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Malaysia Real Effective Exchange Rate

1994 - 2018 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Data

Malaysia's Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: Malaysia) was 95.3 in Sep 2018, compared with the number of 96.3 in the previous month. Malaysia's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 140.4 from Jan 1994 to Sep 2018. The data reached an all-time high of 140.4 in Mar 1997 and a record low of 90.7 in Sep 2015. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. Bank for International Settlements provides Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2010=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Malaysia's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: KLIBOR: 3 Months was reported at 3.7 % pa in Oct 2018. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month End: Malaysia: Government Securities Yield: 10 Years) was reported at 4.1 % pa in Oct 2018. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Malaysia: Overnight Policy Rate) was set at 3.3 % pa in Oct 2018. Malaysia's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 4.2 (MYR/USD) in Oct 2018.

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What was Malaysia's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Aug 2018?

Last

97.1

Aug 2018
Previous

96.8

Jul 2018
Min

90.7

Sep 2015
Max

140.4

Mar 1997
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 19 Sep 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

97.1

Aug 2018

96.8

Jul 2018

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 19 Sep 2018

View Malaysia's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1994 to Aug 2018 in the chart:

Malaysia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Series Details
Series ID

315767002

Name

Malaysia Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country

Malaysia

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

Jan 1994

Last Date

Aug 2018

Last Updated

19 Sep 2018

Statistics
Mean

107.3

Variance

107.0

Standard deviation

10.3

Skewness

1.2

Kurtosis

1.2

Coefficient variation

0.1

Median

105.2

Max
Mar 1997

140.4

Min
Sep 2015

90.7

Previous observation
Jul 2018

96.8

Last observation
Aug 2018

97.1

Number of Observations

296

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More Countries/Regions for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

93.3

Jun 2018

92.8

May 2018

89.0

Feb 2018

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Argentina

84.0

Sep 2018

69.6

Aug 2018

41.1

Oct 2001

123.1

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-17
Armenia

123.8

Mar 2018

123.9

Feb 2018

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Australia

101.5

Jun 2018

100.8

May 2018

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Austria

100.2

Jun 2018

100.2

May 2018

94.6

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Azerbaijan

117.7

May 2018

114.4

Apr 2018

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Bahrain

102.7

Jun 2018

102.0

May 2018

81.5

Jun 2011

225.3

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Belgium

101.0

Jun 2018

101.0

May 2018

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Bolivia

54.8

Jun 2018

57.9

Apr 2018

53.8

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Bosnia and Herzegovina

99.7

Jul 2018

99.1

Jun 2018

98.7

Aug 2005

109.8

Jan 2010

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Botswana

99.9

Jul 2018

100.4

Jun 2018

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Brazil

98.9

Jun 2018

99.7

May 2018

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-25
Bulgaria

119.3

Sep 2018

118.3

Aug 2018

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Canada

91.0

Jun 2018

92.0

May 2018

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Chile

95.1

Jun 2018

94.8

May 2018

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
China

149.9

Jun 2018

150.8

May 2018

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Nov 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Colombia

