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Finland Real Effective Exchange Rate

1980 - 2018 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

Finland's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Finland) was 97.9 in Mar 2018, compared with the number of 97.6 in the previous month. Finland's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 161.0 from Jan 1980 to Mar 2018. The data reached an all-time high of 161.0 in Jan 1992 and a record low of 93.2 in Apr 2015. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy. Finland is part of the Euro Area since January 1999.

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What was Finland's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Mar 2018?

Last

97.9

Mar 2018
Previous

97.6

Feb 2018
Min

93.2

Apr 2015
Max

161.0

Jan 1992
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 03 May 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

97.9

Mar 2018

97.6

Feb 2018

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 03 May 2018

View Finland's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1980 to Mar 2018 in the chart:

Finland Real Effective Exchange Rate

Series Details
Series ID

210352302

Name

Finland Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country

Finland

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generated

First Date

Jan 1980

Last Date

Mar 2018

Last Updated

03 May 2018

Statistics
Mean

105.1

Variance

144.4

Standard deviation

12.0

Skewness

2.0

Kurtosis

3.7

Coefficient variation

0.1

Median

101.2

Max
Jan 1992

161.0

Min
Apr 2015

93.2

Previous observation
Feb 2018

97.6

Last observation
Mar 2018

97.9

Number of Observations

459

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

89.7

Mar 2018

89.0

Feb 2018

89.0

Feb 2018

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Argentina

56.9

Apr 2018

58.9

Mar 2018

41.1

Oct 2001

123.1

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Armenia

124.4

Mar 2018

123.9

Feb 2018

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Australia

101.7

Mar 2018

103.2

Feb 2018

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
Austria

100.8

Mar 2018

100.6

Feb 2018

94.6

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Azerbaijan

113.4

Mar 2018

113.3

Feb 2018

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Bahrain

99.0

Mar 2018

99.1

Feb 2018

81.4

Jun 2011

224.9

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Belgium

101.3

Apr 2018

101.3

Mar 2018

91.1

Oct 2000

109.0

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Bolivia

58.6

Mar 2018

58.4

Feb 2018

53.8

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Bosnia and Herzegovina

97.6

Feb 2018

96.7

Jan 2018

96.4

Sep 2016

106.1

Jan 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Botswana

101.1

Feb 2018

101.0

Jan 2018

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Brazil

106.8

Mar 2018

107.6

Feb 2018

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Bulgaria

114.7

Apr 2018

114.5

Mar 2018

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Canada

90.2

Mar 2018

92.5

Feb 2018

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Chile

93.4

Mar 2018

92.8

Feb 2018

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
China

149.1

Mar 2018

151.3

Feb 2018

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Nov 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-18
Colombia

103.5

Apr 2018

107.7

Mar 2018

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Croatia

102.3

Feb 2018

102.0

Jan 2018

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Cyprus

92.6

Mar 2018

92.6

Feb 2018

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Czech Republic

120.5

Apr 2018

120.1

Mar 2018

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-09
Denmark

103.3

Jan 2018

103.2

Dec 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Ecuador

110.3

Nov 2017

109.3

Oct 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2018-03-05
Estonia

121.1

Apr 2018

120.5

Mar 2018

43.6

Jan 1993

121.1

Apr 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
European Union

91.7

Apr 2018

91.6

Mar 2018

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Finland

97.9

Mar 2018

97.6

Feb 2018

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
France

93.7

Mar 2018

93.6

Feb 2018

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Georgia

113.9

Mar 2018

113.2

Feb 2018

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Germany

92.9

Apr 2018

92.9

Mar 2018

86.9

Apr 2015

117.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Greece

95.0

Mar 2018

95.0

Feb 2018

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Hong Kong

102.7

Mar 2018

102.7

Feb 2018

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Hungary

101.5

Mar 2018

101.2

Feb 2018

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Iceland

94.9

Mar 2018

93.3

Feb 2018

56.9

Nov 2008

133.4

Nov 1967

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1967 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
India

