Explore our Data

Submit

Cyprus Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2018 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

Cyprus's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Cyprus) was 92.6 in Mar 2018, compared with the number of 92.6 in the previous month. Cyprus's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 103.0 from Jan 1993 to Mar 2018. The data reached an all-time high of 103.0 in Jul 2008 and a record low of 86.9 in Aug 1993. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy. Cyprus is part of the Euro Area since January 2008.

CEIC only displays a select group of indicators on our website.
Explore the complete set of 4 million+ time series by registering for a free trial.

What was Cyprus's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Mar 2018?

Last

92.6

Mar 2018
Previous

92.6

Feb 2018
Min

86.9

Aug 1993
Max

103.0

Jul 2008
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 04 May 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

92.6

Mar 2018

92.6

Feb 2018

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 04 May 2018

View Cyprus's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Mar 2018 in the chart:

Cyprus Real Effective Exchange Rate

Series Details
Series ID

238194603

Name

Cyprus Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country

Cyprus

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generated

First Date

Jan 1993

Last Date

Mar 2018

Last Updated

04 May 2018

Statistics
Mean

95.1

Variance

19.5

Standard deviation

4.4

Skewness

0.0

Kurtosis

-1.5

Coefficient variation

0.0

Median

94.5

Max
Jul 2008

103.0

Min
Aug 1993

86.9

Previous observation
Feb 2018

92.6

Last observation
Mar 2018

92.6

Number of Observations

303

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

89.7

Mar 2018

89.0

Feb 2018

89.0

Feb 2018

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Argentina

56.9

Apr 2018

58.9

Mar 2018

41.1

Oct 2001

123.1

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Armenia

124.4

Mar 2018

123.9

Feb 2018

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Australia

101.7

Mar 2018

103.2

Feb 2018

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
Austria

100.8

Mar 2018

100.6

Feb 2018

94.6

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Azerbaijan

113.4

Mar 2018

113.3

Feb 2018

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Bahrain

99.0

Mar 2018

99.1

Feb 2018

81.4

Jun 2011

224.9

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Belgium

101.3

Apr 2018

101.3

Mar 2018

91.1

Oct 2000

109.0

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Bolivia

58.6

Mar 2018

58.4

Feb 2018

53.8

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Bosnia and Herzegovina

97.6

Feb 2018

96.7

Jan 2018

96.4

Sep 2016

106.1

Jan 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Botswana

101.1

Feb 2018

101.0

Jan 2018

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Brazil

106.8

Mar 2018

107.6

Feb 2018

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Bulgaria

114.7

Apr 2018

114.5

Mar 2018

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Canada

90.2

Mar 2018

92.5

Feb 2018

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Chile

93.4

Mar 2018

92.8

Feb 2018

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
China

149.1

Mar 2018

151.3

Feb 2018

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Nov 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-18
Colombia

103.5

Apr 2018

107.7

Mar 2018

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Croatia

102.3

Feb 2018

102.0

Jan 2018

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Cyprus

92.6

Mar 2018

92.6

Feb 2018

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Czech Republic

120.5

Apr 2018

120.1

Mar 2018

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-09
Denmark

103.3

Jan 2018

103.2

Dec 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Ecuador

110.3

Nov 2017

109.3

Oct 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2018-03-05
Estonia

121.1

Apr 2018

120.5

Mar 2018

43.6

Jan 1993

121.1

Apr 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
European Union

91.7

Apr 2018

91.6

Mar 2018

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Finland

97.9

Mar 2018

97.6

Feb 2018

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
France

93.7

Mar 2018

93.6

Feb 2018

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Georgia

113.9

Mar 2018

113.2

Feb 2018

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Germany

92.9

Apr 2018

92.9

Mar 2018

86.9

Apr 2015

117.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Greece

95.0

Mar 2018

95.0

Feb 2018

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Hong Kong

102.7

Mar 2018

102.7

Feb 2018

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Hungary

101.5

Mar 2018

101.2

Feb 2018

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Iceland

94.9

Mar 2018

93.3

Feb 2018

56.9

Nov 2008

133.4

Nov 1967

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1967 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
India