105.0

Jun 2018

104.9

May 2018

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Croatia

101.3

May 2018

101.5

Apr 2018

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Cyprus

93.3

Jul 2018

92.8

Jun 2018

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Czech Republic

120.5

Sep 2018

119.8

Aug 2018

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Denmark

103.3

Jan 2018

103.2

Dec 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Ecuador

110.3

Nov 2017

109.3

Oct 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2018-03-05
Estonia

120.9

Jun 2018

120.9

May 2018

43.6

Jan 1993

121.2

Apr 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
European Union

90.9

Jun 2018

90.9

May 2018

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Finland

97.3

Jun 2018

97.5

May 2018

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
France

93.2

Jun 2018

93.2

May 2018

88.6

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Georgia

118.1

Jun 2018

117.6

May 2018

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Germany

93.3

Aug 2018

93.1

Jul 2018

86.9

Apr 2015

117.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-06
Greece

94.6

Jun 2018

94.7

May 2018

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Hong Kong SAR

107.7

Aug 2018

107.1

Jul 2018

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Hungary

103.9

Aug 2018

104.3

Jul 2018

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Iceland

94.0

Aug 2018

93.6

Jul 2018

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
India

113.1

Jun 2018

112.4

May 2018

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Indonesia

111.8

Jun 2018

110.0

May 2018

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Iran

134.4

Jun 2018

129.4

May 2018

67.3

Aug 1992

627.7

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Ireland

87.2

Jul 2018

86.9

Jun 2018

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Israel

122.6

Jun 2018

122.1

May 2018

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Italy

96.2

Sep 2018

95.6

Aug 2018

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Ivory Coast

98.1

Jun 2018

98.0

May 2018

66.1

Jan 1994

135.8

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Japan

75.1

Jun 2018

74.8

May 2018

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
Kazakhstan

93.1

May 2018

91.5

Apr 2018

81.1

Feb 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
South Korea

93.4

Jun 2018

94.2

May 2018

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Kosovo

104.4

Jun 2018

104.1

May 2018

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Kyrgyzstan

123.2

Aug 2018

120.4

Jul 2018

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Latvia

118.5

Jun 2018

118.5

May 2018

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Lithuania

115.6

Jun 2018

115.6

May 2018

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Luxembourg

100.2

Sep 2018

99.8

Aug 2018

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Macedonia

102.3

Jul 2018

102.4

Jun 2018

92.7

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Malaysia

97.1

Aug 2018

96.8

Jul 2018

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Malta

100.2

Jul 2018

99.4

Jun 2018

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Mexico

130.3

May 2018

124.4

Apr 2018

75.4

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Moldova

163.3

Jun 2018

162.5

May 2018

46.8

Nov 1993

163.3

Jun 2018

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Mongolia

117.6

May 2018

115.8

Apr 2018

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-25
Morocco

99.5

Jun 2018

98.2

May 2018

89.7

Sep 1990

112.5

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Netherlands

91.4

Jun 2018

91.5

May 2018

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
New Zealand

94.5

Jun 2018

93.9

May 2018

60.5

Aug 1984

107.3

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-31
Nigeria

130.7

Jun 2018

128.6

May 2018

50.9

Mar 1992

703.3

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Norway

88.1

Jun 2018

86.9

May 2018

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Pakistan

113.9

Aug 2018

110.4

Jul 2018

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-02
Paraguay

61.2

May 2018

62.5

Apr 2018

55.1

Feb 1999

103.2

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-07
Peru

94.5

Jun 2018

95.7

May 2018

74.8

Mar 1992

108.0

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Philippines

128.8

Jun 2018

129.4

May 2018

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Poland

93.9

Jun 2018

94.3

May 2018

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Portugal

97.2

Jun 2018

97.1

May 2018

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Romania

99.6

Jun 2018

100.1

May 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Russia

102.4

Jun 2018

101.3

May 2018

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Saudi Arabia

123.4

Aug 2018

122.4

Jul 2018

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Serbia

124.0

Aug 2018

124.2

Jul 2018

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
Singapore

120.0

Jun 2018

119.9

May 2018

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Slovakia

126.2

Jun 2018

126.1

May 2018

59.2

Sep 1993

134.5

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Slovenia

99.8

Jun 2018

99.7

May 2018

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
South Africa

87.6

Jul 2018

86.8

Jun 2018

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Spain

98.8

Jun 2018

98.6

May 2018

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Sri Lanka

145.7

Aug 2018

144.9

Jul 2018

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-02
Sweden

83.4

Jun 2018

82.8

May 2018

82.8

May 2018

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Switzerland

107.3

Jun 2018

105.5

May 2018

72.1

Jan 1973

126.8

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Taiwan

91.9

Jun 2018

91.3

May 2018

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Thailand

124.1

Aug 2018

122.1

Jul 2018

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Tunisia

78.6

Jun 2018

79.9

May 2018

77.9

Jan 2018

218.0

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Turkey

54.6

Sep 2018

57.5

Aug 2018

54.6

Sep 2018

113.3

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Ukraine

85.4

Jun 2018

83.7

May 2018

44.6

Apr 1993

232.3

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
United Arab Emirates

127.0

Jun 2018

125.3

May 2018

79.2

Apr 1995

131.7

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
United Kingdom

80.1

Jun 2018

80.4

May 2018

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
United States

104.1

Sep 2018

103.7

Aug 2018

82.6

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Uruguay

52.7

Aug 2018

53.8

Jul 2018

52.7

Aug 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Venezuela

0.6

Jun 2018

0.7

May 2018

0.6

Jun 2018

3,707.7

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19

More Indicators for Malaysia

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

2,654,010.544

2017

2,314,736.748

2016

136,557.352

1996

2,654,010.544

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Business Confidence Growth

5.7

Sep 2018

2.2

Jun 2018

-58.7

Mar 2009

64.9

Dec 2009

% Point

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-18
Business Confidence: Net Balance