115.1

Mar 2018

116.1

Feb 2018

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Indonesia

109.7

Mar 2018

110.9

Feb 2018

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Iran

136.3

Mar 2018

137.5

Feb 2018

67.3

Aug 1992

627.1

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Ireland

88.7

Mar 2018

88.7

Feb 2018

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Israel

122.4

Mar 2018

121.0

Feb 2018

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Italy

95.4

Mar 2018

95.3

Feb 2018

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Ivory Coast

100.2

Mar 2018

100.0

Feb 2018

66.1

Jan 1994

135.7

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Japan

76.4

Mar 2018

74.7

Feb 2018

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
Kazakhstan

91.1

Mar 2018

90.9

Feb 2018

81.1

Feb 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
South Korea

92.4

Mar 2018

91.8

Feb 2018

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Kosovo

105.0

Mar 2018

104.8

Feb 2018

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Kyrgyzstan

115.8

Mar 2018

115.7

Feb 2018

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Latvia

118.1

Mar 2018

117.8

Feb 2018

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-01
Lithuania

115.8

Apr 2018

115.2

Mar 2018

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Luxembourg

99.3

Apr 2018

99.4

Mar 2018

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Macedonia

102.2

Mar 2018

102.4

Feb 2018

92.7

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Malaysia

97.3

Mar 2018

97.2

Feb 2018

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Malta

100.5

Mar 2018

100.2

Feb 2018

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Mexico

126.6

Feb 2018

128.0

Jan 2018

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Moldova

151.5

Mar 2018

150.9

Feb 2018

46.8

Nov 1993

154.1

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Mongolia

111.7

Feb 2018

112.2

Jan 2018

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Morocco

96.7

Mar 2018

96.5

Feb 2018

89.7

Sep 1990

112.5

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Netherlands

92.8

Mar 2018

92.7

Feb 2018

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
New Zealand

94.3

Dec 2017

94.1

Nov 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Nigeria

125.1

Mar 2018

123.8

Feb 2018

50.9

Mar 1992

701.9

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Norway

87.2

Mar 2018

86.1

Feb 2018

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
Pakistan

113.8

Mar 2018

115.4

Feb 2018

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Paraguay

59.0

Mar 2018

60.4

Feb 2018

54.9

Feb 1999

103.2

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Peru

96.1

Apr 2018

96.5

Mar 2018

74.8

Mar 1992

108.0

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Philippines

127.9

Apr 2018

127.3

Mar 2018

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Poland

96.8

Apr 2018

96.3

Mar 2018

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-16
Portugal

96.6

Mar 2018

96.5

Feb 2018

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Romania

99.1

Mar 2018

99.5

Feb 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Russia

106.6

Mar 2018

106.9

Feb 2018

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Saudi Arabia

117.8

Mar 2018

117.8

Feb 2018

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Serbia

124.8

Mar 2018

125.5

Feb 2018

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Singapore

120.0

Mar 2018

119.4

Feb 2018

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Slovakia

125.9

Mar 2018

125.8

Feb 2018

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Slovenia

99.7

Apr 2018

99.6

Mar 2018

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
South Africa

93.4

Feb 2018

91.4

Jan 2018

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-09
Spain

98.4

Apr 2018

98.5

Mar 2018

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Sri Lanka

138.3

Mar 2018

139.6

Feb 2018

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Sweden

84.7

Mar 2018

86.7

Feb 2018

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Switzerland

111.6

Mar 2018

113.0

Feb 2018

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-09
Taiwan

91.2

Mar 2018

92.0

Feb 2018

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-18
Thailand

124.0

Mar 2018

123.2

Feb 2018

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Tunisia

79.3

Mar 2018

78.7

Feb 2018

77.9

Jan 2018

254.4

Jul 1975

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1975 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-21
Turkey

