Germany Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2019 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Data

Germany's Real Effective Exchange Rate (HCI: 2005=100: Month Avg: Germany) was 92.5 in May 2019, compared with the number of 92.1 in the previous month. Germany's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 117.2 from Jan 1993 to May 2019. The data reached an all-time high of 117.2 in Apr 1995 and a record low of 87.4 in Apr 2015. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Harmonized Competitiveness Indicator with base 1Q1999=100. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy. Germany is part of the Euro Area since January 1999.


In the latest reports, Germany's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in May 2019. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: Germany: ECB Harmonised ) was reported at -0.0 % pa in Apr 2019. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Germany: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in May 2019. Germany's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.9 (EUR/USD) in May 2019.

What was Germany's Real Effective Exchange Rate in May 2019?

Last

92.5

May 2019
Previous

92.1

Apr 2019
Min

87.4

Apr 2015
Max

117.2

Apr 1995
Unit

2005=100

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 07 Jun 2019
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

92.5

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

92.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

87.4

Apr 2015

117.2

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 07 Jun 2019

View Germany's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to May 2019 in the chart:

Germany Real Effective Exchange Rate

Germany Real Effective Exchange Rate

Series Details
Series ID

211825502

Name

Germany Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country

Germany

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

2005=100

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

Jan 1993

Last Date

May 2019

Last Updated

07 Jun 2019

Statistics
Mean

98.8

Variance

45.5

Standard deviation

6.7

Skewness

0.7

Kurtosis

-0.3

Coefficient variation

0.1

Median

98.9

Max
Apr 1995

117.2

Min
Apr 2015

87.4

Previous observation
Apr 2019

92.1

Last observation
May 2019

92.5

Number of Observations

317

Get This Data

Related Indicators for Germany Real Effective Exchange Rate

Interest and Foreign Exchange Rates Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Bank Lending Rate

2.100

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

2.050

% pa Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

2.010

Jan 2019

6.550

Dec 2007

% pa

monthly

Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Exchange Rate against USD

0.894

EUR/USD May 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.890

EUR/USD Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.635

Jul 2008

2.147

Feb 1961

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Policy Rate

0.00

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2019

0.00

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2019

0.00

May 2019

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.32

% pa May 2019 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2019

-0.31

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2019

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Long Term Interest Rate

-0.13

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

-0.04

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

-0.15

Jul 2016

7.60

Jan 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
Exchange Rate against US$: Monthly Average

0.894

EUR/USD May 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.890

EUR/USD Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.635

Jul 2008

2.147

Feb 1961

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Policy Rate: Month End: Main Refinancing Operations

0.000

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2019

0.000

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2019

0.000

May 2019

4.750

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Euro Index Average (EONIA): Overnight

-0.370

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

-0.370

% pa Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

-0.370

Apr 2019

5.060

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months

-0.322

% pa May 2019 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2019

-0.310

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2019

-0.331

Oct 2017

5.277

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Lending Rate: Household (HH): Housing: Up To 1 Year

2.260

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

2.270

% pa Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

2.250

Nov 2018

6.310

Nov 2008

% pa

monthly

Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Lending Rate: HH: Consumer Credit & Other: Up To 1 Year

7.040

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

7.160

% pa Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

6.980

Dec 2017

10.640

Oct 2008

% pa

monthly

Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04

More Indicators for Germany

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

10,177,674.362

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

9,324,790.050

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

4,054,516.992

1996

11,771,949.000

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Bank Lending Rate

2.100

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

2.050

% pa Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

2.010

Jan 2019

6.550

Dec 2007

% pa

monthly

Jan 2003 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Building Permits

17,492.000

Unit Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

15,934.000

Unit Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

11,308.000

Jan 2010

30,881.000

Jan 2003

Unit

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20
Business Confidence Growth

-20.9

% Point May 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - May 2019

-21.1

% Point Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - May 2019

-64.0

Mar 2009

50.8

May 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1992 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Business Confidence: Net Balance

4.0

% Point May 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2019

4.1

% Point Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2019

-44.9

Mar 2009

34.2

Nov 2017

% Point

monthly

Jan 1991 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

0.847

% May 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - May 2019

0.471

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - May 2019

-3.091

Oct 2009

8.216

Mar 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
Coal Consumption

66.399

TOE mn 2018 yearly 1965 - 2018

71.533

TOE mn 2017 yearly 1965 - 2018

66.399

2018

160.746

1965

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-12
Coal Production

37.590

TOE mn 2018 yearly 1981 - 2018

39.419

TOE mn 2017 yearly 1981 - 2018

37.590

2018

149.503

1982

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-12
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