115.1

Mar 2018

116.1

Feb 2018

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Indonesia

109.7

Mar 2018

110.9

Feb 2018

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Iran

136.3

Mar 2018

137.5

Feb 2018

67.3

Aug 1992

627.1

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Ireland

88.7

Mar 2018

88.7

Feb 2018

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Israel

122.4

Mar 2018

121.0

Feb 2018

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Italy

95.4

Mar 2018

95.3

Feb 2018

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Ivory Coast

100.2

Mar 2018

100.0

Feb 2018

66.1

Jan 1994

135.7

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Japan

76.4

Mar 2018

74.7

Feb 2018

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
Kazakhstan

91.1

Mar 2018

90.9

Feb 2018

81.1

Feb 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
South Korea

92.4

Mar 2018

91.8

Feb 2018

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Kosovo

105.0

Mar 2018

104.8

Feb 2018

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Kyrgyzstan

115.8

Mar 2018

115.7

Feb 2018

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Latvia

118.1

Mar 2018

117.8

Feb 2018

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-01
Lithuania

115.8

Apr 2018

115.2

Mar 2018

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Luxembourg

99.3

Apr 2018

99.4

Mar 2018

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Macedonia

102.2

Mar 2018

102.4

Feb 2018

92.7

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Malaysia

97.3

Mar 2018

97.2

Feb 2018

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Malta

100.5

Mar 2018

100.2

Feb 2018

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Mexico

126.6

Feb 2018

128.0

Jan 2018

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Moldova

151.5

Mar 2018

150.9

Feb 2018

46.8

Nov 1993

154.1

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Mongolia

111.7

Feb 2018

112.2

Jan 2018

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Morocco

96.7

Mar 2018

96.5

Feb 2018

89.7

Sep 1990

112.5

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Netherlands

92.8

Mar 2018

92.7

Feb 2018

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
New Zealand

94.3

Dec 2017

94.1

Nov 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Nigeria

125.1

Mar 2018

123.8

Feb 2018

50.9

Mar 1992

701.9

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Norway

87.2

Mar 2018

86.1

Feb 2018

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
Pakistan

113.8

Mar 2018

115.4

Feb 2018

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Paraguay

59.0

Mar 2018

60.4

Feb 2018

54.9

Feb 1999

103.2

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Peru

96.1

Apr 2018

96.5

Mar 2018

74.8

Mar 1992

108.0

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Philippines

127.9

Apr 2018

127.3

Mar 2018

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Poland

96.8

Apr 2018

96.3

Mar 2018

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-16
Portugal

96.6

Mar 2018

96.5

Feb 2018

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Romania

99.1

Mar 2018

99.5

Feb 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Russia

106.6

Mar 2018

106.9

Feb 2018

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Saudi Arabia

117.8

Mar 2018

117.8

Feb 2018

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Serbia

124.8

Mar 2018

125.5

Feb 2018

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Singapore

120.0

Mar 2018

119.4

Feb 2018

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Slovakia

125.9

Mar 2018

125.8

Feb 2018

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Slovenia

99.7

Apr 2018

99.6

Mar 2018

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
South Africa

93.4

Feb 2018

91.4

Jan 2018

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-09
Spain

98.4

Apr 2018

98.5

Mar 2018

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Sri Lanka

138.3

Mar 2018

139.6

Feb 2018

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Sweden

84.7

Mar 2018

86.7

Feb 2018

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Switzerland

111.6

Mar 2018

113.0

Feb 2018

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-09
Taiwan

91.2

Mar 2018

92.0

Feb 2018

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-18
Thailand

124.0

Mar 2018

123.2

Feb 2018

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Tunisia

79.3

Mar 2018

78.7

Feb 2018

77.9

Jan 2018

254.4

Jul 1975

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1975 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-21
Turkey

72.4

Apr 2018

74.0

Mar 2018

72.4

Apr 2018

113.4

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Ukraine

80.4

Apr 2018

78.0

Mar 2018

44.6

Apr 1993

232.3

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-28
United Arab Emirates

124.0

Mar 2018

123.4

Feb 2018

79.2

Apr 1995

131.7

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
United Kingdom

80.7

Mar 2018

80.5

Feb 2018

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
United States

98.0

Apr 2018

98.0

Mar 2018

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-01
Uruguay

54.6

Mar 2018

55.1

Feb 2018

54.6

Mar 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Venezuela

1.0

Mar 2018

1.8

Feb 2018

1.0

Mar 2018

3,707.7

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30

More Indicators for Cyprus

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

1,651.74

2016

944.05

2015

944.05

2015

19,138.70

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Building Permits

481.00

Feb 2018

503.00

Jan 2018

298.00

Aug 2014

999.00

Nov 2006

Unit

monthly

Jan 2002 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Business Confidence Growth

