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Italy Real Effective Exchange Rate

1980 - 2018 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC

Italy's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Italy) was 95.5 in Feb 2018, compared with the number of 94.7 in the previous month. Italy's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 126.5 from Jan 1980 to Feb 2018. The data reached an all-time high of 126.5 in Jan 1992 and a record low of 73.6 in Nov 1981. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy. Italy is part of the Euro Area since January 1999.


In the latest reports, Italy's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Mar 2018. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Italy: ECB Harmonised ) was reported at 2.1 % pa in Feb 2018. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Mar 2018. Italy's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.8 (EUR/USD) in Mar 2018.

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What was Italy's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Feb 2018?

Last

95.5

Feb 2018
Previous

94.7

Jan 2018
Min

73.6

Nov 1981
Max

126.5

Jan 1992
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1980 - Feb 2018

Updated on 20 Mar 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

95.5

Feb 2018

94.7

Jan 2018

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Feb 2018

Updated on 20 Mar 2018

View Italy's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1980 to Feb 2018 in the chart:

Real Effective Exchange Rate Italy

Series Details
Series ID

211827102

Name

Real Effective Exchange Rate Italy

Country

Italy

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generated

First Date

Jan 1980

Last Date

Feb 2018

Last Updated

20 Mar 2018

Statistics
Mean

95.5

Variance

101.5

Standard deviation

10.1

Skewness

0.2

Kurtosis

0.8

Coefficient variation

0.1

Median

95.8

Max
Jan 1992

126.5

Min
Nov 1981

73.6

Previous observation
Jan 2018

94.7

Last observation
Feb 2018

95.5

Number of Observations

458

Get This Data

More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

98.1

Mar 2018

97.8

Feb 2018

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-02
Canada

92.3

Dec 2017

92.9

Nov 2017

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
France

93.8

Feb 2018

93.4

Jan 2018

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-06
Germany

93.0

Feb 2018

92.7

Jan 2018

86.9

Apr 2015

117.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Italy

95.5

Feb 2018

94.7

Jan 2018

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Feb 2018

Updated on 20 Mar 2018
Japan

74.6

Feb 2018

73.5

Jan 2018

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
United Kingdom

80.6

Feb 2018

80.0

Jan 2018

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-15
Austria

100.5

Feb 2018

100.0

Jan 2018

94.6

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Belgium

101.5

Feb 2018

100.9

Jan 2018

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Bulgaria

114.3

Mar 2018

114.0

Feb 2018

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-03
Cyprus

91.6

Feb 2018

91.6

Jan 2018

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-26
Czech Republic

120.7

Feb 2018

120.0

Jan 2018

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Denmark

103.8

Oct 2017

103.8

Sep 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2017

Updated on 2018-03-28
Estonia

120.0

Feb 2018

119.6

Jan 2018

43.6

Jan 1993

120.0

Feb 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-14
Finland

97.7

Feb 2018

97.1

Jan 2018

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-02
Greece

94.9

Feb 2018

94.8

Jan 2018

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Hungary

101.3

Feb 2018

100.6

Jan 2018

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Iceland

93.3

Feb 2018

92.4

Jan 2018

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-28
Ireland

88.5

Feb 2018

88.2

Jan 2018

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Latvia

117.7

Feb 2018

117.5

Jan 2018

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Lithuania

115.4

Feb 2018

114.9

Jan 2018

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Argentina

59.7

Mar 2018

59.9

Feb 2018

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-03
Luxembourg

99.6

Feb 2018

99.5

Jan 2018

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Malta

100.2

Feb 2018

99.1

Jan 2018

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-26
Bolivia

58.4

Feb 2018

58.9

Jan 2018

53.8

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-22
Netherlands

92.8

Feb 2018

92.3

Jan 2018

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Norway

86.1

Feb 2018

85.5

Jan 2018

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-28
Brazil

107.6

Feb 2018

110.0

Jan 2018

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Poland

98.2

Feb 2018

98.0

Jan 2018

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Chile

92.9

Feb 2018

93.1

Jan 2018

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Portugal

96.9

Feb 2018

95.6

Jan 2018

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Colombia

107.8

Mar 2018

108.5

Feb 2018

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-06
Romania

99.0

Feb 2018

99.2

Jan 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Slovakia

125.4

Feb 2018

125.2

Jan 2018

59.2

Sep 1993

134.5

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-22
Slovenia

99.6

Feb 2018

99.4

Jan 2018

