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Finland Real Effective Exchange Rate

1980 - 2017 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

Finland's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Finland) was 96.8 in Oct 2017, compared with the number of 96.9 in the previous month. Finland's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 161.0 from Jan 1980 to Oct 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 161.0 in Jan 1992 and a record low of 93.3 in Apr 2015. Finland joined the Euro Area on January 1st, 1999. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Finland's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Nov 2017. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Finland: ECB Harmonised) was reported at 0.6 % pa in Oct 2017. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Nov 2017. Finland's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.9 (EUR/USD) in Nov 2017.

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What was Finland's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Oct 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

96.8

Oct 2017

96.9

Sep 2017

93.3

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017

View Finland's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1980 to Oct 2017 in the chart:

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HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Finland

Series Details
Series ID

210352302

Name

HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Finland

Country

Finland

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generate

First Date

Jan 1980

Last Date

Nov 2017

Last Updated

11 Dec 2017

Statistics
Mean

105.21

Variance

145.02

Standard deviation

12.04

Skewness

2.00

Kurtosis

3.68

Coefficient variation

0.11

Median

101.27

Max
Jan 1992

NaN

Min
Apr 2015

NaN

Previous observation
Oct 2017

96.68

Last observation
Nov 2017

96.97

Number of Observations

455

Get This Data

More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

99.7

Nov 2017

99.6

Oct 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Canada

97.4

Nov 2017

98.6

Oct 2017

79.0

Nov 2001

122.7

Nov 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
France

92.5

Oct 2017

92.7

Sep 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Germany

92.5

Oct 2017

92.7

Sep 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Italy

94.5

Oct 2017

94.6

Sep 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Japan

74.4

Oct 2017

74.9

Sep 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
United Kingdom

78.7

Oct 2017

78.5

Sep 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Austria

100.1

Oct 2017

100.0

Sep 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Belgium

100.2

Oct 2017

100.3

Sep 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bulgaria

113.5

Nov 2017

113.2

Oct 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Cyprus

92.8

Oct 2017

93.1

Sep 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Czech Republic

118.3

Oct 2017

117.0

Sep 2017

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Denmark

103.7

Jul 2017

102.7

Jun 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Estonia

119.1

Oct 2017

119.2

Sep 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

119.5

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Finland

96.8

Oct 2017

96.9

Sep 2017

93.3

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Greece

95.1

Oct 2017

95.2

Sep 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Hungary

100.8

Oct 2017

100.4

Sep 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Iceland

92.7

Oct 2017

90.6

Sep 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ireland

87.8

Oct 2017

88.2

Sep 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Latvia

116.9

Oct 2017

117.1

Sep 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Lithuania

114.5

Oct 2017

114.6

Sep 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Argentina

54.4

Nov 2017

55.5

Oct 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Luxembourg

99.2

Oct 2017

99.2

Sep 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Malta

98.7

Oct 2017

98.8

Sep 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bolivia

57.1

Oct 2017

58.2

Aug 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Netherlands

91.7

Oct 2017

91.9

Sep 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Norway

87.4

Oct 2017

88.1

Sep 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Brazil

112.1

Oct 2017

112.4

Sep 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Poland

94.4

Oct 2017

94.0

Sep 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Chile

94.9

Oct 2017

95.5

Sep 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Portugal

96.0

Oct 2017

96.1

Sep 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Colombia

114.5

Nov 2017

112.7

Oct 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Romania

97.8

Oct 2017

97.4

Sep 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Slovakia

125.1

Oct 2017

125.3

Sep 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Slovenia

98.9

Oct 2017

99.0

Sep 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ecuador

109.4

Oct 2017

109.0

Sep 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