9.3

Apr 2018

10.3

Mar 2018

-53.7

Jun 2009

59.0

Apr 2014

% Point

monthly

May 2003 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Business Confidence: Net Balance

40.5

Apr 2018

36.4

Mar 2018

-59.0

Apr 2013

45.3

Jan 2018

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

-0.22

Apr 2018

-2.78

Mar 2018

-6.39

Mar 2016

12.09

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2007 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

1.8

2017

0.3

2016

-9.0

2014

3.2

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Consumer Confidence Growth

7.6

Apr 2018

3.7

Mar 2018

-26.6

Apr 2013

31.5

Jun 2014

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

4.4

Apr 2018

2.2

Mar 2018

-64.4

Apr 2013

5.0

Feb 2018

% Point

monthly

May 2001 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

-0.1

Apr 2018

-0.5

Mar 2018

-4.0

Oct 1961

18.1

Jun 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Container Port Throughput

308,458.00

2016

317,170.00

2015

307,661.00

2014

416,970.00

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Core CPI Change

0.06

Mar 2018

0.19

Feb 2018

-1.28

Jun 2016

5.07

Feb 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Current Account Balance

-1,288.1

Dec 2017

415.6

Sep 2017

-1,705.7

Dec 2008

503.6

Sep 2006

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-22.4

Dec 2017

7.0

Sep 2017

-27.0

Dec 2008

8.6

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Direct Investment Abroad

1,929.9

Dec 2017

-1,502.4

Sep 2017

-4,631.6

Dec 2011

42,580.6

Mar 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Domestic Credit

50,234.5

Mar 2018

52,925.2

Feb 2018

28,978.0

Nov 2005

74,422.2

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Nov 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Domestic Credit Growth

-10.1

Mar 2018

-5.6

Feb 2018

-11.5

Dec 2016

32.2

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Nov 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Electricity Production

4,888

2016

4,535

2015

213

1960

5,322

2010

GWh

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017-12-27
Employed Persons

384,151.00

Dec 2017

384,516.00

Sep 2017

304,666.67

Mar 2003

402,158.00

Jun 2011

Person

quarterly

Jun 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Equity Market Index

68.7

Apr 2018

66.9

Mar 2018

64.5

Nov 2016

5,518.5

Oct 2007

03Sep2004=1000

monthly

Sep 2004 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Exchange Rate against USD

0.815

Apr 2018

0.811

Mar 2018

0.571

Jul 1973

1.154

Feb 1985

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Exports: ICT Goods

145,064.57

2016

119,701.63

2015

15,794.85

2000

386,521.88

2005

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

373.78

2016

2,102.77

2015

8.55

1998

3,043.14

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

9,995.51

2016

9,666.05

2015

7.33

1995

55,214.08

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-27
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

124,951.42

2016

102,804.80

2015

2,554.48

2000

330,138.53

2005

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Exports: Television

105.08

2016

661.00

2015

95.49

2012

21,620.13

1995

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
External Debt

126,091.9

Dec 2017

123,968.3

Sep 2017

110,605.1

Sep 2015

205,503.1

Jun 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
External Debt: % of GDP

557.2

2017

588.9

2016

180.7

2004

686.7

2009

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
External Debt: Short Term

37,754.5

Dec 2017

38,896.0

Sep 2017

34,607.7

Sep 2016

112,228.6

Mar 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

166.8

2017

199.8

2016

166.8

2017

385.3

2009

%

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.00

2023

2.00

2022

-1.54

2015

13.52

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-1.50

2023

-1.46

2022

-4.33

2008

0.29

1998

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Employment

0.40

2019

0.39

2018

0.24

1981

0.40

2011

Person mn

yearly

1981 - 2019

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

2.00

2023

2.00

2022

-16.25

2006

11.13

2011

%

yearly

2001 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

47,170.80

2023

45,559.35

2022

6,374.84

1980

47,170.80

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Expenditure

9.95

2023

9.48

2022

2.33

1995

9.95

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Net Debt

17.46

2023

17.95

2022

3.59

1995

19.42

2016

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Revenue

10.39

2023

9.88

2022

2.28

1995

10.39

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

37,651.50

2023

35,864.95

2022

4,352.56

1981

37,651.50

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Population

0.89

2023

0.88

2022

0.51

1980

0.89

2023

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

2.40

2023

2.42

2022

-5.93

2013

9.92

1995

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

6.52

2023

6.99

2022

1.80

1990

16.07

2014

%

yearly

1982 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Foreign Direct Investment

