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Estonia Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2017 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

Estonia's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Estonia) was 119.1 in Oct 2017, compared with the number of 119.2 in the previous month. Estonia's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 119.5 from Jan 1993 to Oct 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 119.5 in Aug 2017 and a record low of 43.6 in Jan 1993. Estonia joined the Euro Area on January 1st, 2011. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Estonia's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Nov 2017. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Nov 2017. Estonia's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.9 (EUR/USD) in Nov 2017.

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What was Estonia's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Oct 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

119.1

Oct 2017

119.2

Sep 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

119.5

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017

View Estonia's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Oct 2017 in the chart:

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HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Estonia

Series Details
Series ID

212320402

Name

HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Estonia

Country

Estonia

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generate

First Date

Jan 1993

Last Date

Nov 2017

Last Updated

11 Dec 2017

Statistics
Mean

96.81

Variance

344.98

Standard deviation

18.57

Skewness

-1.07

Kurtosis

0.61

Coefficient variation

0.19

Median

100.03

Max
Aug 2017

NaN

Min
Jan 1993

NaN

Previous observation
Oct 2017

118.75

Last observation
Nov 2017

119.12

Number of Observations

299

Get This Data

More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

99.7

Nov 2017

99.6

Oct 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Canada

97.4

Nov 2017

98.6

Oct 2017

79.0

Nov 2001

122.7

Nov 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
France

92.5

Oct 2017

92.7

Sep 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Germany

92.5

Oct 2017

92.7

Sep 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Italy

94.5

Oct 2017

94.6

Sep 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Japan

74.4

Oct 2017

74.9

Sep 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
United Kingdom

78.7

Oct 2017

78.5

Sep 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Austria

100.1

Oct 2017

100.0

Sep 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Belgium

100.2

Oct 2017

100.3

Sep 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bulgaria

113.5

Nov 2017

113.2

Oct 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Cyprus

92.8

Oct 2017

93.1

Sep 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Czech Republic

118.3

Oct 2017

117.0

Sep 2017

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Denmark

103.7

Jul 2017

102.7

Jun 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Estonia

119.1

Oct 2017

119.2

Sep 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

119.5

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Finland

96.8

Oct 2017

96.9

Sep 2017

93.3

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Greece

95.1

Oct 2017

95.2

Sep 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Hungary

100.8

Oct 2017

100.4

Sep 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Iceland

92.7

Oct 2017

90.6

Sep 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ireland

87.8

Oct 2017

88.2

Sep 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Latvia

116.9

Oct 2017

117.1

Sep 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Lithuania

114.5

Oct 2017

114.6

Sep 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Argentina

54.4

Nov 2017

55.5

Oct 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Luxembourg

99.2

Oct 2017

99.2

Sep 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Malta

98.7

Oct 2017

98.8

Sep 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bolivia

57.1

Oct 2017

58.2

Aug 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Netherlands

91.7

Oct 2017

91.9

Sep 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Norway

87.4

Oct 2017

88.1

Sep 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Brazil

112.1

Oct 2017

112.4

Sep 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Poland

94.4

Oct 2017

94.0

Sep 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Chile

94.9

Oct 2017

95.5

Sep 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Portugal

96.0

Oct 2017

96.1

Sep 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Colombia

114.5

Nov 2017

112.7

Oct 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Romania

97.8

Oct 2017

97.4

Sep 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Slovakia

125.1

Oct 2017

125.3

Sep 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Slovenia

98.9

Oct 2017

99.0

Sep 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ecuador

109.4

Oct 2017

109.0

Sep 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

109.4

Oct 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Mexico

121.3

Sep 2017

120.9

Aug 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Spain

