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Portugal Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2018 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Data

Portugal's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Portugal) was 97.2 in Jun 2018, compared with the number of 97.1 in the previous month. Portugal's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 102.2 from Jan 1993 to Jun 2018. The data reached an all-time high of 102.2 in Apr 2008 and a record low of 89.9 in Oct 2000. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy. Portugal is part of the Euro Area since January 1999.


In the latest reports, Portugal's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Jun 2018. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Portugal: ECB Harmonised) was reported at 1.9 % pa in Jun 2018. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Jun 2018. Portugal's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.9 (EUR/USD) in Jun 2018.

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What was Portugal's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Sep 2018?

Last

97.4

Sep 2018
Previous

97.2

Aug 2018
Min

89.9

Oct 2000
Max

102.2

Apr 2008
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 05 Oct 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

97.4

Sep 2018

97.2

Aug 2018

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 05 Oct 2018

View Portugal's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Sep 2018 in the chart:

Portugal Real Effective Exchange Rate

Series Details
Series ID

211831702

Name

Portugal Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country

Portugal

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

Jan 1993

Last Date

Sep 2018

Last Updated

05 Oct 2018

Statistics
Mean

96.3

Variance

10.0

Standard deviation

3.2

Skewness

0.0

Kurtosis

-1.0

Coefficient variation

0.0

Median

96.1

Max
Apr 2008

102.2

Min
Oct 2000

89.9

Previous observation
Aug 2018

97.2

Last observation
Sep 2018

97.4

Number of Observations

309

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

95.5

Aug 2018

92.6

Jul 2018

89.0

Feb 2018

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Argentina

84.0

Sep 2018

69.6

Aug 2018

41.1

Oct 2001

123.1

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-17
Armenia

130.4

Aug 2018

124.6

Jul 2018

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Australia

101.9

Aug 2018

102.0

Jul 2018

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Austria

101.2

Sep 2018

100.8

Aug 2018

94.6

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Azerbaijan

124.5

Aug 2018

118.4

Jul 2018

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Bahrain

105.2

Sep 2018

105.0

Aug 2018

81.5

Jun 2011

225.3

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Belgium

102.7

Sep 2018

102.1

Aug 2018

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Bolivia

53.6

Sep 2018

53.5

Aug 2018

53.5

Aug 2018

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Bosnia and Herzegovina

99.7

Jul 2018

99.1

Jun 2018

98.7

Aug 2005

109.8

Jan 2010

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Botswana

99.9

Jul 2018

100.4

Jun 2018

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Brazil

96.3

Aug 2018

98.0

Jul 2018

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Bulgaria

119.3

Sep 2018

118.3

Aug 2018

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Canada

91.0

Jun 2018

92.0

May 2018

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Chile

95.8

Aug 2018

96.2

Jul 2018

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
China

144.4

Aug 2018

145.6

Jul 2018

78.1

Jan 1994

155.4

Nov 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Colombia

108.9

Sep 2018

107.7

Aug 2018

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Croatia

101.8

Aug 2018

101.6

Jul 2018

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Cyprus

93.8

Sep 2018

93.5

Aug 2018

87.0

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Czech Republic

120.5

Sep 2018

119.8

Aug 2018

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Denmark

103.3

Jan 2018

103.2

Dec 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Ecuador

110.3

Nov 2017

109.3

Oct 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2018-03-05
Estonia

124.0

Sep 2018

123.4

Aug 2018

43.6

Jan 1993

124.0

Sep 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
European Union

93.4

Sep 2018

92.4

Aug 2018

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Finland

98.8

Sep 2018

98.3

Aug 2018

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
France

94.4

Sep 2018

94.0

Aug 2018

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Georgia

121.6

Aug 2018

119.6

Jul 2018

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Germany

93.8

Sep 2018

93.3

Aug 2018

86.9

Apr 2015