1,432.2

Dec 2017

4,427.6

Sep 2017

-4,242.3

Sep 2011

43,772.4

Mar 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

24.9

Dec 2017

75.1

Sep 2017

-59.9

Sep 2011

711.9

Mar 2012

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Foreign Exchange Reserves

79.3

Apr 2018

82.5

Mar 2018

8.3

Apr 2013

6,034.1

Dec 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

0.31

Dec 2017

0.33

Sep 2017

0.10

Jun 2013

26.75

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.1

Feb 2018

0.1

Jan 2018

0.0

Apr 2013

10.2

Feb 2002

NA

monthly

Jan 2002 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Foreign Portfolio Investment

2,151.56

Dec 2017

-1,036.44

Sep 2017

-4,358.82

Dec 2008

3,075.22

Sep 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
GDP Deflator Growth

1.1

Dec 2017

1.8

Sep 2017

-3.9

Jun 2014

7.9

Dec 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
GDP per Capita

25,254.63

2017

23,673.03

2016

14,123.71

1997

35,413.58

2008

USD

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Gold Reserves

595.97

Apr 2018

592.64

Mar 2018

2.98

May 1968

809.58

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1968 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Government Debt: % of GDP

97.5

2017

106.6

2016

45.1

2008

107.5

2015

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

1,896.23

Dec 2017

818.29

Sep 2017

328.91

Mar 2016

2,112.74

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Gross National Product

21,296.36

2017

19,839.12

2016

493.73

1975

27,432.38

2011

USD mn

yearly

1975 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Gross Savings Rate

11.9

Dec 2017

22.8

Sep 2017

8.7

Dec 2014

31.7

Sep 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
House Prices Growth

1.5

Dec 2017

1.4

Sep 2017

-9.4

Mar 2014

25.3

Sep 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Household Debt

28,189.0

2016

28,705.8

2015

7,206.0

1995

38,437.5

2011

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-04
Household Debt: % of GDP

139.9

2016

145.8

2015

72.5

1995

147.6

2014

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-04
Imports: ICT Goods

279,849.53

2016

276,443.29

2015

233,597.16

2002

688,295.04

2005

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

4,371.60

2016

5,999.11

2015

9.84

2004

9,491.94

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

22,125.39

2016

23,874.47

2015

4,014.93

1998

23,874.47

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

141,346.30

2016

128,834.93

2015

62,585.10

1995

450,893.13

2005

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Imports: Television

19,523.88

2016

20,464.65

2015

11,140.75

1997

66,548.63

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Industrial Production Index Growth

5.7

Feb 2018

9.2

Jan 2018

-18.7

Dec 2012

16.5

Apr 2002

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Investment: % of GDP

35.5

Dec 2017

10.2

Sep 2017

4.7

Mar 2016

35.7

Mar 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Labour Force Participation Rate

61.5

Dec 2017

61.9

Sep 2017

60.3

Mar 2016

64.7

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Jun 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-09
Labour Productivity Growth

1.34

Dec 2017

0.41

Sep 2017

-4.46

Dec 2012

4.35

Sep 2015

%

quarterly

Jun 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

12.95

2017

22.85

2016

11.81

2008

22.85

2016

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Long Term Interest Rate

1.83

Mar 2018

1.93

Feb 2018

1.54

Nov 2017

7.71

May 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-12
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

12.3

2017

13.1

2016

8.1

2012

117.7

2007

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Minerals Production

800,962.00

2016

601,042.00

2015

372,732.00

2009

800,962.00

2016

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Monthly Earnings

2,228

Dec 2017

2,215

Sep 2017

1,562

Mar 2003

2,827

Jun 2011

USD

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Motor Vehicle Registered

594.24

2015

585.52

2014

477.00

2005

594.24

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

2,119.10

Dec 2017

1,916.00

Dec 2016

497.00

Jun 2013

5,292.00

Dec 2008

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

12,959.08

Dec 2017

12,643.00

Dec 2016

3,679.00

Jun 2013

22,878.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

15,078

2017

14,559

2016

8,051

2013

27,533

2008

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

3.6

2017

23.0

2016

-33.1

2009

25.3

2015

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
National Government Debt

22,756.6

Mar 2018

23,151.0

Feb 2018

20,216.6

Apr 2015

26,487.7

Jun 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2014 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Nominal GDP

