United Kingdom Real Effective Exchange Rate

1994 - 2019 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Data

United Kingdom's Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: United Kingdom) was 80.8 in Apr 2019, compared with the number of 81.3 in the previous month. United Kingdom's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 107.9 from Jan 1994 to Apr 2019. The data reached an all-time high of 107.9 in Apr 2000 and a record low of 75.2 in Oct 2016. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. Bank for International Settlements provides Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2010=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, United Kingdom's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: ICE LIBOR: 3 Months was reported at 0.8 % pa in Apr 2019. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: United Kingdom: ECB Harmonised ) was reported at 1.1 % pa in Apr 2019. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Base Rate) was set at 0.8 % pa in Apr 2019. United Kingdom's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.8 (GBP/USD) in Apr 2019.

What was United Kingdom's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Apr 2019?

Last

80.8

Apr 2019
Previous

81.3

Mar 2019
Min

75.2

Oct 2016
Max

107.9

Apr 2000
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 15 May 2019
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

80.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

75.2

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 15 May 2019

View United Kingdom's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1994 to Apr 2019 in the chart:

United Kingdom Real Effective Exchange Rate

United Kingdom Real Effective Exchange Rate

Series Details
Series ID

311853001

Name

United Kingdom Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country

United Kingdom

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

Jan 1994

Last Date

Apr 2019

Last Updated

15 May 2019

Statistics
Mean

91.9

Variance

94.9

Standard deviation

9.7

Skewness

0.0

Kurtosis

-1.5

Coefficient variation

0.1

Median

90.2

Max
Apr 2000

107.9

Min
Oct 2016

75.2

Previous observation
Mar 2019

81.3

Last observation
Apr 2019

80.8

Number of Observations

304

Get This Data

Related Indicators for United Kingdom Real Effective Exchange Rate

Interest and Foreign Exchange Rates Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Exchange Rate against USD

0.778

GBP/USD May 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.768

GBP/USD Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.357

Nov 1967

0.915

Feb 1985

GBP/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Policy Rate

0.75

% pa May 2019 monthly Jun 1972 - May 2019

0.75

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jun 1972 - May 2019

0.25

Oct 2017

17.00

Jun 1980

% pa

monthly

Jun 1972 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Short Term Interest Rate

0.80

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

0.82

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

0.28

Aug 2017

15.38

Apr 1990

% pa

monthly

Jan 1986 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Long Term Interest Rate

1.06

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

1.15

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

0.60

Aug 2016

8.99

Sep 1994

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
Policy Rate: Month End: Base Rate

0.750

% pa May 2019 monthly Jun 1972 - May 2019

0.750

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jun 1972 - May 2019

0.250

Oct 2017

17.000

Jun 1980

% pa

monthly

Jun 1972 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Finance House Lending Rate

1.000

% pa Jun 2019 monthly Jan 1982 - Jun 2019

1.000

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1982 - Jun 2019

0.500

Dec 2017

15.500

Jul 1990

% pa

monthly

Jan 1982 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Lending Rate: Outs: Households: Personal Loan (PL)

6.310

% pa Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

6.400

% pa Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

6.290

Jan 2019

12.190

Jan 1999

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-01
Lending Rate: Outs: Households: Mortgages (MG)

2.450

% pa Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

2.460

% pa Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

2.450

Mar 2019

7.410

Jan 1999

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-01
Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: ICE LIBOR: 3 Months

0.796

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

0.817

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

0.277

Aug 2017

15.375

Apr 1990

% pa

monthly

Jan 1986 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Exchange Rate against US$: Monthly Average

0.778

GBP/USD May 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.768

GBP/USD Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.357

Nov 1967

0.915

Feb 1985

GBP/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Sterling Exchange Rate: Monthly Avg: Euro

1.149

EUR/GBP May 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2019

1.160

EUR/GBP Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2019

1.087

Mar 2009

1.700

Oct 2000

EUR/GBP

monthly

Jan 1999 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Real Effective Exchange Rate Index: BIS: 2010=100: Broad

100.850

2010=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

101.540

2010=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

93.890

Oct 2016

134.730

Apr 2000

2010=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Government Bond Yield: Zero Coupon: 10 Years

