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South Africa Real Effective Exchange Rate

1970 - 2017 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

South Africa's Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: South Africa) was 83.1 in Oct 2017, compared with the number of 85.5 in the previous month. South Africa's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 143.5 from Jan 1970 to Oct 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 143.5 in Aug 1983 and a record low of 63.9 in Dec 2001. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. South African Reserve Bank provides Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2010=100. Producer Price Index for manufactured goods is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, South Africa's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: Treasury Bills Rate: 91 Days was reported at 7.5 % pa in Dec 2017. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Government Bond Yield: Month End: 10 Years and Over) was reported at 9.2 % pa in Dec 2017. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Repo Rate) was set at 6.8 % pa in Dec 2017. South Africa's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 13.1 (ZAR/USD) in Dec 2017.

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What was South Africa's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Oct 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

83.1

Oct 2017

85.5

Sep 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018

View South Africa's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1970 to Oct 2017 in the chart:

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REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: South Africa

Series Details
Series ID

230779802

Name

REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: South Africa

Country

South Africa

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generate

First Date

Jan 1970

Last Date

Nov 2017

Last Updated

20 Feb 2018

Statistics
Mean

99.53

Variance

187.27

Standard deviation

13.68

Skewness

0.46

Kurtosis

0.80

Coefficient variation

0.14

Median

99.80

Max
Aug 1983

143.53

Min
Dec 2001

63.87

Previous observation
Oct 2017

83.14

Last observation
Nov 2017

81.07

Number of Observations

575

Get This Data

More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

99.5

Dec 2017

99.8

Nov 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Canada

95.5

Sep 2017

93.6

Aug 2017

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
France

92.7

Dec 2017

92.7

Nov 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Germany

92.4

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Italy

94.2

Dec 2017

94.1

Nov 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Japan

73.3

Dec 2017

74.2

Nov 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
United Kingdom

79.9

Dec 2017

79.2

Nov 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Austria

100.2

Dec 2017

100.0

Nov 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Belgium

100.5

Dec 2017

100.4

Nov 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bulgaria

113.7

Dec 2017

113.7

Nov 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Cyprus

92.5

Dec 2017

92.5

Nov 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Czech Republic

119.3

Dec 2017

119.8

Nov 2017

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Denmark

103.8

Oct 2017

103.8

Sep 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Estonia

120.3

Dec 2017

119.9

Nov 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

120.3

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Finland

97.4

Dec 2017

97.1

Nov 2017

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Greece

94.5

Dec 2017

94.6

Nov 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Hungary

102.0

Dec 2017

101.5

Nov 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Iceland

92.9

Dec 2017

93.9

Nov 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ireland

87.9

Dec 2017

87.8

Nov 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Latvia

117.5

Dec 2017

117.5

Nov 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Lithuania

114.8

Dec 2017

114.6

Nov 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Argentina

54.1

Dec 2017

54.4

Nov 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Luxembourg

99.3

Dec 2017

99.1

Nov 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Malta

99.0

Dec 2017

98.9

Nov 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bolivia

57.6

Nov 2017

57.1

Oct 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Netherlands

92.0

Dec 2017

91.9

Nov 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Norway

83.5

Dec 2017

85.6

Nov 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Brazil

109.2

Dec 2017

109.8

Nov 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Poland

96.3

Dec 2017

95.7

Nov 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Chile

96.6

Dec 2017

95.6

Nov 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Portugal

95.7

Dec 2017

95.7

Nov 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Colombia

113.5

Dec 2017

114.5

Nov 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Romania

98.4

Dec 2017

98.3

Nov 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Slovakia

125.5

Dec 2017

125.4

Nov 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Slovenia

99.1

Dec 2017

99.0

Nov 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ecuador

111.6

Dec 2017

