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Malta Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2017 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

Malta's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Malta) was 99.0 in Dec 2017, compared with the number of 98.9 in the previous month. Malta's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 106.3 from Jan 1993 to Dec 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 106.3 in Oct 2009 and a record low of 81.4 in Aug 1993. Malta joined the Euro Area on January 1st, 2008. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, Malta's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Dec 2017. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Malta: ECB Harmonised) was reported at 1.1 % pa in Dec 2017. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Dec 2017. Malta's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.8 (EUR/USD) in Dec 2017.

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What was Malta's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Dec 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

99.0

Dec 2017

98.9

Nov 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018

View Malta's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Dec 2017 in the chart:

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HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Malta

Series Details
Series ID

238294203

Name

HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Malta

Country

Malta

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generate

First Date

Jan 1993

Last Date

Jan 2018

Last Updated

12 Feb 2018

Statistics
Mean

95.40

Variance

38.86

Standard deviation

6.23

Skewness

-0.57

Kurtosis

-0.57

Coefficient variation

0.07

Median

96.76

Max
Oct 2009

106.28

Min
Aug 1993

81.39

Previous observation
Dec 2017

98.80

Last observation
Jan 2018

99.22

Number of Observations

301

Get This Data

More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

99.5

Dec 2017

99.8

Nov 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Canada

95.5

Sep 2017

93.6

Aug 2017

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
France

92.7

Dec 2017

92.7

Nov 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Germany

92.4

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Italy

94.2

Dec 2017

94.1

Nov 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Japan

73.3

Dec 2017

74.2

Nov 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
United Kingdom

79.9

Dec 2017

79.2

Nov 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Austria

100.2

Dec 2017

100.0

Nov 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Belgium

100.5

Dec 2017

100.4

Nov 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bulgaria

113.7

Dec 2017

113.7

Nov 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Cyprus

92.5

Dec 2017

92.5

Nov 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Czech Republic

119.3

Dec 2017

119.8

Nov 2017

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Denmark

103.8

Oct 2017

103.8

Sep 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Estonia

120.3

Dec 2017

119.9

Nov 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

120.3

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Finland

97.4

Dec 2017

97.1

Nov 2017

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Greece

94.5

Dec 2017

94.6

Nov 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Hungary

102.0

Dec 2017

101.5

Nov 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Iceland

92.9

Dec 2017

93.9

Nov 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ireland

87.9

Dec 2017

87.8

Nov 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Latvia

117.5

Dec 2017

117.5

Nov 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Lithuania

114.8

Dec 2017

114.6

Nov 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Argentina

54.1

Dec 2017

54.4

Nov 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Luxembourg

99.3

Dec 2017

99.1

Nov 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Malta

99.0

Dec 2017

98.9

Nov 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bolivia

57.6

Nov 2017

57.1

Oct 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Netherlands

92.0

Dec 2017

91.9

Nov 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Norway

83.5

Dec 2017

85.6

Nov 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Brazil

109.2

Dec 2017

109.8

Nov 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Poland

96.3

Dec 2017

95.7

Nov 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Chile

96.6

Dec 2017

95.6

Nov 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Portugal

95.7

Dec 2017

95.7

Nov 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Colombia

113.5

Dec 2017

114.5

Nov 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Romania

98.4

Dec 2017

98.3

Nov 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Slovakia

125.5

Dec 2017

125.4

Nov 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Slovenia

99.1

Dec 2017

99.0

Nov 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ecuador

111.6

Dec 2017

110.3

Nov 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

111.6

Dec 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Mexico

125.9

Nov 2017

125.6

Oct 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Spain

97.9

Nov 2017

97.7

Oct 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Sweden

86.3

Dec 2017

86.8

Nov 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Paraguay

