9

Dec 2017

93.9

Nov 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ireland

87.9

Dec 2017

87.8

Nov 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Latvia

117.5

Dec 2017

117.5

Nov 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Lithuania

114.8

Dec 2017

114.6

Nov 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Argentina

54.1

Dec 2017

54.4

Nov 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Luxembourg

99.3

Dec 2017

99.1

Nov 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Malta

99.0

Dec 2017

98.9

Nov 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bolivia

57.6

Nov 2017

57.1

Oct 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Netherlands

92.0

Dec 2017

91.9

Nov 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Norway

83.5

Dec 2017

85.6

Nov 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Brazil

109.2

Dec 2017

109.8

Nov 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Poland

96.3

Dec 2017

95.7

Nov 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Chile

96.6

Dec 2017

95.6

Nov 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Portugal

95.7

Dec 2017

95.7

Nov 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Colombia

113.5

Dec 2017

114.5

Nov 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Romania

98.4

Dec 2017

98.3

Nov 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Slovakia

125.5

Dec 2017

125.4

Nov 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Slovenia

99.1

Dec 2017

99.0

Nov 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ecuador

111.6

Dec 2017

110.3

Nov 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

111.6

Dec 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Mexico

125.9

Nov 2017

125.6

Oct 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Spain

97.9

Nov 2017

97.7

Oct 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Sweden

86.3

Dec 2017

86.8

Nov 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Paraguay

60.4

Nov 2017

61.1

Oct 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Switzerland

111.9

Dec 2017

112.1

Nov 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Peru

92.8

Dec 2017

92.4

Nov 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Uruguay

58.0

Nov 2017

58.5

Oct 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Venezuela

3,534.2

Dec 2017

3,326.5

Nov 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

3,534.2

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Algeria

91.3

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

91.3

Dec 2017

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Australia

103.8

Dec 2017

104.0

Nov 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.3

Dec 2017

102.7

Nov 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

225.0

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
China

144.2

Dec 2017

143.8

Nov 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Botswana

100.1

Oct 2017

100.2

Sep 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Hong Kong

104.9

Dec 2017

105.5

Nov 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
India

118.6

Dec 2017

118.2

Nov 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

118.8

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Israel

124.9

Dec 2017

125.2

Nov 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Indonesia

114.2

Dec 2017

114.4

Nov 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
South Korea

93.6

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Malaysia

96.1

Dec 2017

94.6

Nov 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
New Zealand

96.5

Oct 2017

97.8

Sep 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Pakistan

126.4

Nov 2017

125.8

Oct 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Philippines

130.5

Dec 2017

129.5

Nov 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Singapore

120.9

Dec 2017

120.7

Nov 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Sri Lanka

144.8

Nov 2017

143.8

Oct 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Taiwan

92.5

Dec 2017

92.8

Nov 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Thailand

123.0

Nov 2017

122.0

Oct 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Armenia

124.2

Nov 2017

121.5

Oct 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Azerbaijan

117.8

Nov 2017

116.2

Oct 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

97.1

Oct 2017

96.6

Sep 2017

96.3

Oct 2016

106.0

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Croatia

103.2

Nov 2017

102.6

Oct 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Georgia

109.8

Dec 2017

107.4

Nov 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kazakhstan

92.0

Nov 2017

89.2

Oct 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kyrgyzstan

117.9

Nov 2017

118.1

Oct 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Macedonia

103.2

Dec 2017

103.0

Nov 2017

92.8

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Moldova

144.0

Dec 2017

144.7

Nov 2017

46.8

Nov 1993

154.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Mongolia

111.8

Nov 2017

111.5

Oct 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Russia

106.6

Dec 2017

106.5

Nov 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Serbia

122.5

Dec 2017

122.8

Nov 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Turkey

75.1

Dec 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

113.4

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ukraine