1.217

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1982 - Apr 2019

1.036

% pa Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1982 - Apr 2019

0.661

Aug 2016

14.643

Jan 1982

% pa

monthly

Jan 1982 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-21

More Indicators for United Kingdom

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

1,624,566.364

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

1,505,541.752

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

1,273,809.947

1999

2,934,493.666

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Business Confidence Growth

-14.1

% Point May 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

-9.7

% Point Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

-51.0

Mar 2009

40.3

Mar 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Business Confidence: Net Balance

-10.5

% Point May 2019 monthly Jan 1985 - May 2019

-4.6

% Point Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1985 - May 2019

-49.0

Mar 2009

21.6

Jan 1988

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

0.686

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1989 - Apr 2019

0.798

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1989 - Apr 2019

-3.282

Feb 2015

13.045

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1989 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-22
Coal Consumption

7.556

TOE mn 2018 yearly 1965 - 2018

9.058

TOE mn 2017 yearly 1965 - 2018

7.556

2018

117.397

1965

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-12
Coal Production

1.641

TOE mn 2018 yearly 1981 - 2018

1.934

TOE mn 2017 yearly 1981 - 2018

1.641

2018

78.008

1981

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-12
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-1.8

% 2017 yearly 1990 - 2017

-2.9

% 2016 yearly 1990 - 2017

-10.1

2009

1.4

2000

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-22
Consumer Confidence Growth

-3.5

% Point May 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

-3.6

% Point Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

-23.2

Jul 2008

21.9

Jan 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-8.3

% Point May 2019 monthly Jan 1985 - May 2019

-11.1

% Point Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1985 - May 2019

-30.1

Jan 2009

3.6

Sep 2002

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

2.1

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1989 - Apr 2019

1.9

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1989 - Apr 2019

-0.1

Oct 2015

8.5

Apr 1991

%

monthly

Jan 1989 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Container Port Throughput

10,530,328.000

TEU 2017 yearly 2008 - 2017

9,765,908.000

TEU 2016 yearly 2008 - 2017

7,671,299.961

2009

10,530,328.000

2017

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-08-06
Core CPI Change

1.817

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1989 - Apr 2019

1.937

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1989 - Apr 2019

0.055

Jul 2000

8.685

Apr 1991

%

monthly

Jan 1989 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Credit to Households

2,363.643

USD bn Dec 2018 quarterly Dec 1966 - Dec 2018

2,383.199

USD bn Sep 2018 quarterly Dec 1966 - Dec 2018

32.745

Mar 1968

2,907.925

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1966 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

4,632.718

USD bn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1963 - Dec 2018

4,694.865

USD bn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1963 - Dec 2018

45.775

Dec 1963

5,908.432

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1963 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Crude Oil: Exports

708.073

Barrel/Day th 2018 yearly 1980 - 2018

693.051

Barrel/Day th 2017 yearly 1980 - 2018

563.031

2011

1,747.255

2000

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Crude Oil: Imports

827.757

Barrel/Day th 2018 yearly 1980 - 2018

893.845

Barrel/Day th 2017 yearly 1980 - 2018

466.700

1983

1,127.872

2004

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Crude Oil: Production

984.879

Barrel/Day th 2018 yearly 1960 - 2018

891.205

Barrel/Day th 2017 yearly 1960 - 2018

1.583

1972

2,649.389

1999

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1960 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Current Account Balance

-30,480.1

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1957 - Dec 2018

-29,963.2

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1957 - Dec 2018

-48,795.2

Dec 2015

6,124.1

Mar 1981

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-4.4

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

-4.3

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

-6.7

Dec 2015

3.8

Mar 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-28
Debt Service Ratio: Households

9.300

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

9.400

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

8.500

Jun 1999

12.900

Sep 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

15.100

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

15.100

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

14.100

Jun 1999

20.300

Dec 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Direct Investment Abroad

