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Italy Real Effective Exchange Rate

1980 - 2018 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Data

Italy's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Italy) was 95.0 in Oct 2018, compared with the number of 95.8 in the previous month. Italy's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 126.5 from Jan 1980 to Oct 2018. The data reached an all-time high of 126.5 in Jan 1992 and a record low of 73.6 in Nov 1981. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy. Italy is part of the Euro Area since January 1999.


In the latest reports, Italy's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Oct 2018. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Italy: ECB Harmonised ) was reported at 3.0 % pa in Sep 2018. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Oct 2018. Italy's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.9 (EUR/USD) in Oct 2018.

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What was Italy's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Sep 2018?

Last

96.2

Sep 2018
Previous

95.6

Aug 2018
Min

73.6

Nov 1981
Max

126.5

Jan 1992
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 05 Oct 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

96.2

Sep 2018

95.6

Aug 2018

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 05 Oct 2018

View Italy's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1980 to Sep 2018 in the chart:

Italy Real Effective Exchange Rate

Series Details
Series ID

211827102

Name

Italy Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country

Italy

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

Jan 1980

Last Date

Sep 2018

Last Updated

05 Oct 2018

Statistics
Mean

95.5

Variance

100.1

Standard deviation

10.0

Skewness

0.2

Kurtosis

0.8

Coefficient variation

0.1

Median

95.8

Max
Jan 1992

126.5

Min
Nov 1981

73.6

Previous observation
Aug 2018

95.6

Last observation
Sep 2018

96.2

Number of Observations

465

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

93.3

Jun 2018

92.8

May 2018

89.0

Feb 2018

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Argentina

84.0

Sep 2018

69.6

Aug 2018

41.1

Oct 2001

123.1

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-17
Armenia

123.8

Mar 2018

123.9

Feb 2018

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Australia

101.5

Jun 2018

100.8

May 2018

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Austria

100.2

Jun 2018

100.2

May 2018

94.6

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Azerbaijan

117.7

May 2018

114.4

Apr 2018

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Bahrain

102.7

Jun 2018

102.0

May 2018

81.5

Jun 2011

225.3

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Belgium

101.0

Jun 2018

101.0

May 2018

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Bolivia

54.8

Jun 2018

57.9

Apr 2018

53.8

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Bosnia and Herzegovina

99.7

Jul 2018

99.1

Jun 2018

98.7

Aug 2005

109.8

Jan 2010

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Botswana

99.9

Jul 2018

100.4

Jun 2018

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Brazil

98.9

Jun 2018

99.7

May 2018

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-25
Bulgaria

119.3

Sep 2018

118.3

Aug 2018

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Canada

91.0

Jun 2018

92.0

May 2018

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Chile

95.1

Jun 2018

94.8

May 2018

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
China

149.9

Jun 2018

150.8

May 2018

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Nov 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Colombia