72.4

Apr 2018

74.0

Mar 2018

72.4

Apr 2018

113.4

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Ukraine

80.4

Apr 2018

78.0

Mar 2018

44.6

Apr 1993

232.3

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-28
United Arab Emirates

124.0

Mar 2018

123.4

Feb 2018

79.2

Apr 1995

131.7

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
United Kingdom

80.7

Mar 2018

80.5

Feb 2018

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
United States

98.0

Apr 2018

98.0

Mar 2018

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-01
Uruguay

54.6

Mar 2018

55.1

Feb 2018

54.6

Mar 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Venezuela

1.0

Mar 2018

1.8

Feb 2018

1.0

Mar 2018

3,707.7

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30

More Indicators for Finland

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

159,806.56

2016

170,488.25

2015

112,593.44

1996

212,265.24

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-27
Building Permits

3,393.00

Feb 2018

2,599.00

Jan 2018

645.00

Jan 2009

7,144.00

Jun 2017

Unit

monthly

Jan 1990 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Business Confidence Growth

8.5

Apr 2018

7.4

Mar 2018

-49.2

Dec 2008

40.1

May 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Business Confidence: Net Balance

12.7

Apr 2018

11.3

Mar 2018

-37.3

Mar 2009

31.3

Oct 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

2.55

Mar 2018

1.26

Feb 2018

-6.25

Jun 2010

10.72

Dec 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Coal Consumption

4.10

2016

3.79

2015

1.56

1967

8.22

2003

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-0.6

2017

-1.8

2016

-8.1

1993

7.7

1976

%

yearly

1975 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Consumer Confidence Growth

1.9

Apr 2018

1.9

Mar 2018

-22.0

Sep 2011

22.2

Dec 2009

% Point

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

25.5

Apr 2018

25.1

Mar 2018

-6.4

Dec 2008

27.2

Oct 2017

% Point

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

0.8

Mar 2018

0.6

Feb 2018

-1.5

Oct 2009

13.7

Dec 1980

%

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-13
Container Port Throughput

1,513,174.00

2016

1,416,985.00

2015

1,097,530.00

2010

1,605,522.76

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Core CPI Change

0.82

Mar 2018

0.73

Feb 2018

-0.72

May 2004

3.80

Dec 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Credit to Households

176.01

Sep 2017

168.05

Jun 2017

1.89

Dec 1972

180.49

Jun 2014

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1970 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-11
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

478.13

Sep 2017

461.04

Jun 2017

9.89

Jun 1971

496.59

Dec 2013

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1970 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-11
Current Account Balance

311.0

Feb 2018

462.3

Jan 2018

-2,686.4

May 2011

3,805.6

Mar 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1980 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

2.3

Dec 2017

1.8

Sep 2017

-7.2

Mar 1991

10.9

Dec 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Debt Service Ratio: Households

7.20

Sep 2017

7.20

Jun 2017

4.50

Sep 1999

8.30

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-11
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

16.70

Sep 2017

16.90

Jun 2017

12.90

Sep 1999

18.60

Dec 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-11
Direct Investment Abroad

-2,009.0

Feb 2018

-1,508.8

Jan 2018

-13,913.6

Aug 2009

10,273.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2006 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Domestic Credit

333,921.6

Feb 2018

329,250.7

Jan 2018

63,118.2

Oct 2000

577,298.8

May 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Domestic Credit Growth

1.9

Feb 2018

1.7

Jan 2018

-32.7

May 2013

60.2

May 2012

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Electricity Production

7,410

Mar 2018

6,865

Feb 2018

3,474

Jun 1992

8,742

Dec 2010

GWh

monthly

Jan 1992 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Employed Persons

2,518,000.00

Mar 2018

2,517,000.00

Feb 2018

2,353,000.00

Jul 2005

2,527,000.00

Jan 2009

Person

monthly

Jul 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Equity Market Index

10,005.7

Apr 2018

9,590.1

Mar 2018

1,752.4

Jan 1996

17,723.0

Apr 2000

28Dec1990=1000

monthly

Jan 1996 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Exchange Rate against USD