15,672.7

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

22,334.2

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

-109,035.9

Mar 2014

203,959.8

Mar 2000

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Domestic Credit

4,508,009.1

USD mn Sep 2018 monthly Jan 1987 - Sep 2018

4,432,155.6

USD mn Aug 2018 monthly Jan 1987 - Sep 2018

517,711.6

Jan 1987

5,573,837.3

Mar 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1987 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Domestic Credit Growth

0.9

% Sep 2018 monthly Jan 1988 - Sep 2018

0.6

% Aug 2018 monthly Jan 1988 - Sep 2018

-6.0

Mar 2014

27.2

Aug 1989

%

monthly

Jan 1988 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2019-01-04
Electricity Production

23,036

GWh Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Mar 2019

22,557

GWh Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Mar 2019

19,808

Jun 2018

37,831

Mar 2004

GWh

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-30
Employed Persons

32,746,123.749

Person Mar 2019 monthly Feb 1971 - Mar 2019

32,696,693.784

Person Feb 2019 monthly Feb 1971 - Mar 2019

23,630,000.000

Apr 1983

32,746,123.749

Mar 2019

Person

monthly

Feb 1971 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-06-11
Equity Market Index

7,161.7

30Dec1983=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1984 - May 2019

7,418.2

30Dec1983=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1984 - May 2019

1,010.1

Jul 1984

7,748.8

Jul 2018

30Dec1983=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Exchange Rate against USD

0.778

GBP/USD May 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.768

GBP/USD Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.357

Nov 1967

0.915

Feb 1985

GBP/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Exports: ICT Goods

18,786,286.304

USD th 2017 yearly 2000 - 2017

18,524,508.947

USD th 2016 yearly 2000 - 2017

12,309,838.023

2009

87,069,854.241

2006

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2019-02-20
Exports: Medicament

21,553,808.229

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

22,538,203.236

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

6,135,240.704

1995

28,162,698.352

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

11,745,689.510

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

10,799,431.324

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

1,376,549.248

1997

11,745,689.510

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

6,282,584.682

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

7,193,643.930

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

2,017,377.743

2009

52,320,894.977

2006

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Exports: Television

816,078.929

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

619,612.473

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

218,362.160

2009

2,038,893.436

2006

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
External Debt

8,513,267.5

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

8,371,781.6

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

871,359.4

Mar 1987

12,071,563.9

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-05
External Debt: % of GDP

312.7

% 2018 yearly 1987 - 2018

312.2

% 2017 yearly 1987 - 2018

116.3

1987

401.3

2008

%

yearly

1987 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
External Debt: Short Term

5,527,515.7

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Dec 1983 - Dec 2018

5,389,211.3

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Dec 1983 - Dec 2018

513,211.7

Mar 1985

9,329,422.3

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1983 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

203.0

% 2018 yearly 1987 - 2018

201.8

% 2017 yearly 1987 - 2018

93.4

1991

295.9

2008

%

yearly

1987 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.000

% 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

2.000

% 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

0.040

2015

16.849

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-128.128

USD bn 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

-124.750

USD bn 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

-149.646

2014

8.966

1981

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-24
Forecast: Employment

32.777

Person mn 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020

32.646

Person mn 2019 yearly 1980 - 2020

23.775

1983

32.777

2020

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2020

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

1.423

% 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

1.428

% 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

-10.373

2009

13.113

2006

%

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

54,570.690

PPP Intl $ 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

52,849.710

PPP Intl $ 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

8,852.520

1980

54,570.690

2024

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Expenditure

980.408

GBP bn 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

946.068

GBP bn 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

101.675

1980

980.408

2024

GBP bn

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Net Debt

2,085.900

GBP bn 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

2,042.400

GBP bn 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

110.533

1980

2,085.900

2024

GBP bn

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Revenue

964.231

GBP bn 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

929.869

GBP bn 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

94.302

1980

964.231

2024

GBP bn

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

49,568.560

USD 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

47,836.090

USD 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

8,943.270

1984

50,315.560

2007

USD

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Population

68.572

Person mn 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

68.266

Person mn 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

56.291

1982

68.572

2024

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.594

% 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

1.587

% 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

-4.247

2009

5.758

1988

%

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

4.200

% 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

4.200

% 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

4.075

2018

11.750

1984

%

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Foreign Direct Investment

20,503.1

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

10,917.5

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

-68,897.8

Jun 2009

147,209.1

Sep 2005

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

2.9

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

1.6

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

-11.8

Jun 2009

23.7

Sep 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Foreign Exchange Reserves