97.4

Oct 2017

97.5

Sep 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Sweden

88.7

Oct 2017

89.7

Sep 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Paraguay

62.3

Sep 2017

61.2

Aug 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Switzerland

111.4

Nov 2017

112.4

Oct 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Peru

92.5

Nov 2017

92.5

Oct 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Uruguay

58.5

Oct 2017

58.3

Sep 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Venezuela

2,986.7

Oct 2017

2,700.8

Sep 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

2,986.7

Oct 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Algeria

91.8

Oct 2017

93.4

Sep 2017

91.8

Oct 2017

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Australia

106.1

Oct 2017

107.6

Sep 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.7

Oct 2017

101.6

Sep 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

225.0

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
China

143.8

Oct 2017

143.6

Sep 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Botswana

100.2

Sep 2017

100.4

Aug 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Hong Kong

105.4

Oct 2017

104.3

Sep 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
India

117.6

Nov 2017

116.8

Oct 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

118.8

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Israel

125.6

Oct 2017

123.5

Sep 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Indonesia

114.5

Oct 2017

115.5

Sep 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
South Korea

90.4

Oct 2017

89.8

Sep 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Malaysia

93.3

Oct 2017

92.6

Sep 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
New Zealand

97.8

Sep 2017

99.4

Aug 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Pakistan

125.8

Oct 2017

123.7

Sep 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Philippines

129.5

Nov 2017

128.8

Oct 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Singapore

120.0

Oct 2017

120.4

Sep 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Sri Lanka

144.6

Oct 2017

142.5

Sep 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Taiwan

92.2

Oct 2017

91.3

Sep 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Thailand

122.0

Oct 2017

121.1

Sep 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Armenia

122.4

Oct 2017

120.8

Sep 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Azerbaijan

116.2

Oct 2017

113.6

Sep 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

96.7

Sep 2017

96.6

Aug 2017

96.4

Sep 2016

106.1

Jan 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Croatia

102.2

Sep 2017

102.5

Aug 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Georgia

112.5

Oct 2017

111.6

Sep 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kazakhstan

86.6

Sep 2017

89.4

Aug 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kyrgyzstan

118.3

Oct 2017

116.3

Sep 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Macedonia

103.1

Oct 2017

102.7

Sep 2017

92.8

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Moldova

143.9

Oct 2017

142.1

Sep 2017

46.8

Nov 1993

154.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Mongolia

110.7

Sep 2017

109.9

Aug 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Russia

108.5

Oct 2017

107.4

Sep 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Serbia

122.6

Oct 2017

122.6

Sep 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Turkey

75.1

Nov 2017

78.2

Oct 2017

75.1

Nov 2017

113.2

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Ukraine

74.9

Oct 2017

75.0

Sep 2017

44.8

Apr 1993

233.1

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Morocco

98.6

Oct 2017

97.2

Sep 2017

89.9

Sep 1990

112.9

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nigeria

126.5

Oct 2017

123.7

Sep 2017

51.0

Mar 1992

703.1

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Saudi Arabia

123.8

Oct 2017

122.9

Sep 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
South Africa

85.5

Sep 2017

85.2

Aug 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Tunisia

78.6

Oct 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

218.6

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
United Arab Emirates

123.2

Oct 2017

122.2

Sep 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ivory Coast

100.4

Oct 2017

100.7

Sep 2017

66.2

Jan 1994

136.1

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
European Union

90.4

Nov 2017

90.2

Oct 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Iran

150.6

Oct 2017

151.4

Sep 2017

67.4

Aug 1992

629.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kosovo

104.7

Oct 2017

104.7

Sep 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017

More Indicators for Estonia

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

9.4

2016

10.0

2015

3.7

2007

10.7

2014

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

1.3

Nov 2017

6.3

Oct 2017

-40.0

Dec 2008

27.0

Mar 2007

% Point

monthly

May 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

445.0

Sep 2017

71.9

Aug 2017

-1,047.8

Jun 2015

763.1

Nov 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2008 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Imports Growth