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Ecuador

110.3

Nov 2017

109.3

Oct 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2018-03-05
Mexico

128.6

Jan 2018

127.2

Dec 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Spain

98.9

Feb 2018

97.9

Jan 2018

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Sweden

86.7

Feb 2018

87.0

Jan 2018

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Paraguay

59.7

Dec 2017

60.4

Nov 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Switzerland

112.5

Feb 2018

110.5

Jan 2018

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-12
Peru

95.6

Mar 2018

96.0

Feb 2018

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-05
Uruguay

55.1

Feb 2018

55.8

Jan 2018

55.1

Feb 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Venezuela

1.8

Feb 2018

3,707.8

Jan 2018

1.8

Feb 2018

3,707.8

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Algeria

89.0

Feb 2018

90.5

Jan 2018

89.0

Feb 2018

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Australia

103.1

Feb 2018

105.7

Jan 2018

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Bahrain

98.2

Feb 2018

99.0

Jan 2018

81.6

Jun 2011

225.0

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
China

151.3

Feb 2018

145.3

Jan 2018

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Nov 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-16
Botswana

101.0

Jan 2018

100.6

Dec 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Hong Kong

101.3

Feb 2018

102.8

Jan 2018

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-15
India

117.2

Feb 2018

119.2

Jan 2018

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Israel

120.9

Feb 2018

124.9

Jan 2018

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Indonesia

110.9

Feb 2018

114.0

Jan 2018

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-26
South Korea

91.8

Feb 2018

93.4

Jan 2018

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-27
Malaysia

98.5

Feb 2018

97.3

Jan 2018

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
New Zealand

94.3

Dec 2017

94.1

Nov 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-19
Pakistan

115.4

Feb 2018

117.3

Jan 2018

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Philippines

129.0

Feb 2018

134.4

Jan 2018

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Singapore

118.8

Feb 2018

120.0

Jan 2018

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Sri Lanka

139.6

Feb 2018

142.3

Jan 2018

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-02
Taiwan

92.0

Feb 2018

91.9

Jan 2018

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-15
Thailand

123.2

Feb 2018

123.0

Jan 2018

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-02
Armenia

127.4

Jan 2018

125.6

Dec 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-28
Azerbaijan

114.4

Jan 2018

117.0

Dec 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-04-02
Bosnia and Herzegovina

97.0

Dec 2017

97.2

Nov 2017

96.3

Oct 2016

106.0

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
Croatia

101.9

Jan 2018

103.8

Dec 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Georgia

113.2

Feb 2018

110.9

Jan 2018

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Kazakhstan

89.7

Jan 2018

89.6

Dec 2017

81.1

Feb 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Kyrgyzstan

115.9

Feb 2018

115.8

Jan 2018

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Macedonia

102.2

Feb 2018

103.3

Jan 2018

92.8

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-22
Moldova

145.6

Feb 2018

147.3

Jan 2018

46.8

Nov 1993

154.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Mongolia

112.2

Jan 2018

112.5

Dec 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-04-03
Russia

106.9

Feb 2018

108.0

Jan 2018

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Serbia

125.5

Feb 2018

124.9

Jan 2018

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Turkey

73.9

Mar 2018

75.3

Feb 2018

73.9

Mar 2018

113.4

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-04
Ukraine

74.3

Feb 2018

71.0

Jan 2018

44.7

Apr 1993

233.1

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Morocco

96.6

Feb 2018

97.5

Jan 2018

89.9

Sep 1990

112.9

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-28
Nigeria

124.4

Feb 2018

124.6

Jan 2018

51.0

Mar 1992

703.1

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Saudi Arabia

117.8

Feb 2018

119.3

Jan 2018

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
South Africa

91.4

Jan 2018

86.4

Dec 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Tunisia

78.7

Feb 2018

78.0

Jan 2018

78.0

Jan 2018

218.6

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-06
United Arab Emirates

123.7

Feb 2018

124.7

Jan 2018

79.2

Apr 1995

131.7

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Ivory Coast

98.6

Feb 2018

99.8

Jan 2018

66.2

Jan 1994

136.1

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
European Union

92.0

Mar 2018

91.8

Feb 2018

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-04
Iran

138.1

Feb 2018

140.6

Jan 2018

67.4

Aug 1992

629.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Kosovo

104.8

Feb 2018

104.9

Jan 2018

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-26

More Indicators for Italy

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

131.5

2017

132.0

2016

56.1

1980

132.0

2016

%

yearly

1980 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Business Confidence: Net Balance