109.4

Oct 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Mexico

121.3

Sep 2017

120.9

Aug 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Spain

97.4

Oct 2017

97.5

Sep 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Sweden

88.7

Oct 2017

89.7

Sep 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Paraguay

62.3

Sep 2017

61.2

Aug 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Switzerland

111.4

Nov 2017

112.4

Oct 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Peru

92.5

Nov 2017

92.5

Oct 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Uruguay

58.5

Oct 2017

58.3

Sep 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Venezuela

2,986.7

Oct 2017

2,700.8

Sep 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

2,986.7

Oct 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Algeria

91.8

Oct 2017

93.4

Sep 2017

91.8

Oct 2017

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Australia

106.1

Oct 2017

107.6

Sep 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.7

Oct 2017

101.6

Sep 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

225.0

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
China

143.8

Oct 2017

143.6

Sep 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Botswana

100.2

Sep 2017

100.4

Aug 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Hong Kong

105.4

Oct 2017

104.3

Sep 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
India

117.6

Nov 2017

116.8

Oct 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

118.8

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Israel

125.6

Oct 2017

123.5

Sep 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Indonesia

114.5

Oct 2017

115.5

Sep 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
South Korea

90.4

Oct 2017

89.8

Sep 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Malaysia

93.3

Oct 2017

92.6

Sep 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
New Zealand

97.8

Sep 2017

99.4

Aug 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Pakistan

125.8

Oct 2017

123.7

Sep 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Philippines

129.5

Nov 2017

128.8

Oct 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Singapore

120.0

Oct 2017

120.4

Sep 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Sri Lanka

144.6

Oct 2017

142.5

Sep 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Taiwan

92.2

Oct 2017

91.3

Sep 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Thailand

122.0

Oct 2017

121.1

Sep 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Armenia

122.4

Oct 2017

120.8

Sep 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Azerbaijan

116.2

Oct 2017

113.6

Sep 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

96.7

Sep 2017

96.6

Aug 2017

96.4

Sep 2016

106.1

Jan 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Croatia

102.2

Sep 2017

102.5

Aug 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Georgia

112.5

Oct 2017

111.6

Sep 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kazakhstan

86.6

Sep 2017

89.4

Aug 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kyrgyzstan

118.3

Oct 2017

116.3

Sep 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Macedonia

103.1

Oct 2017

102.7

Sep 2017

92.8

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Moldova

143.9

Oct 2017

142.1

Sep 2017

46.8

Nov 1993

154.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Mongolia

110.7

Sep 2017

109.9

Aug 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Russia

108.5

Oct 2017

107.4

Sep 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Serbia

122.6

Oct 2017

122.6

Sep 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Turkey

75.1

Nov 2017

78.2

Oct 2017

75.1

Nov 2017

113.2

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Ukraine

74.9

Oct 2017

75.0

Sep 2017

44.8

Apr 1993

233.1

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Morocco

98.6

Oct 2017

97.2

Sep 2017

89.9

Sep 1990

112.9

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nigeria

126.5

Oct 2017

123.7

Sep 2017

51.0

Mar 1992

703.1

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Saudi Arabia

123.8

Oct 2017

122.9

Sep 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
South Africa

85.5

Sep 2017

85.2

Aug 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Tunisia

78.6

Oct 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

218.6

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
United Arab Emirates

123.2

Oct 2017

122.2

Sep 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ivory Coast

100.4

Oct 2017

100.7

Sep 2017

66.2

Jan 1994

136.1

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
European Union

90.4

Nov 2017

90.2

Oct 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Iran

150.6

Oct 2017

151.4

Sep 2017

67.4

Aug 1992

629.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kosovo

104.7

Oct 2017

104.7

Sep 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017

More Indicators for Finland

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

63.1

2016

63.6

2015

6.1

1976

63.6

2015

%

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

14.3

Nov 2017

12.8

Oct 2017

-37.3

Mar 2009

31.3

