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Portugal Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2017 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

Portugal's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Portugal) was 96.0 in Oct 2017, compared with the number of 96.1 in the previous month. Portugal's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 102.2 from Jan 1993 to Oct 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 102.2 in Apr 2008 and a record low of 89.9 in Oct 2000. Portugal joined the Euro Area on January 1st, 1999. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Portugal's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Nov 2017. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Portugal: ECB Harmonised) was reported at 2.3 % pa in Oct 2017. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Nov 2017. Portugal's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.9 (EUR/USD) in Nov 2017.

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What was Portugal's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Oct 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

96.0

Oct 2017

96.1

Sep 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017

View Portugal's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Oct 2017 in the chart:

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HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Portugal

Series Details
Series ID

211831702

Name

HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Portugal

Country

Portugal

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generate

First Date

Jan 1993

Last Date

Nov 2017

Last Updated

11 Dec 2017

Statistics
Mean

96.33

Variance

10.27

Standard deviation

3.20

Skewness

0.05

Kurtosis

-1.06

Coefficient variation

0.03

Median

96.11

Max
Apr 2008

NaN

Min
Oct 2000

NaN

Previous observation
Oct 2017

96.29

Last observation
Nov 2017

96.32

Number of Observations

299

Get This Data

More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

99.7

Nov 2017

99.6

Oct 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Canada

97.4

Nov 2017

98.6

Oct 2017

79.0

Nov 2001

122.7

Nov 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
France

92.5

Oct 2017

92.7

Sep 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Germany

92.5

Oct 2017

92.7

Sep 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Italy

94.5

Oct 2017

94.6

Sep 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Japan

74.4

Oct 2017

74.9

Sep 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
United Kingdom

78.7

Oct 2017

78.5

Sep 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Austria

100.1

Oct 2017

100.0

Sep 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Belgium

100.2

Oct 2017

100.3

Sep 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bulgaria

113.5

Nov 2017

113.2

Oct 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Cyprus

92.8

Oct 2017

93.1

Sep 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Czech Republic

118.3

Oct 2017

117.0

Sep 2017

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Denmark

103.7

Jul 2017

102.7

Jun 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Estonia

119.1

Oct 2017

119.2

Sep 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

119.5

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Finland

96.8

Oct 2017

96.9

Sep 2017

93.3

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Greece

95.1

Oct 2017

95.2

Sep 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Hungary

100.8

Oct 2017

100.4

Sep 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Iceland

92.7

Oct 2017

90.6

Sep 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ireland

87.8

Oct 2017

88.2

Sep 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Latvia

116.9

Oct 2017

117.1

Sep 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Lithuania

114.5

Oct 2017

114.6

Sep 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Argentina

54.4

Nov 2017

55.5

Oct 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Luxembourg

99.2

Oct 2017

99.2

Sep 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Malta

98.7

Oct 2017

98.8

Sep 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bolivia

57.1

Oct 2017

58.2

Aug 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Netherlands

91.7

Oct 2017

91.9

Sep 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Norway

87.4

Oct 2017

88.1

Sep 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Brazil

112.1

Oct 2017

112.4

Sep 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Poland

94.4

Oct 2017

94.0

Sep 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Chile

94.9

Oct 2017

95.5

Sep 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Portugal

96.0

Oct 2017

96.1

Sep 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Colombia

114.5

Nov 2017

112.7

Oct 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Romania

97.8

Oct 2017

97.4

Sep 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Slovakia

125.1

Oct 2017

125.3

Sep 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Slovenia

98.9

Oct 2017

99.0

Sep 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ecuador

109.4

Oct 2017

109.0

Sep 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

109.4

Oct 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Mexico

121.3

Sep 2017

120.9

Aug 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Spain

97.4

Oct 2017

97.5

Sep 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Sweden

88.7

Oct 2017

89.7

Sep 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Paraguay

62.3

