Serbia Real Effective Exchange Rate

2002 - 2019 | Monthly | 2005=100 | National Bank of Serbia

Serbia's Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: Serbia) was 124.3 in Mar 2019, compared with the number of 124.8 in the previous month. Serbia's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 140.8 from Jan 2002 to Mar 2019. The data reached an all-time high of 140.8 in Sep 2008 and a record low of 88.5 in Jan 2002. The National Bank of Serbia provides Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. Since 2007, CPI and the weighted geometric mean of CPI in the euro area and the United States is used as a deflator; prior to 2007, the Retail Price Index was used as a deflator. The National Bank of Serbia calculates REER from the weighted geometric mean of the indices of the average exchange rates of the local currency against USD and EUR. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Serbia's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: Belgrade Interbank Offered Rate: 3 Months was reported at 3.0 % pa in Apr 2019. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: 2 Week Repo Rate) was set at 3.0 % pa in Apr 2019. Serbia's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 104.9 (RSD/USD) in Apr 2019.

What was Serbia's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Mar 2019?

Last

124.3

Mar 2019
Previous

124.8

Feb 2019
Min

88.5

Jan 2002
Max

140.8

Sep 2008
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 03 May 2019
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

124.3

Mar 2019

124.8

Feb 2019

88.5

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 03 May 2019

View Serbia's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 2002 to Mar 2019 in the chart:

Serbia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Serbia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Series Details
Series ID

242508303

Name

Serbia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country

Serbia

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

National Bank of Serbia

First Date

Jan 2002

Last Date

Mar 2019

Last Updated

03 May 2019

Statistics
Mean

115.8

Variance

126.7

Standard deviation

11.3

Skewness

-0.5

Kurtosis

-0.5

Coefficient variation

0.1

Median

117.6

Max
Sep 2008

140.8

Min
Jan 2002

88.5

Previous observation
Feb 2019

124.8

Last observation
Mar 2019

124.3

Number of Observations

207

Get This Data

Related Indicators for Serbia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Interest and Foreign Exchange Rates Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Exchange Rate against USD

104.894

Apr 2019

104.380

Mar 2019

1.382

Apr 1995

117.020

Dec 2016

RSD/USD

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Policy Rate

3.00

Apr 2019

3.00

Mar 2019

3.00

Apr 2019

35.66

Jan 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Short Term Interest Rate

2.98

Apr 2019

2.95

Mar 2019

2.86

Apr 2018

24.58

Mar 2006

% pa

monthly

Aug 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Policy Rate: Month End: 2 Week Repo Rate

3.000

Apr 2019

3.000

Mar 2019

3.000

Apr 2019

35.660

Jan 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Lending Rate: NBS: Discount

3.000

Mar 2019

3.000

Feb 2019

3.000

Mar 2019

29.450

Feb 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-08
Deposit Rate: Weighted Avg: Outstanding Amounts (OA)

0.530

Mar 2019

0.520

Feb 2019

0.520

Feb 2019

4.770

Apr 2011

% pa

monthly

Sep 2010 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Lending Rate: Weighted Avg: Outstanding Amounts (OA)

5.500

Mar 2019

5.500

Feb 2019

5.480

Dec 2018

11.750

Apr 2011

% pa

monthly

Sep 2010 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Lending Rate: Weighted Avg: OA: HN: MC: Mortgage

3.330

Mar 2019

3.340

Feb 2019

3.330

Mar 2019

5.500

Sep 2011

% pa

monthly

Sep 2010 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Lending Rate: Weighted Avg: OA: HN: MC: Consumer

6.020

Mar 2019

6.740

Feb 2019

6.020

Mar 2019

13.390

Oct 2010

% pa

monthly

Sep 2010 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: Belgrade Interbank Offered Rate: 3 Months

2.980

Apr 2019

2.950

Mar 2019

2.860

Apr 2018

24.580

Mar 2006

% pa

monthly

Aug 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Exchange Rate against US$: Monthly Average