131,493.3

USD mn May 2019 monthly Jul 1999 - May 2019

138,462.2

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jul 1999 - May 2019

22,963.3

Sep 1999

147,521.6

Jan 2019

USD mn

monthly

Jul 1999 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-05
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

4.874

% Mar 2019 quarterly Sep 1999 - Mar 2019

5.096

% Dec 2018 quarterly Sep 1999 - Mar 2019

1.238

Mar 2009

5.096

Dec 2018

%

quarterly

Sep 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

2.7

NA Apr 2019 monthly Jul 1999 - Apr 2019

2.1

NA Mar 2019 monthly Jul 1999 - Apr 2019

0.7

Jul 2008

2.8

Dec 2018

NA

monthly

Jul 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Foreign Portfolio Investment

16,406.847

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

55,217.046

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

-107,076.150

Sep 2012

168,538.599

Jun 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
GDP Deflator Growth

1.6

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1956 - Mar 2019

1.7

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1956 - Mar 2019

-1.0

Sep 1998

27.2

Jun 1975

%

quarterly

Mar 1956 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
GDP per Capita

42,506.085

USD 2018 yearly 1957 - 2018

39,980.177

USD 2017 yearly 1957 - 2018

1,218.000

1957

50,301.198

2007

USD

yearly

1957 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Gold Production

0.000

kg 2016 yearly 2007 - 2016

0.000

kg 2015 yearly 2007 - 2016

0.000

2016

202.000

2011

kg

yearly

2007 - 2016

Updated on 2018-09-27
Gold Reserves

12,785.846

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

12,926.452

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

777.000

Nov 1971

18,090.092

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Government Debt: % of GDP

86.8

% 2018 yearly 1975 - 2018

87.1

% 2017 yearly 1975 - 2018

27.6

1990

87.9

2016

%

yearly

1975 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-17
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

120,619.134

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

115,957.490

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

2,379.999

Mar 1957

146,877.890

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Gross National Product

2,791,480.325

USD mn 2018 yearly 1957 - 2018

2,612,509.424

USD mn 2017 yearly 1957 - 2018

63,156.775

1957

3,071,434.374

2007

USD mn

yearly

1957 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Gross Savings Rate

14.5

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

14.8

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

11.3

Dec 2009

24.3

Mar 1973

%

quarterly

Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
House Prices Growth

0.7

% May 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - May 2019

0.9

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - May 2019

-17.5

Feb 2009

26.4

Jan 2003

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Household Debt

2,565,246.1

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

2,571,351.1

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

387,230.4

Mar 1987

3,228,573.3

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Household Debt: % of GDP

94.2

% 2018 yearly 1987 - 2018

93.3

% 2017 yearly 1987 - 2018

57.1

1987

104.4

2009

%

yearly

1987 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Household Expenditure per Capita

15,532.842

USD 2017 yearly 2006 - 2017

15,533.287

USD 2016 yearly 2006 - 2017

15,532.842

2017

20,246.074

2007

USD

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2019-01-07
Household Income per Capita

28,056.648

USD 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014

25,354.621

USD 2013 yearly 2006 - 2014

23,473.185

2009

29,055.233

2007

USD

yearly

2006 - 2014

Updated on 2018-12-17
Imports: ICT Goods

49,849,416.721

USD th 2017 yearly 2000 - 2017

48,539,697.970

USD th 2016 yearly 2000 - 2017

26,575,510.873

2009

84,312,539.750

2006

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2019-02-20
Imports: Medicament

22,271,009.030

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

21,699,259.337

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

2,990,227.968

1995

23,778,614.530

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

11,696,159.900

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

11,681,884.038

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

1,318,089.472

1995

11,696,159.900

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

20,065,202.451

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

20,270,227.638

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

3,285,140.902

2009

34,350,605.718

2006

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Imports: Television

4,487,659.141

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

3,791,274.400

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

305,352.684

2009

6,834,533.017

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Industrial Production Index Growth

