Macedonia Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2019 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Data

Macedonia's Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: Macedonia) was 98.7 in Apr 2019, compared with the number of 98.3 in the previous month. Macedonia's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 166.6 from Jan 1993 to Apr 2019. The data reached an all-time high of 166.6 in Apr 1993 and a record low of 93.9 in Dec 1993. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. The International Monetary Fund provides Real Effective Exchange Rate with base 2010=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Macedonia's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: Skopje Interbank Offered Rate: 3 Months was reported at 1.4 % pa in Apr 2019. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Central Bank Bills) was set at 2.5 % pa in Mar 2019. Macedonia's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 54.4 (MKD/USD) in Mar 2019.

What was Macedonia's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Apr 2019?

Last

98.7

Apr 2019
Previous

98.3

Mar 2019
Min

93.9

Dec 1993
Max

166.6

Apr 1993
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 13 May 2019
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

98.7

Apr 2019

98.3

Mar 2019

93.9

Dec 1993

166.6

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 13 May 2019

View Macedonia's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Apr 2019 in the chart:

Macedonia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Macedonia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Series Details
Series ID

238120003

Name

Macedonia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country

Macedonia

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

Jan 1993

Last Date

Apr 2019

Last Updated

13 May 2019

Statistics
Mean

105.5

Variance

132.2

Standard deviation

11.5

Skewness

2.6

Kurtosis

7.2

Coefficient variation

0.1

Median

101.8

Max
Apr 1993

166.6

Min
Dec 1993

93.9

Previous observation
Mar 2019

98.3

Last observation
Apr 2019

98.7

Number of Observations

316

Get This Data

Related Indicators for Macedonia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Interest and Foreign Exchange Rates Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Bank Lending Rate

5.738

Mar 2019

5.751

Feb 2019

5.738

Mar 2019

494.000

Feb 1994

% pa

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Exchange Rate against USD

54.405

Mar 2019

54.236

Feb 2019

36.740

May 1995

71.432

Jun 2001

MKD/USD

monthly

Dec 1993 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-15
Policy Rate

2.25

Apr 2019

2.25

Mar 2019

2.25

Apr 2019

15.21

Dec 2002

% pa

monthly

Jan 2002 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Short Term Interest Rate

1.45

Apr 2019

1.45

Mar 2019

1.44

Jul 2018

9.54

Nov 2009

% pa

monthly

Jul 2007 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: Skopje Interbank Offered Rate: 3 Months

1.450

Apr 2019

1.450

Mar 2019

1.440

Jul 2018

9.540

Nov 2009

% pa

monthly

Jul 2007 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Exchange Rate against US$: Monthly Average

54.405

Mar 2019

54.236

Feb 2019

36.740

May 1995

71.432

Jun 2001

MKD/USD

monthly

Dec 1993 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-15
Foreign Exchange Rate: NBRM: US Dollar

55.285

Apr 2019

54.863

Mar 2019

22.898

May 1993

1,304.461

Feb 1993

MKD/USD

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Foreign Exchange Rate: NBRM: Euro

61.493

Apr 2019

61.545

Mar 2019

60.597

Oct 1999

61.703

Jun 2017

MKD/EUR

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30

More Indicators for Macedonia

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

4,892.347

2017

2,392.963

2016

2,392.963

2016

13,170.282

2003

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Bank Lending Rate

5.738

Mar 2019

5.751

Feb 2019

5.738

Mar 2019

494.000

Feb 1994

% pa

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Building Permits

277.000

Mar 2019

153.000

Feb 2019

121.000

Sep 2013

400.000

Oct 2017

Unit

monthly

Jan 2008 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-14
Business Confidence Growth

3.7

Apr 2019

3.8

Mar 2019

-24.8

Jun 2009

34.3

Jul 2011

% Point

monthly

Apr 2002 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Business Confidence: Net Balance

31.8

Apr 2019

31.4

Mar 2019

-35.8

Aug 2001

31.8

Apr 2019

% Point

monthly

Apr 2001 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

3.200

Apr 2019

2.880

Mar 2019

-5.300

Jan 2005

20.400

Apr 2008

%

monthly

Nov 2003 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Capital Adequacy Ratio