8.8

Sep 2018

16.3

Jun 2018

-46.1

Dec 2008

24.1

Jun 2004

% Point

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-26
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

0.386

Aug 2018

0.697

Jul 2018

0.386

Aug 2018

12.283

Sep 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Capital Adequacy Ratio

17.4

Aug 2018

17.7

Jul 2018

14.1

May 2013

17.8

Dec 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2013 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Coal Consumption

20.004

2017

19.562

2016

0.009

1975

20.004

2017

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-5.4

2016

-7.8

2015

-21.0

1981

6.2

1997

%

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-17
Consumer Confidence Growth

30.4

Sep 2018

52.2

Jun 2018

-54.3

Jun 1998

52.2

Jun 2018

% Point

quarterly

Mar 1989 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-26
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

7.5

Sep 2018

32.9

Jun 2018

-36.2

Dec 2015

33.4

Jun 1997

% Point

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-26
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

0.8

Jun 2018

1.8

May 2018

-3.4

Jan 1959

24.0

Mar 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Container Port Throughput

24,570,000.000

2016

24,012,700.000

2015

15,922,799.648

2009

24,570,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Core CPI Change

0.086

Jun 2018

1.541

May 2018

0.086

Jun 2018

3.568

Jan 2016

%

monthly

Jan 2016 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Credit to Households

224.453

Dec 2017

211.335

Sep 2017

84.817

Mar 2006

226.557

Sep 2014

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

449.118

Dec 2017

421.066

Sep 2017

0.289

Jun 1964

449.118

Dec 2017

USD bn

quarterly

Jun 1964 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Crude Oil: Exports

339.000

2017

325.000

2016

209.000

2013

402.000

2008

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Crude Oil: Production

648.000

2017

656.600

2016

564.700

2011

762.400

2004

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Current Account Balance

3,819.6

Mar 2018

3,346.7

Dec 2017

318.7

Jun 2013

12,293.2

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

4.4

Mar 2018

3.9

Dec 2017

0.4

Jun 2013

20.2

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

13.100

Dec 2017

13.100

Sep 2017

10.300

Jun 2008

20.900

Mar 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Direct Investment Abroad

793.4

Mar 2018

139.4

Dec 2017

-721.6

Mar 2009

7,569.7

Sep 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Domestic Credit

483,625.3

Aug 2018

485,277.4

Jul 2018

29,565.4

Jul 1987

494,162.5

Apr 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1987 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-26
Domestic Credit Growth

7.6

Aug 2018

7.1

Jul 2018

-6.1

Apr 1999

33.3

Jun 1997

%

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-18
Electricity Production

13,497

Apr 2018

13,891

Mar 2018

1,528

Feb 1989

13,891

Mar 2018

GWh

monthly

Jan 1989 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Employed Persons

14,852,600.000

May 2018

14,803,100.000

Apr 2018

10,726,600.000

Mar 2009

14,852,600.000

May 2018

Person

monthly

Jan 2009 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Equity Market Index

1,793.2

Sep 2018

1,819.7

Aug 2018

58.6

Dec 1974

1,882.7

Jun 2014

01Jan1977=100

monthly

Jan 1974 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Exchange Rate against USD

4.139

Sep 2018

4.092

Aug 2018

2.122

Sep 1980

4.457

Dec 2016

MYR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Exports: ICT Goods

57,836,803.535

2016

60,162,882.036

2015

45,315,561.890

2001

69,241,650.209

2007

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

221,464.642

2017

173,190.181

2016

44,747.830

1995

221,464.642

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

154,844.697

2017

174,848.957

2016

23,899.282

1998

174,848.957

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

5,193,483.415

2017

6,666,403.599

2016

3,752,677.287

1998

9,172,193.280

2006

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

2,023,921.911

2017

1,901,065.338

2016

1,289,923.864

2006

4,895,182.974

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

227,844.5

Mar 2018

211,576.0

Dec 2017

100,526.4

Mar 2009

232,985.3

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
External Debt: % of GDP

65.0

2017

74.3

2016

52.9

2010

74.3

2016

%

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-17
External Debt: Short Term