3.9

Mar 2018

5.6

Feb 2018

-34.4

Mar 2009

14.2

Feb 1995

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-27
Foreign Direct Investment

2,100.9

Jan 2018

2,342.2

Dec 2017

-14,719.3

May 2009

18,810.4

Jan 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1988 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Total Imports Growth

7.8

Jan 2018

3.8

Dec 2017

-29.4

Apr 2009

39.4

May 2000

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Money Supply M2

2,070,835.19

Jan 2018

2,014,809.91

Dec 2017

139,718.55

Apr 1976

2,070,835.19

Jan 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1974 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Forecast: Government Revenue

910.06

2022

889.71

2021

227.15

1988

910.06

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1988 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Motor Vehicle Production

1,142,210.00

Dec 2017

1,103,305.00

Dec 2016

362,865.00

Jun 2014

1,579,696.00

Dec 2001

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Teledensity: Fixed Line

33.11

2016

33.05

2015

6.17

1960

47.82

2001

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017-09-18
Natural Gas: Exports

212.00

2016

220.00

2015

70.00

2007

400.00

2005

Cub m mn

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Real GDP Growth

1.6

Dec 2017

1.7

Sep 2017

-7.2

Mar 2009

4.7

Dec 1988

%

quarterly

Mar 1982 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Labour Productivity Growth

0.41

Sep 2017

0.82

Jun 2017

-6.63

Mar 2009

3.81

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Domestic Credit Growth

1.5

Jan 2018

-0.5

Dec 2017

-4.8

May 2014

19.4

Dec 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

37.3

2017

31.2

2016

20.3

2011

66.0

2000

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Total Imports

42,424.8

Jan 2018

37,354.4

Dec 2017

7,578.5

Aug 1993

55,826.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

1.27

Mar 2018

-0.87

Feb 2018

-0.90

Jun 2014

6.32

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

36,985.38

2022

36,303.29

2021

7,668.02

1982

40,689.13

2008

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

311.06

2016

494.14

2015

52.03

2004

5,292.93

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Public Consumption: % of GDP

21.2

Dec 2017

17.2

Sep 2017

16.0

Sep 1980

23.6

Dec 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Retail Sales Growth

-1.6

Jan 2018

1.0

Dec 2017

-3.8

Mar 2013

4.8

Feb 2001

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Equity Market Index

22,411.2

Mar 2018

22,607.6

Feb 2018

12,873.8

May 2012

43,755.0

Apr 2007

31Dec1997=24402

monthly

Sep 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Domestic Credit

3,478,565.6

Jan 2018

3,376,841.6

Dec 2017

955,388.2

Oct 2000

3,818,888.4

Mar 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Non Performing Loans Ratio

13.5

Dec 2017

14.2

Sep 2017

5.0

Jun 2008

17.1

Sep 2015

%

quarterly

Jun 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
Visitor Arrivals

52,372,000

2016

50,732,000

2015

31,052,000

1995

52,372,000

2016

Person

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Core CPI Change

0.61

Feb 2018

0.81

Jan 2018

0.20

Oct 2016

3.20

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Forecast: Government Expenditure

909.92

2022

889.19

2021

290.93

1988

909.92

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1988 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

221,263.00

Dec 2017

225,324.00

Dec 2016

58,689.00

Jun 2013

283,060.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Crude Oil: Production

70.70

2016

100.10

2015

64.00

2001

114.50

2005

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Gold Production

0.00

2015

0.00

2014

0.00

2015

1,100.00

1998

kg

yearly

1998 - 2015

Updated on 2017-09-21
Population

59.4

2016

59.5

2015

46.6

1950

59.8

2011

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Household Debt: % of GDP

55.1

2016

55.5

2015

26.9

1995

57.6

2012

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Mar 2018

-0.33

Feb 2018

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-04
Gold Reserves

104,589.89

Mar 2018

105,051.75

Feb 2018

325.00

Jan 1957

141,798.52

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-06
Forecast: Government Net Debt