74.6

Dec 2017

76.6

Nov 2017

44.8

Apr 1993

233.1

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Morocco

97.6

Dec 2017

98.2

Nov 2017

89.9

Sep 1990

112.9

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Nigeria

128.0

Dec 2017

127.6

Nov 2017

51.0

Mar 1992

703.1

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Saudi Arabia

122.0

Dec 2017

123.5

Nov 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
South Africa

83.1

Oct 2017

85.5

Sep 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Tunisia

78.5

Dec 2017

78.6

Nov 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

218.6

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
United Arab Emirates

121.8

Dec 2017

123.9

Nov 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ivory Coast

100.1

Dec 2017

99.9

Nov 2017

66.2

Jan 1994

136.1

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
European Union

90.5

Dec 2017

90.3

Nov 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Iran

145.5

Dec 2017

147.6

Nov 2017

67.4

Aug 1992

629.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kosovo

104.3

Dec 2017

104.6

Nov 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018

More Indicators for Venezuela

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

12.7

2015

23.1

2014

12.7

2015

47.4

2003

%

yearly

1997 - 2015

Updated on 2018
Foreign Direct Investment

-558.0

Sep 2015

736.0

Jun 2015

-1,509.0

Jun 2009

3,061.0

Sep 1997

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1994 - Sep 2015

Updated on Jan 2016
Total Imports Growth

-12.8

Oct 2014

16.0

Sep 2014

-69.7

Jan 2003

150.3

Jan 2004

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Oct 2014

Updated on Feb 2018
Money Supply M2

8,992,863.90

Nov 2017

5,611,770.21

Oct 2017

8,246.99

May 1996

8,992,863.90

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

100,000,000,000.00

2022

31,306,342,267.24

2021

0.21

1988

100,000,000,000.00

2022

VEF bn

yearly

1988 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Production

2,850.00

Dec 2016

1,551.00

Jun 2016

1,551.00

Jun 2016

172,418.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

24.43

2016

24.86

2015

1.65

1960

25.57

2013

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

-8.8

Dec 2015

-7.1

Sep 2015

-26.7

Mar 2003

36.1

Mar 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Dec 2015

Updated on Feb 2018
Labour Productivity Growth

-8.85

2017

-19.07

2016

-19.07

2016

14.44

2004

%

yearly

1992 - 2017

Updated on 2018
Domestic Credit Growth

48.2

Sep 2011

43.1

Aug 2011

-99.8

Dec 1975

112.1

Jun 2006

%

monthly

Jan 1967 - Sep 2011

Updated on Sep 2017
Total Imports

3,634.0

Oct 2014

4,397.0

Sep 2014

397.8

Jan 2003

5,544.0

Nov 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2014

Updated on Jul 2016
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

315.04

Dec 2015

304.05

Nov 2015

17.89

Aug 2012

315.04

Dec 2015

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Dec 2015

Updated on Feb 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

4,821.91

2022

5,164.27

2021

2,378.16

1989

11,541.88

2011

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Crude Oil: Exports

1,835.00

2016

1,974.20

2015

1,528.00

2013

2,243.90

1998

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

1,666.96

2015

3,836.66

2014

1,666.96

2015

136,698.02

2009

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2016
Public Consumption: % of GDP

12.9

2015

14.6

2014

11.1

2005

14.6

2014

%

yearly

1997 - 2015

Updated on 2018
Retail Sales Growth

12.6

Sep 2013

14.5

Aug 2013

-19.5

Feb 2010

51.9

Sep 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2013

Updated on Mar 2014
Equity Market Index

3,667.8

Jan 2018

1,263.1

Dec 2017

0.0

Jan 1994

3,667.8

Jan 2018

27Aug1997=1

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jan 2018

Updated on Jan 2018
Domestic Credit

68,892.5

Sep 2011

66,158.0

Aug 2011

7,330.7

Jul 2003

7,601,554.7

Nov 1978

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1966 - Sep 2011

Updated on Oct 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

0.1

Dec 2017

0.1

Nov 2017

0.1

Dec 2017

4.9

Feb 2004

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Visitor Arrivals

789,000

2015

857,000

2014

337,000

2003

988,000

2012

Person

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Core CPI Change

60.34

Dec 2013

60.93

Nov 2013

20.16

Oct 2012

60.93

Nov 2013

%

monthly

Dec 2008 - Dec 2013

Updated on Feb 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

100,000,000,000.00

2022

85,435,556,437.42

2021

0.29

1988

100,000,000,000.00

2022

VEF bn

yearly

1988 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

1,000.00

Dec 2016

500.00

Jun 2016

500.00

Jun 2016

69,777.00

Dec 2012

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Crude Oil: Production

1,834.00

Nov 2017

1,876.00

Oct 2017

616.00

Jan 2003

2,995.00

Oct 2002

Barrel/Day th

monthly

Jan 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gold Production

1,500.00

2015

1,500.00

2014

1,500.00

2015

22,322.00

1997

kg

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

10.5

2015

11.5

2014

1.6

2004

11.5

2014

%

yearly

2004 - 2015

Updated on 2018
Gold Reserves

7,608.00

Sep 2017

7,499.00

Aug 2017

340.00

Dec 1950

21,269.00

Sep 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1950 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