105.0

Jun 2018

104.9

May 2018

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Croatia

101.3

May 2018

101.5

Apr 2018

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Cyprus

93.3

Jul 2018

92.8

Jun 2018

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Czech Republic

120.5

Sep 2018

119.8

Aug 2018

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Denmark

103.3

Jan 2018

103.2

Dec 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Ecuador

110.3

Nov 2017

109.3

Oct 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2018-03-05
Estonia

120.9

Jun 2018

120.9

May 2018

43.6

Jan 1993

121.2

Apr 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
European Union

90.9

Jun 2018

90.9

May 2018

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Finland

97.3

Jun 2018

97.5

May 2018

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
France

93.2

Jun 2018

93.2

May 2018

88.6

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Georgia

118.1

Jun 2018

117.6

May 2018

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Germany

93.3

Aug 2018

93.1

Jul 2018

86.9

Apr 2015

117.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-06
Greece

94.6

Jun 2018

94.7

May 2018

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Hong Kong SAR

107.7

Aug 2018

107.1

Jul 2018

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Hungary

103.9

Aug 2018

104.3

Jul 2018

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Iceland

94.0

Aug 2018

93.6

Jul 2018

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
India

113.1

Jun 2018

112.4

May 2018

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Indonesia

111.8

Jun 2018

110.0

May 2018

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Iran

134.4

Jun 2018

129.4

May 2018

67.3

Aug 1992

627.7

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Ireland

87.2

Jul 2018

86.9

Jun 2018

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Israel

122.6

Jun 2018

122.1

May 2018

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Italy

96.2

Sep 2018

95.6

Aug 2018

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Ivory Coast

98.1

Jun 2018

98.0

May 2018

66.1

Jan 1994

135.8

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Japan

75.1

Jun 2018

74.8

May 2018

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
Kazakhstan

93.1

May 2018

91.5

Apr 2018

81.1

Feb 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
South Korea

93.4

Jun 2018

94.2

May 2018

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Kosovo

104.4

Jun 2018

104.1

May 2018

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Kyrgyzstan

123.2

Aug 2018

120.4

Jul 2018

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Latvia

118.5

Jun 2018

118.5

May 2018

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Lithuania

115.6

Jun 2018

115.6

May 2018

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Luxembourg

100.2

Sep 2018

99.8

Aug 2018

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Macedonia

102.3

Jul 2018

102.4

Jun 2018

92.7

Dec 1993

164.5

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Malaysia

97.1

Aug 2018

96.8

Jul 2018

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Malta

100.2

Jul 2018

99.4

Jun 2018

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-13
Mexico

130.3

May 2018

124.4

Apr 2018

75.4

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Moldova

163.3

Jun 2018

162.5

May 2018

46.8

Nov 1993

163.3

Jun 2018

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Mongolia

117.6

May 2018

115.8

Apr 2018

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-25
Morocco

99.5

Jun 2018

98.2

May 2018

89.7

Sep 1990

112.5

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Netherlands

91.4

Jun 2018

91.5

May 2018

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
New Zealand

94.5

Jun 2018

93.9

May 2018

60.5

Aug 1984

107.3

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-31
Nigeria

130.7

Jun 2018

128.6

May 2018

50.9

Mar 1992

703.3

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Norway

88.1

Jun 2018

86.9

May 2018

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Pakistan

113.9

Aug 2018

110.4

Jul 2018

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-02
Paraguay

61.2

May 2018

62.5

Apr 2018

55.1

Feb 1999

103.2

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-07
Peru

94.5

Jun 2018

95.7

May 2018

74.8

Mar 1992

108.0

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Philippines

128.8

Jun 2018

129.4

May 2018

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Poland

93.9

Jun 2018

94.3

May 2018

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Portugal

97.2

Jun 2018

97.1

May 2018

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Romania

99.6

Jun 2018

100.1

May 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Russia

102.4

Jun 2018

101.3

May 2018

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Saudi Arabia

123.4

Aug 2018

122.4

Jul 2018

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Serbia

124.0

Aug 2018

124.2

Jul 2018

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-21
Singapore

120.0

Jun 2018

119.9

May 2018

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Slovakia

126.2

Jun 2018

126.1

May 2018

59.2

Sep 1993

134.5

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Slovenia

99.8

Jun 2018

99.7

May 2018

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
South Africa

87.6

Jul 2018

86.8

Jun 2018

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Spain

98.8

Jun 2018

98.6

May 2018

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Sri Lanka

145.7

Aug 2018

144.9

Jul 2018

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-02
Sweden

83.4

Jun 2018

82.8

May 2018

82.8

May 2018

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Switzerland

107.3

Jun 2018

105.5

May 2018

72.1

Jan 1973

126.8

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Taiwan

91.9

Jun 2018

91.3

May 2018

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Thailand

124.1

Aug 2018

122.1

Jul 2018

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Tunisia

78.6

Jun 2018

79.9

May 2018

77.9

Jan 2018

218.0

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Turkey

54.6

Sep 2018

57.5

Aug 2018

54.6

Sep 2018

113.3

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Ukraine

85.4

Jun 2018

83.7

May 2018

44.6

Apr 1993

232.3

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
United Arab Emirates

127.0

Jun 2018

125.3

May 2018

79.2

Apr 1995

131.7

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
United Kingdom

80.1

Jun 2018

80.4

May 2018

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
United States

104.1

Sep 2018

103.7

Aug 2018

82.6

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Uruguay

52.7

Aug 2018

53.8

Jul 2018

52.7

Aug 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Venezuela

0.6

Jun 2018

0.7

May 2018

0.6

Jun 2018

3,707.7

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19

More Indicators for Italy

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

3,483,580.866

2017

3,103,886.835

2016

1,219,826.304

1997

3,913,994.531

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Bank Lending Rate

1.426

May 2018

1.465

Apr 2018

1.421

Jan 2018

11.264

Aug 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1995 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Building Permits