117.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Greece

96.3

Sep 2018

95.9

Aug 2018

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Hong Kong

107.7

Aug 2018

107.1

Jul 2018

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Hungary

103.9

Aug 2018

104.3

Jul 2018

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Iceland

94.0

Aug 2018

93.6

Jul 2018

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
India

109.2

Sep 2018

112.6

Aug 2018

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-09
Indonesia

110.1

Aug 2018

110.8

Jul 2018

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Iran

148.7

Sep 2018

146.3

Aug 2018

67.3

Aug 1992

627.7

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Ireland

87.7

Sep 2018

87.3

Aug 2018

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Israel

123.1

Aug 2018

122.2

Jul 2018

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Italy

96.2

Sep 2018

95.6

Aug 2018

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Ivory Coast

99.4

Sep 2018

99.5

Aug 2018

66.1

Jan 1994

135.8

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Japan

76.5

Aug 2018

75.5

Jul 2018

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
Kazakhstan

89.8

Aug 2018

90.5

Jul 2018

81.1

Feb 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
South Korea

93.7

Aug 2018

92.4

Jul 2018

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
Kosovo

105.6

Aug 2018

105.1

Jul 2018

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Kyrgyzstan

123.2

Aug 2018

120.4

Jul 2018

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Latvia

120.3

Sep 2018

119.8

Aug 2018

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Lithuania

116.6

Sep 2018

116.1

Aug 2018

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Luxembourg

100.2

Sep 2018

99.8

Aug 2018

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Macedonia

103.8

Sep 2018

104.0

Aug 2018

92.7

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Malaysia

97.1

Aug 2018

96.8

Jul 2018

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Malta

101.4

Sep 2018

100.8

Aug 2018

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Mexico

123.3

Aug 2018

126.0

Jul 2018

75.4

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-17
Moldova

164.0

Sep 2018

164.4

Aug 2018

46.8

Nov 1993

164.4

Aug 2018

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Mongolia

120.3

Jul 2018

118.4

Jun 2018

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Morocco

100.1

Sep 2018

100.3

Aug 2018

89.7

Sep 1990

112.5

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Netherlands

93.5

Sep 2018

93.0

Aug 2018

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
New Zealand

93.7

Jul 2018

94.5

Jun 2018

60.5

Aug 1984

107.3

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Nigeria

137.3

Sep 2018

136.6

Aug 2018

50.9

Mar 1992

703.3

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Norway

87.9

Aug 2018

89.2

Jul 2018

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Pakistan

113.9

Aug 2018

110.4

Jul 2018

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-02
Paraguay

60.7

Jul 2018

60.6

Jun 2018

55.1

Feb 1999

103.2

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Peru

93.0

Sep 2018

92.6

Aug 2018

74.8

Mar 1992

108.0

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Philippines

125.8

Sep 2018

126.8

Aug 2018

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Poland

95.0

Aug 2018

94.0

Jul 2018

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Portugal

97.4

Sep 2018

97.2

Aug 2018

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Romania

100.6

Aug 2018

100.1

Jul 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Russia

99.5

Aug 2018

103.8

Jul 2018

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Saudi Arabia

123.4

Aug 2018

122.4

Jul 2018

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Serbia

124.0

Aug 2018

124.2

Jul 2018

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
Singapore

120.8

Aug 2018

120.3

Jul 2018

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Slovakia

127.4

Sep 2018

126.9

Aug 2018

59.2

Sep 1993

134.5

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Slovenia

100.9

Sep 2018

100.4

Aug 2018

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
South Africa

87.6

Jul 2018

86.8

Jun 2018

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Spain

100.0

Sep 2018

99.4

Aug 2018

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Sri Lanka

145.7

Aug 2018

144.9

Jul 2018

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-02
Sweden

82.8

Aug 2018

84.2

Jul 2018

82.8

Aug 2018

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Switzerland

111.1

Sep 2018

109.1

Aug 2018

72.1

Jan 1973

126.8

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Taiwan

92.2

Aug 2018

92.3

Jul 2018

