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Malta Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2017 | monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Generated

Malta's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Malta) was 98.9 in Sep 2017, compared with the number of 99.0 in the previous month. Malta's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 106.3 from Jan 1993 to Sep 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 106.3 in Oct 2009 and a record low of 81.4 in Aug 1993. Malta joined the Euro Area on January 1st, 2008. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Malta's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Sep 2017. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Malta: ECB Harmonised) was reported at 1.3 % pa in Sep 2017. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Sep 2017. Malta's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.8 (EUR/USD) in Sep 2017.

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What was Malta's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Sep 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

98.9

Sep 2017

99.0

Aug 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017

View Malta's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Sep 2017 in the chart:

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More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

97.3

Sep 2017

98.4

Aug 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Canada

100.7

Sep 2017

98.3

Aug 2017

79.0

Nov 2001

122.7

Nov 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
France

92.7

Sep 2017

92.7

Aug 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Germany

92.5

Sep 2017

92.5

Aug 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Italy

94.8

Sep 2017

94.8

Aug 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Japan

76.2

Aug 2017

75.3

Jul 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
United Kingdom

78.5

Sep 2017

77.1

Aug 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Austria

99.6

Sep 2017

99.5

Aug 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Belgium

100.4

Sep 2017

100.4

Aug 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Bulgaria

113.0

Sep 2017

113.2

Aug 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Cyprus

93.5

Sep 2017

93.7

Aug 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Czech Republic

116.9

Sep 2017

116.9

Aug 2017

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Denmark

103.7

Jul 2017

102.7

Jun 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Estonia

119.3

Sep 2017

119.4

Aug 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

119.4

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Finland

97.0

Sep 2017

97.2

Aug 2017

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Greece

95.2

Sep 2017

95.4

Aug 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Hungary

98.9

Aug 2017

100.0

Jul 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Iceland

90.6

Sep 2017

91.9

Aug 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

108.5

Apr 1974

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ireland

88.6

Sep 2017

88.7

Aug 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Latvia

117.2

Sep 2017

117.4

Aug 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Lithuania

114.4

Sep 2017

114.6

Aug 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Argentina

56.2

Sep 2017

57.2

Aug 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Luxembourg

99.3

Sep 2017

99.3

Aug 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Malta

98.9

Sep 2017

99.0

Aug 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Bolivia

58.1

Aug 2017

58.0

Jul 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Netherlands

92.2

Sep 2017

92.3

Aug 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Norway

88.1

Sep 2017

88.0

Aug 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Brazil

112.6

Aug 2017

112.4

Jul 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Poland

94.0

Sep 2017

94.1

Aug 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Chile

97.0

Aug 2017

97.9

Jul 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Portugal

95.9

Sep 2017

96.0

Aug 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Colombia

111.9

Sep 2017

113.8

Aug 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Romania

96.6

Sep 2017

97.5

Aug 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Slovakia

125.3

Sep 2017

125.3

Aug 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Slovenia

98.9

Sep 2017

99.0

Aug 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ecuador

106.5

Sep 2017

104.5

Aug 2017

85.1

Mar 2015

106.5

Sep 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Mexico

120.9

Aug 2017

120.0

Jul 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Spain

97.5

Sep 2017

97.6

Aug 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Sweden

89.8

Sep 2017

89.8

Aug 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Paraguay

61.2

Aug 2017

60.3

Jul 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Switzerland

113.7

Sep 2017

114.4

Aug 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Peru

92.8

Sep 2017

91.7

Aug 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Uruguay