Oct 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

1,574.9

Sep 2017

-74.4

Aug 2017

-14,698.3

Aug 2009

10,631.2

Jan 2015

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Imports Growth

10.7

Oct 2017

14.0

Sep 2017

-38.7

Apr 2009

39.8

Mar 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Money Supply M2

175,106.01

Oct 2017

180,604.65

Sep 2017

18,278.48

Mar 1980

180,604.65

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

137.88

2022

133.22

2021

15.74

1980

137.88

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Production

55,280.00

Dec 2016

33,600.00

Jun 2016

2,020.00

Jun 2012

69,053.00

Dec 2015

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

8.35

2016

9.84

2015

8.35

2016

55.65

1997

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

3.0

Sep 2017

3.6

Jun 2017

-9.1

Mar 2009

7.6

Sep 1979

%

quarterly

Mar 1976 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

2.27

Sep 2017

2.31

Jun 2017

-8.13

Mar 2009

6.68

Sep 1993

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

-21.8

Sep 2017

-21.9

Aug 2017

-32.7

May 2013

60.2

May 2012

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

0.0

2016

0.0

2015

0.0

1992

0.0

1999

%

yearly

1992 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Total Imports

6,045.1

Oct 2017

6,155.2

Sep 2017

2,417.7

Jun 1999

8,823.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

-0.35

Oct 2017

-0.41

Sep 2017

-6.25

Jun 2010

10.72

Dec 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

55,722.79

2022

54,236.81

2021

10,546.86

1983

55,722.79

2022

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

0.92

2014

0.04

2012

0.04

2012

31.87

2009

USD th

yearly

1997 - 2014

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

22.1

Sep 2017

22.5

Jun 2017

16.3

Dec 1979

25.4

Dec 2013

%

quarterly

Mar 1975 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Retail Sales Growth

3.0

Sep 2017

2.7

Aug 2017

-4.1

Feb 2009

12.7

Nov 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Equity Market Index

9,464.3

Nov 2017

9,679.9

Oct 2017

1,752.4

Jan 1996

17,723.0

Apr 2000

28Dec1990=1000

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Domestic Credit

320,898.1

Sep 2017

317,576.0

Aug 2017

63,118.2

Oct 2000

577,298.8

May 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

0.5

2012

0.5

2011

0.2

2006

1.2

1998

%

yearly

1998 - 2012

Updated on 2016
Visitor Arrivals

212,612

Sep 2017

321,784

Aug 2017

70,053

Feb 1995

331,895

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Core CPI Change

0.30

Oct 2017

0.40

Sep 2017

-0.72

May 2004

3.80

Dec 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

138.67

2022

134.15

2021

14.77

1980

138.67

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

17,439.00

Dec 2016

8,549.00

Jun 2016

7,088.00

Jun 2014

22,234.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Gold Production

9,300.00

2015

8,700.00

2014

1,372.00

1994

10,814.00

2012

kg

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Population

5.5

2016

5.5

2015

0.4

1749

5.5

2016

Person mn

yearly

1749 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

71.5

2016

70.3

2015

31.0

1998

71.5

2016

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Nov 2017

-0.33

Oct 2017

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gold Reserves

2,003.36

Nov 2017

2,028.91

Oct 2017

28.81

Jul 1971

2,858.00

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1970 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

154.76

2022

152.73

2021

3.67

1980

154.76

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

118,991.00

Dec 2016

65,463.00

Jun 2016

56,557.00

Jun 2013

148,161.00

Dec 2005

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

1.0

Sep 2017

0.6

Jun 2017

-0.9

Mar 2010

14.2

Sep 1976

%

quarterly

Mar 1976 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Unemployment Rate

8.50

Oct 2017

8.50

Sep 2017

2.80

Jan 1990

17.60

Feb 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1988 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

1,894.2

Sep 2017

472.5

Aug 2017

-13,913.6

Aug 2009

10,434.9

Jan 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

0.60

Oct 2017

0.58

Sep 2017

0.06

Aug 2016

10.92

Jan 1993

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Exports

5,913.0

Oct 2017

5,841.6

Sep 2017

3,141.3

Jan 2002

9,257.1

Apr 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
New Orders Growth

6.7

Oct 2017

13.2

Sep 2017

-40.7

Feb 2009

66.8

May 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

25.8

Nov 2017

27.2

Oct 2017

-6.4

Dec 2008

27.2

Oct 2017

% Point

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt: % of GDP

203.5

2016

218.8

2015

64.6

1991

227.5

2012

%

yearly

1991 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

3.6

Oct 2017

3.9

Sep 2017

-9.6

Jul 2009

29.7

Apr 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1971 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Trade Balance

-141.1

Oct 2017

262.1

Sep 2017

-1,043.0

Dec 2012

1,864.5

Oct 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1992 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tax Revenue