110.3

Nov 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

111.6

Dec 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Mexico

125.9

Nov 2017

125.6

Oct 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Spain

97.9

Nov 2017

97.7

Oct 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Sweden

86.3

Dec 2017

86.8

Nov 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Paraguay

60.4

Nov 2017

61.1

Oct 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Switzerland

111.9

Dec 2017

112.1

Nov 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Peru

92.8

Dec 2017

92.4

Nov 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Uruguay

58.0

Nov 2017

58.5

Oct 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Venezuela

3,534.2

Dec 2017

3,326.5

Nov 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

3,534.2

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Algeria

91.3

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

91.3

Dec 2017

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Australia

103.8

Dec 2017

104.0

Nov 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.3

Dec 2017

102.7

Nov 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

225.0

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
China

144.2

Dec 2017

143.8

Nov 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Botswana

100.1

Oct 2017

100.2

Sep 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Hong Kong

104.9

Dec 2017

105.5

Nov 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
India

118.6

Dec 2017

118.2

Nov 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

118.8

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Israel

124.9

Dec 2017

125.2

Nov 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Indonesia

114.2

Dec 2017

114.4

Nov 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
South Korea

93.6

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Malaysia

96.1

Dec 2017

94.6

Nov 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
New Zealand

96.5

Oct 2017

97.8

Sep 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Pakistan

126.4

Nov 2017

125.8

Oct 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Philippines

130.5

Dec 2017

129.5

Nov 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Singapore

120.9

Dec 2017

120.7

Nov 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Sri Lanka

144.8

Nov 2017

143.8

Oct 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Taiwan

92.5

Dec 2017

92.8

Nov 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Thailand

123.0

Nov 2017

122.0

Oct 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Armenia

124.2

Nov 2017

121.5

Oct 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Azerbaijan

117.8

Nov 2017

116.2

Oct 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

97.1

Oct 2017

96.6

Sep 2017

96.3

Oct 2016

106.0

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Croatia

103.2

Nov 2017

102.6

Oct 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Georgia

109.8

Dec 2017

107.4

Nov 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kazakhstan

92.0

Nov 2017

89.2

Oct 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kyrgyzstan

117.9

Nov 2017

118.1

Oct 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Macedonia

103.2

Dec 2017

103.0

Nov 2017

92.8

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Moldova

144.0

Dec 2017

144.7

Nov 2017

46.8

Nov 1993

154.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Mongolia

111.8

Nov 2017

111.5

Oct 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Russia

106.6

Dec 2017

106.5

Nov 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Serbia

122.5

Dec 2017

122.8

Nov 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Turkey

75.1

Dec 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

113.4

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ukraine

74.6

Dec 2017

76.6

Nov 2017

44.8

Apr 1993

233.1

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Morocco

97.6

Dec 2017

98.2

Nov 2017

89.9

Sep 1990

112.9

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Nigeria

128.0

Dec 2017

127.6

Nov 2017

51.0

Mar 1992

703.1

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Saudi Arabia

122.0

Dec 2017

123.5

Nov 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
South Africa

83.1

Oct 2017

85.5

Sep 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Tunisia

78.5

Dec 2017

78.6

Nov 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

218.6

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
United Arab Emirates

121.8

Dec 2017

123.9

Nov 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ivory Coast

100.1

Dec 2017

99.9

Nov 2017

66.2

Jan 1994

136.1

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
European Union

90.5

Dec 2017

90.3

Nov 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Iran

145.5

Dec 2017

147.6

Nov 2017

67.4

Aug 1992

629.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kosovo

104.3

Dec 2017

104.6

Nov 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018

More Indicators for South Africa

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

51.6

2016

49.3

2015

26.5

2008

51.6

2016

%

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Business Confidence: Net Balance

-0.2

Jan 2018

-10.2

Dec 2017

-29.8

Apr 2009

21.7

Apr 2002

% Point

monthly

Sep 1999 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Foreign Direct Investment

