South Africa Real Effective Exchange Rate

1970 - 2021 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Data

South Africa Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: South Africa) was 85.2 in Mar 2021, compared with the number of 86.3 in the previous month. South Africa Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 143.5 from Jan 1970 to Mar 2021. The data reached an all-time high of 143.5 in Aug 1983 and a record low of 63.9 in Dec 2001. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. South African Reserve Bank provides Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2015=100. Producer Price Index for manufactured goods is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, South Africa Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: Treasury Bills Rate: 91 Days was reported at 3.6 % pa in Apr 2021. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Government Bond Yield: Month End: 10 Years and Over) was reported at 9.7 % pa in May 2021. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Repo Rate) was set at 3.5 % pa in Jun 2021. South Africa Exchange Rate against USD averaged 15.0 (ZAR/USD) in Mar 2021.

View South Africa's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1970 to Mar 2021 in the chart:

South Africa Real Effective Exchange Rate

What was South Africa's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Mar 2021?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
85.2 Mar 2021 86.3 Feb 2021 63.9 Dec 2001 143.5 Aug 1983 2005=100 monthly Jan 1970 - Mar 2021

Real Effective Exchange Rate by Country Comparison

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Includes Real Effective Exchange Rate on 92 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Algeria (2005=100) 84.7 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Argentina (2005=100) 72.9 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jun 2021
Armenia (2005=100) 132.1 May 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2021
Australia (2005=100) 100.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Austria (2005=100) 101.9 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Azerbaijan (2005=100) 125.9 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Jun 2021
Bahrain (2005=100) 92.9 May 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2021
Bangladesh (2005=100) 155.9 2016 yearly 1999 - 2016
Belarus (2005=100) 101.0 Dec 2014 monthly Jan 1996 - Dec 2014
Belgium (2005=100) 100.7 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Bolivia (2005=100) 53.8 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2021
Bosnia and Herzegovina (2005=100) 98.8 May 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2021
Botswana (Sep2016=100) 100.7 Feb 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Feb 2019
Brazil (2005=100) 72.6 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Apr 2021
Bulgaria (2005=100) 120.8 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Canada (2005=100) 94.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2021
Chile (2005=100) 107.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Jun 2021
China (2005=100) 150.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Colombia (2005=100) 121.4 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Jun 2021
Croatia (2005=100) 104.0 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
Cyprus (2005=100) 92.5 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Czech Republic (2005=100) 125.8 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2021
Denmark (2005=100) 100.7 May 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - May 2021
Ecuador (2007=100) 110.3 Nov 2017 monthly Jan 2011 - Nov 2017
Estonia (2005=100) 121.9 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
European Union (2005=100) 92.6 May 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2021
Finland (2005=100) 96.6 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
France (2005=100) 93.2 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Georgia (2005=100) 109.8 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Jun 2021
Germany (2005=100) 94.5 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Ghana (2005=100) 61.7 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2021
Greece (2005=100) 92.5 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (2005=100) 105.1 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Hungary (2005=100) 107.0 May 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2021
Iceland (2005=100) 84.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1979 - Jun 2021
India (2005=100) 114.3 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 2004 - Jun 2021
Indonesia (2005=100) 110.4 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Iran (2005=100) 235.5 May 2021 monthly Jan 1979 - May 2021
Ireland (2005=100) 85.8 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Israel (2005=100) 129.7 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Italy (2005=100) 93.2 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Ivory Coast (2005=100) 101.3 May 2021 monthly Dec 1979 - May 2021
Japan (2005=100) 71.2 May 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - May 2021
Kazakhstan (2005=100) 82.7 May 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - May 2021
Kenya (2005=100) 73.5 Aug 2015 monthly Oct 1997 - Aug 2015
South Korea (2005=100) 87.9 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Kosovo (Jan2007=100) 109.1 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 2006 - Apr 2021
Kyrgyzstan (2005=100) 122.8 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2021
Latvia (2005=100) 119.6 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Lithuania (2005=100) 118.1 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Luxembourg (2005=100) 101.7 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
North Macedonia (2005=100) 99.1 May 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2021
Malawi (2010=100) 89.4 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2021
Malaysia (2005=100) 91.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Malta (2005=100) 98.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Mexico (2005=100) 121.9 May 2021 monthly Jan 1968 - May 2021
Moldova (2005=100) 155.1 May 2021 monthly Nov 1993 - May 2021
Mongolia (2005=100) 104.0 May 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - May 2021
Morocco (2005=100) 95.1 May 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - May 2021
Netherlands (2005=100) 94.5 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
New Zealand (2005=100) 97.2 May 2021 monthly Jan 1984 - May 2021
Nigeria (2005=100) 130.8 May 2021 monthly Dec 1979 - May 2021
Norway (2005=100) 84.0 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Pakistan (2010=100) 102.3 May 2021 monthly Jan 2013 - May 2021
Paraguay (2005=100) 71.0 May 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - May 2021
Peru (2005=100) 113.0 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2021
Philippines (2005=100) 144.5 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Poland (2005=100) 95.5 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Portugal (2005=100) 93.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Romania (2005=100) 101.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Russia (2005=100) 95.1 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Saudi Arabia (2005=100) 119.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Serbia (2005=100) 127.5 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2021
Singapore (2005=100) 117.2 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Slovakia (2005=100) 128.9 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Slovenia (2005=100) 99.1 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
South Africa (2005=100) 85.2 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - Mar 2021
Spain (2005=100) 98.5 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Sri Lanka (2017=100) 83.6 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2021
Sweden (2005=100) 85.1 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Switzerland (2005=100) 110.5 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1973 - Jun 2021
Taiwan (2005=100) 95.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Thailand (2005=100) 122.5 May 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - May 2021
Tunisia (2005=100) 77.1 May 2021 monthly Jan 1979 - May 2021
Turkey (2005=100) 53.0 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Ukraine (2005=100) 89.2 May 2021 monthly Dec 1992 - May 2021
United Arab Emirates (2005=100) 115.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
United Kingdom (2005=100) 83.4 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
United States (Jan2006=100) 104.1 May 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - May 2021
Uruguay (2005=100) 59.1 May 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - May 2021
Venezuela (2005=100) 0.8 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Feb 2019
Zambia (2005=100) 164.2 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 2013 - Jan 2021