21,395.82

Jun 2017

18,656.84

Mar 2017

9,403.18

Dec 2001

25,501.08

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

52,248.69

2022

50,663.00

2021

9,428.28

1980

52,248.69

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

0.19

2016

0.21

2015

0.04

1974

0.43

2003

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1974 - 2016

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

1.8

Sep 2017

2.2

Jun 2017

-0.4

Jun 2015

3.7

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

5.9

Nov 2017

7.3

Oct 2017

-22.0

Sep 2011

22.2

Dec 2009

% Point

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

0.852

Nov 2017

0.851

Oct 2017

0.387

Sep 1957

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves

6,298.9

Nov 2017

6,338.3

Oct 2017

4,868.0

Dec 2010

11,340.1

Dec 2004

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

7.9

Sep 2017

12.4

Aug 2017

-22.0

Jan 2015

29.4

Apr 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.49

2022

1.48

2021

-8.27

2009

6.25

1997

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Silver Production

12.83

2014

14.23

2013

10.48

2012

70.06

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-1.7

2016

-2.7

2015

-8.1

1993

7.7

1976

%

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

0.5

Oct 2017

0.8

Sep 2017

-1.5

Oct 2009

13.7

Dec 1980

%

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt

483,368.6

Jun 2017

489,161.1

Mar 2017

75,819.4

Sep 1991

612,610.8

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Gross National Product

66,910.10

Sep 2017

61,327.73

Jun 2017

19,211.81

Mar 1993

74,032.60

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross Savings Rate

23.2

Sep 2017

23.3

Jun 2017

19.7

Dec 2012

33.7

Mar 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

65.3

Oct 2017

65.0

Sep 2017

63.5

Dec 2012

71.5

Jun 2008

%

monthly

May 2004 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

1.0

Sep 2017

-1.9

Jun 2017

-7.2

Mar 1991

10.9

Dec 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
M2 Growth

2.7

Apr/2017

1.4

Mar/2017

-5.7

Sep/1993

22.5

Feb/1989

%

monthly

Jan/1981 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Nov 2017

1.0

Oct 2017

1.0

Nov 2017

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

35,989.47

Sep 2017

33,395.52

Jun 2017

11,815.27

Sep 1993

38,809.48

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Employment

2.50

2018

2.46

2017

2.06

1994

2.53

2008

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2017
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

454.14

Jun 2017

413.35

Mar 2017

9.89

Jun 1971

496.59

Dec 2013

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1970 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Investment: % of GDP

24.1

Sep 2017

21.6

Jun 2017

15.6

Mar 1994

30.8

Jun 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Business Confidence Growth

17.8

Nov 2017

17.2

Oct 2017

-49.2

Dec 2008

40.1

May 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

2.1

Sep 2017

17.7

Jun 2017

-16.7

Sep 2009

21.5

Mar 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Policy Rate

0.00

Nov 2017

0.00

Oct 2017

0.00

Nov 2017

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

15,367.49

Sep 2017

13,962.26

Jun 2017

4,156.05

Sep 1993

18,492.69

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

1.29

2022

1.44

2021

-6.99

1990

11.73

2004

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

7.03

2022

7.23

2021

3.11

1989

16.70

1994

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

159,806.56

2016

170,488.25

2015

112,593.44

1996

212,265.24

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

2.0

Oct 2017

2.9

Sep 2017

-22.0

Jul 1990

42.1

Mar 1972

%

monthly

Jan 1955 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
External Debt: Short Term

155,040.6

Jun 2017

167,842.3

Mar 2017

14,349.6

Dec 1993

296,238.4

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Tourism Revenue

2,560

2015

3,679

2014

2,035

2000

5,591

2011

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Employed Persons

2,475,000.00

Oct 2017

2,472,000.00

Sep 2017

2,353,000.00

Jul 2005

2,527,000.00

Jan 2009

Person

monthly

Jul 2003 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

10.5

2016

2.8

2015

-36.0

2009

22.7

2010

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.00

2022

2.00

2021

-0.16

2015

12.00

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.00

2022

3.00

2021

-23.57

2009

20.68

2000

%

yearly

1981 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Credit to Households

167.88

Jun 2017

155.45

Mar 2017

1.89

Dec 1972

180.46

Jun 2014

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1970 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,605,140.53