12,338.000

Dec 2017

12,147.000

Sep 2017

10,092.000

Dec 2015

75,081.000

Dec 2004

Unit

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-07-13
Business Confidence Growth

-4.0

Sep 2018

-2.9

Aug 2018

-32.2

Mar 2009

27.3

Dec 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Business Confidence: Net Balance

1.8

Jul 2018

1.8

Jun 2018

-34.4

Mar 2009

14.2

Feb 1995

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-07-30
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

2.264

Jun 2018

1.855

May 2018

-0.899

Jun 2014

6.316

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-17
Coal Consumption

9.800

2017

10.985

2016

8.626

1965

16.669

2006

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-2.3

2017

-2.5

2016

-7.3

1995

-1.5

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-28
Consumer Confidence Growth

13.1

Jun 2018

8.5

May 2018

-21.6

Apr 1993

26.6

Sep 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-06-28
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-6.1

Sep 2018

-6.6

Aug 2018

-41.5

Jun 2012

2.5

Jun 2001

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.4

Sep 2018

1.6

Aug 2018

-2.0

Jul 1959

25.2

Nov 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1956 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-16
Container Port Throughput

10,574,791.000

2016

10,217,316.000

2015

9,464,031.000

2011

10,574,791.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Core CPI Change

0.780

Jun 2018

0.782

May 2018

0.197

Oct 2016

3.204

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Credit to Households

842.409

Dec 2017

829.882

Sep 2017

3.006

Mar 1960

1,031.302

Jun 2011

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

2,309.665

Dec 2017

2,275.320

Sep 2017

19.855

Mar 1960

3,011.721

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Crude Oil: Imports

1,340.400

2017

1,225.500

2016

1,085.900

2014

1,804.600

2005

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Crude Oil: Production

77.500

2017

70.700

2016

64.000

2001

114.500

2005

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Current Account Balance

2,631.8

May 2018

3,829.8

Apr 2018

-12,008.5

Jan 2011

9,902.4

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1970 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

1.1

Mar 2018

3.5

Dec 2017

-6.2

Mar 1981

4.6

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Debt Service Ratio: Households

4.300

Dec 2017

4.400

Sep 2017

2.900

Sep 1999

5.400

Dec 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

10.500

Dec 2017

10.700

Sep 2017

9.000

Mar 1999

14.000

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Direct Investment Abroad

6,694.0

May 2018

3,280.7

Apr 2018

-19,437.3

Jan 2008

40,252.3

Oct 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1988 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Domestic Credit

3,245,102.2

Aug 2018

3,306,451.5

Jul 2018

955,388.2

Oct 2000

3,818,888.4

Mar 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Domestic Credit Growth

-0.6

May 2018

-0.4

Apr 2018

-4.8

May 2014

19.4

Dec 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-17
Electricity Production

23,810

Jun 2018

22,875

May 2018

20,071

Aug 2002

28,669

Jul 2008

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
Employed Persons

23,368,901.000

Aug 2018

23,300,009.000

Jul 2018

22,110,354.000

Sep 2013

23,375,447.000

May 2018

Person

monthly

Jan 2004 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Equity Market Index

20,711.7

Sep 2018

20,269.5

Aug 2018

12,873.8

May 2012

43,755.0

Apr 2007

31Dec1997=24402

monthly

Sep 2003 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Exchange Rate against USD