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Thailand

124.1

Aug 2018

122.1

Jul 2018

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Tunisia

76.3

Sep 2018

76.1

Aug 2018

76.1

Aug 2018

218.0

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Turkey

54.6

Sep 2018

57.5

Aug 2018

54.6

Sep 2018

113.3

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Ukraine

79.7

Sep 2018

81.9

Aug 2018

44.6

Apr 1993

232.3

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-09
United Arab Emirates

129.6

Aug 2018

128.2

Jul 2018

79.2

Apr 1995

131.7

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
United Kingdom

79.6

Aug 2018

80.0

Jul 2018

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
United States

104.1

Sep 2018

103.7

Aug 2018

82.6

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Uruguay

52.7

Aug 2018

53.8

Jul 2018

52.7

Aug 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Venezuela

0.5

Aug 2018

0.4

Jul 2018

0.4

Jul 2018

3,712.3

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19

More Indicators for Portugal

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

235,082.85

2017

176,996.40

2016

25,255.18

1996

604,014.72

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Building Permits

5,515.00

Jun 2018

5,341.00

Mar 2018

3,587.00

Sep 2015

21,760.00

Dec 1991

Unit

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Business Confidence Growth

-3.3

Sep 2018

1.0

Aug 2018

-35.5

Feb 2009

30.2

Oct 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1988 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Business Confidence: Net Balance

-1.1

Sep 2018

1.5

Aug 2018

-33.4

Apr 2009

14.9

Mar 1987

% Point

monthly

Jan 1987 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

0.84

Sep 2018

0.90

Aug 2018

-6.33

Aug 2009

50.79

May 1977

%

monthly

Jan 1949 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-11
Coal Consumption

3.51

2017

3.18

2016

0.35

1980

4.20

1995

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-3.0

2017

-2.0

2016

-11.2

2010

-2.0

2016

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Consumer Confidence Growth

-1.7

Sep 2018

-1.8

Aug 2018

-24.1

Jun 1993

29.5

May 2014

% Point

monthly

Jun 1987 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-1.2

Sep 2018

-0.6

Aug 2018

-53.7

Oct 2012

4.6

Oct 2017

% Point

monthly

Jun 1986 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.4

Sep 2018

1.2

Aug 2018

-3.7

Sep 1954

36.7

May 1977

%

monthly

Jan 1949 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-11
Container Port Throughput

3,220,100.00

2017

2,892,600.00

2016

1,233,482.00

2009

3,220,100.00

2017

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-08-06
Core CPI Change

0.87

Sep 2018

0.61

Aug 2018

-4.30

Oct 1954

31.06

May 1984

%

monthly

Jan 1949 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-11
Credit to Households

164.67

Mar 2018

160.75

Dec 2017

1.98

Dec 1979

247.28

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1979 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-09-23
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

416.56

Mar 2018

407.98

Dec 2017

1.34

Mar 1957

574.38

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-09-23
Current Account Balance

-149.7

Jul 2018

-444.9

Jun 2018

-3,592.4

Dec 2009

809.1

Dec 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-4.0

Jun 2018

-0.8

Mar 2018

-13.6

Jun 2008

3.9

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Debt Service Ratio: Households

6.70

Mar 2018

6.70

Dec 2017

6.70

Mar 2018

11.20

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-09-23
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

15.80

Mar 2018

16.10

Dec 2017

14.80

Sep 1999

22.40

Dec 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-09-23
Direct Investment Abroad

-1.3

Jul 2018

50.6

Jun 2018

-9,772.3

Sep 2010

6,438.9

Apr 2003

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Domestic Credit

343,532.5

Aug 2018

351,468.4

Jul 2018

19,674.3

Jan 1980

540,053.5

Apr 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1979 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-12
Domestic Credit Growth

3.0

Aug 2018

3.1

Jul 2018

-9.7

Nov 2012

14.1

Dec 2001

%

monthly

Dec 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-12
Electricity Production

60,279

2016

52,421

2015

31,381

1994

60,279

2016

GWh

yearly

1994 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-18
Employed Persons

4,800,200.00

Aug 2018

4,804,200.00

Jul 2018

4,295,600.00

Jan 2013

5,011,500.00

Dec 2001

Person

monthly

Feb 1998 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Equity Market Index

5,359.3

Sep 2018

5,422.6

Aug 2018

3,000.0

Dec 1992

14,644.3

Feb 2000

31Dec1992=3000

monthly

Dec 1992 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Exchange Rate against USD