1,460.2

Sep 2017

293.8

Jun 2017

-1,430.4

Dec 2006

6,557.1

Jun 2001

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Imports Growth

9.0

Dec 2017

2.4

Nov 2017

-41.8

Jul 2009

67.1

Oct 2006

%

monthly

Oct 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Money Supply M2

198,231.34

Nov 2017

198,191.86

Oct 2017

4,041.80

Mar 1965

246,531.71

Apr 2011

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1965 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

1,966.02

2022

1,820.48

2021

223.94

2000

1,966.02

2022

ZAR bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Production

599,004.00

Dec 2016

288,372.00

Jun 2016

246,092.00

Jun 2014

615,658.00

Dec 2015

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

6.62

2016

7.72

2015

3.74

1960

12.43

1999

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

1.0

Sep 2017

0.6

Jun 2017

-4.5

Mar 1983

9.4

Sep 1967

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Labour Productivity Growth

-1.44

Sep 2017

-2.20

Jun 2017

-3.82

Dec 2015

8.38

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Domestic Credit Growth

7.5

Nov 2017

6.5

Oct 2017

-0.9

Apr 2010

30.1

Jul 1981

%

monthly

Mar 1966 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

312.5

2016

289.6

2015

0.2

2010

312.5

2016

%

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Total Imports

7,344.7

Nov 2017

7,288.6

Oct 2017

3,946.9

Feb 2005

9,975.4

Oct 2014

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

5.24

Nov 2017

5.26

Oct 2017

0.63

Jun 2010

15.64

Jan 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

6,859.74

2022

6,717.63

2021

1,792.07

1985

8,083.13

2011

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

1,017.75

2016

683.92

2015

211.30

2000

1,075.15

2003

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

20.6

Sep 2017

20.4

Jun 2017

8.6

Jun 1963

21.5

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Retail Sales Growth

4.3

Oct 2017

4.6

Sep 2017

-6.0

Apr 2009

14.0

Sep 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Equity Market Index

59,506.1

Jan 2018

59,504.7

Dec 2017

60.7

Apr 1961

59,772.8

Nov 2017

02Jan2002=100

monthly

Jan 1960 - Jan 2018

Updated on Jan 2018
Domestic Credit

263,437.1

Nov 2017

266,260.3

Oct 2017

6,566.0

Mar 1965

326,708.5

Jul 2011

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1965 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Non Performing Loans Ratio

2.8

Nov 2017

2.8

Oct 2017

2.1

Jan 2008

6.0

Nov 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2008 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Visitor Arrivals

8,904,000

2015

9,549,000

2014

4,488,000

1995

9,592,000

2008

Person

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Core CPI Change

4.42

Nov 2017

4.53

Oct 2017

2.90

Feb 2011

8.33

May 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

2,220.23

2022

2,069.97

2021

238.50

2000

2,220.23

2022

ZAR bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

186,117.00

Dec 2016

91,771.00

Jun 2016

90,459.00

Jun 2012

241,455.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Gold Production

140,000.00

2016

144,515.00

2015

140,000.00

2016

619,201.00

1993

kg

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Population

56.5

2017

55.6

2016

17.4

1960

56.5

2017

Person mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

44.5

2016

46.2

2015

25.8

1980

54.2

2007

%

yearly

1969 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Short Term Interest Rate