57.3

Aug 2017

57.0

Jul 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Venezuela

2,701.0

Sep 2017

2,466.0

Aug 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

2,701.0

Sep 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Algeria

92.7

Sep 2017

95.4

Aug 2017

92.7

Sep 2017

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Australia

107.4

Sep 2017

107.5

Aug 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.9

Aug 2017

102.8

Jul 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

228.4

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
China

143.6

Sep 2017

141.7

Aug 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Botswana

100.5

Jul 2017

100.6

Jun 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Hong Kong

104.8

Sep 2017

105.4

Aug 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
India

114.6

Sep 2017

116.0

Aug 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

117.0

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Israel

123.5

Sep 2017

122.3

Aug 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Indonesia

115.6

Sep 2017

116.1

Aug 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
South Korea

89.8

Sep 2017

90.7

Aug 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Malaysia

92.1

Sep 2017

91.6

Aug 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
New Zealand

99.4

Aug 2017

101.3

Jul 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Pakistan

124.4

Aug 2017

125.8

Jul 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Philippines

128.1

Sep 2017

128.9

Aug 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Singapore

120.5

Sep 2017

120.6

Aug 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Sri Lanka

143.0

Aug 2017

144.6

Jul 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Taiwan

91.3

Sep 2017

91.9

Aug 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Thailand

120.9

Aug 2017

120.3

Jul 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Armenia

122.1

Aug 2017

123.2

Jul 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Azerbaijan

114.4

Aug 2017

115.6

Jul 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

96.7

Jul 2017

96.5

Jun 2017

96.4

Sep 2016

106.1

Jan 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Croatia

102.5

Aug 2017

102.7

Jul 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Georgia

111.7

Sep 2017

116.0

Aug 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Kazakhstan

89.4

Aug 2017

92.5

Jul 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Kyrgyzstan

116.7

Aug 2017

115.1

Jul 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Macedonia

99.7

Aug 2017

99.8

Jul 2017

93.2

Dec 1993

165.3

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Moldova

146.1

Aug 2017

145.0

Jul 2017

47.1

Nov 1993

154.1

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Mongolia

109.9

Aug 2017

114.5

Jul 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Russia

107.4

Sep 2017

105.4

Aug 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Serbia

122.6

Sep 2017

122.6

Aug 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Turkey

80.0

Sep 2017

79.4

Aug 2017

77.6

Jan 2017

113.2

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ukraine

77.3

Aug 2017

76.7

Jul 2017

45.0

Apr 1993

234.2

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Morocco

95.7

Aug 2017

95.8

Jul 2017

90.7

Sep 1990

113.4

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Nigeria

124.5

Aug 2017

123.0

Jul 2017

51.7

Mar 1992

718.3

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Saudi Arabia

122.9

Sep 2017

124.0

Aug 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
South Africa

87.1

Jul 2017

89.1

Jun 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Tunisia

79.8

Aug 2017

79.6

Jul 2017

79.6

Jul 2017

258.1

Jun 1975

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1975 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
United Arab Emirates

122.5

Sep 2017

123.0

Aug 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ivory Coast

101.0

Aug 2017

100.8

Jul 2017

66.5

Jan 1994

137.0

Dec 1979

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
European Union

90.6

Sep 2017

90.7

Aug 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Iran

159.2

Aug 2017

158.1

Jul 2017

67.7

Aug 1992

515.1

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Kosovo

104.9

Jul 2017

104.6

Jun 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017

More Indicators for Malta

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

58.0

2016

60.6

2015

34.4

1995

72.0

2004

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

6.5

Sep 2017

5.9

Aug 2017

-31.6

Mar 2009

18.8

Mar 2008

% Point

monthly

Nov 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

840.0

Jun 2017

622.4

Mar 2017

-1,753.6

Dec 2013

9,217.9

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Total Imports Growth

-22.6

Aug 2017

-27.8

Jul 2017

-56.9

Feb 2017

102.3

Jul 2012

%

monthly

Oct 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Money Supply M2

21,595.05

Jul 2017

20,853.30

Jun 2017

3,066.63

Feb 1993

21,595.05

Jul 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1992 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