0.815

Apr 2018

0.811

Mar 2018

0.387

Sep 1957

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Exports: ICT Goods

1,544,913.71

2016

1,469,868.90

2015

1,469,868.90

2015

14,420,506.31

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

0.58

2016

0.06

2015

0.06

2015

117.50

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

0.92

2014

0.04

2012

0.04

2012

31.87

2009

USD th

yearly

1997 - 2014

Updated on 2017-06-16
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

673,365.57

2016

660,818.60

2015

660,818.60

2015

12,943,142.04

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Exports: Television

40,653.51

2016

18,885.98

2015

18,885.98

2015

578,610.54

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
External Debt

486,816.5

Dec 2017

500,151.4

Sep 2017

75,819.4

Sep 1991

612,610.8

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
External Debt: % of GDP

184.9

2017

198.8

2016

64.6

1991

227.5

2012

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
External Debt: Short Term

161,884.3

Dec 2017

177,200.3

Sep 2017

14,349.6

Dec 1993

296,238.4

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

61.5

2017

60.7

2016

13.1

1996

105.6

2012

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.00

2023

2.00

2022

-0.16

2015

12.00

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Current Account Balance

7.78

2023

7.46

2022

-6.99

1990

11.73

2004

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Employment

2.54

2019

2.52

2018

2.06

1994

2.54

2019

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2019

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

2.95

2023

3.00

2022

-23.57

2009

20.68

2000

%

yearly

1981 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

53,765.51

2023

52,373.76

2022

9,428.28

1980

53,765.51

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Expenditure

141.73

2023

137.31

2022

14.77

1980

141.73

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Net Debt

146.50

2023

146.28

2022

3.67

1980

146.50

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Revenue

141.51

2023

137.13

2022

15.74

1980

141.51

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

63,563.96

2023

61,514.61

2022

10,545.06

1983

63,563.96

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Population

5.61

2023

5.60

2022

4.77

1980

5.61

2023

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.19

2023

1.18

2022

-8.27

2009

6.25

1997

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

6.97

2023

7.03

2022

3.11

1989

16.70

1994

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Foreign Direct Investment

-451.6

Feb 2018

134.2

Jan 2018

-14,698.3

Aug 2009

6,071.7

Feb 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2006 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

1.7

Dec 2017

2.6

Sep 2017

-16.7

Sep 2009

20.8

Mar 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Foreign Exchange Reserves

6,332.3

Mar 2018

6,434.1

Feb 2018

4,868.0

Dec 2010

11,340.1

Dec 2004

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2.38

Dec 2017

2.45

Sep 2017

1.97

Dec 2010

6.08

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.9

Mar 2018

1.0

Feb 2018

0.7

Mar 2011

3.0

Feb 2002

NA

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Foreign Portfolio Investment

693.96

Dec 2017

253.74

Sep 2017

-7,119.85

Sep 2006

19,803.78

Mar 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
GDP Deflator Growth

1.1

Dec 2017

0.9

Sep 2017

-0.9

Mar 2010

14.2

Sep 1976

%

quarterly

Mar 1976 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
GDP per Capita

45,737.93

2017

43,435.58

2016

1,179.35

1960

53,350.12

2008

USD

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Gold Production

9,300.00

2015

8,700.00

2014

1,372.00

1994

10,814.00

2012

kg

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2017-09-20
Gold Reserves

2,091.85

Mar 2018

2,101.50

Feb 2018

28.81

Jul 1971

2,858.00

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1970 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Government Debt: % of GDP