16.5

Dec 2018

16.3

Sep 2018

15.0

Sep 2008

21.3

Dec 2005

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-08
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-1.1

2018

-2.8

2017

-13.4

1993

2.4

2000

%

yearly

1993 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.9

Apr 2019

1.4

Mar 2019

-2.4

Oct 2009

10.2

Mar 2008

%

monthly

Nov 2003 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Current Account Balance

-116.0

Dec 2018

9.1

Nov 2018

-243.6

Nov 2008

107.8

Sep 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Direct Investment Abroad

-180.1

Dec 2018

-41.7

Nov 2018

-180.1

Dec 2018

90.8

Jan 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Domestic Credit

6,279.3

Mar 2019

6,205.5

Feb 2019

630.7

Jan 2003

6,279.3

Mar 2019

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-19
Domestic Credit Growth

11.6

Mar 2019

10.6

Feb 2019

-7.7

Oct 2016

67.1

Dec 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-19
Electricity Production

531

Feb 2019

684

Jan 2019

255

Aug 2014

756

Jan 2006

GWh

monthly

Jan 2005 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-25
Employed Persons

771,806.000

Dec 2018

759,445.000

Sep 2018

498,867.000

Dec 2004

771,806.000

Dec 2018

Person

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Equity Market Index

3,603.6

Apr 2019

3,664.7

Mar 2019

1,000.0

Dec 2004

10,057.8

Aug 2007

30Dec2004=1000

monthly

Dec 2004 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Exchange Rate against USD

54.405

Mar 2019

54.236

Feb 2019

36.740

May 1995

71.432

Jun 2001

MKD/USD

monthly

Dec 1993 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-15
Exports: ICT Goods

49,330.197

2017

25,442.135

2016

3,375.662

2001

49,330.197

2017

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2019-02-20
Exports: Medicament

90,115.095

2017

76,036.607

2016

16,156.885

1996

90,115.095

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-11
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

392.067

2017

704.520

2016

35.288

1999

704.520

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

4,468.269

2017

5,524.756

2016

470.001

1998

14,801.284

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

648.725

2017

409.732

2016

5.078

1998

648.725

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

9,057.3

Dec 2018

9,719.9

Sep 2018

2,799.0

Mar 2006

10,169.7

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
External Debt: % of GDP

73.7

2018

73.6

2017

45.4

2004

74.7

2016

%

yearly

2004 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-01
External Debt: Short Term

2,338.8

Dec 2018

2,688.7

Sep 2018

764.1

Mar 2006

2,810.7

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

19.0

2018

17.6

2017

13.3

2006

19.7

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.198

2024

2.201

2023

-1.279

1999

338.684

1993

%

yearly

1993 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-0.350

2024

-0.327

2023

-1.269

2008

-0.009

1992

USD bn

yearly

1992 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-24
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

8.499

2024

8.633

2023

-21.278

2009

43.237

2010

%

yearly

1993 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

21,420.310

2024

20,268.760

2023

5,819.960

1994

21,420.310

2024

PPP Intl $

yearly

1992 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Expenditure

287.621

2024

273.493

2023

64.408

1997

287.621

2024

MKD bn

yearly

1997 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Net Debt

381.065

2024

361.963

2023

66.955

1999

381.065

2024

MKD bn

yearly

1999 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Revenue

270.995

2024

256.020

2023

63.705

1997

270.995

2024

MKD bn

yearly

1997 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

8,383.600

2024

7,871.780

2023

1,263.860

1992

8,383.600

2024

USD

yearly

1992 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Population

2.082

2024

2.082

2023

1.933

1992

2.082

2024

Person mn

yearly

1992 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.540

2024

3.400

2023

-7.500

1993

6.473

2007

%

yearly

1993 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

16.298

2024

16.834

2023

16.298

2024

37.250

2005

%

yearly

1996 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Foreign Direct Investment

19.5

Dec 2018

41.1

Nov 2018

-74.3

Oct 2014

347.3

Jan 2001

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

2.9

Dec 2018

1.6

Sep 2018

-3.6

Dec 2014

41.3

Mar 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Foreign Exchange Reserves