-1.1

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

1.3

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

-11.9

Dec 1980

22.7

Feb 1973

%

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Investment: % of GDP

17.0

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

18.1

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

13.3

Jun 1955

26.0

Mar 1989

%

quarterly

Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Labour Force Participation Rate

64.0

% Mar 2019 monthly Feb 1971 - Mar 2019

63.9

% Feb 2019 monthly Feb 1971 - Mar 2019

61.4

May 1983

64.5

Sep 1990

%

monthly

Feb 1971 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-06-11
Labour Productivity Growth

0.62

% Mar 2019 quarterly Jun 1972 - Mar 2019

0.10

% Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 1972 - Mar 2019

-5.02

Mar 2009

7.98

Mar 1973

%

quarterly

Jun 1972 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-06-11
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

95.570

2004=100 2018 yearly 2004 - 2018

89.380

2004=100 2017 yearly 2004 - 2018

76.770

2007

95.570

2018

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Long Term Interest Rate

1.06

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

1.15

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

0.60

Aug 2016

8.99

Sep 1994

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
M2 Growth

2.8

% Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1987 - Apr 2019

3.0

% Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1987 - Apr 2019

-3.2

Sep 2012

74.2

Dec 1987

%

monthly

Dec 1987 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

98.2

% 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018

118.1

% 2017 yearly 1999 - 2018

81.5

2008

131.8

2006

%

yearly

1999 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-24
Minerals Production

90,559,731.000

Metric Ton 2017 yearly 2009 - 2017

92,869,876.000

Metric Ton 2016 yearly 2009 - 2017

90,469,577.000

2014

140,941,545.000

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-29
Money Supply M1

2,303,293.988

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Sep 1986 - Apr 2019

2,315,385.360

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Sep 1986 - Apr 2019

120,986.586

Sep 1986

2,411,849.551

Apr 2018

USD mn

monthly

Sep 1986 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Money Supply M2

3,154,891.580

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1986 - Apr 2019

3,179,389.421

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1986 - Apr 2019

240,951.772

Dec 1986

3,524,485.674

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1986 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Monthly Earnings

2,772

USD Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

2,788

USD Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

1,820

Sep 2000

3,514

Nov 2007

USD

monthly

Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-11
Motor Vehicle Registered

38,219.610

Unit th 2015 yearly 2005 - 2015

37,113.358

Unit th 2014 yearly 2005 - 2015

34,393.823

2005

38,219.610

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

415,885.085

Unit Dec 2017 semiannually Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

430,969.000

Unit Dec 2016 semiannually Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

145,921.000

Jun 2012

430,969.000

Dec 2016

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

2,539,297.198

Unit Dec 2017 semiannually Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

2,692,786.000

Unit Dec 2016 semiannually Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

1,057,680.000

Jun 2012

2,692,786.000

Dec 2016

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicles Sales

2,955,182

Unit 2017 yearly 2005 - 2017

3,123,755

Unit 2016 yearly 2005 - 2017

2,222,542

2009

3,123,755

2016

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

-5.4

% 2017 yearly 2006 - 2017

2.0

% 2016 yearly 2006 - 2017

-11.2

2008

11.2

2013

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
National Government Debt

2,362,516.5

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1975 - Dec 2018

2,362,166.8

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1975 - Dec 2018

117,392.4

Dec 1976

2,618,988.4

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1975 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-17
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

40,658.000

Cub m mn 2018 yearly 1960 - 2018

41,887.000

Cub m mn 2017 yearly 1960 - 2018

73.000

1960

108,330.000

2000

Cub m mn

yearly

1960 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Natural Gas: Consumption