0.857

Sep 2018

0.866

Aug 2018

0.112

Jul 1973

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Exports: ICT Goods

1,845,169.89

2016

1,353,828.61

2015

1,353,828.61

2015

4,115,201.53

2007

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

1,098,099.60

2017

1,119,284.39

2016

89,272.26

1995

1,119,284.39

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

122,372.33

2017

122,681.47

2016

39,559.59

2005

132,146.39

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

636,127.67

2017

791,955.27

2016

141,989.38

1995

791,955.27

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Exports: Television

87,504.11

2017

51,053.19

2016

15,449.94

2002

148,755.03

2000

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

490,670.6

Jun 2018

504,130.1

Mar 2018

72,413.8

Jun 1996

584,308.8

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
External Debt: % of GDP

209.4

2017

214.1

2016

63.4

1996

237.7

2012

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
External Debt: Short Term

199,568.1

Jun 2018

200,530.4

Mar 2018

37,225.1

Jun 1996

240,860.4

Dec 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

81.3

2017

83.8

2016

33.0

1996

98.5

2010

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.14

2023

2.12

2022

-0.90

2009

29.30

1984

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-4.17

2023

-3.50

2022

-31.92

2008

3.57

2013

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Employment

4.98

2019

4.92

2018

4.18

1980

5.16

2002

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2019

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

4.10

2023

4.10

2022

-18.44

2009

21.00

1983

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

38,604.58

2023

37,243.61

2022

6,023.59

1980

38,604.58

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Government Expenditure

101.09

2023

98.10

2022

14.86

1986

101.09

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1986 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Government Net Debt

241.38

2023

241.29

2022

31.80

1990

246.69

2020

EUR bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Government Revenue

101.50

2023

98.58

2022

11.92

1986

101.50

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1986 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

28,115.90

2023

27,078.64

2022

2,599.40

1984

28,115.90

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Population

10.10

2023

10.13

2022

9.78

1980

10.57

2010

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.35

2023

1.40

2022

-4.03

2012

7.86

1990

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

6.00

2023

6.10

2022

3.86

1992

16.18

2013

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Foreign Direct Investment

-95.5

Jul 2018

893.7

Jun 2018

-4,284.9

Dec 2004

7,790.0

Nov 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

3.9

Jun 2018

0.1

Mar 2018

-6.3

Dec 2004

18.8

Dec 2012

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Foreign Exchange Reserves

6,064.6

Aug 2018

5,973.4

Jul 2018

333.1

Jan 2012

11,270.3

Mar 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

3.03

Jun 2018

3.82

Mar 2018

0.15

Dec 2011

7.86

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.9

Aug 2018

0.8

Jul 2018

0.1

Jan 2012

3.5

Aug 2002

NA

monthly

Dec 1999 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Foreign Portfolio Investment

-2,319.47

Jun 2018

-238.34

Mar 2018

-22,254.42

Jun 2012

19,808.63

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
GDP Deflator Growth

1.0

Jun 2018

1.5

Mar 2018

-1.1

Mar 2012

4.5

Sep 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
GDP per Capita

21,301.83

2017

19,978.26

2016

357.39

1960

24,791.85

2008

USD

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
Gold Reserves

14,678.28

Aug 2018

14,946.94

Jul 2018

437.00

Sep 1961

22,273.48

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Government Debt: % of GDP

124.9

Jun 2018

125.4

Mar 2018

50.1

Mar 2001

133.0

Mar 2014

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

9,783.29

Jun 2018

9,975.36

Mar 2018

6,483.85

Mar 1995

16,338.39

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Gross National Product

214,623.21

2017

201,526.20

2016

3,171.54

1960

251,567.89

2008

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
Gross Savings Rate

18.0

Jun 2018

19.1

Mar 2018

9.8

Mar 2009

21.4

Dec 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
House Prices Growth

11.2

Jun 2018

12.2

Mar 2018

-8.3

Jun 2012

12.2

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
Household Debt

195,979.7

Mar 2018

187,753.2

Dec 2017

32,247.1

Dec 1994

270,313.3

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Household Debt: % of GDP

81.9

2017

85.2

2016

35.1

1995

102.4

2010

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
Household Income per Capita