101,432.7

Mar 2018

91,222.6

Dec 2017

44,449.5

Mar 2009

115,022.8

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

28.0

2017

30.7

2016

23.2

2010

33.3

2013

%

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-31
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.520

2023

2.526

2022

0.290

1988

9.700

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Current Account Balance

10.630

2023

9.843

2022

-8.644

1995

39.439

2008

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.924

2023

3.545

2022

-12.963

2009

20.701

1994

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

40,380.528

2023

38,293.216

2022

3,300.225

1980

40,380.528

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Expenditure

444.732

2023

415.711

2022

42.385

1990

444.732

2023

MYR bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Net Debt

974.286

2023

945.633

2022

90.557

1996

974.286

2023

MYR bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Revenue

408.030

2023

377.657

2022

39.191

1990

408.030

2023

MYR bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

16,421.289

2023

15,256.215

2022

1,837.926

1986

16,421.289

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Population

34.590

2023

34.164

2022

13.885

1980

34.590

2023

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

4.940

2023

4.870

2022

-7.359

1998

10.002

1996

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

2.750

2023

2.750

2022

2.445

1997

8.261

1986

%

yearly

1985 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Foreign Direct Investment

3,523.2

Mar 2018

1,413.9

Dec 2017

-1,041.3

Dec 2009

4,997.2

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

4.0

Mar 2018

1.7

Dec 2017

-1.8

Dec 2009

8.4

Jun 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Foreign Exchange Reserves

99,500.0

Sep 2018

100,819.5

Aug 2018

23,635.1

May 2001

136,760.5

May 2013

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2000 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

31.608

Mar 2018

31.377

Dec 2017

28.617

Sep 2015

46.057

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

5.6

May 2018

5.8

Apr 2018

3.7

Mar 2001

12.0

Feb 2009

NA

monthly

Apr 2000 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-05
Foreign Portfolio Investment

2,014.650

Mar 2018

1,946.872

Dec 2017

-15,310.616

Sep 2008

17,134.027

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
GDP Deflator Growth

0.9

Jun 2018

0.0

Mar 2018

-10.4

Sep 2009

14.0

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
GDP per Capita

9,824.318

2017

9,397.336

2016

226.979

1961

11,014.099

2014

USD

yearly

1957 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-17
Global Competitiveness Index

5.174

2017

5.165

2016

4.874

2009

5.225

2015

Score

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-27
Gold Production

4,732.000

2015

4,308.000

2014

2,489.000

2008

4,739.000

2003

kg

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2017-09-20
Gold Reserves

1,500.000

Sep 2018

1,546.320

Aug 2018

0.000

Sep 1962

2,070.800

Nov 2012

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1956 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Government Debt: % of GDP

50.7

2017

52.7

2016

31.9

1997

103.4

1986

%

yearly

1978 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-17
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

21,920.703

Mar 2018

19,878.953

Dec 2017

3,997.105

Mar 1999

23,443.946

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Gross National Product

84,913.971

Mar 2018

83,594.773

Dec 2017

20,336.316

Mar 2000

84,913.971

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Gross Savings Rate

28.7

Mar 2018

28.7

Dec 2017

26.5

Dec 2014

37.7

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Household Debt

265,199.9

2017

262,274.9

2016

64,000.0

2002

293,460.6

2014

USD mn

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Household Debt: % of GDP

84.2

2017

88.2

2016

60.4

2008

89.0

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-17
Household Expenditure per Capita

2,874.738

2016

3,083.654

2014

1,434.286

2005

3,083.654

2014

USD

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-30
Household Income per Capita