100,000,000,000.00

2022

55,434,869,059.04

2021

15.73

1998

100,000,000,000.00

2022

VEF bn

yearly

1998 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

1,500.00

Dec 2016

500.00

Jun 2016

500.00

Jun 2016

267,932.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

110.8

2015

40.4

2014

7.8

2009

110.8

2015

%

yearly

1998 - 2015

Updated on 2018
Unemployment Rate

7.33

Apr 2016

7.08

Mar 2016

5.53

Dec 2014

20.70

Feb 2003

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2016

Updated on Jun 2016
Direct Investment Abroad

272.0

Sep 2015

369.0

Jun 2015

-2,951.0

Jun 2011

1,713.0

Mar 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1994 - Sep 2015

Updated on Oct 2016
Long Term Interest Rate

14.24

Dec 2016

14.49

Nov 2016

5.19

Dec 2006

84.20

Oct 1998

% pa

monthly

Jan 1984 - Dec 2016

Updated on Feb 2018
Total Exports

196.9

Oct 2014

168.7

Sep 2014

134.4

Aug 2013

755.9

Dec 2004

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2014

Updated on Jun 2016
External Debt: % of GDP

22.7

2014

33.0

2013

17.2

2008

48.6

2003

%

yearly

1997 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Producer Price Index Growth

52.0

Sep 2013

45.7

Aug 2013

5.4

Sep 2001

56.6

Jan 2003

%

monthly

Jan 1998 - Sep 2013

Updated on Feb 2018
Trade Balance

-3,437.1

Oct 2014

-4,228.3

Sep 2014

-5,319.9

Nov 2012

-60.7

Apr 2003

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2014

Updated on Sep 2016
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

11,407.67

2022

11,472.00

2021

7,838.06

1980

18,607.46

2013

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

3.43

2016

3.34

2015

0.66

1965

3.51

2007

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

9.975

Jan 2018

9.975

Dec 2017

0.004

Jan 1964

9.976

Nov 2016

VEF/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Foreign Exchange Reserves

1,132.0

Oct 2017

1,085.0

Sep 2017

76.0

Sep 1962

32,581.0

Dec 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1962 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Visitor Arrivals Growth