60.4

Nov 2017

61.1

Oct 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Switzerland

111.9

Dec 2017

112.1

Nov 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Peru

92.8

Dec 2017

92.4

Nov 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Uruguay

58.0

Nov 2017

58.5

Oct 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Venezuela

3,534.2

Dec 2017

3,326.5

Nov 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

3,534.2

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Algeria

91.3

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

91.3

Dec 2017

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Australia

103.8

Dec 2017

104.0

Nov 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.3

Dec 2017

102.7

Nov 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

225.0

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
China

144.2

Dec 2017

143.8

Nov 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Botswana

100.1

Oct 2017

100.2

Sep 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Hong Kong

104.9

Dec 2017

105.5

Nov 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
India

118.6

Dec 2017

118.2

Nov 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

118.8

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Israel

124.9

Dec 2017

125.2

Nov 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Indonesia

114.2

Dec 2017

114.4

Nov 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
South Korea

93.6

Dec 2017

92.3

Nov 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Malaysia

96.1

Dec 2017

94.6

Nov 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
New Zealand

96.5

Oct 2017

97.8

Sep 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Pakistan

126.4

Nov 2017

125.8

Oct 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Philippines

130.5

Dec 2017

129.5

Nov 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Singapore

120.9

Dec 2017

120.7

Nov 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Sri Lanka

144.8

Nov 2017

143.8

Oct 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Taiwan

92.5

Dec 2017

92.8

Nov 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Thailand

123.0

Nov 2017

122.0

Oct 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Armenia

124.2

Nov 2017

121.5

Oct 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Azerbaijan

117.8

Nov 2017

116.2

Oct 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

97.1

Oct 2017

96.6

Sep 2017

96.3

Oct 2016

106.0

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Croatia

103.2

Nov 2017

102.6

Oct 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Georgia

109.8

Dec 2017

107.4

Nov 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kazakhstan

92.0

Nov 2017

89.2

Oct 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kyrgyzstan

117.9

Nov 2017

118.1

Oct 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Macedonia

103.2

Dec 2017

103.0

Nov 2017

92.8

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Moldova

144.0

Dec 2017

144.7

Nov 2017

46.8

Nov 1993

154.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Mongolia

111.8

Nov 2017

111.5

Oct 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Russia

106.6

Dec 2017

106.5

Nov 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Serbia

122.5

Dec 2017

122.8

Nov 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Turkey

75.1

Dec 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

113.4

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ukraine

74.6

Dec 2017

76.6

Nov 2017

44.8

Apr 1993

233.1

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Morocco

97.6

Dec 2017

98.2

Nov 2017

89.9

Sep 1990

112.9

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Nigeria

128.0

Dec 2017

127.6

Nov 2017

51.0

Mar 1992

703.1

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Saudi Arabia

122.0

Dec 2017

123.5

Nov 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
South Africa

83.1

Oct 2017

85.5

Sep 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Tunisia

78.5

Dec 2017

78.6

Nov 2017

78.4

Sep 2017

218.6

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
United Arab Emirates

121.8

Dec 2017

123.9

Nov 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ivory Coast

100.1

Dec 2017

99.9

Nov 2017

66.2

Jan 1994

136.1

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
European Union

90.5

Dec 2017

90.3

Nov 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Iran

145.5

Dec 2017

147.6

Nov 2017

67.4

Aug 1992

629.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kosovo

104.3

Dec 2017

104.6

Nov 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018

More Indicators for Malta

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

57.7

2016

60.3

2015

34.4

1995

72.0

2004

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Business Confidence: Net Balance

6.0

Jan 2018

13.0

Dec 2017

-31.6

Mar 2009

18.8

Mar 2008

% Point

monthly

Nov 2002 - Jan 2018

Updated on Jan 2018
Foreign Direct Investment

839.7

Jun 2017

622.4

Mar 2017

-1,753.6

Dec 2013

9,217.9

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Total Imports Growth

15.2

Dec 2017

8.9

Nov 2017

-56.9

Feb 2017

102.3

Jul 2012

%

monthly

Oct 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Money Supply M2

22,215.00

Nov 2017

22,024.14

Oct 2017

3,066.63

Feb 1993

22,215.00

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1992 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