Sep 2017

61.2

Aug 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Switzerland

111.4

Nov 2017

112.4

Oct 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Peru

92.5

Nov 2017

92.5

Oct 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Uruguay

58.5

Oct 2017

58.3

Sep 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Venezuela

2,986.7

Oct 2017

2,700.8

Sep 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

2,986.7

Oct 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Algeria

91.8

Oct 2017

93.4

Sep 2017

91.8

Oct 2017

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Australia

106.1

Oct 2017

107.6

Sep 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.7

Oct 2017

101.6

Sep 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

225.0

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
China

143.8

Oct 2017

143.6

Sep 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Botswana

100.2

Sep 2017

100.4

Aug 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Hong Kong

105.4

Oct 2017

104.3

Sep 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
India

117.6

Nov 2017

116.8

Oct 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

118.8

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Israel

125.6

Oct 2017

123.5

Sep 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Indonesia

114.5

Oct 2017

115.5

Sep 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
South Korea

90.4

Oct 2017

89.8

Sep 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Malaysia

93.3

Oct 2017

92.6

Sep 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
New Zealand

97.8

Sep 2017

99.4

Aug 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Pakistan

125.8

Oct 2017

123.7

Sep 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Philippines

129.5

Nov 2017

128.8

Oct 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Singapore

120.0

Oct 2017

120.4

Sep 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Sri Lanka

144.6

Oct 2017

142.5

Sep 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Taiwan

92.2

Oct 2017

91.3

Sep 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Thailand

122.0

Oct 2017

121.1

Sep 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Armenia

122.4

Oct 2017

120.8

Sep 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Azerbaijan

116.2

Oct 2017

113.6

Sep 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

96.7

Sep 2017

96.6

Aug 2017

96.4

Sep 2016

106.1

Jan 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Croatia

102.2

Sep 2017

102.5

Aug 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Georgia

112.5

Oct 2017

111.6

Sep 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kazakhstan

86.6

Sep 2017

89.4

Aug 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kyrgyzstan

118.3

Oct 2017

116.3

Sep 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Macedonia

103.1

Oct 2017

102.7

Sep 2017

92.8

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Moldova

143.9

Oct 2017

142.1

Sep 2017

46.8

Nov 1993

154.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Mongolia

110.7

Sep 2017

109.9

Aug 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Russia

108.5

Oct 2017

107.4

Sep 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Serbia

122.6

Oct 2017

122.6

Sep 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Turkey

75.1

Nov 2017

78.2

Oct 2017

75.1

Nov 2017

113.2

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Ukraine

74.9

Oct 2017

75.0

Sep 2017

44.8

Apr 1993

233.1

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Morocco

98.6

Oct 2017

97.2

Sep 2017

89.9

Sep 1990

112.9

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nigeria

126.5

Oct 2017

123.7

Sep 2017

51.0

Mar 1992

703.1

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Saudi Arabia

123.8

Oct 2017

122.9

Sep 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
South Africa

85.5

Sep 2017

85.2

Aug 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Tunisia

78.6

Oct 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

218.6

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
United Arab Emirates

123.2

Oct 2017

122.2

Sep 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ivory Coast

100.4

Oct 2017

100.7

Sep 2017

66.2

Jan 1994

136.1

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
European Union

90.4

Nov 2017

90.2

Oct 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Iran

150.6

Oct 2017

151.4

Sep 2017

67.4

Aug 1992

629.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kosovo

104.7

Oct 2017

104.7

Sep 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017

More Indicators for Portugal

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

132.1

Jun 2017

130.4

Mar 2017

50.1

Mar 2001

133.0

Mar 2014

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

3.3

Nov 2017

4.2

Oct 2017

-33.4

Apr 2009

14.9

Mar 1987

% Point

monthly

Jan 1987 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

262.5

Sep 2017

386.3

Aug 2017

-4,284.9

Dec 2004

7,790.0

Nov 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Imports Growth

8.1

Sep 2017

12.1

Aug 2017

-32.4

Feb 2009

32.0

Feb 2000

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Money Supply M2

211,076.92

Sep 2017

208,462.83

Aug 2017

13,677.31

Feb 1985

253,942.10

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1979 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

96.54

2022

93.92

2021

11.92

1986

96.54

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1986 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Production