0.856

Jun 2018

0.846

May 2018

0.292

Sep 1973

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Exports: ICT Goods

8,585,330.168

2016

8,669,150.350

2015

8,210,328.773

2009

11,581,023.200

2005

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

18,740,311.437

2017

16,974,939.215

2016

2,169,029.376

1995

22,418,967.880

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

8,240,915.544

2017

5,643,109.129

2016

1,193,544.372

2000

8,240,915.544

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

2,822,287.673

2017

3,517,041.713

2016

2,073,770.240

1995

5,247,374.143

2006

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

265,779.680

2017

143,736.069

2016

143,670.098

2003

537,537.280

1996

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

2,676,503.8

Mar 2018

2,510,690.2

Dec 2017

1,066,089.4

Dec 2002

2,956,487.7

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
External Debt: % of GDP

124.2

2017

123.2

2016

79.2

2002

125.2

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-11
External Debt: Short Term

997,276.3

Mar 2018

941,634.8

Dec 2017

317,998.9

Dec 2002

997,276.3

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

46.6

2017

42.6

2016

23.1

2004

46.6

2017

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-11
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

1.623

2023

1.609

2022

-0.050

2016

21.800

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Current Account Balance

18.751

2023

23.362

2022

-72.636

2010

53.415

2017

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Employment

23.399

2019

23.227

2018

20.172

1980

23.399

2019

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2019

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.400

2023

3.480

2022

-19.069

2009

14.517

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

45,440.317

2023

44,295.092

2022

10,543.692

1980

45,440.317

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Expenditure

940.858

2023

918.984

2022

290.933

1988

940.858

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1988 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Net Debt

2,305.434

2023

2,304.894

2022

562.266

1988

2,305.434

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1988 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Revenue

940.318

2023

918.412

2022

227.148

1988

940.318

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1988 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

42,132.854

2023

40,965.881

2022

7,649.307

1982

42,132.854

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Population

60.623

2023

60.660

2022

56.388

1980

60.796

2015

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

0.666

2023

0.723

2022

-5.482

2009

4.029

1988

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

9.650

2023

9.850

2022

6.133

2007

12.625

2014

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Foreign Direct Investment

2,455.1

May 2018

2,575.0

Apr 2018

-14,719.3

May 2009

18,810.4

Jan 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1988 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

0.9

Mar 2018

1.5

Dec 2017

-4.2

Sep 2009

8.3

Mar 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Foreign Exchange Reserves

39,802.9

Sep 2018

39,234.4

Aug 2018

18,826.8

Dec 1999

39,802.9

Sep 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

1.842

Mar 2018

1.878

Dec 2017

1.113

Mar 2008

2.164

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.9

May 2018

1.0

Apr 2018

0.6

Mar 2008

2.0

Aug 2003

NA

monthly

Dec 1999 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Foreign Portfolio Investment

32,271.648

Mar 2018

27,673.259

Dec 2017

-78,864.046

Mar 2012

88,390.784

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
GDP Deflator Growth

1.4

Jun 2018

0.8

Mar 2018

0.2

Sep 2010

4.0

Sep 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
GDP per Capita

31,973.430

2017

30,670.767

2016

574.807

1957

40,316.774

2008

USD

yearly

1957 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-11
Gold Production

0.000

2015

0.000

2014

0.000

2015

1,100.000

1998

kg

yearly

1998 - 2015

Updated on 2017-09-21
Gold Reserves

94,019.281

Sep 2018

94,086.099

Aug 2018

325.000

Jan 1957

141,798.523

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Government Debt: % of GDP

131.2

2017

131.4

2016

56.1

1980

131.8

2014

%

yearly

1980 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-15
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