-23.8

2016

-7.9

2015

-26.0

2002

66.1

2012

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Non-Performing Loans

2,444.78

Nov 2017

2,320.44

Oct 2017

176.22

Jun 2005

2,444.78

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

-1.30

2022

-1.40

2021

-16.46

2016

18.29

2004

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-4.9

2012

-4.0

2011

-5.0

2009

3.0

2007

%

yearly

1998 - 2012

Updated on 2018
External Debt

110,878.0

Sep 2015

108,931.0

Jun 2015

33,589.0

Sep 1998

130,362.0

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2015

Updated on Jan 2017
Gross National Product

448,112.27

2014

336,349.47

2013

8,203.58

1960

448,112.27

2014

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2014

Updated on 2017
Gross Savings Rate

3.4

2014

14.3

2013

3.4

2014

46.3

1974

%

yearly

1970 - 2014

Updated on 2018
Labour Force Participation Rate

62.7

Apr 2016

62.8

Mar 2016

62.6

Dec 2015

70.6

Oct 2003

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2016

Updated on Jun 2016
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-1.9

2015

0.7

2014

-14.6

1978

22.1

1974

%

yearly

1970 - 2015

Updated on 2018
M2 Growth

231.4

Apr/2017

205.8

Mar/2017

-3.7

Mar/2002

231.4

Apr/2017

%

monthly

Jan/1997 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

21.5

Dec 2017

21.5

Nov 2017

15.0

Jun 2007

21.5

Dec 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

2,604,055.55

2016

1,162,914.93

2015

4,488.74

1964

2,604,055.55

2016

USD mn

yearly

1964 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Production

0.20

2016

0.59

2015

0.03

1985

5.92

2004

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

42.1

2015

24.8

2014

10.2

1990

42.8

1978

%

yearly

1950 - 2015

Updated on 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

0.1

2014

0.7

2013

-2.5

1976

7.2

1997

%

yearly

1970 - 2014

Updated on 2018
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

378,778.52

2015

104,302.80

2014

11,154.96

1996

378,778.52

2015

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-2.60

2022

-2.60

2021

-16.05

2015

31.30

2008

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

37.87

2022

36.25

2021

6.70

2014

37.87

2022

%

yearly

1999 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

104,411.34

2016

164,638.95

2015

104,411.34

2016

1,519,232.15

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

0.8

Sep 2013

-1.7

Aug 2013

-64.8

Dec 2002

183.2

Dec 2003

%

monthly

Jan 1998 - Sep 2013

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt: Short Term

30,212.0

Sep 2015

30,193.0

Jun 2015

6,682.0

Dec 2002

31,273.0

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2015

Updated on Jan 2017
Tourism Revenue

654

2015

707

2014

378

2003

1,097

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Employed Persons

13,089,081.00

Apr 2016

13,127,644.00

Mar 2016

8,505,814.00

Feb 2000

13,607,057.00

Dec 2014

Person

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2016

Updated on Feb 2018
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

10.3

May 2017

-19.7

Apr 2017

-94.3

Mar 2016

128.9

Mar 2015

%

monthly

Jan 2008 - May 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

4,684.85

2022

4,505.01

2021

6.24

1983

4,684.85

2022

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

-1.08

2022

-1.08

2021

-14.18

2009

16.66

1990

%

yearly

1983 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

375,194.92

2016

901,829.91

2015

201,480.44

1996

2,353,950.59

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

64,749.16

2016

170,420.40

2015

35,372.83

1996

439,443.28

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

27,600,893.00

2016

29,093,517.00

2015

0.00

1987

30,896,079.00

2013

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

611.20

2016

648.28

2015

181.47

1966

791.64

2012

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Imports

400.00

2015

950.00

2014

100.00

2007

1,877.00

2012

Cub m mn

yearly

2007 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

838,783.00

2016

734,185.00

2015

734,185.00

2015

1,535,149.00

2012

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

7.94

2017

14.78

2016

7.94

2017

20.46

2008

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

74,648.15

2016

178,243.51

2015

3,453.54

1996

295,749.01

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

0.07

2016

0.20

2015

0.00

2004

0.52

1989

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

31,312.67

2015

15,968.83

2014

961.46

1964

31,312.67

2015

USD

yearly

1960 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

121.3

2015

75.3

2014

40.0

1974

121.3

2015

%

yearly

1950 - 2015

Updated on 2018
Total Deposits

1,227,524.33

Dec 2017

963,979.28

Nov 2017

11,568.82

Mar 2005

1,227,524.33

Dec 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Imports: ICT Goods

1,883,761.56

2013

3,627,729.72

2012

490,539.85

2003

4,810,213.59

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2013

Updated on 2015
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

3,622.53

2016

5,472.39

2015

2,315.27

1995

15,874.29

2002

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

776.53

2016

910.98

2015

76.33

1999

7,622.84

2009

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

7,752,232.00

2016

7,780,096.00

2015

125,000.00

1960

7,808,524.00

2014

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

86.99

2016

92.97

2015

0.00

1987

102.05

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

27,718.00

2016

26,004.40

2015

18,430.00

2009

31,710.00

2001

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

30,060.23

2016

70,924.34

2015

6,702.87

1996

111,876.60

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

172,086,883.00

2015

174,381,952.00

2014

170,090,921.00

2013

191,207,107.00

2012

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
National Government Debt

105,131.7

2016

121,952.0

2015

25,863.7

1997

121,952.0

2015

USD mn

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal GDP

958,806.7

2015

482,359.3

2014

70,683.0

1996

958,806.7

2015

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2018
Current Account Balance

-5,113.0

Dec 2015

-5,050.0

Sep 2015

-6,580.0

Dec 2008

15,700.0

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1994 - Dec 2015

Updated on Feb 2018
Electricity Production

10,886

Dec 2012

11,096

Nov 2012

6,605

Feb 2003

11,281

Oct 2012

GWh

monthly

Jan 2003 - Dec 2012

Updated on Apr 2014
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

6.3

2014

8.1

2013

6.3

2009

10.0

2010

%

yearly

1997 - 2014

Updated on 2018
Liquid Assets Ratio

64.8

Dec 2017

59.2

Nov 2017

17.5

Jan 2006

64.8

Dec 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Household Debt

687,134.4

Dec 2017

565,651.1

Nov 2017

1,159.0

Mar 2004

687,134.4

Dec 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Motor Vehicles Sales

279

May 2017

224

Apr 2017

157

Jan 2017

52,658

Nov 2007

Unit

monthly

Jan 2007 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.5

Oct 2014

0.6

Sep 2014

0.3

May 2012

20.8

Jun 2003

NA

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2014

Updated on Aug 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

-265.00

Sep 2015

-722.00

Jun 2015

-3,153.00

Jun 2006

4,479.00

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2015

Updated on Feb 2018
Total Exports Growth

37.5

Oct 2014

20.9

Sep 2014

-69.4

Jan 2009

129.2

May 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Oct 2014

Updated on Feb 2018
Tourism Revenue Growth

-16.5

2016

-27.3

2015

-39.3

1997

46.6

2004

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Nominal GDP Growth

98.77

2015

34.97

2014

4.38

2009

98.77

2015

%

yearly

1998 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

282,133.26

2016

123,969.16

2015

971.95

1964

282,133.26

2016

USD mn

yearly

1964 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Money Supply M1

8,939,226.99

Nov 2017

5,571,551.04

Oct 2017

3,166.39

May 1996

8,939,226.99

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

0.53

2015

0.77

2014

0.53

2015

18.69

2003

%

yearly

1997 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Population

33.37

2022

32.99

2021

14.95

1980

33.37

2022

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

4,510.00

2015

4,400.00

2014

3,279.00

2005

5,060.00

2012

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

1,256.19

2013

502.87

2012

502.87

2012

18,015.68

2002

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2013

Updated on 2015