5.35

2022

5.07

2021

1.53

2000

5.35

2022

EUR bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

6.4

Jun 2017

6.2

Mar 2017

-3.7

Jun 2009

10.4

Dec 2014

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

3.22

Jun 2017

3.39

Mar 2017

-4.75

Jun 2009

8.23

Dec 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

3.0

Aug 2017

2.0

Jul 2017

-3.4

Sep 2014

16.1

Jun 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

42.4

2016

43.1

2015

28.5

2002

67.5

2005

%

yearly

2002 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Total Imports

449.6

Aug 2017

570.3

Jul 2017

174.3

Aug 1997

1,131.4

Nov 2011

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

1.67

Aug 2017

2.22

Jul 2017

-4.18

Oct 2004

11.29

Mar 2009

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

32,328.16

2022

31,004.09

2021

8,943.68

1995

32,328.16

2022

USD

yearly

1995 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

7.51

2016

13.71

2015

7.51

2016

13.71

2015

USD th

yearly

2015 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

15.9

Jun 2017

16.5

Mar 2017

14.6

Sep 2016

24.8

Mar 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Retail Sales Growth

4.3

Mar 2017

1.3

Dec 2016

-10.3

Dec 2002

17.2

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Domestic Credit

15,362.9

Aug 2017

14,965.3

Jul 2017

11,087.6

Nov 2008

16,831.1

Apr 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2008 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

3.8

2016

4.3

2015

1.7

2008

8.1

2003

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Visitor Arrivals

251,066

Jul 2017

226,333

Jun 2017

40,412

Dec 2005

253,330

Aug 2016

Person

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Core CPI Change

1.18

Aug 2017

1.08

Jul 2017

-0.49

Apr 2007

5.01

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

5.28

2022

5.00

2021

1.77

2000

5.28

2022

EUR bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

824.00

Dec 2016

428.00

Jun 2016

256.00

Jun 2012

1,602.00

Dec 2011

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Population

0.4

2016

0.4

2015

0.3

1959

0.4

2016

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Capital Adequacy Ratio

21.1

2016

21.8

2015

17.8

2008

56.8

2011

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

48.3

2016

48.9

2015

29.9

2003

52.7

2012

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Sep 2017

-0.33

Aug 2017

-0.33

Jun 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Gold Reserves

4.06

Aug 2017

3.94

Jul 2017

0.00

Jun 1968

200.00

Dec 1988

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1968 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

5.95

2022

6.01

2021

1.25

1995

6.08

2020

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

7,333.00

Dec 2016

4,085.00

Jun 2016

2,841.00

Jun 2013

7,333.00

Dec 2016

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

2.1

Jun 2017

1.7

Mar 2017

0.1

Jun 2004

4.5

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Unemployment Rate

4.10

Jun 2017

4.20

Mar 2017

4.10

Jun 2017

8.20

Sep 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

-1,657.6

Jun 2017

-1,613.0

Mar 2017

-2,512.3

Jun 2014

4,272.4

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

1.23

Aug 2017

1.36

Jul 2017

0.59

Oct 2016

6.30

Oct 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Total Exports

240.9

Aug 2017

256.5

Jul 2017

115.7

Apr 1997

907.8

Nov 2011

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Bank Lending Rate

3.64

Jul 2017

3.65

Jun 2017

3.64

Jul 2017

8.09

Jan 1999

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

8.3

Sep 2017

11.8

Aug 2017

-41.3

Apr 2011

11.8

Aug 2017

% Point

monthly

Nov 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
External Debt: % of GDP

871.0

2016

960.4

2015

495.3

2004

1,151.4

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

3.7

Aug 2017

3.4

Jul 2017

-9.7

Oct 2007

9.5

Oct 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Trade Balance

-208.7

Aug 2017

-313.7

Jul 2017

-627.9

Feb 2016

-3.5

Sep 1986

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1960 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Tax Revenue