7.21

Jan 2018

7.49

Dec 2017

4.92

Sep 2012

22.15

Feb 1985

% pa

monthly

Dec 1980 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Gold Reserves

5,158.00

Nov 2017

5,131.00

Oct 2017

147.32

May 1961

7,492.77

Sep 1980

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

3,918.62

2022

3,605.52

2021

399.44

2000

3,918.62

2022

ZAR bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

361,289.00

Dec 2016

180,690.00

Jun 2016

180,690.00

Jun 2016

481,558.00

Dec 2006

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

5.5

Sep 2017

5.7

Jun 2017

0.0

Sep 1962

27.1

Mar 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Unemployment Rate

27.70

Sep 2017

27.70

Jun 2017

21.50

Dec 2008

27.70

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

4,326.7

Sep 2017

2,304.4

Jun 2017

-5,055.3

Jun 2001

5,099.8

Sep 2006

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

9.00

Jan 2018

9.16

Dec 2017

6.73

Apr 2013

10.65

Jun 2008

% pa

monthly

Aug 2006 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Total Exports

8,272.1

Nov 2017

7,605.4

Oct 2017

3,545.7

Jan 2006

10,098.9

Sep 2011

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Bank Lending Rate

10.25

20 Feb 2018

10.25

19 Feb 2018

4.50

16 Oct 1949

25.50

18 Oct 1998

% pa

daily

31 Dec 1948 - 20 Feb 2018

Updated on 20 Feb 2018
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-8.0

Dec 2017

-8.6

Sep 2017

-33.0

Jun 1985

22.9

Mar 2007

% Point

quarterly

Jun 1982 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
External Debt: % of GDP

48.3

2016

39.1

2015

18.9

2005

48.3

2016

%

yearly

1985 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

5.2

Dec 2017

5.1

Nov 2017

2.7

Feb 2015

8.8

Apr 2014

%

monthly

Jan 2013 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Trade Balance

927.5

Nov 2017

316.8

Oct 2017

-2,207.1

Oct 2007

2,192.5

Dec 2010

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tax Revenue

11,446.64

Dec 2017

5,719.73

Nov 2017

1,487.03

Apr 2002

12,108.41

Mar 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

15,011.61

2022

14,640.36

2021

4,630.88

1980

15,011.61

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

0.50

2016

0.49

2015

0.02

1982

0.50

2016

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1980 - 2016

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

7.3

Nov 2016

6.5

Oct 2016

-9.0

Jul 1985

41.5

May 1981

%

monthly

Jan 1967 - Nov 2016

Updated on Feb 2018
Consumer Confidence Growth

2.2

Dec 2017

-5.6

Sep 2017

-38.0

Jun 1985

30.0

Sep 1994

% Point

quarterly

Jun 1983 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Exchange Rate against USD

12.195

Jan 2018

13.092

Dec 2017

0.668

Jul 1974

16.325

Jan 2016

ZAR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Foreign Exchange Reserves

42,372.0

Nov 2017

41,019.0

Oct 2017

5,584.0

Jan 2003

42,372.0

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

12.8

2016

-6.8

2015

-26.9

2009

15.2

1998

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Non-Performing Loans

7,852.53

Oct 2017

8,107.26

Sep 2017

6,179.64

Jan 2008

19,976.47

Oct 2010

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2008 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

2.20

2022

2.20

2021

-2.14

1992

6.62

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Silver Production

69.00

2014

68.78

2013

67.30

2012

222.00

1986

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-4.2

2016

-4.2

2015

-6.6

1993

0.7

2007

%

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

4.7

Dec 2017

4.6

Nov 2017

0.2

Jan 2004

20.9

Jan 1986

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
External Debt

163,311.0

Sep 2017

158,533.0

Jun 2017

21,185.0

Dec 1988

163,311.0

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1985 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross National Product

84,845.80

Sep 2017

84,867.37

Jun 2017

1,723.40

Mar 1960

107,525.39

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross Savings Rate

16.3

Sep 2017

16.2

Jun 2017

14.4

Dec 2012

42.4

Mar 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

59.9

Sep 2017

59.9

Jun 2017

55.0

Dec 2010

60.5

Mar 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-2.3

Sep 2017

-2.4

Jun 2017

-11.0

Mar 1971

13.9

Mar 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
M2 Growth

5.2

Apr/2017

5.1

Mar/2017

-1.2

Feb/2010

37.5

Sep/1988

%

monthly

Mar/1966 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

52,248.09

Sep 2017

51,476.91

Jun 2017

1,149.05

Mar 1960

65,512.40

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

246.62

Jun 2017

240.19

Mar 2017

6.10

Mar 1965

290.48

Jun 2011

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1965 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Coal Production