2,294.52

2022

2,294.66

2021

562.27

1988

2,295.18

2020

EUR bn

yearly

1988 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

1,969,140.47

Dec 2017

1,824,968.00

Dec 2016

732,322.00

Jun 2013

2,494,115.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
GDP Deflator Growth

0.9

Dec 2017

0.8

Sep 2017

0.2

Sep 2010

4.0

Sep 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Unemployment Rate

11.11

Jan 2018

10.90

Dec 2017

5.73

Apr 2007

13.02

Nov 2014

%

monthly

Jan 1983 - Jan 2018

Updated on Mar 2018
Direct Investment Abroad

1,923.9

Jan 2018

-7,238.8

Dec 2017

-19,437.3

Jan 2008

40,252.3

Oct 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1988 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Long Term Interest Rate

2.08

Feb 2018

1.98

Jan 2018

1.18

Aug 2016

13.45

Mar 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Total Exports

42,317.5

Jan 2018

43,567.1

Dec 2017

8,358.4

Aug 1993

59,381.5

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Bank Lending Rate

1.45

Jan 2018

1.50

Dec 2017

1.45

Jan 2018

11.26

Aug 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1995 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
New Orders Growth

6.7

Jan 2018

9.8

Dec 2017

-32.7

Apr 2009

42.7

Aug 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-5.6

Mar 2018

-6.4

Feb 2018

-41.5

Jun 2012

2.5

Jun 2001

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-27
External Debt: % of GDP

124.2

2017

123.2

2016

79.2

2002

125.2

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Producer Price Index Growth

1.6

Feb 2018

1.6

Jan 2018

-7.6

Jul 2009

14.8

Jan 1982

%

monthly

Jan 1982 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Trade Balance

5,116.6

Jan 2018

4,300.0

Dec 2017

-5,861.8

Mar 2011

6,099.2

Dec 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Tax Revenue

178,644.27

Dec 2017

135,980.51

Sep 2017

66,283.64

Mar 2002

210,336.31

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-04
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

44,129.81

2022

42,908.85

2021

10,543.69

1980

44,129.81

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-13
Natural Gas: Consumption

6.23

2016

5.95

2015

0.68

1965

7.65

2005

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
House Prices Growth

-0.3

Dec 2017

-0.8

Sep 2017

-6.0

Mar 2013

1.2

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-06
Consumer Confidence Growth

8.0

Mar 2018

8.2

Feb 2018

-21.6

Apr 1993

26.6

Sep 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-27
Exchange Rate against USD

0.811

Mar 2018

0.810

Feb 2018

0.292

Sep 1973

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-02
Foreign Exchange Reserves

39,196.0

Mar 2018

38,948.3

Feb 2018

18,826.8

Dec 1999

39,196.0

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-06
Visitor Arrivals Growth

3.2

2016

4.4

2015

-6.4

2004

12.8

2000

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Non-Performing Loans

310,941.86

Dec 2017

325,364.37

Sep 2017

114,637.77

Dec 2008

417,292.99

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

0.85

2022

0.94

2021

-5.48

2009

4.19

1988

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2018-01-22
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-2.3

2017

-2.5

2016

-7.3

1995

-1.5

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-04
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

0.9

Mar 2018

0.5

Feb 2018

-2.0

Jul 1959

25.0

Nov 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
External Debt

2,510,690.2

Dec 2017

2,482,211.3

Sep 2017

1,066,089.4

Dec 2002

2,956,487.7

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Gross National Product

1,768,101.04

Dec 2017

1,747,761.66

Sep 2017

443,848.25

Jun 2001

1,786,388.38

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
Gross Savings Rate

20.6

Dec 2017

20.1

Sep 2017

17.4

Sep 2010

25.7

Dec 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Labour Force Participation Rate

65.7

Dec 2017

65.4

Sep 2017

57.2

Jun 1978

65.7

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 1977 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

3.5

Dec 2017

4.0

Sep 2017

-6.2

Mar 1981

4.6

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
M2 Growth

5.7

Jan 2018

4.3

Dec 2017

-1.5

Sep 1998

12.1

Aug 2009

%

monthly

Sep 1998 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Mar 2018

1.0

Feb 2018

1.0

Mar 2018

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-02
Private Consumption Expenditure