94,231.433

Mar 2018

91,472.479

Dec 2017

22,010.130

Mar 1985

137,598.178

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Gross National Product

1,843,205.688

Mar 2018

1,768,101.168

Dec 2017

443,848.252

Jun 2001

1,843,205.688

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Gross Savings Rate

20.0

Mar 2018

20.6

Dec 2017

17.4

Sep 2010

25.7

Dec 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
House Prices Growth

-0.4

Mar 2018

-1.2

Dec 2017

-7.1

Mar 2013

2.4

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Household Debt

1,133,279.7

Mar 2018

1,092,657.6

Dec 2017

288,786.8

Mar 1995

1,329,466.5

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Household Debt: % of GDP

54.0

2017

54.3

2016

26.9

1995

56.9

2012

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-11
Imports: ICT Goods

20,666,771.355

2016

21,338,457.347

2015

18,422,523.153

2002

37,659,381.892

2010

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

15,859,945.552

2017

15,425,960.053

2016

2,057,369.344

1995

16,430,627.453

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

9,202,598.371

2017

8,919,678.670

2016

1,837,864.576

1995

9,202,598.371

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

8,617,066.560

2017

8,837,899.923

2016

2,669,981.696

1995

9,260,340.768

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

1,895,242.017

2017

1,533,052.071

2016

640,830.464

1995

3,435,387.771

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

-1.0

Aug 2018

-0.6

Jul 2018

-25.8

Apr 2009

22.1

Jan 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1954 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Investment: % of GDP

18.7

Mar 2018

17.3

Dec 2017

15.8

Sep 2016

28.2

Jun 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Labour Force Participation Rate

66.3

Jun 2018

65.4

Mar 2018

57.2

Jun 1978

66.3

Jun 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 1977 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Labour Productivity Growth

0.20

Jun 2018

0.76

Mar 2018

-6.58

Mar 2009

3.82

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

62.540

2017

62.820

2016

55.870

2008

70.180

2011

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Long Term Interest Rate

2.74

Jun 2018

2.18

May 2018

1.18

Aug 2016

13.45

Mar 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
M2 Growth

4.2

Aug 2018

4.5

Jul 2018

-1.5

Sep 1998

12.1

Aug 2009

%

monthly

Sep 1998 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

37.3

2017

31.2

2016

20.3

2011

66.0

2000

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-11
Minerals Production

15,096,525.000

2016

23,130,954.000

2015

15,096,525.000

2016

26,050,206.000

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

1,598,172.907

May 2018

1,645,657.224

Apr 2018

76,681.747

Apr 1976

1,650,839.645

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1974 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Money Supply M2

2,044,713.179

May 2018

2,111,010.628

Apr 2018

139,718.553

Apr 1976

2,122,556.087

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1974 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Monthly Earnings

3,697

Mar 2018

3,547

Dec 2017

992

Mar 1985

4,454

Jun 2008

USD

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Motor Vehicle Production

1,142,210.000

Dec 2017

1,103,305.000

Dec 2016

362,865.000

Jun 2014

1,579,696.000

Dec 2001

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Registered

42,241.934

2015

41,945.920

2014

39,089.000

2005

42,241.934

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

221,263.000

Dec 2017

225,324.000

Dec 2016

58,689.000

Jun 2013

283,060.000

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

1,969,140.472

Dec 2017

1,824,968.000

Dec 2016

732,322.000

Jun 2013

2,494,115.000

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

2,190,403

2017

2,050,292

2016

1,420,814

2013

2,777,175

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-11
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

6.8

2017

18.8

2016

-20.4

2012

18.8

2016

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-11
National Government Debt