104.894

Apr 2019

104.380

Mar 2019

1.382

Apr 1995

117.020

Dec 2016

RSD/USD

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Foreign Exchange Rate: End of Period: Euro

117.955

Apr 2019

117.972

Mar 2019

11.735

Nov 2000

123.968

Mar 2017

RSD/EUR

monthly

Jul 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20
Foreign Exchange Rate: End of Period: Euro

117.955

Apr 2019

117.972

Mar 2019

11.735

Nov 2000

123.968

Mar 2017

RSD/EUR

monthly

Jul 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20
Foreign Exchange Rate: End of Period: Euro

117.955

Apr 2019

117.972

Mar 2019

11.735

Nov 2000

123.968

Mar 2017

RSD/EUR

monthly

Jul 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20
Foreign Exchange Rate: End of Period: US Dollar

105.430

Apr 2019

105.004

Mar 2019

12.582

Jul 2000

117.135

Dec 2016

RSD/USD

monthly

Jul 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20
Foreign Exchange Rate: End of Period: US Dollar

105.430

Apr 2019

105.004

Mar 2019

12.582

Jul 2000

117.135

Dec 2016

RSD/USD

monthly

Jul 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20
Foreign Exchange Rate: End of Period: US Dollar

105.430

Apr 2019

105.004

Mar 2019

12.582

Jul 2000

117.135

Dec 2016

RSD/USD

monthly

Jul 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20

More Indicators for Serbia

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

238,860.722

2017

202,507.120

2016

140,492.116

2009

258,742.314

2011

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Building Permits

1,502.000

Mar 2019

1,116.000

Feb 2019

314.000

Feb 2015

2,237.000

Oct 2018

Unit

monthly

Jan 2008 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

5.518

Apr 2019

4.918

Mar 2019

-4.383

Jun 2014

32.200

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2007 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Capital Adequacy Ratio

22.3

Dec 2018

22.8

Sep 2018

17.2

Jun 2012

28.9

Jun 2006

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Coal Production

7.526

2017

7.260

2016

5.723

2014

7.815

2011

TOE mn

yearly

2007 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

0.6

2018

1.1

2017

-6.4

2012

1.1

2017

%

yearly

2001 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

3.1

Apr 2019

2.8

Mar 2019

0.1

Jan 2015

134.9

Apr 2001

%

monthly

Feb 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Core CPI Change

1.500

Mar 2019

1.500

Feb 2019

0.400

Jan 2015

13.400

May 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2007 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-15
Current Account Balance

-357.7

Feb 2019

-163.7

Jan 2019

-541.0

Dec 2013

31.6

May 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2013 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Direct Investment Abroad

-0.7

Feb 2019

42.5

Jan 2019

-25.9

Jul 2016

127.5

Dec 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2013 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Domestic Credit

24,615.6

Mar 2019

24,373.1

Feb 2019

4,105.6

Dec 2003

25,087.3

Dec 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Domestic Credit Growth

8.9

Mar 2019

6.9

Feb 2019

-7.0

Jul 2013

56.0

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2004 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Electricity Production

36,984

2017

39,304

2016

33,874

2004

39,877

2013

GWh

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Employed Persons

2,141,000.000

Feb 2019

2,143,000.000

Jan 2019

1,965,765.000

Jan 2015

2,168,000.000

Dec 2018

Person

monthly

Dec 2014 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Equity Market Index

744.0

Apr 2019

732.9

Mar 2019

380.8

Mar 2009

3,283.6

Apr 2007

01Oct2005=1000

monthly

Oct 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Exchange Rate against USD

104.894

Apr 2019

104.380

Mar 2019

1.382

Apr 1995

117.020

Dec 2016

RSD/USD

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Exports: ICT Goods

192,523.702

2017

190,625.040

2016

159,210.194

2010

239,711.934

2012

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2019-02-20
Exports: Medicament

260,038.551

2017

215,477.326

2016

173,919.617

2009

260,038.551

2017

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-11
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