2,937.4

Apr 2019

2,946.5

Mar 2019

88.7

Mar 1994

2,988.6

Jan 2019

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

24.367

Dec 2018

23.557

Sep 2018

11.376

Dec 2000

26.179

Sep 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-08
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

3.5

Mar 2019

3.8

Feb 2019

2.7

Dec 2004

6.1

Jan 2015

NA

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Foreign Portfolio Investment

7.982

Dec 2018

-48.901

Sep 2018

-169.298

Mar 2013

678.385

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
GDP Deflator Growth

3.9

Dec 2018

4.0

Sep 2018

-5.0

Dec 2003

11.5

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
GDP per Capita

5,435.124

2017

5,146.576

2016

1,729.019

1994

5,491.214

2014

USD

yearly

1994 - 2017

Updated on 2019-01-14
Gold Reserves

286.052

Mar 2019

293.651

Feb 2019

7.068

Mar 1993

398.531

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1992 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-15
Government Debt: % of GDP

40.5

2018

39.5

2017

20.5

2008

45.2

2001

%

yearly

2000 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

2,475.382

2017

2,602.469

2016

425.784

1993

2,660.567

2014

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Gross National Product

10,831.693

2017

10,247.613

2016

2,364.849

1992

11,149.678

2014

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Gross Savings Rate

23.0

Dec 2018

23.1

Sep 2018

-8.3

Sep 2001

23.1

Sep 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
House Prices Growth

6.3

Dec 2018

3.8

Jun 2018

-19.3

Dec 2005

34.7

Dec 2004

%

semiannually

Jun 2004 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Household Debt

2,914.3

Mar 2019

2,893.0

Feb 2019

114.7

Jan 2003

2,914.3

Mar 2019

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-19
Household Debt: % of GDP

23.6

2018

22.9

2017

3.9

2003

23.6

2018

%

yearly

2003 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Household Expenditure per Capita

1,663.769

2017

1,532.746

2016

1,532.746

2016

2,396.837

2008

USD

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-12-31
Household Income per Capita

1,991.584

2017

1,781.919

2016

1,133.722

2005

1,991.584

2017

USD

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-12-31
Imports: ICT Goods

279,192.453

2017

240,137.207

2016

70,246.028

2001

313,110.690

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2019-02-20
Imports: Medicament

135,845.726

2017

122,702.394

2016

28,360.436

1995

137,736.259

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

36,499.413

2017

37,886.335

2016

5,805.204

1996

38,101.876

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

96,158.411

2017

113,707.277

2016

14,543.916

1995

141,884.970

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

32,932.008

2017

32,383.679

2016

2,071.433

1997

43,398.186

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Industrial Production Index Growth

7.5

Mar 2019

7.3

Feb 2019

-32.7

Mar 2004

24.5

Mar 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Investment: % of GDP

40.6

Dec 2018

29.9

Sep 2018

1.5

Sep 2001

40.6

Dec 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Labour Force Participation Rate

56.9

Dec 2018

57.0

Sep 2018

50.3

Dec 2004

57.8

Dec 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Labour Productivity Growth

0.08

Dec 2018

0.80

Sep 2018

-11.55

Dec 2005

11.18

Mar 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-08
Liquid Assets Ratio

26.7

Dec 2018

27.3

Sep 2018

20.1

Mar 2009

38.0

Dec 2005

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-08
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

24.6

2018

22.1

2017

11.8

2004

77.4

2007

%

yearly

2004 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-24
Minerals Production

5,373,381.000

2017

5,391,889.000

2016

1,069,432.000

2010

8,504,884.000

2011

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-29
Money Supply M1

2,686.670

Mar 2019

2,689.748

Feb 2019

411.456

Mar 2003

2,772.777

Dec 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-19
Money Supply M2

5,743.552

Mar 2019

5,749.820

Feb 2019

1,079.340

Jan 2003

5,807.177

Dec 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-19
Monthly Earnings

662

Feb 2019

675

Jan 2019

401

Apr 2004

732

Dec 2009

USD

monthly

Dec 2003 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-19
Motor Vehicle Registered