2,751,646.6

May 2018

2,837,756.0

Apr 2018

9,611.3

Feb 1957

2,978,893.1

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

5,540.000

2017

5,783.000

2016

5,540.000

2017

20,380.000

1995

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Consumption

6.976

2017

6.565

2016

0.714

1965

8.008

2005

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Natural Gas: Exports

271.000

2017

212.000

2016

70.000

2007

400.000

2005

Cub m mn

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Imports

69,622.000

2017

65,285.000

2016

35,291.000

1995

77,350.000

2006

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
New Orders Growth

-0.2

Aug 2018

0.1

Jul 2018

-32.7

Apr 2009

42.7

Aug 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-16
Nominal GDP

535,195.7

Mar 2018

511,587.8

Dec 2017

97,873.6

Mar 1985

643,975.4

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Nominal GDP Growth

2.353

Mar 2018

2.495

Dec 2017

-5.450

Jun 2009

21.075

Dec 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

84.870

Dec 2017

84.780

Sep 2017

37.650

Mar 1990

102.830

Sep 2008

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

-0.300

Dec 2017

-0.800

Sep 2017

-6.020

Mar 2013

17.620

Mar 1991

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Non Performing Loans Ratio

13.2

Mar 2018

13.5

Dec 2017

5.0

Jun 2008

17.1

Sep 2015

%

quarterly

Jun 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Non-Performing Loans

317,476.363

Mar 2018

310,921.311

Dec 2017

114,637.773

Dec 2008

417,292.987

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

20,267,173.000

2016

20,209,324.000

2015

3,057,645.000

1960

27,353,000.000

2001

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

90,927,149.000

2016

87,691,238.000

2015

0.000

1984

97,188,624.000

2012

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Oil Consumption

1,247.083

2017

1,227.669

2016

978.986

1965

2,035.513

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
P/E ratio

9.790

Sep 2018

9.561

Aug 2018

-99.000

Mar 2015

75.031

Apr 2014

NA

monthly

Dec 2010 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Policy Rate

0.00

Jun 2018

0.00

May 2018

0.00

Jun 2018

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Population

59.4

2017

59.4

2016

46.6

1950

59.8

2011

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-04
Private Consumption Expenditure

326,226.748

Mar 2018

310,065.355

Dec 2017

166,471.604

Dec 2000

380,902.016

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Private Consumption: % of GDP

62.2

Mar 2018

58.1

Dec 2017

53.8

Dec 1991

63.7

Sep 2012

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Producer Price Index Growth

2.9

Jun 2018

2.4

May 2018

-7.6

Jul 2009

14.8

Jan 1982

%

monthly

Jan 1982 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Public Consumption Expenditure

98,923.623

Mar 2018

94,427.661

Dec 2017

49,436.711

Dec 2000

127,351.191

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Public Consumption: % of GDP

17.9

Mar 2018

21.2

Dec 2017

16.0

Sep 1980

23.6

Dec 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Real GDP Growth

1.2

Jun 2018

1.3

Mar 2018

-7.2

Mar 2009

4.7

Dec 1988

%

quarterly

Mar 1982 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
Real Residential Property Price Index

78.140

Dec 2017

77.830

Sep 2017

68.850

Mar 1990

105.670

Sep 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

-1.190

Dec 2017

-1.910

Sep 2017

-7.780

Mar 2013

10.710

Jun 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Sep 2018

1.0

Aug 2018

1.0

Sep 2018

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Retail Sales Growth

1.5

Aug 2018

0.5

Jul 2018

-3.8

Mar 2013

4.8

Feb 2001

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.32

Sep 2018

-0.32

Aug 2018

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Tax Revenue

138,074.205

Mar 2018

178,601.639

Dec 2017

66,283.635

Mar 2002

210,336.313

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-28
Teledensity: Fixed Line

34.103

2016

33.963

2015

6.147

1960

47.565

2001

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

152.999

2016

147.370

2015

0.000

1984

162.703

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

1,768,101.168

2017

1,567,429.499

2016

451,434.526

2000

1,768,101.168

2017

USD mn

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Total Exports

47,963.5

May 2018

44,546.2

Apr 2018

8,358.4

Aug 1993

59,381.5

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1991 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Total Exports Growth

-0.8

May 2018

6.8

Apr 2018

-28.7

Jan 2009

35.0

May 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Total Imports

43,970.9

May 2018

40,882.4

Apr 2018

7,578.5

Aug 1993

55,826.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1991 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Total Imports Growth

1.7

May 2018

9.6

Apr 2018

-29.4

Apr 2009

39.4

May 2000

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Tourism Revenue

40,373

2016

39,420

2015

26,916

2001

46,191

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-06-11
Tourism Revenue Growth

2.4

2016

-13.5

2015

-13.5

2015

16.2

2004

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-06-11
Trade Balance

3,166.2

May 2018

4,385.3

Apr 2018

-5,844.9

Mar 2011

6,054.8

Dec 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Unemployment Rate

9.74

Aug 2018

10.18

Jul 2018

5.73

Apr 2007

13.02

Nov 2014

%

monthly

Jan 1983 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Visitor Arrivals

59,724,379

2017

56,764,239

2016

20,241,217

1991

59,724,379

2017

Person

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Visitor Arrivals Growth

5.2

2017

3.1

2016

-3.7

2003

17.3

1994

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
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