5.35

2022

5.07

2021

1.53

2000

5.35

2022

EUR bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

54.22

2016

53.39

2015

2.95

1960

58.38

2009

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

7.2

Sep 2017

7.9

Jun 2017

-3.7

Jun 2009

10.4

Dec 2014

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

3.94

Sep 2017

5.25

Jun 2017

-4.75

Jun 2009

8.25

Dec 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Domestic Credit Growth

1.8

Nov 2017

2.7

Oct 2017

-3.4

Sep 2014

16.1

Jun 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

42.4

2016

43.2

2015

28.5

2002

67.5

2005

%

yearly

2002 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Total Imports

579.7

Nov 2017

636.4

Oct 2017

174.3

Aug 1997

1,131.4

Nov 2011

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

2.23

Nov 2017

2.26

Oct 2017

-4.18

Oct 2004

11.29

Mar 2009

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

37,384.47

2022

35,732.00

2021

8,943.68

1995

37,384.47

2022

USD

yearly

1995 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

7.51

2016

13.71

2015

7.51

2016

13.71

2015

USD th

yearly

2015 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

15.6

Sep 2017

16.1

Jun 2017

14.5

Sep 2016

24.8

Mar 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Retail Sales Growth

4.7

Jun 2017

4.4

Mar 2017

-10.3

Dec 2002

17.2

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Domestic Credit

15,234.1

Nov 2017

15,343.1

Oct 2017

11,087.6

Nov 2008

16,831.1

Apr 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2008 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

3.8

2016

4.3

2015

1.7

2008

8.1

2003

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Visitor Arrivals

240,113

Oct 2017

235,881

Sep 2017

40,412

Dec 2005

284,844

Aug 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Core CPI Change

1.43

Nov 2017

1.42

Oct 2017

-0.49

Apr 2007

5.01

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

5.28

2022

5.00

2021

1.77

2000

5.28

2022

EUR bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

824.00

Dec 2016

428.00

Jun 2016

256.00

Jun 2012

1,602.00

Dec 2011

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Population

0.4

2016

0.4

2015

0.3

1959

0.4

2016

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Capital Adequacy Ratio

21.2

2016

21.8

2015

17.8

2008

56.8

2011

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Household Debt: % of GDP

48.4

2016

49.0

2015

29.9

2003

52.7

2012

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Jan 2018

-0.33

Dec 2017

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Gold Reserves

4.03

Dec 2017

3.98

Nov 2017

0.00

Jun 1968

200.00

Dec 1988

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1968 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Forecast: Government Net Debt

5.95

2022

6.01

2021

1.25

1995

6.08

2020

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

7,333.00

Dec 2016

4,085.00

Jun 2016

2,841.00

Jun 2013

7,333.00

Dec 2016

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

2.3

Sep 2017

2.0

Jun 2017

0.1

Jun 2004

4.5

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Unemployment Rate

4.00

Sep 2017

4.10

Jun 2017

4.00

Sep 2017

8.20

Sep 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

-1,776.9

Sep 2017

-1,657.6

Jun 2017

-2,512.3

Jun 2014

4,272.4

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

1.29

Jan 2018

1.07

Dec 2017

0.59

Oct 2016

6.30

Oct 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Total Exports

317.8

Nov 2017

354.6

Oct 2017

115.7

Apr 1997

907.8

Nov 2011

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bank Lending Rate

3.61

Dec 2017

3.59

Nov 2017

3.59

Nov 2017

8.09

Jan 1999

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

24.5

Jan 2018

22.5

Dec 2017

-41.3

Apr 2011

24.5

Jan 2018

% Point

monthly

Nov 2002 - Jan 2018

Updated on Jan 2018
External Debt: % of GDP

872.4

2016

961.3

2015

495.3

2004

1,151.8

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

4.0

Dec 2017

4.1

Nov 2017

-9.7

Oct 2007

9.5

Oct 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Trade Balance

-261.9

Nov 2017

-281.8

Oct 2017

-627.9

Feb 2016

-3.5

Sep 1986

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1960 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Tax Revenue

943.47

Sep 2017

793.75

Jun 2017

178.86

Mar 1999

943.47

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

55,654.22

2022

52,997.61

2021

6,102.85

1980

55,654.22

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

8.8

Dec 2017

11.5

Sep 2017

-9.9

Mar 2009

36.7

Jun 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Consumer Confidence Growth

24.4

Jan 2018

20.8

Dec 2017

-32.5

Jan 2004

34.3

Nov 2013

% Point

monthly

Nov 2003 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Exchange Rate against USD