13,744.605

2017

10,175.594

2016

6,520.248

2008

13,744.605

2017

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

61,997.491

2017

86,394.366

2016

28,923.239

2009

153,654.753

2012

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

23,792.394

2017

22,278.905

2016

10,947.116

2012

99,534.962

2008

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

30,695.0

Dec 2018

30,854.7

Sep 2018

10,893.0

Jun 2004

35,085.5

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
External Debt: % of GDP

62.9

2018

65.3

2017

48.3

2004

135.0

2000

%

yearly

2000 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-03
External Debt: Short Term

1,711.6

Dec 2018

1,367.8

Sep 2018

123.1

Dec 2014

2,960.6

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

2.3

2017

1.8

2016

0.3

2014

5.7

2009

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

3.000

2024

3.000

2023

1.122

2016

80.744

2001

%

yearly

1998 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-3.104

2024

-2.934

2023

-10.349

2008

0.253

2001

USD bn

yearly

1998 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-24
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

8.300

2024

8.200

2023

-8.816

2009

31.648

2003

%

yearly

2001 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

25,291.490

2024

23,963.150

2023

6,152.820

2000

25,291.490

2024

PPP Intl $

yearly

2000 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Expenditure

3,068.830

2024

2,868.500

2023

129.577

2000

3,068.830

2024

RSD bn

yearly

2000 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Net Debt

3,004.610

2024

2,956.270

2023

787.439

2007

3,114.140

2016

RSD bn

yearly

2000 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Revenue

3,040.480

2024

2,839.020

2023

128.890

2000

3,040.480

2024

RSD bn

yearly

2000 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

11,140.080

2024

10,394.200

2023

1,238.890

2000

11,140.080

2024

USD

yearly

1997 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Population

6.895

2024

6.854

2023

6.854

2023

7.597

1997

Person mn

yearly

1997 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

4.000

2024

4.000

2023

-12.147

1999

10.154

2005

%

yearly

1999 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

11.984

2024

12.319

2023

11.984

2024

24.600

2012

%

yearly

1997 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Foreign Direct Investment

400.8

Feb 2019

250.5

Jan 2019

41.9

Feb 2013

1,156.0

Dec 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2013 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

11.6

Dec 2018

6.3

Sep 2018

3.1

Mar 2013

11.6

Dec 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 2013 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Foreign Exchange Reserves

12,043.4

Mar 2019

12,051.0

Feb 2019

3,087.2

May 2004

15,121.4

Dec 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2004 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

24.575

Dec 2018

24.918

Sep 2018

13.590

Mar 2004

33.852

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-05
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

5.2

Mar 2019

5.8

Feb 2019

2.5

Dec 2004

13.8

Jan 2010

NA

monthly

Jan 2004 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Foreign Portfolio Investment

-1,166.787

Dec 2018

-25.209

Sep 2018

-1,166.787

Dec 2018

1,952.541

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
GDP Deflator Growth

1.8

Dec 2018

2.6

Sep 2018

1.2

Jun 2016

114.0

Jun 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
GDP per Capita

6,299.000

2017

5,756.000

2016

1,647.603

2001

7,096.000

2008

USD

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-12-07
Gold Production

600.000

2016

628.000

2015

176.000

2004

1,310.000

2014

kg

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2018-09-27
Gold Reserves

866.765

Mar 2019

872.023

Feb 2019

84.194

Feb 2002

872.023

Feb 2019

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Government Debt: % of GDP

53.6

2018

57.9

2017

26.8

2008

201.2

2000

%

yearly

2000 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

2,555.672

Dec 2018

2,429.078

Sep 2018

291.596

Mar 2001

3,536.338

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Gross National Product

41,358.400

2017

38,381.200

2016

11,485.141

2001

50,724.000

2008

USD mn

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Gross Savings Rate

13.0

Dec 2018

13.2

Sep 2018

-9.8

Jun 1999

14.3

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
House Prices Growth

9.7

Dec 2018

9.4

Jun 2018

-8.5

Dec 2011

116.3

Dec 1995

%

semiannually

Jun 1995 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Household Debt

9,936.5

Mar 2019

9,850.8

Feb 2019

530.9

Dec 2003

9,936.5

Mar 2019

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Household Debt: % of GDP

20.1

2018

19.0

2017

0.6

2001

20.1

2018

%

yearly

1999 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-15
Household Expenditure per Capita