5,780.6

Dec 2017

5,710.0

Sep 2017

2,326.8

Sep 1997

7,406.9

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Nominal GDP Growth

5.09

Dec 2017

5.61

Sep 2017

-8.06

Dec 2013

11.23

Dec 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

74.39

Jun 2017

73.99

Mar 2017

43.73

Jun 2002

108.13

Sep 2008

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Jun 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

1.19

Jun 2017

0.15

Mar 2017

-9.45

Mar 2014

26.84

Dec 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Jun 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Non Performing Loans Ratio

42.5

Dec 2017

42.6

Nov 2017

42.5

Dec 2017

49.0

May 2016

%

monthly

Dec 2014 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-17
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

320,573.00

2016

323,707.00

2015

10,630.00

1960

440,091.00

2000

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

1,133,780.00

2016

1,111,123.00

2015

0.00

1987

1,133,780.00

2016

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Policy Rate

0.00

Apr 2018

0.00

Mar 2018

0.00

Apr 2018

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Population

0.9

2016

0.8

2015

0.5

1976

0.9

2012

Person mn

yearly

1974 - 2016

Updated on 2017-11-27
Private Consumption Expenditure

3,932.91

Dec 2017

3,873.89

Sep 2017

1,453.86

Sep 1997

4,942.00

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Private Consumption: % of GDP

69.6

Dec 2017

64.1

Sep 2017

53.5

Sep 2001

74.6

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Producer Price Index Growth

-1.9

Mar 2018

-0.6

Feb 2018

-7.4

Feb 2016

13.1

Sep 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Public Consumption Expenditure

858.52

Dec 2017

832.59

Sep 2017

292.86

Mar 1995

1,459.18

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Public Consumption: % of GDP

18.5

Dec 2017

13.1

Sep 2017

10.0

Jun 1995

26.5

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Real GDP Growth

3.9

Dec 2017

3.8

Sep 2017

-6.9

Jun 2013

5.7

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Real Residential Property Price Index

73.37

Jun 2017

73.43

Mar 2017

54.13

Jun 2002

110.38

Sep 2008

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Jun 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

-0.08

Jun 2017

-1.20

Mar 2017

-8.23

Dec 2011

22.87

Dec 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Jun 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Apr 2018

1.0

Mar 2018

1.0

Apr 2018

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Retail Sales Growth

5.8

Feb 2018

8.0

Jan 2018

-16.6

Mar 2013

14.1

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Apr 2018

-0.33

Mar 2018

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Tax Revenue

1,620.75

Dec 2017

1,684.44

Sep 2017

356.79

Jun 1997

2,372.28

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Teledensity: Fixed Line

37.72

2016

38.39

2015

1.86

1960

52.61

2008

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

133.42

2016

131.79

2015

0.00

1987

133.42

2016

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

59,176.41

Mar 2018

60,086.13

Feb 2018

44,481.80

Nov 2005

104,420.88

May 2011

USD mn

monthly

Nov 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Total Exports

231.1

Feb 2018

248.2

Jan 2018

58.5

Jan 2003

554.5

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
Total Exports Growth

8.0

Feb 2018

12.7

Jan 2018

-61.3

May 2016

169.7

Feb 2015

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Total Imports

753.2

Feb 2018

751.9

Jan 2018

244.3

Feb 2001

1,236.6

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Total Imports Growth

0.1

Mar 2018

14.5

Feb 2018

-46.3

Apr 2016

124.3

May 2016

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
Tourism Revenue

65

Feb 2018

47

Jan 2018

32

Jan 2016

500

Aug 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Tourism Revenue Growth

13.1

Feb 2018

8.5

Jan 2018

-36.0

Mar 2003

53.5

Apr 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Trade Balance

-519.6

Feb 2018

-503.7

Jan 2018

-1,059.9

Jul 2008

2.5

May 1976

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
Unemployment Rate

10.10

Dec 2017

10.00

Sep 2017

3.10

Jun 2008

17.60

Mar 2015

%

quarterly

Jun 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-09
Visitor Arrivals

314,143

Apr 2018

192,090

Mar 2018

40,675

Jan 2014

531,030

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 2002 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Visitor Arrivals Growth

9.7

Apr 2018

36.4

Mar 2018

-33.9

Mar 2003

43.0

Apr 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
CEIC Flex
Monthly metered access across all our data
20 Series Downloads Per Month
$39/per month
200 Series Downloads Per Month
$149/per month
500 Series Downloads Per Month
$299/per month
Buy Now
CEIC Unlimited
Unlimited access tailored to your data needs
Request a Demo