142.44

2016

142.89

2015

74.86

1981

148.23

2014

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

20.1

Sep 2017

19.5

Jun 2017

11.3

Dec 1993

40.6

Sep 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Business Confidence Growth

-1.7

Jan 2018

-5.6

Dec 2017

-37.3

Apr 2009

36.7

Feb 2010

% Point

monthly

Sep 2000 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

1.6

Sep 2017

0.3

Jun 2017

-2.1

Dec 2006

20.4

Jun 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Policy Rate

6.75

Jan 2018

6.75

Dec 2017

5.00

Dec 2013

13.50

May 2003

% pa

monthly

Nov 1999 - Jan 2018

Updated on Jan 2018
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

16,534.69

Sep 2017

16,209.95

Jun 2017

361.55

Jun 1960

20,848.09

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-15.84

2022

-15.16

2021

-21.57

2013

5.11

1987

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

28.59

2022

28.60

2021

9.24

1980

28.60

2020

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

1,319,133.86

2016

1,048,009.24

2015

697,284.69

1998

2,201,370.62

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

2.1

Nov 2017

1.3

Oct 2017

-20.1

Apr 2009

23.2

Apr 1964

%

monthly

Jan 1962 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
External Debt: Short Term

33,995.0

Sep 2017

30,578.0

Jun 2017

7,736.0

Sep 2003

34,042.0

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
P/E ratio

21.66

Jan 2018

21.18

Dec 2017

15.89

Jun 2013

30.53

Jan 2017

NA

monthly

Apr 2013 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Tourism Revenue

312

Oct 2017

292

Sep 2017

172

Jun 2005

422

Jun 2010

USD mn

monthly

Sep 2004 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Employed Persons

16,171,025.87

Dec 2017

16,191,669.89

Sep 2017

13,647,783.70

Sep 2010

16,212,250.45

Mar 2017

Person

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

-8.9

Jan 2018

-2.1

Dec 2017

-37.9

Apr 2009

56.0

Aug 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

5.50

2022

5.50

2021

1.43

2004

18.41

1986

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.38

2022

3.38

2021

-18.52

2009

11.04

1993

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Credit to Households

115.67

Jun 2017

113.03

Mar 2017

94.82

Dec 2015

167.38

Jun 2011

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

3,521,608.51

2016

3,662,848.03

2015

1,303,080.23

2001

4,139,209.90

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

127,081.11

2016

161,984.38

2015

54,650.05

2002

319,224.24

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

76,653,421.00

2016

87,999,492.00

2015

0.00

1988

87,999,492.00

2015

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

560.11

2016

582.89

2015

117.73

1965

582.89

2015

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Imports

3,942.00

2016

3,749.00

2015

600.00

2003

3,942.00

2016

Cub m mn

yearly

2002 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

4,355,320.00

2016

4,597,907.00

2015

3,726,313.00

2009

4,693,914.00

2013

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

37.35

2017

35.45

2016

23.13

2004

43.02

2013

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

1,573.66

2016

375.13

2015

375.13

2015

1,633.99

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

398,723.63

2016

461,212.97

2015

14,505.80

2000

461,212.97

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

85.11

2016

83.35

2015

24.34

1966

93.82

2009

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

5,375.85

2016

5,849.76

2015

410.20

1957

8,066.35

2011

USD

yearly

1957 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

58.3

Sep 2017

58.4

Jun 2017

47.6

Jun 1980

66.9

Dec 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Total Deposits

276,915.14

Sep 2017

270,190.92

Aug 2017

35,325.12

Dec 1986

346,503.07

Jul 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1986 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