310,279.59

Dec 2017

308,029.45

Sep 2017

166,471.60

Dec 2000

380,902.02

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Forecast: Employment

23.22

2018

23.00

2017

20.17

1980

23.22

2018

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2017-10-10
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

2,275.32

Sep 2017

2,216.81

Jun 2017

19.86

Mar 1960

3,011.72

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-11
Crude Oil: Imports

1,228.80

2016

1,261.60

2015

1,085.90

2014

1,804.60

2005

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Investment: % of GDP

17.3

Dec 2017

16.2

Sep 2017

15.8

Sep 2016

28.2

Jun 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Business Confidence Growth

3.0

Mar 2018

5.2

Feb 2018

-32.2

Mar 2009

27.3

Dec 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-27
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

1.5

Dec 2017

-0.1

Sep 2017

-4.2

Sep 2009

8.3

Mar 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Policy Rate

0.00

Mar 2018

0.00

Feb 2018

0.00

Mar 2018

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-02
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

91,711.69

Dec 2017

89,821.87

Sep 2017

22,010.13

Mar 1985

137,598.18

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Forecast: Current Account Balance

16.82

2022

26.00

2021

-72.73

2010

52.83

2017

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

9.68

2022

9.98

2021

6.14

2007

12.63

2014

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Aluminum: Exports

3,103,886.83

2016

3,168,715.53

2015

1,219,826.30

1997

3,913,994.53

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Industrial Production Index Growth

4.3

Jan 2018

4.8

Dec 2017

-25.8

Apr 2009

22.1

Jan 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1954 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
External Debt: Short Term

941,634.8

Dec 2017

942,780.8

Sep 2017

317,998.9

Dec 2002

942,780.8

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
P/E ratio

11.58

Mar 2018

32.41

Feb 2018

-99.00

Mar 2015

75.03

Apr 2014

NA

monthly

Dec 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-06
Tourism Revenue

40,373

2016

39,420

2015

26,916

2001

46,191

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Employed Persons

23,055,309.00

Feb 2018

23,036,183.00

Jan 2018

22,116,616.00

Sep 2013

23,178,158.00

Apr 2008

Person

monthly

Jan 2004 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-04
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

6.8

2017

18.8

2016

-20.4

2012

18.8

2016

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

1.40

2022

1.40

2021

-0.05

2016

21.80

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.60

2022

3.60

2021

-19.07

2009

14.52

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Credit to Households

829.88

Sep 2017

800.48

Jun 2017

3.01

Mar 1960

1,031.30

Jun 2011

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-11
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

8,837,899.92

2016

9,260,340.77

2015

2,669,981.70

1995

9,260,340.77

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Imports: Television

1,533,052.07

2016

1,440,923.69

2015

640,830.46

1995

3,435,387.77

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Number of Subscriber Mobile

85,955,905.00

2016

87,691,238.00

2015

0.00

1984

97,188,624.00

2012

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017-09-18
Oil Consumption

1,232.36

2016

1,221.71

2015

978.99

1965

2,035.51

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
Natural Gas: Imports

65,285.00

2016

61,200.00

2015

35,291.00

1995

77,350.00

2006

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Container Port Throughput

10,574,791.00

2016

10,217,316.00

2015

9,464,031.00

2011

10,574,791.00

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

62.54

2017

62.82

2016

55.87

2008

70.18

2011

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Exports: Medicament

1,061.15

2016

1,953.58

2015

1,061.15

2016

8,603.98

1996

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Medicament

39,123.24

2016

32,268.19

2015

36.64

1999

67,333.86

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Coal Consumption

10.87

2016

12.30

2015

8.63

1965

16.67

2006

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
GDP per Capita

31,973.43

2017

30,670.77

2016

574.81

1957

40,316.77

2008

USD

yearly

1957 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-04
Private Consumption: % of GDP

58.1

Dec 2017

62.7

Sep 2017

53.8

Dec 1991

63.7

Sep 2012

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Total Deposits

1,768,101.04

2017

1,567,429.50

2016

451,434.53

2000

1,768,101.04

2017

USD mn

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
Imports: ICT Goods

21,338,457.35

2015

22,785,907.66

2014

18,422,523.15

2002

37,659,381.89

2010

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017-02-22
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