0.820

Jan 2018

0.845

Dec 2017

0.635

Jul 2008

1.181

Feb 1985

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Foreign Exchange Reserves

666.6

Dec 2017

653.1

Nov 2017

56.8

Feb 1961

3,722.7

Nov 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1960 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Visitor Arrivals Growth

15.0

Dec 2017

15.8

Nov 2017

-25.1

Oct 2002

31.3

Mar 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.24

2022

3.29

2021

-2.44

2009

8.17

2014

%

yearly

2001 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

1.1

2016

-1.1

2015

-9.3

1998

1.1

2016

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.3

Dec 2017

1.5

Nov 2017

-1.1

Apr 2007

5.7

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
External Debt

105,249.6

Sep 2017

96,252.1

Jun 2017

22,903.5

Mar 2004

120,929.8

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross National Product

3,120.20

Sep 2017

2,780.98

Jun 2017

841.54

Dec 2000

3,120.20

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Gross Savings Rate

39.7

Sep 2017

38.0

Jun 2017

13.6

Dec 2001

39.7

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Labour Force Participation Rate

71.1

Sep 2017

69.9

Jun 2017

57.2

Dec 2006

71.1

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

15.7

Sep 2017

16.3

Jun 2017

-29.5

Dec 2000

16.3

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
M2 Growth

13.6

Apr/2017

13.8

Mar/2017

-4.3

Nov/2009

19.2

Jun/2015

%

monthly

Jan/2009 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Jan 2018

1.0

Dec 2017

1.0

Jan 2018

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Private Consumption Expenditure

1,488.06

Sep 2017

1,356.03

Jun 2017

344.78

Mar 1993

1,488.06

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Employment

0.20

2018

0.20

2017

0.11

1983

0.20

2018

Person mn

yearly

1983 - 2018

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

19.4

Sep 2017

17.2

Jun 2017

9.1

Sep 2002

31.2

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Business Confidence Growth

-1.0

Jan 2018

5.5

Dec 2017

-50.4

Mar 2009

33.7

Nov 2007

% Point

monthly

Nov 2003 - Jan 2018

Updated on Feb 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

29.7

Sep 2017

27.5

Jun 2017

-66.9

Dec 2013

478.8

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Policy Rate

0.00

Jan 2018

0.00

Dec 2017

0.00

Jan 2018

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jan 2018

Updated on Jan 2018
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

655.71

Sep 2017

546.91

Jun 2017

133.09

Jun 2002

745.77

Jun 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

1.38

2022

1.32

2021

-0.64

2006

1.38

2022

USD bn

yearly

1995 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

4.80

2022

4.80

2021

4.40

2017

12.50

1984

%

yearly

1983 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

175.16

2016

768.95

2015

143.96

2010

5,991.26

1998

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

0.5

Nov 2017

-0.8

Oct 2017

-22.9

Feb 2009

17.2

Jul 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
External Debt: Short Term