0.8

Sep 2017

11.2

Aug 2017

-41.2

May 2009

229.1

Jan 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Money Supply M2

16,827.28

Oct 2017

16,881.91

Sep 2017

262.92

Feb 1993

16,881.91

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

12.32

2022

11.71

2021

1.11

1995

12.32

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

29.03

2016

30.28

2015

8.44

1975

38.27

2000

Number

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

4.2

Sep 2017

5.0

Jun 2017

-17.5

Sep 2009

12.5

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

1.64

Sep 2017

5.57

Jun 2017

-11.13

Dec 2008

13.06

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

-0.2

Sep 2017

4.3

Aug 2017

-6.8

Dec 2009

131.5

Jan 1997

%

monthly

Jun 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

10.8

2016

9.3

2015

7.4

2011

46.7

2004

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Total Imports

1,418.1

Sep 2017

1,436.3

Aug 2017

37.1

Jan 1993

1,727.7

Oct 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

7.77

Nov 2017

7.93

Oct 2017

-6.80

Dec 2009

18.95

May 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

27,950.54

2022

26,479.75

2021

1,150.73

1993

27,950.54

2022

USD

yearly

1993 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

18.7

Sep 2017

20.0

Jun 2017

13.5

Sep 2006

29.1

Dec 1994

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Retail Sales Growth

2.0

Sep 2017

3.0

Jun 2017

-17.0

Sep 2009

22.0

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Equity Market Index

1,237.6

Nov 2017

1,216.3

Oct 2017

121.5

Oct 2001

1,271.9

Aug 2017

03Jun1996=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Domestic Credit

19,817.3

Sep 2017

20,438.9

Aug 2017

110.3

Apr 1993

24,456.4

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1992 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

0.8

Oct 2017

0.9

Sep 2017

0.2

Jan 2007

7.1

Aug 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Visitor Arrivals

2,989,000

2015

2,918,000

2014

530,000

1995

2,989,000

2015

Person

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

12.43

2022

11.83

2021

1.12

1995

12.43

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

4,972.00

Dec 2016

2,676.00

Jun 2016

1,398.00

Jun 2012

6,568.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Population

1.3

2016

1.3

2015

1.3

2014

1.4

1999

Person mn

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

42.8

2016

41.7

2015

20.2

2003

57.0

2009

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Nov 2017

-0.33

Oct 2017

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gold Reserves

10.33

Nov 2017

10.58

Oct 2017

0.00

Aug 1992

28.58

Oct 1992

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1992 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

2.67

2022

2.56

2021

0.25

1995

2.67

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

22,429.00

Dec 2016

11,754.00

Jun 2016

8,923.00

Jun 2012

30,912.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

4.6

Sep 2017

4.8

Jun 2017

-3.9

Dec 2009

27.0

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Unemployment Rate

5.20

Sep 2017

7.00

Jun 2017

4.00

Jun 2008

19.50

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

34.1

Sep 2017

74.5

Aug 2017

-2,090.3

Jul 2011

492.5

Dec 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Exports

1,299.6

Sep 2017

1,313.5

Aug 2017

38.3

Feb 1993

1,609.1

May 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bank Lending Rate

2.60

Oct 2017

2.03

Sep 2017

2.03

Sep 2017

12.13

Feb 1999

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
New Orders Growth

5.9

Oct 2017

-0.6

Sep 2017

-45.4

Dec 2011

404.5

Dec 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-1.2

Nov 2017

-0.6

Oct 2017

-36.7

Mar 2009

13.0

Jan 2007

% Point

monthly

Dec 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt: % of GDP

90.4

2016

94.3

2015

32.9

1996

122.1

2009

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

3.7

Oct 2017

4.5

Sep 2017

-3.1

Jun 2014

39.2

Jan 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Trade Balance

-118.6

Sep 2017

-122.8

Aug 2017

-475.6

Apr 2007

22.6

Feb 2010

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Tax Revenue

1,407.88

Jun 2017

1,165.52

Mar 2017

274.52

Mar 2000

1,465.11

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

41,233.83

2022

39,156.14

2021

7,338.24

1993

41,233.83

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1993 - 2022

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

6.8

Sep 2017

3.4

Jun 2017

-40.3

Jun 2009

57.6

Mar 2006

%

quarterly

Sep 2004 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

2.6

Nov 2017

2.7

Oct 2017

-26.3

Feb 2008

25.1

Jun 2010

% Point

monthly

Dec 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

0.852

Nov 2017

0.851

Oct 2017

0.223

Nov 1991

1.171

Jun 2001

EUR/USD

monthly

Nov 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves

246.0

Nov 2017

237.8

Oct 2017

98.6

Feb 2011

4,361.6

Oct 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

2.4

2015

1.6

2014

-2.1

2007

28.4

2000

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Non-Performing Loans

171.27

Oct 2017

183.46

Sep 2017

10.63

Feb 1997

1,426.66

Oct 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1997 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.00