425.764

2015

411.984

2014

261.000

2006

425.764

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

492.000

Dec 2017

500.000

Dec 2016

300.000

Jun 2015

1,000.000

Dec 2010

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

3,370.600

Dec 2017

3,800.000

Dec 2016

1,000.000

Jun 2013

10,500.000

Dec 2008

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicles Sales

3,863

2017

4,300

2016

2,800

2013

11,500

2008

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

-10.2

2017

10.3

2016

-50.4

2013

39.7

2010

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Nominal GDP

3,333.3

Dec 2018

3,253.0

Sep 2018

879.0

Mar 2002

3,333.3

Dec 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Nominal GDP Growth

7.740

Dec 2018

7.048

Sep 2018

-3.566

Sep 2001

15.920

Jun 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

89.890

Dec 2018

91.820

Sep 2018

56.450

Mar 2000

103.020

Dec 2008

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-02-27
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

-4.920

Dec 2018

0.190

Sep 2018

-7.780

Dec 2009

25.220

Dec 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-02-27
Non Performing Loans Ratio

5.0

Dec 2018

4.9

Sep 2018

4.9

Sep 2018

14.9

Dec 2005

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-08
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

366,529.000

2017

368,370.000

2016

210,000.000

1983

560,026.000

2002

Unit

yearly

1983 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Number of Subscriber Mobile

2,008,008.000

2017

2,050,494.000

2016

0.000

1995

2,237,250.000

2013

Person

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Policy Rate

2.25

Apr 2019

2.25

Mar 2019

2.25

Apr 2019

15.21

Dec 2002

% pa

monthly

Jan 2002 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Population

2.1

2017

2.1

2016

1.2

1950

2.1

2017

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2017

Updated on 2019-01-10
Private Consumption Expenditure

2,078.769

Dec 2018

2,033.523

Sep 2018

608.214

Mar 2002

2,179.291

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Private Consumption: % of GDP

62.4

Dec 2018

62.5

Sep 2018

62.4

Dec 2018

87.9

Mar 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Public Consumption Expenditure

488.807

Dec 2018

467.637

Sep 2018

142.860

Sep 2000

507.412

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Public Consumption: % of GDP

14.7

Dec 2018

14.4

Sep 2018

13.6

Sep 2017

25.9

Jun 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Real GDP Growth

3.7

Dec 2018

3.0

Sep 2018

-12.7

Sep 2001

10.7

Jun 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Real Residential Property Price Index

79.520

Dec 2018

81.350

Sep 2018

72.210

Mar 2000

103.290

Dec 2008

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-02-27
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

-5.980

Dec 2018

-1.320

Sep 2018

-8.460

Mar 2013

17.940

Dec 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-02-27
Reserve Requirement Ratio

8.0

Mar 2019

8.0

Feb 2019

7.5

Dec 2004

10.0

Aug 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-19
Retail Sales Growth

5.4

Mar 2019

6.4

Feb 2019

-16.7

Jan 2014

15.7

Mar 2016

%

monthly

Jan 2011 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Short Term Interest Rate

1.45

Apr 2019

1.45

Mar 2019

1.44

Jul 2018

9.54

Nov 2009

% pa

monthly

Jul 2007 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Silver Production

11.000

2015

10.000

2014

0.000

2010

22.000

2000

Metric Ton

yearly

1992 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Tax Revenue

172.153

Mar 2019

154.105

Feb 2019

66.014

Feb 2006

212.744

Apr 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2004 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-25
Teledensity: Fixed Line

17.595

2017

17.700

2016

10.682

1983

27.333

2002

Number

yearly

1983 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Teledensity: Mobile

96.392

2017

98.524

2016

0.000

1995

107.783

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Total Deposits

6,944.202

Mar 2019

6,935.544

Feb 2019

910.247

Jan 2003

6,944.202

Mar 2019

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-19
Total Exports

659.6

Mar 2019

602.1

Feb 2019

68.3

Jan 2002

691.4

Oct 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Total Exports Growth

25.5

Mar 2019

6.0

Feb 2019

-44.8

Feb 2009

70.7

Apr 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Total Imports

834.9

Mar 2019

771.1

Feb 2019

142.6

Mar 2002

900.9

Oct 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Total Imports Growth

5.0

Mar 2019

8.1

Feb 2019

-46.3

May 2009

86.3

Oct 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Tourism Revenue

331

2017

283

2016

19

1995

331

2017

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Tourism Revenue Growth

17.0

2017

5.6

2016

-44.3

2001

166.7

1999

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Trade Balance

-175.3

Mar 2019

-168.9

Feb 2019

-310.0

Oct 2007

-9.0

May 1994

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1993 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Unemployment Rate