143,096.00

Dec 2016

80,163.00

Jun 2016

80,163.00

Jun 2016

250,832.00

Dec 2002

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

45.14

2016

44.14

2015

1.08

1960

45.14

2016

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

2.5

Sep 2017

3.0

Jun 2017

-4.5

Dec 2012

5.0

Jun 1998

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

-0.51

Sep 2017

-0.41

Jun 2017

-1.26

Jun 2014

2.23

Jun 2013

%

quarterly

Mar 2012 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

1.1

Sep 2017

1.2

Aug 2017

-9.7

Nov 2012

14.1

Dec 2001

%

monthly

Dec 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

29.3

2016

30.5

2015

27.0

2011

53.5

1999

%

yearly

1997 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Total Imports

6,944.5

Sep 2017

6,187.2

Aug 2017

1,467.9

Aug 1993

9,503.0

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

1.32

Oct 2017

1.12

Sep 2017

-6.33

Aug 2009

50.79

May 1977

%

monthly

Jan 1949 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

24,721.50

2022

24,030.31

2021

2,599.40

1984

24,933.17

2008

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

49.19

2016

55.15

2015

0.84

1999

264.75

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

17.6

Sep 2017

17.6

Jun 2017

17.3

Mar 1995

21.5

Jun 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Retail Sales Growth

1.8

Oct 2017

4.4

Sep 2017

-11.2

Oct 2011

5.6

May 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Equity Market Index

5,363.1

Nov 2017

5,475.7

Oct 2017

3,000.0

Dec 1992

14,644.3

Feb 2000

31Dec1992=3000

monthly

Dec 1992 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Domestic Credit

344,395.3

Sep 2017

344,228.5

Aug 2017

19,674.3

Jan 1980

540,053.5

Apr 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1979 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

7.8

Sep 2017

8.1

Aug 2017

1.6

Dec 2007

9.3

Aug 2015

%

monthly

Dec 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Visitor Arrivals

9,957,000

2015

9,092,000

2014

4,567,000

1996

9,957,000

2015

Person

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Core CPI Change

1.34

Oct 2017

1.31

Sep 2017

-4.30

Oct 1954

31.06

May 1984

%

monthly

Jan 1949 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

99.92

2022

97.04

2021

14.83

1986

99.92

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1986 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

39,998.00

Dec 2016

19,125.00

Jun 2016

8,363.00

Jun 2013

74,790.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Population

10.3

2016

10.3

2015

8.6

1972

10.6

2009

Person mn

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

87.0

2016

90.8

2015

35.1

1995

102.4

2010

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Nov 2017

-0.33

Oct 2017

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gold Reserves

15,829.74

Oct 2017

15,965.61

Sep 2017

437.00

Sep 1961

22,273.48

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

259.40

2022

255.82

2021

31.80

1990

259.40

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1990 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

207,345.00

Dec 2016

118,631.00

Jun 2016

53,375.00

Jun 2012

223,464.00

Dec 2010

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

1.4

Sep 2017

1.2

Jun 2017

-1.1

Mar 2012

4.5

Sep 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Unemployment Rate

8.50

Oct 2017

8.50

Sep 2017

4.80

Dec 2000

17.50

Jan 2013

%

monthly

Feb 1998 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

471.6

Sep 2017

335.5

Aug 2017

-9,772.3

Sep 2010

6,438.9

Apr 2003

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

2.32

Oct 2017

2.63

Sep 2017

1.74

Mar 2015

13.85

Jan 2012

% pa

monthly

Jul 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Exports

5,537.5

Sep 2017

4,659.5

Aug 2017

825.4

Aug 1993

6,137.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

4.2

Nov 2017

4.6

Oct 2017

-53.7

Oct 2012

4.6

Oct 2017

% Point

monthly

Jun 1986 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt: % of GDP

215.8

2016

222.3

2015

63.4

1996

237.7

2012

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

2.7

Oct 2017

2.7

Sep 2017

-5.4

Apr 2016

7.8

Feb 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2011 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Trade Balance