2,903.833

2018

2,568.493

2017

1,463.700

2003

2,903.833

2018

USD

yearly

2003 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-01
Household Income per Capita

2,836.553

2018

2,504.316

2017

1,466.888

2004

2,887.855

2008

USD

yearly

2003 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-01
Imports: ICT Goods

781,379.273

2017

657,716.185

2016

652,945.707

2014

1,073,720.249

2008

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2019-02-20
Imports: Medicament

667,211.569

2017

522,412.389

2016

287,630.629

2009

667,211.569

2017

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

104,113.728

2017

100,919.551

2016

90,898.269

2009

144,006.100

2008

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

374,372.203

2017

349,832.066

2016

277,270.235

2009

374,372.203

2017

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

69,583.614

2017

59,820.596

2016

55,400.974

2014

152,247.015

2008

USD th

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

-1.6

Mar 2019

1.2

Feb 2019

-20.3

Apr 2009

20.3

Oct 2001

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Investment: % of GDP

23.7

Dec 2018

20.5

Sep 2018

-6.0

Jun 1999

35.5

Mar 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Labour Force Participation Rate

54.4

Dec 2018

55.5

Sep 2018

50.8

Mar 2015

55.5

Sep 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 2014 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

2.960

2007

2.960

2006

2.920

2005

2.960

2007

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2007

Updated on 2014-03-28
Liquid Assets Ratio

35.7

Dec 2018

35.0

Sep 2018

32.4

Sep 2012

43.3

Dec 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2008 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

10.3

2018

11.5

2017

10.3

2018

51.2

2007

%

yearly

2004 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-24
Minerals Production

41,185,742.000

2017

39,137,674.000

2016

31,061,671.000

2014

43,214,321.000

2011

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-29
Money Supply M1

7,055.649

Mar 2019

6,889.090

Feb 2019

461.746

Mar 2001

7,623.993

Dec 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Money Supply M2

9,339.244

Mar 2019

9,095.505

Feb 2019

784.096

Aug 2001

9,793.747

Dec 2018

USD mn

monthly

Aug 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Monthly Earnings

695

Feb 2019

727

Jan 2019

98

Jan 2001

928

Jul 2008

USD

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-25
Motor Vehicle Registered

2,041.677

2015

1,997.203

2014

1,625.373

2005

2,041.677

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

5,340.600

Dec 2017

4,300.000

Dec 2016

1,600.000

Jun 2015

8,078.000

Dec 2008

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

25,583.400

Dec 2017

23,300.000

Dec 2016

10,600.000

Jun 2015

36,177.000

Dec 2008

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicles Sales

30,924

2017

27,600

2016

24,516

2005

44,255

2008

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

12.0

2017

10.4

2016

-24.3

2009

29.9

2007

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Nominal GDP

12,992.8

Dec 2018

12,824.4

Sep 2018

2,457.4

Mar 2001

14,530.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Nominal GDP Growth

5.229

Dec 2018

6.894

Sep 2018

-3.872

Jun 1999

116.860

Jun 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

126.640

Jun 2018

122.540

Mar 2018

19.650

Mar 2000

126.640

Jun 2018

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-11-28
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

12.100

Jun 2018

6.910

Mar 2018

-9.730

Dec 2011

51.330

Mar 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-11-28
Non Performing Loans Ratio

6.4

Sep 2018

7.8

Jun 2018

6.4

Sep 2018

23.0

Sep 2014

%

quarterly

Sep 2008 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Non-Performing Loans

1,390.547

Sep 2018

1,694.337

Jun 2018

1,390.547

Sep 2018

5,032.902

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Sep 2008 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