61.4

2017

63.0

2016

6.1

1976

63.5

2015

%

yearly

1975 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

15,142.79

Dec 2017

15,097.25

Sep 2017

4,157.07

Sep 1993

18,495.82

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Gross National Product

70,720.13

Dec 2017

66,489.46

Sep 2017

19,207.68

Mar 1993

74,032.60

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Gross Savings Rate

22.1

Dec 2017

22.6

Sep 2017

19.7

Dec 2012

33.7

Mar 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
House Prices Growth

2.0

Dec 2017

1.9

Sep 2017

-0.4

Jun 2015

3.7

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Household Debt

181,020.4

2017

170,545.3

2016

39,645.8

1997

187,016.8

2014

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Household Debt: % of GDP

71.8

2017

71.5

2016

31.0

1998

71.8

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Household Income per Capita

23,842.62

2016

23,696.57

2015

13,608.78

1993

28,916.44

2011

USD

yearly

1987 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-03
Imports: ICT Goods

4,407,735.21

2016

4,147,751.53

2015

4,147,751.53

2015

10,183,132.05

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

28,523.92

2016

62,793.29

2015

16.41

1998

62,793.29

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

9,459.16

2016

11,377.30

2015

1,081.30

2000

12,589.36

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,605,140.53

2016

1,555,647.35

2015

699,259.90

1995

5,857,972.57

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Imports: Television

333,933.41

2016

237,668.15

2015

80,261.08

1995

802,823.98

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Industrial Production Index Growth

6.8

Mar 2018

3.1

Feb 2018

-22.0

Jul 1990

42.1

Mar 1972

%

monthly

Jan 1955 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-09
Investment: % of GDP

23.4

Dec 2017

24.1

Sep 2017

15.6

Mar 1994

30.8

Jun 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Labour Force Participation Rate

65.9

Mar 2018

65.5

Feb 2018

63.5

Dec 2012

71.5

Jun 2008

%

monthly

May 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Labour Productivity Growth

-0.17

Dec 2017

1.62

Sep 2017

-8.12

Mar 2009

6.70

Sep 1993

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

12.04

2017

14.85

2016

8.36

2010

15.51

2012

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Long Term Interest Rate

0.72

Mar 2018

0.84

Feb 2018

0.06

Aug 2016

10.92

Jan 1993

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-12
M2 Growth

4.0

Mar 2018

5.4

Feb 2018

-5.7

Sep 1993

22.5

Feb 1989

%

monthly

Jan 1981 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

99.8

2017

96.8

2016

15.0

1992

275.2

1999

%

yearly

1992 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Minerals Production

2,123,732.00

2016

2,119,818.00

2015

1,763,413.00

2009

2,176,662.00

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

156,572.36

Mar 2018

155,343.13

Feb 2018

11,964.58

Mar 1985

156,572.36

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Money Supply M2

187,734.58

Mar 2018

185,609.64

Feb 2018

18,278.48

Mar 1980

187,734.58

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Monthly Earnings

4,002

Dec 2017

3,984

Sep 2017

1,789

Dec 2000

4,519

Jun 2014

USD

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Motor Vehicle Production

91,598.00

Dec 2017

48,000.00

Dec 2016

2,020.00

Jun 2012

91,598.00

Dec 2017

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Registered

2,708.17

2015

2,691.04

2014

2,501.17

2005

2,708.17

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

19,740.95

Dec 2017

17,439.00

Dec 2016

7,088.00

Jun 2014

22,234.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

118,634.03

Dec 2017

118,991.00

Dec 2016

56,557.00

Jun 2013

148,161.00

Dec 2005

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

138,375

2017

136,430

2016

103,016

2009

168,121

2005

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

1.4

2017

10.5

2016

-36.0

2009

22.7

2010

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
National Government Debt

161,693.5

Dec 2017

157,572.3

Sep 2017

49,392.1

Mar 2002

166,499.9

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Natural Gas: Consumption

0.19

2016

0.21

2015

0.04

1974

0.43

2003

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1974 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
Natural Gas: Imports