-1,406.9

Sep 2017

-1,527.7

Aug 2017

-3,507.9

Apr 2008

2,129.3

Jul 1992

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Tax Revenue

51,359.40

2016

50,590.73

2015

3,183.21

1977

60,871.85

2008

USD mn

yearly

1977 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

36,714.19

2022

35,473.67

2021

6,005.47

1980

36,714.19

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

0.50

2016

0.46

2015

0.01

1997

0.50

2011

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1997 - 2016

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

8.0

Jun 2017

7.9

Mar 2017

-8.3

Jun 2012

8.0

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

11.9

Nov 2017

15.4

Oct 2017

-24.1

Jun 1993

29.5

May 2014

% Point

monthly

Jun 1987 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

0.852

Nov 2017

0.851

Oct 2017

0.112

Jul 1973

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves

7,554.0

Oct 2017

9,691.1

Sep 2017

333.1

Jan 2012

11,270.3

Mar 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

9.5

2015

12.3

2014

-7.5

2009

15.4

1998

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Non-Performing Loans

17,595.50

Sep 2017

18,091.61

Aug 2017

2,425.36

Oct 2000

24,555.71

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.20

2022

1.20

2021

-4.03

2012

7.86

1990

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Silver Production

45.00

2014

37.02

2013

20.00

2002

45.00

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

1990 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-2.0

2016

-4.4

2015

-11.2

2010

-2.0

2016

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.4

Oct 2017

1.4

Sep 2017

-3.7

Sep 1954

36.7

May 1977

%

monthly

Jan 1949 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt

477,835.7

Sep 2017

447,021.7

Jun 2017

72,413.8

Jun 1996

584,308.8

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Gross National Product

200,417.12

2016

194,015.15

2015

3,171.54

1960

251,567.89

2008

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Gross Savings Rate

17.1

Jun 2017

17.5

Mar 2017

9.9

Dec 2009

21.4

Dec 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

59.0

Jun 2017

58.5

Mar 2017

58.1

Mar 2016

61.6

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

4.2

Sep 2017

-2.2

Jun 2017

-13.6

Jun 2008

4.2

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
M2 Growth

11.8

Mar/2017

11.6

Feb/2017

-8.8

Oct/2012

12.1

Jan/2017

%

monthly

Sep/1998 - Mar/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Nov 2017

1.0

Oct 2017

1.0

Nov 2017

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

37,050.47

Sep 2017

34,143.08

Jun 2017

18,003.12

Dec 2000

46,540.15

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Employment

4.83

2018

4.80

2017

4.18

1980

5.16

2002

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2017
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

389.66

Jun 2017

364.43

Mar 2017

1.34

Mar 1957

574.38

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Investment: % of GDP

16.2

Sep 2017

16.8

Jun 2017

14.3

Mar 2013

29.7

Dec 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Business Confidence Growth

2.3

Nov 2017

3.7

Oct 2017

-35.5

Feb 2009

30.2

Oct 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1988 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

4.6

Sep 2017

2.5

Jun 2017

-6.3

Dec 2004

18.8

Dec 2012

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Policy Rate

0.00

Nov 2017

0.00

Oct 2017

0.00

Nov 2017

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

9,076.78

Sep 2017

8,607.84

Jun 2017

6,483.85

Mar 1995

16,338.38

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-3.38

2022

-2.25

2021

-31.92

2008

3.57

2013

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

7.16

2022

7.62

2021

3.86

1992

16.18

2013

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

176,996.40

2016

182,795.21

2015

25,255.18

1996

604,014.72

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

3.5

Oct 2017

3.8

Sep 2017

-18.2

Jan 2009

14.1

Jun 1996

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt: Short Term

187,963.8

Sep 2017

182,190.1

Jun 2017

37,225.1

Jun 1996

240,860.4

Dec 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Tourism Revenue

485

Sep 2017

594

Aug 2017

95

Jan 2013

594

Aug 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jul 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Employed Persons

4,711,200.00

Oct 2017

4,715,100.00

Sep 2017

4,298,500.00

Jan 2013

5,012,100.00

Dec 2001

Person

monthly

Feb 1998 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

8.1

Oct 2017

5.4

Sep 2017

-52.3

Feb 2012

71.5

Mar 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.35

2022

2.30

2021

-0.90

2009

29.30

1984

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.79

2022

3.94

2021

-18.02

2009

21.00

1983

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Credit to Households

152.49

Jun 2017

143.16

Mar 2017

1.98

Dec 1979

247.28

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1979 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,546,208.18

2016

1,354,349.86

2015

565,144.19

1996

1,960,687.92

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

325,206.55

2016

304,001.49

2015

144,704.43

2000

556,889.74

2009

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

11,572,085.00

2016

11,714,693.00

2015

0.00

1988

14,049,187.00

2008

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

236.04

2016

244.52

2015

50.25

1965

342.06

2002

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Imports

5,369.00

2016

5,127.00

2015

500.00

1997

5,369.00

2016

Cub m mn

yearly

1997 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

2,823,300.00

2016

2,606,500.00

2015

1,233,482.00

2009

2,823,300.00

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

54.05

2017

47.77

2016

16.84

2005

54.05

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

1,782.71

2016

328.76

2015

29.96

1999

1,782.71

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

6,965.83

2016

8,874.68

2015

14.91

2000

19,543.52

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

2.88

2016

3.26

2015

0.35

1980

4.20

1995

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

19,231.20

2015

22,078.65

2014

357.39

1960

24,791.85

2008

USD

yearly

1960 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

65.4

Sep 2017

64.8

Jun 2017

61.9

Dec 2001

66.6

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Deposits

262,187.26

Sep 2017

258,875.99

Aug 2017

46,235.12

Oct 1989

338,538.19

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1989 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