2022

2.97

2021

-14.72

2009

11.80

1997

%

yearly

1994 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-0.3

2016

0.1

2015

-3.3

1999

2.9

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

4.2

Nov 2017

3.8

Oct 2017

-2.2

Oct 2009

479.8

Jan 1993

%

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
External Debt

22,427.2

Sep 2017

20,829.7

Jun 2017

1,176.2

Mar 1996

28,777.5

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross National Product

6,664.68

Sep 2017

6,258.13

Jun 2017

789.13

Mar 1995

6,664.68

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Gross Savings Rate

28.9

Sep 2017

27.9

Jun 2017

12.9

Mar 1997

33.8

Sep 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

63.8

Sep 2017

63.7

Jun 2017

56.9

Jun 2002

63.9

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

4.2

Sep 2017

2.9

Jun 2017

-20.4

Mar 2007

5.6

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
M2 Growth

9.3

Apr/2017

8.1

Mar/2017

-1.5

Aug/2009

46.0

Jan/2006

%

monthly

Jan/1998 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Nov 2017

1.0

Oct 2017

1.0

Nov 2017

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

3,501.87

Sep 2017

3,288.14

Jun 2017

442.78

Mar 1995

3,605.64

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Employment

0.65

2018

0.65

2017

0.57

2010

0.70

1993

Person mn

yearly

1993 - 2018

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

25.0

Sep 2017

24.1

Jun 2017

18.0

Jun 2009

42.8

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Business Confidence Growth

7.6

Nov 2017

4.6

Oct 2017

-38.7

Mar 2009

31.3

Apr 2010

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

9.0

Sep 2017

6.0

Jun 2017

-17.0

Jun 2015

25.0

Dec 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Policy Rate

0.00

Nov 2017

0.00

Oct 2017

0.00

Nov 2017

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

1,499.08

Sep 2017

1,639.32

Jun 2017

213.31

Mar 1995

2,288.50

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-0.72

2022

-0.39

2021

-3.34

2007

0.52

2015

USD bn

yearly

1993 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

10.12

2022

10.10

2021

4.59

2007

16.71

2010

%

yearly

1993 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

8,909.59

2016

8,047.29

2015

2,256.80

1995

90,153.84

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

6.3

Oct 2017

4.6

Sep 2017

-33.0

Apr 2009

37.1

Oct 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Household Expenditure per Capita

5,410.17

2016

5,256.56

2015

4,206.68

2010

5,410.17

2016

USD

yearly

2010 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term

8,757.3

Sep 2017

9,061.5

Jun 2017

349.9

Mar 1996

11,945.2

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tourism Revenue

1,818

2015

2,231

2014

452

1995

2,231

2014

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Employed Persons

641,738.80

Sep 2017

633,482.50

Jun 2017

541,891.40

Jun 2010

652,074.50

Mar 2008

Person

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

10.0

2016

0.3

2015

-60.4

2009

66.7

2011

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.50

2022

2.50

2021

0.07

2015

47.66

1994

%

yearly

1994 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

4.37

2022

4.27

2021

-23.90

2009

34.85

2010

%

yearly

1994 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

883,044.59

2016

926,527.73

2015

88,413.99

1995

1,192,123.92

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

115,912.08

2016

99,534.03

2015

8,663.63

1995

116,871.11

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

1,897,921.00

2016

1,903,545.00

2015

0.00

1990

1,999,750.00

2012

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

202,327.00

2016

208,784.00

2015

130,939.00

2009

260,293.00

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

8.38

2017

6.60

2016

5.31

2015

8.38

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

67,998.41

2016

61,358.15

2015

16,934.81

2001

67,998.41

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

935.77

2016

2,448.51

2015

250.65

2009

3,397.42

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

17,737.84

2016

17,172.92

2015

1,155.38

1993

19,950.61

2014

USD

yearly

1993 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

51.5

Sep 2017

51.5

Jun 2017

47.9

Sep 2011

61.9

Mar 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Deposits

19,737.94

Oct 2017

20,160.97

Sep 2017

652.53

Jan 1997

20,160.97

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1997 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