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South Africa Key Series

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Includes 280 key indicators for South Africa, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -10.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -1,991.220 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 6,748.124 May 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 25.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 274,108.7 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Apr 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 77.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1960 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (ZAR bn) 2,514.920 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (ZAR bn) 6,706.050 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (ZAR bn) 2,035.370 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
National Govt Expenditure (ZAR mn) 101,190.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2021
National Govt Revenue (ZAR mn) 95,746.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2021
National Govt Balance (ZAR mn) -5,444.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.900 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 3,887.6 May 2021 monthly Oct 2004 - May 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 11,642.5 May 2021 monthly Oct 2004 - May 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 54.8 May 2021 monthly Oct 2005 - May 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 1,433,116.818 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 312,384.960 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 111,087.670 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 7,754.9 May 2021 monthly Oct 2004 - May 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 26.7 May 2021 monthly Oct 2005 - May 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,892,656.542 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 637,748.835 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 755.859 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 1998 - Nov 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 360.447 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1,249.162 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,352.681 Apr 2021 monthly Sep 1999 - Apr 2021
Exports (ZAR mn) 163,508.900 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Exports: China (ZAR) 17,994,556,817.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Exports: United Kingdom (ZAR) 16,311,114,505.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Exports: Germany (ZAR) 13,918,955,010.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Exports: Japan (ZAR) 6,965,812,981.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Exports: United States (ZAR) 20,114,525,454.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Exports: Base Metals (ZAR mn) 12,834.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Exports: Mineral Products (ZAR mn) 37,203.200 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Exports: Machinery and Mechanical Appliances (ZAR mn) 10,221.100 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Exports: Chemical Products (ZAR mn) 10,187.500 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Exports: Natural Pearls and Precious Metal (ZAR mn) 47,468.800 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Imports (ZAR mn) 108,911.200 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Imports: Japan (ZAR) 3,270,094,525.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Imports: United Kingdom (ZAR) 2,461,315,292.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Imports: Germany (ZAR) 9,511,153,567.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Imports: China (ZAR) 19,485,782,621.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Imports: United States (ZAR) 7,077,772,585.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Apr 2021
Imports: Textiles (ZAR mn) 3,437.700 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Imports: Vehicles (ZAR mn) 9,812.400 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Imports: Chemical Products (ZAR mn) 13,040.800 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Imports: Mineral Products (ZAR mn) 19,500.200 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Imports: Machinery and Mechanical Appliances (ZAR mn) 22,211.300 May 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - May 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -757.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 4,467.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 5.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 410.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -429.793 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1985 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -743.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 2,286.573 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 170,836.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1985 - Dec 2020
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 56.5 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 27,788.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2020
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 9.2 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -11.558 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 109,692.833 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
BoP: Current Account: Less Imports: Merchandise (ZAR mn) 307,774.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account (ZAR mn) -64,658.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: PI: Net: Assets (ZAR mn) -39,784.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Exports: Merchandise (ZAR mn) 372,054.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Less Payments: Services (ZAR mn) 35,812.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment: Net (ZAR mn) 17,467.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Receipts: Income (ZAR mn) 46,589.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: Capital Transfers Account (ZAR mn) 54.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: PI: Net: Liabilities (ZAR mn) -6,430.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Receipts: Services (ZAR mn) 24,731.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Current Transfers (ZAR mn) -13,526.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (PI): Net (ZAR mn) -46,214.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Other Investment: Net: Financial Assets (ZAR mn) -29,298.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Reserve Assets (ZAR mn) 10,338.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: PI: Liabilities: Equity & Investment Fund Shares (ZAR mn) -15,687.000 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2018