2,609,601.000

2017

2,684,419.000

2016

2,527,328.000

2005

3,110,339.000

2010

Unit

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Number of Subscriber Mobile

8,621,771.000

2017

9,094,447.000

2016

4,729,629.000

2004

10,182,023.000

2011

Person

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
P/E ratio

3.150

Mar 2019

6.140

Feb 2019

3.150

Mar 2019

14.930

Mar 2017

NA

monthly

Jan 2010 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-10
Policy Rate

3.00

Apr 2019

3.00

Mar 2019

3.00

Apr 2019

35.66

Jan 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Population

7.0

2017

7.1

2016

7.0

2017

10.0

1998

Person mn

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-16
Private Consumption Expenditure

9,070.989

Dec 2018

9,071.242

Sep 2018

2,101.935

Mar 2001

10,864.632

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Private Consumption: % of GDP

69.8

Dec 2018

70.7

Sep 2018

66.7

Dec 2003

90.5

Jun 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Public Consumption Expenditure

2,236.751

Dec 2018

2,056.113

Sep 2018

496.199

Mar 2001

2,905.069

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Public Consumption: % of GDP

17.2

Dec 2018

16.0

Sep 2018

15.2

Sep 2016

23.3

Sep 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Real GDP Growth

4.0

Dec 2018

4.6

Sep 2018

-20.1

Jun 1999

18.5

Jun 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Real Residential Property Price Index

89.400

Jun 2018

87.490

Mar 2018

65.510

Sep 2002

144.820

Jun 2000

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-11-28
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

10.070

Jun 2018

5.230

Mar 2018

-45.840

Sep 2001

31.730

Sep 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-11-28
Reserve Requirement Ratio

5.0

May 2019

5.0

Apr 2019

5.0

May 2019

21.0

May 2005

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Retail Sales Growth

9.5

Mar 2019

10.8

Feb 2019

-19.5

Jul 2011

42.8

Apr 2005

%

monthly

Dec 2004 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Short Term Interest Rate

2.98

Apr 2019

2.95

Mar 2019

2.86

Apr 2018

24.58

Mar 2006

% pa

monthly

Aug 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Tax Revenue

1,418.038

Mar 2019

1,556.478

Feb 2019

687.687

Jan 2006

1,929.605

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Teledensity: Fixed Line

37.529

2017

38.442

2016

29.005

2004

42.666

2010

Number

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Teledensity: Mobile

123.990

2017

130.235

2016

51.085

2004

141.148

2011

Number

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Total Deposits

22,689.709

Mar 2019

22,652.832

Feb 2019

1,055.479

Aug 2001

22,870.395

Dec 2018

USD mn

monthly

Aug 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Total Exports

1,753.5

Mar 2019

1,528.9

Feb 2019

101.0

Jan 2001

1,795.7

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Total Exports Growth

-2.4

Mar 2019

1.4

Feb 2019

-38.5

Feb 2009

89.4

Dec 2004

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Total Imports

2,327.4

Mar 2019

2,063.9

Feb 2019

292.0

Aug 2001

2,455.4

Oct 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Total Imports Growth

-3.8

Mar 2019

2.5

Feb 2019

-44.2

May 2009

94.8

Dec 2004

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Tourism Revenue

1,705

2017

1,460

2016

77

2002

1,705

2017

USD mn

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Tourism Revenue Growth

16.8

2017

10.4

2016

-11.5

2009

144.7

2007

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Trade Balance

-573.9

Mar 2019

-535.0

Feb 2019

-1,232.0

Dec 2004

-161.0

Aug 2001

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Unemployment Rate

12.90

Dec 2018

11.30

Sep 2018

11.30

Sep 2018

21.30

Mar 2014

%

quarterly

Mar 2014 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Visitor Arrivals

112,034

Mar 2019

80,503

Feb 2019

22,074

Feb 2005

227,126

Aug 2018

Person

monthly

Feb 2005 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Visitor Arrivals Growth