3,517,041.71

2016

3,606,739.99

2015

2,073,770.24

1995

5,247,374.14

2006

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Exports: Television

143,736.07

2016

154,437.40

2015

143,670.10

2003

537,537.28

1996

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

84.78

Sep 2017

85.21

Jun 2017

37.65

Mar 1990

102.83

Sep 2008

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

-0.80

Sep 2017

-0.20

Jun 2017

-6.02

Mar 2013

17.62

Mar 1991

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Real Residential Property Price Index

77.83

Sep 2017

78.28

Jun 2017

68.85

Mar 1990

105.67

Sep 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

-1.91

Sep 2017

-1.68

Jun 2017

-7.78

Mar 2013

10.71

Jun 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

20,267,172.00

2016

20,209,324.00

2015

3,057,645.00

1960

27,353,000.00

2001

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017-09-18
Teledensity: Mobile

140.43

2016

143.42

2015

0.00

1984

159.63

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017-09-18
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

5,783.00

2016

6,773.00

2015

5,783.00

2016

20,380.00

1995

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

404,141.41

2016

353,924.21

2015

69,935.64

1999

404,141.41

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Minerals Production

23,130,954.00

2015

21,745,091.00

2014

21,745,091.00

2014

26,050,206.00

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017-05-19
Building Permits

13,582.00

Jun 2017

11,391.00

Mar 2017

10,092.00

Dec 2015

75,081.00

Dec 2004

Unit

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
National Government Debt

2,780,771.2

Jan 2018

2,670,264.2

Dec 2017

9,611.3

Feb 1957

2,978,857.4

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Monthly Earnings

3,551

Dec 2017

3,513

Sep 2017

992

Mar 1985

4,454

Jun 2008

USD

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Nominal GDP

511,755.1

Dec 2017

506,363.2

Sep 2017

97,873.6

Mar 1985

643,975.4

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
Current Account Balance

-1,544.7

Jan 2018

6,134.1

Dec 2017

-12,008.5

Jan 2011

9,902.4

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Electricity Production

22,099

Feb 2018

23,147

Jan 2018

20,071

Aug 2002

29,279

Mar 2006

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

46.6

2017

42.6

2016

23.1

2004

46.6

2017

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Household Debt

1,099,087.6

Sep 2017

1,027,137.0

Jun 2017

288,786.8

Mar 1995

1,340,454.5

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Motor Vehicles Sales

2,190,403

2017

2,050,292

2016

1,420,814

2013

2,777,175

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.9

Jan 2018

1.0

Dec 2017

0.6

Mar 2008

2.0

Aug 2003

NA

monthly

Dec 1999 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Foreign Portfolio Investment

27,673.26

Dec 2017

-17,218.49

Sep 2017

-78,864.05

Mar 2012

88,390.78

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Total Exports Growth

9.5

Jan 2018

2.0

Dec 2017

-28.7

Jan 2009

35.0

May 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Tourism Revenue Growth

2.4

2016

-13.5

2015

-13.5

2015

16.2

2004

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Nominal GDP Growth

2.51

Dec 2017

2.59

Sep 2017

-5.45

Jun 2009

21.07

Dec 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Public Consumption Expenditure

94,172.32

Dec 2017

93,894.33

Sep 2017

49,436.71

Dec 2000

127,351.19

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Money Supply M1

1,598,786.87

Jan 2018

1,563,125.75

Dec 2017

76,681.75

Apr 1976

1,598,786.87

Jan 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1974 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-20
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

1.88

Dec 2017

1.91

Sep 2017

1.11

Mar 2008

2.16

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Forecast: Population

60.66

2022

60.69

2021

56.39

1980

60.80

2015

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Motor Vehicle Registered

42,241.93

2015

41,945.92

2014

39,089.00

2005

42,241.93

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

10.40

Sep 2017

10.50

Jun 2017

9.00

Mar 1999

14.00

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-11
Debt Service Ratio: Households

4.40

Sep 2017

4.40

Jun 2017

2.90

Sep 1999

5.40

Dec 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-11
Exports: ICT Goods

8,669,150.35

2015

8,844,470.81

2014

8,210,328.77

2009

11,581,023.20

2005

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017-02-22