12,934.49

2015

14,893.36

2014

7,835.25

2000

17,153.64

2008

USD

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2018-09-24
Imports: ICT Goods

3,764,718.45

2016

3,298,435.50

2015

3,081,350.89

2000

7,069,114.18

2008

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

2,175,062.27

2017

2,123,460.38

2016

437,470.82

1995

2,556,837.10

2009

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

586,687.95

2017

563,173.22

2016

174,393.28

1998

631,300.53

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,225,775.75

2017

1,554,322.03

2016

565,144.19

1996

1,960,687.92

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

331,882.28

2017

322,170.71

2016

144,704.43

2000

556,889.74

2009

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Industrial Production Index Growth

-2.9

Aug 2018

-1.3

Jul 2018

-15.5

Jan 2009

14.1

Jun 1996

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Investment: % of GDP

17.5

Jun 2018

16.7

Mar 2018

14.3

Mar 2013

29.7

Dec 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Labour Force Participation Rate

59.0

Jun 2018

58.9

Mar 2018

58.1

Mar 2016

61.6

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-08-08
Labour Productivity Growth

-0.11

Jun 2018

-1.07

Mar 2018

-1.26

Jun 2014

2.23

Jun 2013

%

quarterly

Mar 2012 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

65.13

2018

48.43

2017

16.84

2005

65.13

2018

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Long Term Interest Rate

1.88

Sep 2018

1.82

Aug 2018

1.66

Apr 2018

13.85

Jan 2012

% pa

monthly

Jul 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-11
M2 Growth

7.1

Aug 2018

6.5

Jul 2018

-8.8

Oct 2012

12.1

Jan 2017

%

monthly

Sep 1998 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-12
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

32.7

2017

29.3

2016

0.3

1978

53.5

1999

%

yearly

1977 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
Minerals Production

868,564.00

2016

846,239.00

2015

846,239.00

2015

1,502,416.00

2011

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

113,773.75

Aug 2018

114,669.58

Jul 2018

3,984.35

Feb 1985

117,011.63

Apr 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1979 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-12
Money Supply M2

217,725.61

Aug 2018

219,571.67

Jul 2018

13,677.31

Feb 1985

253,942.10

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1979 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-12
Monthly Earnings

1,226

2016

1,217

2015

671

2000

1,508

2011

USD

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-09-24
Motor Vehicle Production

175,544.00

Dec 2017

143,096.00

Dec 2016

80,163.00

Jun 2016

250,832.00

Dec 2002

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Registered

5,871.70

2015

5,747.50

2014

5,523.00

2005

5,873.00

2011

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

42,837.86

Dec 2017

39,998.00

Dec 2016

8,363.00

Jun 2013

74,790.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

222,066.49

Dec 2017

207,345.00

Dec 2016

53,375.00

Jun 2012

223,464.00

Dec 2010

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicles Sales

18,621

Aug 2018

23,294

Jul 2018

6,351

Aug 2012

41,388

Dec 2000

Unit

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

25.4

Aug 2018

10.4

Jul 2018

-52.3

Feb 2012

71.5

Mar 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
National Government Debt

294,115.7

Jun 2018

302,350.1

Mar 2018

56,118.8

Dec 2000

311,147.0

Mar 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Natural Gas: Consumption

0.60

2017

0.49

2016

0.01

1997

0.60

2017

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Nominal GDP

59,221.0

Jun 2018

60,469.3

Mar 2018

28,372.8

Sep 1997

70,056.9

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Nominal GDP Growth

3.31

Jun 2018

3.59

Mar 2018

-5.12

Jun 2012

9.20

Jun 1998

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

116.97

Mar 2018

112.76

Dec 2017

85.93

Jun 2013

116.97

Mar 2018

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-08-29
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

12.24

Mar 2018

10.49

Dec 2017

-8.28

Jun 2012

12.24

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-08-29
Non Performing Loans Ratio