2,488.00

2016

2,709.00

2015

2,488.00

2016

4,840.00

2003

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
New Orders Growth

-1.5

Mar 2018

7.8

Feb 2018

-40.7

Feb 2009

79.8

May 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-09
Nominal GDP

66,627.3

Dec 2017

65,833.8

Sep 2017

21,893.4

Mar 1993

75,950.2

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Nominal GDP Growth

3.64

Dec 2017

3.24

Sep 2017

-7.73

Sep 2009

10.82

Jun 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

108.84

Sep 2017

109.37

Jun 2017

79.36

Mar 2005

109.37

Jun 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

1.49

Sep 2017

1.48

Jun 2017

-5.47

Mar 2009

11.39

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

457,300.00

2016

537,200.00

2015

428,283.00

1960

2,861,000.00

1997

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

7,366,100.00

2016

7,396,200.00

2015

0.00

1979

9,320,000.00

2012

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Oil Consumption

188.99

2016

184.28

2015

110.57

1965

260.64

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
Policy Rate

0.00

Apr 2018

0.00

Mar 2018

0.00

Apr 2018

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Population

5.5

2017

5.5

2016

0.4

1749

5.5

2017

Person mn

yearly

1749 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Private Consumption Expenditure

36,355.88

Dec 2017

35,903.70

Sep 2017

11,815.27

Sep 1993

38,808.11

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Private Consumption: % of GDP

54.4

Dec 2017

54.8

Sep 2017

46.7

Mar 2001

57.6

Mar 1978

%

quarterly

Mar 1975 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Producer Price Index Growth

3.4

Mar 2018

2.8

Feb 2018

-9.6

Jul 2009

29.7

Apr 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1971 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Public Consumption Expenditure

16,112.16

Mar 2018

15,167.52

Dec 2017

5,109.22

Sep 1993

17,356.54

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Public Consumption: % of GDP

23.4

Dec 2017

22.6

Sep 2017

16.3

Dec 1979

25.4

Dec 2013

%

quarterly

Mar 1975 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Real GDP Growth

2.5

Dec 2017

2.4

Sep 2017

-9.1

Mar 2009

7.6

Sep 1979

%

quarterly

Mar 1976 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Real Residential Property Price Index

98.96

Sep 2017

99.40

Jun 2017

87.32

Mar 2005

100.94

Sep 2010

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

0.59

Dec 2017

0.80

Sep 2017

-7.45

Dec 2008

11.18

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Apr 2018

1.0

Mar 2018

1.0

Apr 2018

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Retail Sales Growth

2.8

Feb 2018

3.5

Jan 2018

-4.2

Feb 2009

12.7

Nov 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Apr 2018

-0.33

Mar 2018

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Silver Production

3.00

2015

2.00

2014

0.00

2012

70.06

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Tax Revenue

19,265.04

Dec 2017

19,763.07

Sep 2017

9,403.18

Dec 2001

25,501.08

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Teledensity: Fixed Line

8.31

2016

9.80

2015

8.31

2016

55.53

1997

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

133.85

2016

134.92

2015

0.00

1979

172.18

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

196,813.32

Apr 2018

198,435.62

Mar 2018

52,264.25

Oct 2000

210,494.82

Mar 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Total Exports

6,314.9

Mar 2018

6,329.9

Feb 2018

3,139.3

Jan 2002

9,240.9

Apr 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Total Exports Growth

2.8

Mar 2018

9.6

Feb 2018

-37.8

Jun 2009

38.5

Mar 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Total Imports

6,538.8

Mar 2018

6,583.9

Feb 2018

2,419.9

Jun 1999

8,825.8

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Total Imports Growth

7.8

Mar 2018

9.0

Feb 2018

-38.6

Apr 2009

39.8

Mar 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Tourism Revenue

2,717

2016

2,560

2015

2,035

2000

5,591

2011

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-03
Tourism Revenue Growth

6.1

2016

-30.4

2015

-30.4

2015

24.0

2011

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-03
Trade Balance

-197.3

Mar 2018

-376.4

Feb 2018

-1,043.0

Dec 2012

1,864.5

Oct 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1992 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Unemployment Rate

8.20

Mar 2018

8.30

Feb 2018

2.80

Jan 1990

17.60

Feb 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1988 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Visitor Arrivals

220,291

Mar 2018

224,242

Feb 2018

70,053

Feb 1995

334,717

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-09
Visitor Arrivals Growth

7.2

Mar 2018

5.8

Feb 2018

-22.0

Jan 2015

29.4

Apr 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-09