2016

1,555,647.35

2015

699,259.90

1995

5,857,972.57

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

333,933.41

2016

237,668.15

2015

80,261.08

1995

802,823.98

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

7,366,100.00

2016

7,396,200.00

2015

0.00

1979

9,320,000.00

2012

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

188.99

2016

184.28

2015

110.57

1965

260.64

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Imports

2,488.00

2016

2,709.00

2015

2,488.00

2016

4,840.00

2003

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

1,513,174.00

2016

1,416,985.00

2015

1,097,530.00

2010

1,605,522.76

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

12.04

2017

14.85

2016

8.36

2010

15.51

2012

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

0.58

2016

0.06

2015

0.06

2015

117.50

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

28,523.92

2016

62,793.29

2015

16.41

1998

62,793.29

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

4.10

2016

3.79

2015

1.56

1967

8.22

2003

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

43,403.50

2016

42,428.18

2015

1,179.35

1960

53,350.12

2008

USD

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

54.6

Sep 2017

54.2

Jun 2017

46.7

Mar 2001

57.6

Mar 1978

%

quarterly

Mar 1975 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Deposits

185,631.04

Oct 2017

191,131.42

Sep 2017

52,264.25

Oct 2000

210,494.82

Mar 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

4,147,751.53

2015

4,789,612.02

2014

4,147,751.53

2015

10,183,132.05

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

673,365.57

2016

660,818.60

2015

660,818.60

2015

12,943,142.04

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

40,653.51

2016

18,885.98

2015

18,885.98

2015

578,610.54

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

109.37

Jun 2017

108.20

Mar 2017

79.36

Mar 2005

109.37

Jun 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

1.48

Jun 2017

1.70

Mar 2017

-5.47

Mar 2009

11.39

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

99.40

Jun 2017

98.72

Mar 2017

87.32

Mar 2005

100.94

Sep 2010

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

0.71

Jun 2017

0.73

Mar 2017

-7.45

Dec 2008

11.18

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

457,300.00

2016

537,200.00

2015

428,283.00

1960

2,861,000.00

1997

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

134.48

2016

135.45

2015

0.00

1979

172.32

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

9,459.16

2016

11,377.30

2015

1,081.30

2000

12,589.36

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

2,119,818.00

2015

2,176,662.00

2014

1,763,413.00

2009

2,176,662.00

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Building Permits

4,661.00

Sep 2017

3,311.00

Aug 2017

645.00

Jan 2009

6,971.00

Apr 1990

Unit

monthly

Jan 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
National Government Debt

149,443.1

Jun 2017

145,332.3

Mar 2017

49,392.1

Mar 2002

166,499.9

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Monthly Earnings

3,984

Sep 2017

3,724

Jun 2017

1,789

Dec 2000

4,519

Jun 2014

USD

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Nominal GDP

66,246.2

Sep 2017

61,501.5

Jun 2017

21,898.6

Mar 1993

76,026.7

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Household Income per Capita

23,612.81

2015

27,747.56

2014

13,560.58

1993

28,813.83

2011

USD

yearly

1987 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Current Account Balance

94.1

Sep 2017

275.2

Aug 2017

-2,350.4

Apr 2005

2,990.9

Oct 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Electricity Production

5,876

Oct 2017

4,995

Sep 2017

3,474

Jun 1992

8,742

Dec 2010

GWh

monthly

Jan 1992 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

62.0

2016

66.7

2015

13.1

1996

105.6

2012

%

yearly

1991 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt

170,466.8

2016

163,496.2

2015

39,645.8

1997

186,977.0

2014

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

136,430

2016

123,483

2015

103,016

2009

168,121

2005

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1.0

Oct 2017

1.0

Sep 2017

0.7

Mar 2011

3.0

Feb 2002

NA

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

-6,155.32

Sep 2017

5,209.99

Jun 2017

-7,119.85

Sep 2006

18,702.05

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Exports Growth

13.4

Oct 2017

12.7

Sep 2017

-37.8

Jun 2009

38.6

Mar 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

-30.4

2015

-9.1

2014

-30.4

2015

24.0

2011

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

4.05

Sep 2017

4.19

Jun 2017

-7.68

Sep 2009

10.83

Jun 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

15,079.62

Sep 2017

13,952.36

Jun 2017

5,108.20

Sep 1993

17,363.40

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Money Supply M1

144,990.32

Oct 2017

149,581.07

Sep 2017

11,964.58

Mar 1985

149,581.07

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2.44

Sep 2017

2.52

Jun 2017

1.97

Dec 2010

6.08

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Population

5.60

2022

5.58

2021

4.77

1980

5.60

2022

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

2,708.17

2015

2,691.04

2014

2,501.17

2005

2,708.17

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

16.60

Jun 2017

16.20

Mar 2017

12.90

Sep 1999

18.60

Dec 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Households

7.20

Jun 2017

7.20

Mar 2017

4.50

Sep 1999

8.30

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

1,469,868.90

2015

1,945,693.14

2014

1,469,868.90

2015

14,420,506.31

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017