7.633

Cub ft/Day bn 2018 yearly 1965 - 2018

7.627

Cub ft/Day bn 2017 yearly 1965 - 2018

0.081

1966

9.841

2004

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-12
Natural Gas: Exports

7,610.000

Cub m mn 2018 yearly 1960 - 2018

11,347.000

Cub m mn 2017 yearly 1960 - 2018

0.000

1991

16,055.000

2010

Cub m mn

yearly

1960 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Natural Gas: Imports

48,177.000

Cub m mn 2018 yearly 1975 - 2018

47,623.000

Cub m mn 2017 yearly 1975 - 2018

900.000

1998

53,850.000

2010

Cub m mn

yearly

1975 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Nominal GDP

704,974.0

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

689,130.0

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

15,232.0

Mar 1957

804,053.1

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Nominal GDP Growth

3.494

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1956 - Mar 2019

3.180

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1956 - Mar 2019

-4.053

Mar 2009

26.796

Mar 1975

%

quarterly

Mar 1956 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

135.310

2010=100 Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 1968 - Dec 2018

135.870

2010=100 Sep 2018 quarterly Jun 1968 - Dec 2018

2.170

Jun 1968

135.870

Sep 2018

2010=100

quarterly

Jun 1968 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-30
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

2.540

% Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 1969 - Dec 2018

2.880

% Sep 2018 quarterly Jun 1969 - Dec 2018

-15.420

Mar 2009

50.980

Mar 1973

%

quarterly

Jun 1969 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-30
Non Performing Loans Ratio

0.7

% 2017 yearly 2008 - 2017

0.9

% 2016 yearly 2008 - 2017

0.7

2017

4.0

2011

%

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

33,140,662.000

Unit 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017

33,513,212.000

Unit 2016 yearly 1960 - 2017

5,037,000.000

1960

35,228,000.000

2000

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-18
Number of Subscriber Mobile

79,173,658.000

Person 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017

78,931,386.000

Person 2016 yearly 1960 - 2017

0.000

1984

79,250,793.000

2015

Person

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-19
Oil Consumption

1,618.157

Barrel/Day th 2018 yearly 1965 - 2018

1,637.037

Barrel/Day th 2017 yearly 1965 - 2018

1,466.078

1965

2,228.136

1973

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-12
P/E ratio

16.920

NA 14 Jun 2019 daily 14 Jun 1993 - 14 Jun 2019

16.970

NA 13 Jun 2019 daily 14 Jun 1993 - 14 Jun 2019

7.410

06 Mar 2009

34.210

02 Sep 2016

NA

daily

14 Jun 1993 - 14 Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-06-14
Policy Rate

0.75

% pa May 2019 monthly Jun 1972 - May 2019

0.75

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jun 1972 - May 2019

0.25

Oct 2017

17.00

Jun 1980

% pa

monthly

Jun 1972 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Population

66.2

Person mn 2017 yearly 1950 - 2017

65.8

Person mn 2016 yearly 1950 - 2017

50.6

1950

66.2

2017

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-04
Private Consumption Expenditure

467,006.867

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

455,881.749

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

9,995.996

Mar 1957

518,013.431

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Private Consumption: % of GDP

67.5

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

67.0

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

58.6

Mar 1973

69.6

Dec 1955

%

quarterly

Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Producer Price Index Growth

2.1

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1958 - Apr 2019

2.2

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1958 - Apr 2019

-1.9

Aug 2015

27.5

Jan 1975

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-22
Public Consumption Expenditure

129,984.310

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

125,713.399

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

2,685.199

Jun 1957

154,339.400

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Public Consumption: % of GDP

18.0

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

18.1

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

15.5

Dec 1964

21.7

Sep 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Real GDP Growth

1.8

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1956 - Mar 2019

1.4

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1956 - Mar 2019

-6.1

Mar 2009

9.7

Mar 1973

%

quarterly

Mar 1956 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-10
Real Residential Property Price Index

113.170

2010=100 Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 1968 - Dec 2018

114.310

2010=100 Sep 2018 quarterly Jun 1968 - Dec 2018

21.860

Jun 1970

121.730

Sep 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Jun 1968 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-30
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

0.280

% Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 1969 - Dec 2018

0.360

% Sep 2018 quarterly Jun 1969 - Dec 2018

-17.900

Mar 2009

40.050

Mar 1973

%

quarterly

Jun 1969 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-30
Retail Sales Growth