6.5

Aug 2018

6.6

Jul 2018

1.6

Dec 2007

9.3

Aug 2015

%

monthly

Dec 1997 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-12
Non-Performing Loans

14,143.92

Aug 2018

14,430.98

Jul 2018

2,425.36

Oct 2000

24,555.71

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1997 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-12
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

4,831,022.00

2017

4,787,677.00

2016

95,697.00

1960

4,831,022.00

2017

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Number of Subscriber Mobile

11,764,106.00

2017

11,572,085.00

2016

0.00

1988

14,049,187.00

2008

Person

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-19
Oil Consumption

255.90

2017

244.61

2016

50.25

1965

342.06

2002

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Policy Rate

0.00

Sep 2018

0.00

Aug 2018

0.00

Sep 2018

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Population

10.3

2017

10.3

2016

8.4

1950

10.6

2009

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
Private Consumption Expenditure

38,405.52

Jun 2018

39,440.29

Mar 2018

18,003.12

Dec 2000

46,540.15

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Private Consumption: % of GDP

64.9

Jun 2018

65.2

Mar 2018

61.9

Dec 2001

66.6

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Public Consumption Expenditure

10,204.97

Jun 2018

10,518.65

Mar 2018

4,932.10

Mar 1995

13,976.19

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Public Consumption: % of GDP

17.2

Jun 2018

17.4

Mar 2018

17.2

Jun 2018

21.5

Jun 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Real GDP Growth

2.3

Jun 2018

2.1

Mar 2018

-4.5

Dec 2012

5.0

Jun 1998

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-08-14
Real Residential Property Price Index

107.55

Mar 2018

102.65

Dec 2017

80.04

Jun 2013

107.55

Mar 2018

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-08-29
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

11.38

Mar 2018

8.89

Dec 2017

-11.20

Mar 2012

11.38

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-08-29
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Sep 2018

1.0

Aug 2018

1.0

Sep 2018

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Retail Sales Growth

3.8

Aug 2018

2.2

Jul 2018

-11.2

Oct 2011

5.8

May 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.32

Sep 2018

-0.32

Aug 2018

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Silver Production

74.00

2015

54.00

2014

20.00

2002

74.00

2015

Metric Ton

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Tax Revenue

54,975.04

2017

51,325.11

2016

3,183.21

1977

60,871.85

2008

USD mn

yearly

1977 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
Teledensity: Fixed Line

46.77

2017

46.16

2016

1.08

1960

46.77

2017

Number

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-19
Teledensity: Mobile

113.89

2017

111.57

2016

0.00

1988

131.89

2008

Number

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-19
Total Deposits

263,694.23

Jul 2018

265,555.93

Jun 2018

46,235.12

Oct 1989

338,538.19

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1989 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Total Exports

4,685.7

Aug 2018

6,202.7

Jul 2018

825.4

Aug 1993

6,202.7

Jul 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Total Exports Growth

2.6

Aug 2018

13.8

Jul 2018

-30.6

Feb 2009

28.9

May 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Total Imports

6,659.1

Aug 2018

7,586.5

Jul 2018

1,467.9

Aug 1993

9,503.0

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Total Imports Growth

8.6

Aug 2018

11.9

Jul 2018

-32.4

Feb 2009

32.0

Feb 2000

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Tourism Revenue

603

Aug 2018

530

Jul 2018

95

Jan 2013

603

Aug 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jul 2006 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Tourism Revenue Growth

3.5

Aug 2018

5.4

Jul 2018

-18.3

Mar 2009

30.6

Apr 2017

%

monthly

Jul 2007 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Trade Balance

-1,973.4

Aug 2018

-1,383.8

Jul 2018

-3,507.9

Apr 2008

4.5

Jan 1974

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Unemployment Rate

6.80

Aug 2018

6.80

Jul 2018

4.80

Dec 2000

17.50

Jan 2013

%

monthly

Feb 1998 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Visitor Arrivals

11,223,000

2016

9,957,000

2015

4,567,000

1996

11,223,000

2016

Person

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-09-24
Visitor Arrivals Growth

12.7

2016

9.5

2015

-7.5

2009

15.4

1998

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-09-24
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