34,266.1

Sep 2017

30,620.3

Jun 2017

13,665.8

Mar 2004

53,690.2

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tourism Revenue

1,367

2015

1,521

2014

704

2001

1,521

2014

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Employed Persons

258,002.00

Aug 2017

257,545.00

Jul 2017

169,652.00

Jan 2003

258,002.00

Aug 2017

Person

monthly

Oct 2002 - Aug 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

2.9

2016

12.7

2015

-21.5

2010

40.5

2011

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

1.80

2022

1.80

2021

-0.93

1983

11.61

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.25

2022

3.25

2021

-3.98

2001

19.41

2008

%

yearly

2001 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

62,681.50

2016

58,071.65

2015

20,685.60

1997

69,639.90

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

11,315.98

2016

10,473.47

2015

4,918.28

1998

14,057.30

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

539,589.00

2016

524,161.00

2015

0.00

1990

556,652.00

2013

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

3,140,000.00

2016

3,023,900.00

2015

2,323,941.00

2009

3,140,000.00

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

48.24

2017

51.87

2016

25.70

2005

54.68

2015

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

2.00

2016

0.37

2015

0.37

2015

3.28

2014

USD th

yearly

2011 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

23,667.34

2016

21,682.53

2015

111.60

1998

26,538.93

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

25,092.30

2016

23,798.66

2015

10,343.27

2001

26,225.57

2014

USD

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

44.8

Sep 2017

45.8

Jun 2017

44.8

Sep 2017

65.9

Mar 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Total Deposits

48,844.66

Nov 2017

49,165.28

Oct 2017

17,223.44

Nov 2003

58,925.85

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

502,573.94

2015

579,302.68

2014

502,573.94

2015

1,439,937.04

2000

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

39,952.47

2016

40,654.61

2015

10,475.80

1995

43,297.56

2003

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

2,472.63

2016

2,993.03

2015

90.82

1999

15,152.50

1995

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

119.16

Jun 2017

115.67

Mar 2017

62.04

Jun 2005

122.77

Dec 2016

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

5.55

Jun 2017

5.00

Mar 2017

-7.66

Dec 2009

29.76

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

107.91

Jun 2017

105.76

Mar 2017

69.84

Jun 2005

111.73

Dec 2016

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

4.14

Jun 2017

3.32

Mar 2017

-7.32

Dec 2009

28.56

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

234,383.00

2016

230,226.00

2015

9,268.00

1960

247,635.00

2010

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

124.82

2016

121.55

2015

0.00

1990

129.75

2013

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

3,266.06

2016

3,020.74

2015

373.45

2003

4,677.65

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

5,000.00

2015

6,000.00

2014

5,000.00

2015

9,000.00

2011

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Building Permits

750.00

Dec 2016

1,043.00

Nov 2016

90.00

Dec 2013

1,388.00

Oct 2007

Unit

monthly

Jan 2000 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
National Government Debt

6,851.9

Sep 2017

6,437.9

Jun 2017

2,357.6

Sep 2000

7,874.0

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Monthly Earnings

1,749

Sep 2017

1,655

Jun 2017

833

Dec 2000

1,837

Jun 2014

USD

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Nominal GDP

3,324.7

Sep 2017

2,959.8

Jun 2017

558.9

Mar 1993

3,324.7

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Household Income per Capita

13,269.96

2015

13,904.68

2013

8,465.86

2005

13,904.68

2013

USD

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2018
Current Account Balance

520.6

Sep 2017

483.2

Jun 2017

-304.2

Mar 2009

520.6

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Electricity Production

183

Dec 2016

176

Nov 2016

60

Apr 1985

245

Aug 2012

GWh

monthly

Jan 1985 - Dec 2016

Updated on Oct 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

280.4

2016

362.1

2015

274.6

2004

493.9

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Liquid Assets Ratio

35.4

2016

31.2

2015

15.1

2010

35.4

2016

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Household Debt

5,978.0

Nov 2017

5,942.8

Oct 2017

1,617.2

Oct 2003

5,987.3

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

8,157

2016

7,929

2015

5,004

2010

8,157

2016

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1.1

Nov 2017

1.0

Oct 2017

0.2

Nov 2011

9.9

Jan 2004

NA

monthly

Oct 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Foreign Portfolio Investment

63.95

Sep 2017

84.30

Jun 2017

-886.28

Mar 2015

1,472.69

Mar 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Total Exports Growth

25.3

Dec 2017

-20.6

Nov 2017

-56.9

Jul 2017

133.2

Nov 2011

%

monthly

Oct 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on Feb 2018
Tourism Revenue Growth

5.1

2016

-9.2

2015

-16.9

2009

22.7

2007

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Nominal GDP Growth

9.68

Sep 2017

10.02

Jun 2017

-1.18

Jun 2009

13.04

Dec 2014

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

518.03

Sep 2017

477.60

Jun 2017

110.13

Mar 1993

560.93

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Money Supply M1

17,756.37

Nov 2017

17,437.11

Oct 2017

614.08

Mar 1985

17,756.37

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1980 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

5.14

Sep 2017

5.21

Jun 2017

2.18

Jun 2010

48.38

Dec 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Population

0.44

2022

0.44

2021

0.32

1980

0.44

2022

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

324.52

2015

314.74

2014

252.00

2005

324.52

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

581,412.03

2015

754,238.81

2014

581,412.03

2015

1,551,378.03

2000

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017