7.2

Mar 2019

3.7

Feb 2019

-22.9

Mar 2008

71.7

Jul 2007

%

monthly

Feb 2006 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30

More Countries/Regions for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

93.7

Apr 2019

93.3

Mar 2019

88.6

Feb 2018

184.7

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Argentina

73.6

Apr 2019

73.5

Mar 2019

41.1

Oct 2001

123.1

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Armenia

131.8

Mar 2019

132.0

Feb 2019

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-08
Australia

97.8

Apr 2019

97.2

Mar 2019

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Austria

99.6

Apr 2019

99.6

Mar 2019

94.4

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Azerbaijan

123.4

Mar 2019

123.0

Feb 2019

94.5

Jan 2005

190.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Bahrain

101.1

Apr 2019

101.0

Mar 2019

83.1

Jun 2011

223.4

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Belgium

100.4

Apr 2019

100.5

Mar 2019

91.1

Oct 2000

109.0

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Bolivia

54.2

Mar 2019

54.7

Feb 2019

53.8

Nov 2018

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-11
Bosnia and Herzegovina

101.9

Jan 2019

100.3

Dec 2018

98.7

Aug 2005

109.8

Jan 2010

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jan 2019

Updated on 2019-04-08
Botswana

100.7

Feb 2019

100.7

Jan 2019

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Brazil

101.7

Mar 2019

103.7

Feb 2019

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Bulgaria

115.9

Apr 2019

115.5

Mar 2019

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Canada

90.0

Mar 2019

90.8

Feb 2019

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Chile

96.8

Mar 2019

95.6

Feb 2019

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-23
China

147.1

Apr 2019

147.4

Mar 2019

78.0

Jan 1994

155.2

Feb 2016

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Colombia

112.1

Apr 2019

111.5

Mar 2019

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Croatia

103.2

Mar 2019

103.4

Feb 2019

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Cyprus

90.8

Apr 2019

91.0

Mar 2019

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Czech Republic

119.5

Apr 2019

119.6

Mar 2019

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Denmark

103.1

Feb 2019

102.9

Jan 2019

84.4

Jan 1984

107.9

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-28
Ecuador

110.3

Nov 2017

109.3

Oct 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2018-03-05
Estonia

120.9

Apr 2019

121.1

Mar 2019

43.5

Jan 1993

123.3

Sep 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
European Union

89.2

Apr 2019

89.4

Mar 2019

41.3

Sep 1980

110.7

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Finland

96.3

Apr 2019

96.5

Mar 2019

93.1

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
France

92.1

Apr 2019

92.2

Mar 2019

88.5

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Georgia

113.9

Mar 2019

114.2

Feb 2019

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-18
Germany

91.8

Apr 2019

92.0

Mar 2019

87.4

Apr 2015

117.2

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Greece

93.7

Apr 2019

93.7

Mar 2019

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Hong Kong SAR

107.7

Apr 2019

107.7

Mar 2019

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Hungary

101.0

Mar 2019

102.2

Feb 2019

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Iceland

86.4

Apr 2019

86.3

Mar 2019

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
India

113.1

Apr 2019

112.8

Mar 2019

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Indonesia

113.9

Apr 2019

112.8

Mar 2019

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Iran

193.2

Apr 2019

183.9

Mar 2019

68.1

Aug 1992

632.8

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Ireland

85.3

Apr 2019

85.5

Mar 2019

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Israel

124.7

Apr 2019

123.5

Mar 2019

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Italy

93.4

Apr 2019

93.5

Mar 2019

73.6

Nov 1981

126.6

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Ivory Coast

94.8

Apr 2019

95.1

Mar 2019

65.7

Jan 1994

134.6

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Japan

76.1

Feb 2019

77.9

Jan 2019

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-29
Kazakhstan

86.2

Mar 2019

86.6

Feb 2019

81.1

Feb 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-08
South Korea

90.1

Apr 2019

90.6

Mar 2019

59.2

Jan 1998

107.9