4,571.169

2016

5,131.307

2014

2,100.510

2002

5,131.307

2014

USD

yearly

2002 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-30
Imports: ICT Goods

41,587,877.280

2016

42,300,924.870

2015

28,816,324.319

2001

49,051,940.068

2010

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

1,105,689.293

2017

1,112,267.856

2016

188,486.364

1998

1,293,927.919

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

356,701.822

2017

368,187.209

2016

69,524.532

1998

415,929.121

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

4,349,026.551

2017

5,267,038.199

2016

1,923,235.480

1998

6,904,450.361

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

488,396.312

2017

342,842.653

2016

8,255.214

1998

488,396.312

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

3.0

May 2018

4.5

Apr 2018

-4.6

May 2011

10.8

Jul 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2011 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Information Technology Networked Readiness

4.911

2016

4.854

2015

4.799

2012

4.911

2016

Score

yearly

2012 - 2016

Updated on 2016-07-08
Investment: % of GDP

23.5

Mar 2018

24.1

Dec 2017

16.0

Dec 2006

50.2

Jun 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Labour Force Participation Rate

68.4

Aug 2018

68.6

Jul 2018

67.6

Dec 2016

68.6

Jul 2018

%

monthly

Jan 2015 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Labour Productivity Growth

1.96

Jun 2018

3.01

Mar 2018

-7.79

Mar 2009

7.69

Dec 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

98.080

2017

102.490

2016

62.830

2004

110.580

2015

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Liquid Assets Ratio

31.4

Aug 2018

31.4

Jul 2018

28.9

Sep 1998

43.4

Apr 2008

%

monthly

Dec 1996 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Long Term Interest Rate

4.07

Sep 2018

4.04

Aug 2018

3.10

Jan 2009

8.24

Jun 1992

% pa

monthly

Feb 1992 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

134.9

2017

129.8

2016

51.8

1982

321.0

1993

%

yearly

1981 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-17
Minerals Production

99,083,232.000

2016

109,209,749.000

2015

84,559,081.000

2009

109,209,749.000

2015

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

100,431.283

Aug 2018

101,561.731

Jul 2018

603.518

Apr 1970

107,397.132

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1969 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Money Supply M2

436,231.595

Aug 2018

439,112.010

Jul 2018

1,214.712

Dec 1969

468,216.270

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1969 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Monthly Earnings

900

May 2018

921

Apr 2018

684

Sep 2015

927

Mar 2018

USD

monthly

Jan 2013 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Motor Vehicle Production

460,140.000

Dec 2017

545,333.000

Dec 2016

263,043.000

Jun 2016

614,664.000

Dec 2015

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Registered

13,308.716

2015

12,589.460

2014

7,414.527

2005

13,308.716

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

71,405.694

Dec 2017

65,579.000

Dec 2016

31,102.000

Jun 2016

140,150.000

Dec 2005

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

519,690.450

Dec 2017

514,545.000

Dec 2016

244,357.000

Jun 2016

591,275.000

Dec 2015

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

64,502

Jun 2018

42,983

May 2018

6,872

Feb 1998

69,371

Dec 2015

Unit

monthly

Jul 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

41.0

Jul 2018

28.3

Jun 2018

-75.6

Mar 1998

208.6

Feb 1999

%

monthly

Jul 1995 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-16
National Government Debt

179,798.5

Mar 2018

165,177.8

Dec 2017

6,874.2

Mar 1978

179,798.5

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1978 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

71,332.000

2017

64,400.000

2016

28,880.000

1995

71,332.000

2017

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Consumption

4.143

2017

4.047

2016

0.001

1970

4.326

2014

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Natural Gas: Exports

36,778.000

2017

34,173.000

2016

15,150.000

1995

36,778.000

2017

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Imports

2,600.000

2017

2,167.000

2016

500.000

2008

4,630.000

2014

Cub m mn

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-02
Nominal GDP

87,513.2

Mar 2018

85,616.8

Dec 2017

11,419.6

Jun 1991

87,513.2

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Nominal GDP Growth

5.723

Mar 2018

8.238

Dec 2017

-12.937

Jun 2009

21.969

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

188.170

Dec 2017

188.260

Sep 2017

65.760

Mar 1999

188.260

Sep 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

5.850

Dec 2017

6.500

Sep 2017

0.700

Mar 2009

14.310

Dec 2012

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Non Performing Loans Ratio

1.6

Aug 2018

1.6

Jul 2018

1.5

Jan 2018

9.5

Feb 2006

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Non-Performing Loans

6,357.166

Aug 2018

6,383.982

Jul 2018

5,335.560

Nov 2015

14,609.232

May 2006

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2005 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