5.2

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

6.8

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

-3.9

Feb 2009

9.1

Apr 2002

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Short Term Interest Rate

0.80

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

0.82

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

0.28

Aug 2017

15.38

Apr 1990

% pa

monthly

Jan 1986 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Tax Revenue

179,696.182

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1957 - Dec 2018

191,851.308

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1957 - Dec 2018

3,110.799

Jun 1957

244,915.336

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-24
Teledensity: Fixed Line

50.075

Number 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017

51.060

Number 2016 yearly 1960 - 2017

9.607

1960

59.758

2000

Number

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Teledensity: Mobile

119.526

Number 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017

119.977

Number 2016 yearly 1960 - 2017

0.000

1984

121.935

2009

Number

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Total Deposits

3,674,987.112

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jul 2009 - Apr 2019

3,684,705.966

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jul 2009 - Apr 2019

3,217,778.588

Oct 2016

4,078,824.889

Feb 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jul 2009 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Total Exports

38,974.4

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

44,387.9

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

18,825.6

Aug 1996

56,201.1

May 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Total Exports Growth

6.5

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

6.6

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

-29.3

May 2014

47.9

Mar 2006

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Total Imports

51,808.0

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

63,701.6

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

20,365.0

Aug 1996

66,606.2

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Total Imports Growth

0.9

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

11.8

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

-18.9

Jul 2009

40.7

Mar 2006

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Tourism Revenue

1,497

USD mn Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - Feb 2019

1,884

USD mn Jan 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - Feb 2019

267

Feb 1985

4,554

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1980 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-05-30
Tourism Revenue Growth

-5.2

% Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1981 - Feb 2019

-0.7

% Jan 2019 monthly Jan 1981 - Feb 2019

-28.1

Oct 2001

51.4

Nov 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1981 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-05-30
Trade Balance

-12,833.7

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

-19,313.7

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

-27,022.9

Sep 2012

3,491.1

May 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Unemployment Rate

3.83

% Mar 2019 monthly Feb 1971 - Mar 2019

3.82

% Feb 2019 monthly Feb 1971 - Mar 2019

3.40

Dec 1973

11.90

May 1984

%

monthly

Feb 1971 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-06-11
Visitor Arrivals

37,904,878

Person 2018 yearly 1980 - 2018

39,214,177

Person 2017 yearly 1980 - 2018

11,451,000

1981

39,214,177

2017

Person

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2019-05-30
Visitor Arrivals Growth

-3.3

% 2018 yearly 1981 - 2018

4.3

% 2017 yearly 1981 - 2018

-9.4

2001

13.2

1995

%

yearly

1981 - 2018

Updated on 2019-05-30

More Countries/Regions for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

93.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

93.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

88.6

Feb 2018

184.7

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Argentina

73.1

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2019

73.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2019

41.1

Oct 2001

123.1

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
Armenia

132.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

131.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Australia

97.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

97.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Austria

99.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

99.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

94.4

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Azerbaijan

124.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

123.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

94.5

Jan 2005

190.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Bahrain

100.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

100.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

83.1

Jun 2011

223.4

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Belgium

100.3

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

100.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

91.1

Oct 2000

109.0

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Bolivia

54.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

54.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

53.7

Nov 2018

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
Bosnia and Herzegovina

99.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

100.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

98.7

Aug 2005

109.8

Jan 2010

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Botswana

100.7

Sep2016=100 Feb 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

100.7

Sep2016=100 Jan 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Brazil

100.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

101.7

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-14
Bulgaria

116.5

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

115.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Canada

90.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

90.8

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Chile

96.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - Apr 2019

96.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - Apr 2019

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
China

147.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

147.4

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

78.0

Jan 1994

155.2

Feb 2016

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Colombia

116.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2019

112.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2019

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Croatia

103.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

103.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Cyprus

91.2

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

91.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Czech Republic

119.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

119.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Denmark

103.1

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

102.9

2005=100 Jan 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

84.4

Jan 1984

107.9

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-28
Ecuador

110.3

2007=100 Nov 2017 monthly Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

109.3

2007=100 Oct 2017 monthly Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2019-05-21
Estonia