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Kosovo

107.2

Feb 2019

107.8

Jan 2019

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-26
Kyrgyzstan

119.8

Mar 2019

120.9

Feb 2019

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-25
Latvia

119.4

Apr 2019

119.5

Mar 2019

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Lithuania

115.7

Apr 2019

115.8

Mar 2019

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Luxembourg

98.4

Apr 2019

98.5

Mar 2019

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Macedonia

98.7

Apr 2019

98.3

Mar 2019

93.9

Dec 1993

166.6

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Malaysia

95.2

Apr 2019

96.2

Mar 2019

90.3

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Malta

98.8

Apr 2019

98.9

Mar 2019

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Mexico

120.9

Feb 2019

120.9

Jan 2019

75.5

Mar 2002

189.2

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-15
Moldova

156.2

Apr 2019

155.4

Mar 2019

47.1

Nov 1993

159.8

Aug 2018

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Mongolia

115.9

Feb 2019

116.3

Jan 2019

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Morocco

94.7

Apr 2019

94.4

Mar 2019

90.8

Sep 1990

113.7

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Netherlands

91.6

Apr 2019

91.7

Mar 2019

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
New Zealand

95.3

Mar 2019

95.3

Feb 2019

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Nigeria

137.8

Apr 2019

136.3

Mar 2019

51.2

Mar 1992

701.6

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Norway

86.5

Apr 2019

85.8

Mar 2019

81.3

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Pakistan

106.3

Mar 2019

105.3

Feb 2019

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Paraguay

63.3

Mar 2019

63.6

Feb 2019

55.1

Feb 1999

103.2

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Peru

93.1

Apr 2019

93.3

Mar 2019

74.7

Mar 1992

107.9

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Philippines

130.5

Mar 2019

131.1

Feb 2019

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-12
Poland

93.4

Apr 2019

93.1

Mar 2019

69.1

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Portugal

95.3

Apr 2019

95.4

Mar 2019

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Romania

99.0

Apr 2019

99.0

Mar 2019

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Russia

104.4

Apr 2019

103.1

Mar 2019

50.5

Oct 1994

137.0

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Saudi Arabia

119.6

Apr 2019

119.7

Mar 2019

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Singapore

120.0

Apr 2019

120.7

Mar 2019

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Slovakia

125.3

Apr 2019

125.4

Mar 2019

59.2

Sep 1993

134.5

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Slovenia

99.1

Apr 2019

99.1

Mar 2019

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
South Africa

88.3

Feb 2019

87.5

Jan 2019

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Spain

97.3

Apr 2019

97.4

Mar 2019

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Sri Lanka

130.4

Mar 2019

131.3

Feb 2019

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Sweden

81.1

Apr 2019

81.1

Mar 2019

81.1

Mar 2019

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Switzerland

106.5

Apr 2019

106.6

Mar 2019

72.1

Jan 1973

126.8

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-08
Taiwan

89.9

Apr 2019

89.1

Mar 2019

83.5

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Thailand

128.0

Mar 2019

128.9

Feb 2019

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Tunisia

69.1

Apr 2019

68.4

Mar 2019

67.5

Jan 2019

212.3

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Turkey

64.5

Apr 2019

66.6

Mar 2019

55.4

Sep 2018

113.3

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Ukraine

86.2

Apr 2019

85.1

Mar 2019

44.6

Apr 1993

232.2

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-14
United Arab Emirates

125.3

Apr 2019

125.5

Mar 2019

79.1

Apr 1995

132.3

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
United Kingdom

80.8

Apr 2019

81.3

Mar 2019

75.2

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
United States

105.1

Apr 2019

105.0

Mar 2019

82.7

Jul 2011

131.9

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-01
Uruguay

53.9

Mar 2019

53.7

Feb 2019

52.4

Sep 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Venezuela

0.8

Feb 2019

0.8

Jan 2019

0.4

Jul 2018

3,712.9

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-20
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