19.40

Dec 2018

20.80

Sep 2018

19.40

Dec 2018

38.70

Mar 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Visitor Arrivals

37,592

Mar 2019

27,133

Feb 2019

4,614

Aug 2001

99,337

Jul 2018

Person

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Visitor Arrivals Growth

2.3

Mar 2019

2.3

Feb 2019

-79.7

Aug 2001

141.4

Aug 2002

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13

More Countries/Regions for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

93.7

Apr 2019

93.3

Mar 2019

88.6

Feb 2018

184.7

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Argentina

73.6

Apr 2019

73.5

Mar 2019

41.1

Oct 2001

123.1

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Armenia

131.8

Mar 2019

132.0

Feb 2019

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-08
Australia

97.8

Apr 2019

97.2

Mar 2019

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Austria

99.6

Apr 2019

99.6

Mar 2019

94.4

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Azerbaijan

123.4

Mar 2019

123.0

Feb 2019

94.5

Jan 2005

190.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Bahrain

101.1

Apr 2019

101.0

Mar 2019

83.1

Jun 2011

223.4

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Belgium

100.4

Apr 2019

100.5

Mar 2019

91.1

Oct 2000

109.0

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Bolivia

54.2

Mar 2019

54.7

Feb 2019

53.8

Nov 2018

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-11
Bosnia and Herzegovina

101.9

Jan 2019

100.3

Dec 2018

98.7

Aug 2005

109.8

Jan 2010

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jan 2019

Updated on 2019-04-08
Botswana

100.7

Feb 2019

100.7

Jan 2019

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Brazil

101.7

Mar 2019

103.7

Feb 2019

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Bulgaria

115.9

Apr 2019

115.5

Mar 2019

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Canada

90.0

Mar 2019

90.8

Feb 2019

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Chile

96.8

Mar 2019

95.6

Feb 2019

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-23
China

147.1

Apr 2019

147.4

Mar 2019

78.0

Jan 1994

155.2

Feb 2016

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Colombia

112.1

Apr 2019

111.5

Mar 2019

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Croatia

103.2

Mar 2019

103.4

Feb 2019

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Cyprus

90.8

Apr 2019

91.0

Mar 2019

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Czech Republic

119.5

Apr 2019

119.6

Mar 2019

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Denmark

103.1

Feb 2019

102.9

Jan 2019

84.4

Jan 1984

107.9

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-28
Ecuador

110.3

Nov 2017

109.3

Oct 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2018-03-05
Estonia

120.9

Apr 2019

121.1

Mar 2019

43.5

Jan 1993

123.3

Sep 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
European Union

89.2

Apr 2019

89.4

Mar 2019

41.3

Sep 1980

110.7

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Finland

96.3

Apr 2019

96.5

Mar 2019

93.1

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
France

92.1

Apr 2019

92.2

Mar 2019

88.5

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Georgia

113.9

Mar 2019

114.2

Feb 2019

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-18
Germany

91.8

Apr 2019

92.0

Mar 2019

87.4

Apr 2015

117.2

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Greece

93.7

Apr 2019

93.7

Mar 2019

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Hong Kong SAR

107.7

Apr 2019

107.7

Mar 2019

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Hungary

101.0

Mar 2019

102.2

Feb 2019

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Iceland

86.4

Apr 2019

86.3

Mar 2019

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
India

113.1

Apr 2019

112.8

Mar 2019

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Indonesia

113.9

Apr 2019

112.8

Mar 2019

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Iran

193.2

Apr 2019

183.9

Mar 2019

68.1

Aug 1992

632.8

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Ireland

85.3

Apr 2019

85.5

Mar 2019

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Israel

124.7

Apr 2019

123.5

Mar 2019

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Italy

93.4

Apr 2019

93.5

Mar 2019

73.6

Nov 1981

126.6

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Ivory Coast

94.8

Apr 2019

95.1

Mar 2019

65.7

Jan 1994

134.6

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Japan

76.1

Feb 2019

77.9

Jan 2019

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-29
Kazakhstan

86.2

Mar 2019

86.6

Feb 2019

81.1