678.98

Mar 2017

836.76

Dec 2016

178.86

Mar 1999

888.15

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

54,217.68

2022

51,650.43

2021

6,101.04

1980

54,217.68

2022

Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

14.6

Jun 2017

12.7

Mar 2017

-9.9

Mar 2009

36.7

Jun 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

5.6

Sep 2017

10.5

Aug 2017

-32.5

Jan 2004

34.3

Nov 2013

% Point

monthly

Nov 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

0.839

Sep 2017

0.847

Aug 2017

0.635

Jul 2008

1.181

Feb 1985

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves

644.9

Sep 2017

673.0

Aug 2017

56.8

Feb 1961

3,722.7

Nov 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

12.4

Aug 2017

11.4

Jul 2017

-25.1

Oct 2002

31.3

Mar 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.04

2022

3.03

2021

-2.44

2009

8.31

2014

%

yearly

2001 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

1.0

2016

-1.3

2015

-9.3

1998

1.0

2016

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.2

Sep 2017

1.2

Aug 2017

-1.1

Apr 2007

5.7

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
External Debt

96,251.3

Jun 2017

93,677.4

Mar 2017

22,903.5

Mar 2004

120,929.5

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Gross National Product

2,720.48

Jun 2017

2,496.95

Mar 2017

841.54

Dec 2000

2,818.48

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Gross Savings Rate

37.6

Jun 2017

35.3

Mar 2017

13.6

Dec 2001

38.4

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

69.9

Jun 2017

68.7

Mar 2017

57.2

Dec 2006

70.0

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

16.6

Jun 2017

5.8

Mar 2017

-29.5

Dec 2000

16.6

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
M2 Growth

13.6

Apr/2017

13.8

Mar/2017

-4.3

Nov/2009

19.2

Jun/2015

%

monthly

Jan/2009 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Sep 2017

1.0

Aug 2017

1.0

Sep 2017

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

1,358.94

Jun 2017

1,305.91

Mar 2017

344.78

Mar 1993

1,470.82

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Employment

0.20

2018

0.19

2017

0.11

1983

0.20

2018

Person mn

yearly

1983 - 2018

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

17.2

Jun 2017

24.4

Mar 2017

9.1

Sep 2002

31.2

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Business Confidence Growth

-3.6

Sep 2017

3.6

Aug 2017

-50.4

Mar 2009

33.7

Nov 2007

% Point

monthly

Nov 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

28.7

Jun 2017

23.0

Mar 2017

-66.9

Dec 2013

478.8

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Policy Rate

0.00

Sep 2017

0.00

Aug 2017

0.00

Sep 2017

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

544.59

Jun 2017

619.48

Mar 2017

133.09

Jun 2002

746.95

Jun 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

1.38

2022

1.32

2021

-0.64

2006

1.38

2022

USD bn

yearly

1995 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

4.80

2022

4.80

2021

4.40

2017

12.50

1984

%

yearly

1983 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

567.73

2016

770.10

2015

143.96

2010

5,991.26

1998

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

5.2

Aug 2017

-0.3

Jul 2017

-22.9

Feb 2009

17.3

Jul 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
External Debt: Short Term