122.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

121.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

43.5

Jan 1993

123.3

Sep 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
European Union

90.1

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

89.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

41.3

Sep 1980

110.7

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Finland

96.9

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

96.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

93.1

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
France

92.4

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

92.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

88.6

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Georgia

113.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1995 - Apr 2019

113.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1995 - Apr 2019

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-17
Germany

92.5

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

92.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

87.4

Apr 2015

117.2

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Greece

94.2

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

93.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-06
Hong Kong SAR

107.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

107.7

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Hungary

102.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1990 - Apr 2019

101.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1990 - Apr 2019

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Iceland

86.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

86.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
India

113.8

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Apr 2004 - May 2019

113.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Apr 2004 - May 2019

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-06
Indonesia

113.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

112.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Iran

192.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

183.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

68.1

Aug 1992

632.8

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Ireland

85.7

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

85.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Israel

124.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

123.5

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Italy

93.2

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

92.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

73.6

Nov 1981

126.6

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Ivory Coast

94.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

95.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

65.7

Jan 1994

134.6

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Japan

74.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

75.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

57.2

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20
Kazakhstan

86.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

86.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
South Korea

90.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

90.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

59.2

Jan 1998

107.9

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Kosovo

107.2

Jan2007=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Apr 2019

107.3

Jan2007=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Apr 2019

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Kyrgyzstan

119.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

118.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-22
Latvia

120.1

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

119.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Lithuania

116.0

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Dec 1990 - May 2019

115.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1990 - May 2019

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Luxembourg

98.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

98.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Macedonia

97.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

98.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

93.9

Dec 1993

166.6

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Malaysia

95.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

96.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

90.3

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Malta

99.0

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

98.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-06
Mexico

120.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1968 - Mar 2019

120.9

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1968 - Mar 2019

75.5

Mar 2002

189.2

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-17
Moldova

151.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Nov 1993 - Apr 2019

155.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Nov 1993 - Apr 2019

47.1

Nov 1993

159.8

Aug 2018

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Mongolia

116.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

115.9

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Morocco

94.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

94.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

90.8

Sep 1990

113.7

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Netherlands

92.1

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

91.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
New Zealand

93.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1984 - Apr 2019

95.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1984 - Apr 2019

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Nigeria

136.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

135.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

51.2

Mar 1992

701.6

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Norway

86.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

85.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.3

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Pakistan

106.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jul 2001 - Apr 2019

106.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jul 2001 - Apr 2019

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Paraguay

64.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

64.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

55.1

Feb 1999

103.2

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-11
Peru

92.8

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2019

93.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2019

74.7

Mar 1992

107.9

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Philippines

132.4

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

131.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Poland

93.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

93.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

69.1

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Portugal

95.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

95.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Romania

99.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

99.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Russia

104.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

103.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

50.5

Oct 1994

137.0

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Saudi Arabia

119.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

119.7

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Serbia

124.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2019

124.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2019

88.5

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-24
Singapore

120.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

120.7

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Slovakia

125.5

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

125.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

59.2

Sep 1993

134.5

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Slovenia

99.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

99.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
South Africa

85.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Mar 2019

88.3

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Mar 2019

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Spain

97.8

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

97.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Sweden

81.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.1

Mar 2019

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Switzerland

107.2

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1973 - May 2019

106.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1973 - May 2019

72.1

Jan 1973

126.8

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Taiwan

89.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

89.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

83.5

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Thailand

128.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

127.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Tunisia

45.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

44.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

44.2

Jan 2019

142.1

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Turkey

61.9

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - May 2019

64.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - May 2019

55.4

Sep 2018

113.3

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Ukraine

86.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1992 - Apr 2019

85.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1992 - Apr 2019

44.6

Apr 1993

232.2

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
United Arab Emirates

125.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

125.5

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

79.1

Apr 1995

132.3

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
United States

104.5

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1973 - May 2019

103.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1973 - May 2019

82.7

Jul 2011

131.9

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Uruguay

54.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

53.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

52.4

Sep 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Venezuela

0.8

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Feb 2019

0.8

2005=100 Jan 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Feb 2019

0.4

Jul 2018

3,712.9

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-20
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