BoP: Current Account: Exports: Net Gold (ZAR mn) 26,723.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Less Payments: Income (ZAR mn) 73,935.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment: Net: Financial Assets (ZAR mn) 11,329.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Other Investment: Net: Liabilities (ZAR mn) -12,310.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Financial Derivatives: Net: Financial Assets (ZAR mn) 75,300.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Financial Derivatives: Net (ZAR mn) -4,641.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Other Investment: Net (ZAR mn) -41,608.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Financial Derivatives: Net: Liabilities (ZAR mn) -79,941.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Net Direct Investment: Liabilities (ZAR mn) -8,219.000 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1985 - Dec 2018
BoP: saar: CA: Receipts: Services (ZAR mn) 96,922.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: saar: CA: Current Transfers (ZAR mn) -54,336.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: saar: CA: Exports: Net Gold (ZAR mn) 106,890.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: saar: CA: Less Payments: Income (ZAR mn) 223,703.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: saar: CA: Exports: Merchandise (ZAR mn) 1,580,904.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: saar: CA: Less Payments: Services (ZAR mn) 148,032.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: saar: CA: Receipts: Income (ZAR mn) 166,000.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: saar: Current Account (CA) (ZAR mn) 267,348.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
BoP: saar: CA: Less Imports: Merchandise (ZAR mn) 1,257,298.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct (ZAR mn) 1,925,533.000 2017 yearly 1956 - 2017
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 5.2 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Feb 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 47.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1969 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 15,982.471 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Mar 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 162,334.825 May 2021 monthly Mar 1965 - May 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 250,771.631 May 2021 monthly Mar 1965 - May 2021
M2 Growth (%) 3.7 May 2021 monthly Mar 1966 - May 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 2.5 Apr 2021 monthly Feb 1994 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 43,143.0 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 13.990 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 5.4 Apr 2021 monthly Oct 2004 - Apr 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 7,134.000 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Apr 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 314,545.245 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1986 - Mar 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 10.5 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 1987 - Dec 2020
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 319,411.0 May 2021 monthly Mar 1965 - May 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) -0.8 May 2021 monthly Mar 1966 - May 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 8.200 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Credit to Households (USD bn) 121.960 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2020
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 250.654 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1965 - Dec 2020
Household Debt (USD mn) 162,491.2 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1969 - Mar 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 302,751.485 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) -0.13 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Mar 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 80.57 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1965 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M3: sa (ZAR mn) 4,151,838.000 May 2021 monthly Mar 1965 - May 2021
Money Supply M3 (ZAR mn) 4,173,186.000 May 2021 monthly Mar 1965 - May 2021
Monetary Base (ZAR mn) 286,346.000 May 2021 monthly Mar 1965 - May 2021
Money Supply M3: M2: M1 (ZAR mn) 2,231,698.000 May 2021 monthly Mar 1965 - May 2021
Money Supply M3: M2 (ZAR mn) 3,447,483.000 May 2021 monthly Mar 1965 - May 2021
Official Reserve Assets: Gold (USD mn) 5,335.000 Jan 2019 monthly Jan 2001 - Jan 2019
Official Reserve Assets (USD mn) 54,473.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2021
Gold & Other Foreign Reserves: Memorandum Items: Gross (USD mn) 50,582.00 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1981 - Jun 2018
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 8.1 Jun 2021 monthly Sep 2000 - Jun 2021
Business Confidence Index: Quarterly: Manufacturers (%) 25.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1975 - Mar 2021
Composite Lagging Index: sa: 2015=100: Domestic (2015=100) 94.64 Mar 2018 monthly Jan 1960 - Mar 2018
Composite Coincident Index: sa: 2015=100: Domestic (2015=100) 102.50 Mar 2018 monthly Jan 1960 - Mar 2018
Composite Leading Index: sa: 2015=100: Domestic (2015=100) 105.88 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 1960 - Apr 2018
Building & Construction Survey: Composite Confidence (%) 24.500 Mar 2019 quarterly Jun 1986 - Mar 2019

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