30,608.9

Jun 2017

30,546.9

Mar 2017

13,665.8

Mar 2004

58,703.8

Sep 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Tourism Revenue

1,367

2015

1,521

2014

704

2001

1,521

2014

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Employed Persons

247,095.00

Mar 2017

245,794.00

Feb 2017

169,652.00

Jan 2003

247,095.00

Mar 2017

Person

monthly

Oct 2002 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

2.9

2016

12.7

2015

-21.5

2010

40.5

2011

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

1.80

2022

1.80

2021

-0.93

1983

11.61

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.25

2022

3.25

2021

-3.98

2001

19.41

2008

%

yearly

2001 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

62,681.50

2016

58,071.65

2015

20,685.60

1997

69,639.90

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

11,315.98

2016

10,473.47

2015

4,918.28

1998

14,057.30

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

3,003,003.04

2014

2,848,004.79

2013

2,323,941.00

2009

3,003,003.04

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2014

Updated on 2015
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

48.24

2017

51.87

2016

25.70

2005

54.68

2015

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

2.00

2016

0.37

2015

0.37

2015

3.28

2014

USD th

yearly

2011 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

23,667.34

2016

21,682.53

2015

111.60

1998

26,538.93

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

25,134.34

2016

23,820.85

2015

10,343.27

2001

26,242.82

2014

USD

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

46.5

Jun 2017

48.2

Mar 2017

46.5

Jun 2017

65.9

Mar 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Total Deposits

49,018.59

Aug 2017

47,601.71

Jul 2017

17,223.44

Nov 2003

58,925.85

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

502,573.94

2015

579,302.68

2014

502,573.94

2015

1,439,937.04

2000

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

39,952.47

2016

40,654.61

2015

10,475.80

1995

43,297.56

2003

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

2,472.63

2016

2,993.03

2015

90.82

1999

15,152.50

1995

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

115.90

Mar 2017

122.56

Dec 2016

62.04

Jun 2005

122.56

Dec 2016

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

5.20

Mar 2017

5.34

Dec 2016

-7.66

Dec 2009

29.76

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

105.97

Mar 2017

111.54

Dec 2016

69.84

Jun 2005

111.54

Dec 2016

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

3.53

Mar 2017

4.59

Dec 2016

-7.32

Dec 2009

28.56

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

3,266.06

2016

3,020.74

2015

373.45

2003

4,677.65

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

5,000.00

2015

6,000.00

2014

5,000.00

2015

9,000.00

2011

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Building Permits

750.00

Dec 2016

1,043.00

Nov 2016

90.00

Dec 2013

1,388.00

Oct 2007

Unit

monthly

Jan 2000 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
National Government Debt

6,308.9

Mar 2017

6,216.5

Dec 2016

2,357.6

Sep 2000

7,906.4

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Monthly Earnings

1,655

Jun 2017

1,601

Mar 2017

833

Dec 2000

1,837

Jun 2014

USD

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Household Income per Capita

13,269.96

2015

13,904.68

2013

8,465.86

2005

13,904.68

2013

USD

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Current Account Balance

484.6

Jun 2017

156.7

Mar 2017

-304.2

Mar 2009

484.6

Jun 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Electricity Production

175

Dec 2015

168

Nov 2015

60

Apr 1985

245

Aug 2012

GWh

monthly

Jan 1985 - Dec 2015

Updated on Oct 2016
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

280.1

2016

361.8

2015

274.6

2004

493.7

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liquid Assets Ratio

35.4

2016

31.2

2015

15.1

2010

35.4

2016

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt

5,906.0

Aug 2017

5,717.1

Jul 2017

1,617.2

Oct 2003

5,906.0

Aug 2017

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

8,157

2016

7,929

2015

5,004

2010

8,157

2016

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1.5

Aug 2017

1.2

Jul 2017

0.2

Nov 2011

9.9

Jan 2004

NA

monthly

Oct 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

84.30

Jun 2017

-79.51

Mar 2017

-886.28

Mar 2015

1,472.69

Mar 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Total Exports Growth

-22.9

Aug 2017

-56.9

Jul 2017

-56.9

Jul 2017

133.2

Nov 2011

%

monthly

Oct 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

-10.1

2015

8.5

2014

-16.9

2009

22.7

2007

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

8.53

Jun 2017

8.02

Mar 2017

-1.18

Jun 2009

13.07

Dec 2014

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

464.64

Jun 2017

447.68

Mar 2017

110.13

Mar 1993

560.72

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Money Supply M1

16,988.49

Jul 2017

16,256.32

Jun 2017

614.08

Mar 1985

16,988.49

Jul 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

5.22

Jun 2017

4.81

Mar 2017

2.18

Jun 2010

48.38

Dec 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Forecast: Population

0.44

2022

0.44

2021

0.32

1980

0.44

2022

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

324.52

2015

314.74

2014

252.00

2005

324.52

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

581,412.03

2015

754,238.81

2014

581,412.03

2015

1,551,378.03

2000

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017