4,837,200.000

2016

4,489,500.000

2015

48,021.000

1960

4,837,200.000

2016

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

42,338,500.000

2017

43,465,000.000

2016

0.000

1984

44,928,600.000

2014

Person

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-19
Oil Consumption

802.948

2017

799.212

2016

46.080

1965

803.172

2013

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
P/E ratio

19.390

Sep 2018

19.680

Aug 2018

13.220

Sep 2011

21.030

Jan 2010

NA

monthly

Jul 2009 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Policy Rate

3.25

Sep 2018

3.25

Aug 2018

2.00

Feb 2010

3.50

Oct 2008

% pa

monthly

Apr 2004 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Population

32.0

2017

31.6

2016

4.9

1947

32.0

2017

Person mn

yearly

1947 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Private Consumption Expenditure

49,966.676

Mar 2018

46,082.568

Dec 2017

5,878.669

Jun 1991

49,966.676

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Private Consumption: % of GDP

57.1

Mar 2018

53.8

Dec 2017

39.8

Sep 1999

58.6

Mar 1991

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Public Consumption Expenditure

9,354.438

Mar 2018

12,421.821

Dec 2017

1,242.288

Mar 1991

14,868.691

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Public Consumption: % of GDP

10.7

Mar 2018

14.5

Dec 2017

7.1

Mar 1998

18.1

Dec 2012

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Real GDP Growth

5.4

Mar 2018

5.9

Dec 2017

-5.8

Mar 2009

10.3

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Real Residential Property Price Index

156.090

Dec 2017

157.530

Sep 2017

83.330

Mar 1999

157.530

Sep 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

2.220

Dec 2017

2.760

Sep 2017

-3.260

Dec 2008

12.830

Dec 2012

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Reserve Requirement Ratio

3.5

Aug 2018

3.5

Jul 2018

1.0

Mar 2011

13.5

Jan 1998

%

monthly

Jun 1959 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Retail Sales Growth

9.2

Mar 2018

10.4

Dec 2017

4.5

Dec 2012

13.5

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
Short Term Interest Rate

3.69

Sep 2018

3.69

Aug 2018

2.11

Apr 2009

11.06

Jun 1998

% pa

monthly

Jan 1988 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Tax Revenue

10,832.998

Mar 2018

13,633.652

Dec 2017

857.019

Mar 1982

15,294.068

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Teledensity: Fixed Line

20.801

2017

15.510

2016

0.589

1960

20.801

2017

Number

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-19
Teledensity: Mobile

140.803

2016

143.553

2015

0.000

1984

148.632

2014

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

449,306.998

Aug 2018

451,088.743

Jul 2018

236,385.294

Jan 2007

495,048.875

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2007 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Total Exports

19,529.3

Aug 2018

22,175.2

Jul 2018

2,195.5

Apr 1990

22,545.8

Apr 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Total Exports Growth

-0.3

Aug 2018

9.6

Jul 2018

-29.5

May 2009

54.0

Feb 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Total Imports

19,281.6

Aug 2018

18,735.9

Jul 2018

2,123.0

Feb 1990

19,281.6

Aug 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Total Imports Growth

11.0

Aug 2018

10.4

Jul 2018

-30.0

Jan 2009

46.0

Aug 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Tourism Revenue

19,825

2016

17,705

2015

435

1981

22,009

2014

USD mn

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-30
Tourism Revenue Growth

18.8

2016

-4.0

2015

-17.4

2003

63.8

1994

%

yearly

1982 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-30
Trade Balance

3,044.8

May 2018

3,506.3

Apr 2018

-680.5

Feb 1997

4,845.8

May 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-05
Unemployment Rate

3.40

Aug 2018

3.40

Jul 2018

3.20

Feb 2018

3.60

Nov 2016

%

monthly

Jan 2016 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Visitor Arrivals

1,957,248

Apr 2018

2,192,855

Mar 2018

149,524

Feb 1998

2,806,565

Dec 2013

Person

monthly

Jan 1989 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Visitor Arrivals Growth

-8.8

Apr 2018

-2.0

Mar 2018

-76.3

Feb 1998

216.0

Feb 1999

%

monthly

Jan 1990 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12