3,290,333.30

2015

3,669,435.06

2014

3,081,350.89

2000

7,069,114.18

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

790,854.87

2016

633,185.39

2015

141,989.38

1995

790,854.87

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

50,724.53

2016

54,865.73

2015

15,449.94

2002

148,755.03

2000

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

107.59

Jun 2017

104.22

Mar 2017

85.93

Jun 2013

107.59

Jun 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

8.04

Jun 2017

7.93

Mar 2017

-8.28

Jun 2012

8.04

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

97.97

Jun 2017

96.56

Mar 2017

80.04

Jun 2013

103.39

Mar 2008

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

6.50

Jun 2017

6.42

Mar 2017

-11.20

Mar 2012

6.91

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

4,787,677.00

2016

4,682,997.00

2015

95,697.00

1960

4,787,677.00

2016

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

109.09

2016

110.41

2015

0.00

1988

132.92

2008

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

16,701.31

2016

16,322.35

2015

754.27

1995

25,729.56

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

846,239.00

2015

900,317.00

2014

846,239.00

2015

1,502,416.00

2011

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Building Permits

4,349.00

Sep 2017

4,689.00

Jun 2017

3,554.00

Sep 2015

21,760.00

Dec 1991

Unit

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
National Government Debt

273,803.0

Jun 2017

259,507.0

Mar 2017

56,118.8

Dec 2000

311,140.0

Mar 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Monthly Earnings

1,217

2015

1,450

2014

671

2000

1,508

2011

USD

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2016
Nominal GDP

56,668.0

Sep 2017

52,711.0

Jun 2017

28,372.8

Sep 1997

70,056.9

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Household Income per Capita

14,893.36

2014

14,885.08

2013

7,835.25

2000

17,153.64

2008

USD

yearly

2000 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Current Account Balance

154.7

Sep 2017

279.8

Aug 2017

-3,390.1

Jul 2008

1,077.6

Dec 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Electricity Production

60,279

2016

52,421

2015

31,381

1994

60,279

2016

GWh

yearly

1994 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

87.0

2016

78.8

2015

33.0

1996

98.5

2010

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt

180,319.7

Jun 2017

173,755.7

Mar 2017

32,247.1

Dec 1994

270,313.3

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1994 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

19,592

Oct 2017

18,386

Sep 2017

6,351

Aug 2012

41,388

Dec 2000

Unit

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1.4

Sep 2017

1.5

Aug 2017

0.1

Jan 2012

3.5

Aug 2002

NA

monthly

Dec 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

3,699.16

Sep 2017

3,873.09

Jun 2017

-22,254.42

Jun 2012

19,808.63

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Exports Growth

5.8

Sep 2017

13.9

Aug 2017

-30.6

Feb 2009

28.9

May 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

16.0

Sep 2017

12.6

Aug 2017

-18.3

Mar 2009

31.1

Apr 2017

%

monthly

Jul 2007 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

3.90

Sep 2017

4.29

Jun 2017

-5.12

Jun 2012

9.20

Jun 1998

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

9,960.80

Sep 2017

9,255.03

Jun 2017

4,932.10

Mar 1995

13,976.25

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Money Supply M1

103,574.00

Sep 2017

102,089.13

Aug 2017

3,984.35

Feb 1985

103,574.00

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1979 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

4.27

Sep 2017

4.71

Jun 2017

0.15

Dec 2011

7.86

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Population

10.12

2022

10.15

2021

9.78

1980

10.57

2010

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

5,871.70

2015

5,747.50

2014

5,523.00

2005

5,873.00

2011

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

16.80

Jun 2017

16.90

Mar 2017

14.80

Sep 1999

22.40

Dec 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Households

7.10

Jun 2017

7.10

Mar 2017

7.10

Jun 2017

11.20

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

1,349,749.55

2015

1,462,853.34

2014

1,349,749.55

2015

4,115,201.53

2007

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017