1,763,311.88

2015

2,321,484.64

2014

606,500.55

2002

2,321,484.64

2014

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,446,183.69

2016

1,453,058.62

2015

42,717.79

1995

1,998,733.53

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

72,603.95

2016

37,346.88

2015

1,469.88

2000

72,603.95

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

169.66

Jun 2017

169.06

Mar 2017

79.18

Mar 2005

172.36

Jun 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

4.82

Jun 2017

7.71

Mar 2017

-42.19

Sep 2009

52.27

Mar 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

147.30

Jun 2017

148.28

Mar 2017

90.85

Dec 2009

198.30

Jun 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

1.64

Jun 2017

4.59

Mar 2017

-41.57

Sep 2009

45.87

Mar 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

370,589.00

2016

387,607.00

2015

120,000.00

1975

522,816.00

2000

Unit

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

148.68

2016

148.69

2015

0.00

1990

154.93

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

2,831.87

2016

2,533.86

2015

253.27

2000

2,831.87

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

19,616,000.00

2015

20,995,000.00

2014

12,604,900.00

2009

20,995,000.00

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
National Government Debt

2,155.3

Jun 2017

2,097.9

Mar 2017

270.5

Jun 2001

2,796.4

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Monthly Earnings

1,411

Sep 2017

1,366

Jun 2017

321

Mar 2002

1,411

Sep 2017

USD

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal GDP

6,783.0

Sep 2017

6,280.2

Jun 2017

842.9

Mar 1995

6,783.0

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Household Income per Capita

7,959.07

2015

8,847.65

2014

6,049.41

2010

8,847.65

2014

USD

yearly

2008 - 2015

Updated on 2016
Current Account Balance

84.0

Sep 2017

111.8

Aug 2017

-387.2

Nov 2007

202.1

Nov 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Electricity Production

1,114

Oct 2017

952

Sep 2017

442

Apr 2001

1,375

Dec 2010

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

41.9

2016

47.1

2015

11.2

1996

47.1

2015

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liquid Assets Ratio

26.7

Oct 2017

26.8

Sep 2017

16.0

May 2007

54.3

Feb 1993

%

monthly

Feb 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Household Debt

10,231.7

Jun 2017

9,715.3

Mar 2017

2,086.3

Dec 2003

12,897.1

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

27,401

2016

24,921

2015

11,489

2009

37,480

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.2

Sep 2017

0.2

Aug 2017

0.1

Sep 2011

4.9

May 2009

NA

monthly

Jan 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

15.18

Sep 2017

65.53

Jun 2017

-1,273.46

Dec 2009

391.60

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Exports Growth

-1.2

Sep 2017

8.6

Aug 2017

-37.1

Apr 2009

130.2

Feb 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

-18.5

2015

10.3

2014

-33.7

2009

57.2

2013

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

9.04

Sep 2017

10.10

Jun 2017

-17.12

Jun 2009

34.05

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

1,276.04

Sep 2017

1,275.49

Jun 2017

215.10

Sep 1997

1,356.57

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Money Supply M1

13,809.77

Oct 2017

13,755.94

Sep 2017

241.23

Feb 1993

13,809.77

Oct 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

0.91

Sep 2017

0.91

Jun 2017

0.46

Dec 2011

19.91

Jun 2010

%

quarterly

Sep 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Population

1.29

2022

1.29

2021

1.29

2022

1.51

1993

Person mn

yearly

1993 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

783.20

2015

754.20

2014

585.20

2005

783.20

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

1,655,999.30

2015

2,235,284.10

2014

494,169.77

2009

2,235,284.10

2014

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017