7,000,632.54

2015

7,815,805.98

2014

2,857,675.86

2002

8,453,001.09

2013

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

434,837.24

2016

503,401.06

2015

171,106.37

1998

686,927.69

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

121,803.34

2016

69,821.59

2015

10,048.24

2002

258,483.36

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

143.11

Sep 2017

142.62

Jun 2017

1.08

Mar 1966

143.11

Sep 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1966 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

3.75

Sep 2017

3.18

Jun 2017

-8.82

Sep 1985

40.90

Jun 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1967 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

97.83

Sep 2017

98.22

Jun 2017

45.84

Mar 1997

120.10

Dec 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1966 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

-0.99

Sep 2017

-2.01

Jun 2017

-21.70

Sep 1985

30.93

Mar 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 1967 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

3,562,982.00

2016

4,131,055.00

2015

650,013.00

1960

5,492,838.00

1999

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

142.38

2016

164.51

2015

0.00

1988

164.51

2015

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

1,962.90

2016

2,003.00

2015

1,962.90

2016

3,744.00

2010

Cub m mn

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

77,468.24

2016

73,312.91

2015

8,907.40

2000

80,522.77

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

319,271,916.00

2015

324,079,437.00

2014

293,820,974.00

2009

324,079,437.00

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
National Government Debt

175,931.2

Nov 2017

178,959.4

Oct 2017

3,407.6

Feb 1960

183,666.6

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1960 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Monthly Earnings

1,498

Aug 2017

1,452

May 2017

968

Feb 2009

1,877

Aug 2011

USD

quarterly

Nov 2004 - Aug 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Nominal GDP

88,447.8

Sep 2017

87,178.9

Jun 2017

1,853.6

Mar 1960

110,183.2

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Current Account Balance

-2,065.7

Sep 2017

-2,096.6

Jun 2017

-6,055.6

Sep 2013

2,630.6

Mar 1980

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Electricity Production

21,786

Oct 2017

21,011

Sep 2017

10,439

Feb 1985

23,801

Jul 2007

GWh

monthly

Jan 1985 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

10.1

2016

9.2

2015

4.9

2004

10.1

2016

%

yearly

1994 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Liquid Assets Ratio

9.4

Sep 2017

9.5

Aug 2017

3.5

May 2002

10.0

Sep 1989

%

monthly

Mar 1988 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Household Debt

151,880.6

Sep 2017

149,802.9

Jun 2017

4,410.0

Mar 1969

205,443.3

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1969 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

49,653

Nov 2017

51,022

Oct 2017

25,377

Apr 2003

63,675

Sep 2012

Unit

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

5.8

Nov 2017

5.6

Oct 2017

2.4

Oct 2004

7.2

Dec 2015

NA

monthly

Oct 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

6,709.94

Sep 2017

5,660.33

Jun 2017

-6,099.54

Dec 2008

8,648.38

Mar 2006

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Total Exports Growth

11.4

Dec 2017

17.3

Nov 2017

-33.4

Aug 2009

58.8

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Oct 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Tourism Revenue Growth

4.5

Dec 2017

-0.2

Nov 2017

-34.8

Jun 2011

49.4

Jun 2010

%

monthly

Sep 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Nominal GDP Growth

6.52

Sep 2017

6.32

Jun 2017

4.33

Jun 1961

36.82

Sep 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

18,306.00

Sep 2017

18,017.91

Jun 2017

169.05

Mar 1960

22,057.67

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Money Supply M1

120,480.82

Nov 2017

120,826.36

Oct 2017

2,074.80

Mar 1965

132,547.77

Jul 2011

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1965 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

12.18

Sep 2017

12.02

Jun 2017

3.48

Dec 2003

13.52

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Population

61.14

2022

60.18

2021

29.08

1980

61.14

2022

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

9,600.41

2015

9,319.19

2014

6,872.00

2005

9,600.41

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

8.80

Jun 2017

8.80

Mar 2017

7.60

Dec 2013

12.10

Mar 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

999,223.86

2015

1,440,959.55

2014

388,281.69

2002

1,440,959.55

2014

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017