Feb 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-08
South Korea

90.1

Apr 2019

90.6

Mar 2019

59.2

Jan 1998

107.9

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Kosovo

107.2

Feb 2019

107.8

Jan 2019

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-26
Kyrgyzstan

119.8

Mar 2019

120.9

Feb 2019

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-25
Latvia

119.4

Apr 2019

119.5

Mar 2019

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Lithuania

115.7

Apr 2019

115.8

Mar 2019

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Luxembourg

98.4

Apr 2019

98.5

Mar 2019

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Malaysia

95.2

Apr 2019

96.2

Mar 2019

90.3

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Malta

98.8

Apr 2019

98.9

Mar 2019

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Mexico

120.9

Feb 2019

120.9

Jan 2019

75.5

Mar 2002

189.2

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-15
Moldova

156.2

Apr 2019

155.4

Mar 2019

47.1

Nov 1993

159.8

Aug 2018

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Mongolia

115.9

Feb 2019

116.3

Jan 2019

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Morocco

94.7

Apr 2019

94.4

Mar 2019

90.8

Sep 1990

113.7

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Netherlands

91.6

Apr 2019

91.7

Mar 2019

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
New Zealand

95.3

Mar 2019

95.3

Feb 2019

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Nigeria

137.8

Apr 2019

136.3

Mar 2019

51.2

Mar 1992

701.6

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Norway

86.5

Apr 2019

85.8

Mar 2019

81.3

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Pakistan

106.3

Mar 2019

105.3

Feb 2019

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Paraguay

63.3

Mar 2019

63.6

Feb 2019

55.1

Feb 1999

103.2

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Peru

93.1

Apr 2019

93.3

Mar 2019

74.7

Mar 1992

107.9

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Philippines

130.5

Mar 2019

131.1

Feb 2019

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-12
Poland

93.4

Apr 2019

93.1

Mar 2019

69.1

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Portugal

95.3

Apr 2019

95.4

Mar 2019

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Romania

99.0

Apr 2019

99.0

Mar 2019

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Russia

104.4

Apr 2019

103.1

Mar 2019

50.5

Oct 1994

137.0

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Saudi Arabia

119.6

Apr 2019

119.7

Mar 2019

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Serbia

124.3

Mar 2019

124.8

Feb 2019

88.5

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Singapore

120.0

Apr 2019

120.7

Mar 2019

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Slovakia

125.3

Apr 2019

125.4

Mar 2019

59.2

Sep 1993

134.5

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Slovenia

99.1

Apr 2019

99.1

Mar 2019

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
South Africa

88.3

Feb 2019

87.5

Jan 2019

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Spain

97.3

Apr 2019

97.4

Mar 2019

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Sri Lanka

130.4

Mar 2019

131.3

Feb 2019

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Sweden

81.1

Apr 2019

81.1

Mar 2019

81.1

Mar 2019

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Switzerland

106.5

Apr 2019

106.6

Mar 2019

72.1

Jan 1973

126.8

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-08
Taiwan

89.9

Apr 2019

89.1

Mar 2019

83.5

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Thailand

128.0

Mar 2019

128.9

Feb 2019

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Tunisia

69.1

Apr 2019

68.4

Mar 2019

67.5

Jan 2019

212.3

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-13
Turkey

64.5

Apr 2019

66.6

Mar 2019

55.4

Sep 2018

113.3

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Ukraine

86.2

Apr 2019

85.1

Mar 2019

44.6

Apr 1993

232.2

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-14
United Arab Emirates

125.3

Apr 2019

125.5

Mar 2019

79.1

Apr 1995

132.3

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
United Kingdom

80.8

Apr 2019

81.3

Mar 2019

75.2

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
United States

105.1

Apr 2019

105.0

Mar 2019

82.7

Jul 2011

131.9

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-01
Uruguay

53.9

Mar 2019

53.7

Feb 2019

52.4

Sep 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Venezuela

0.8

Feb 2019

0.8

Jan 2019

0.4

Jul 2018

3,712.9

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-20
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