1.7

% 2018 yearly 1991 - 2018

1.0

% 2017 yearly 1991 - 2018

-9.4

1995

1.7

2018

%

yearly

1991 - 2018

Updated on 2019-05-23
Consumer Confidence Growth

-2.3

% Point May 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

-2.0

% Point Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - May 2019

-15.2

Aug 1991

19.1

Oct 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-1.4

% Point May 2019 monthly Jan 1985 - May 2019

-0.7

% Point Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1985 - May 2019

-24.9

Dec 2002

3.6

Feb 2011

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.6

% May 2019 monthly Jun 1949 - May 2019

1.8

% Apr 2019 monthly Jun 1949 - May 2019

-8.3

Jun 1950

11.5

Nov 1951

%

monthly

Jun 1949 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Container Port Throughput

19,447,600.000

TEU 2017 yearly 2008 - 2017

19,364,033.333

TEU 2016 yearly 2008 - 2017

13,296,300.212

2009

20,128,033.333

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-08-06
Core CPI Change

1.251

% May 2019 monthly Jan 2006 - May 2019

1.839

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2006 - May 2019

0.199

Dec 2010

2.213

Sep 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
Credit to Households

2,051.826

USD bn Dec 2018 quarterly Dec 1970 - Dec 2018

2,054.789

USD bn Sep 2018 quarterly Dec 1970 - Dec 2018

77.239

Dec 1970

2,412.437

Mar 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Dec 1970 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

4,253.978

USD bn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

4,262.165

USD bn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

22.931

Mar 1955

4,690.618

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1955 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Crude Oil: Imports

1,719.787

Barrel/Day th 2018 yearly 1980 - 2018

1,832.184

Barrel/Day th 2017 yearly 1980 - 2018

1,686.579

1985

2,415.563

1980

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Crude Oil: Production

40.652

Barrel/Day th 2018 yearly 1960 - 2018

43.329

Barrel/Day th 2017 yearly 1960 - 2018

40.652

2018

170.097

1968

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1960 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Current Account Balance

23,276.8

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

26,952.3

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

-6,394.8

Aug 2000

30,980.4

Jan 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

7.8

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

7.5

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

-2.4

Sep 2000

9.1

Sep 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Debt Service Ratio: Households

6.000

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

6.100

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

6.000

Dec 2018

9.700

Mar 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

9.700

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

9.700

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

9.600

Mar 2018

13.600

Dec 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Direct Investment Abroad

18,257.6

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1971 - Apr 2019

23,409.4

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1971 - Apr 2019

-33,418.6

Dec 2008

41,621.6

Nov 1998

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1971 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Domestic Credit

4,931,905.2

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

4,955,863.6

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

2,534,874.6

Oct 2000

6,158,341.2

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Domestic Credit Growth

4.6

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

5.1

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

-13.2

Aug 2013

38.8

Sep 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Electricity Production

27,852

GWh Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

32,018

GWh Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

26,834

May 2018

53,768

Jan 2006

GWh

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-06-11
Employed Persons

45,231,000.000

Person Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - Apr 2019

45,199,000.000

Person Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - Apr 2019

37,642,000.000

Nov 1993

45,231,000.000

Apr 2019

Person

monthly

Jan 1992 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-29
Equity Market Index

11,726.8

30Dec1987=1000 May 2019 monthly Oct 1959 - May 2019

12,344.1

30Dec1987=1000 Apr 2019 monthly Oct 1959 - May 2019

333.4

Dec 1966

13,229.6

Oct 2017

30Dec1987=1000

monthly

Oct 1959 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Exchange Rate against USD

0.894

EUR/USD May 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.890

EUR/USD Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

0.635

Jul 2008

2.147

Feb 1961

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Exports: ICT Goods

71,682,004.509

USD th 2017 yearly 2000 - 2017

62,440,671.169

USD th 2016 yearly 2000 - 2017

46,169,327.000

2000

82,808,756.000

2006

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2019-02-20
Exports: Medicament

56,464,887.012

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

48,980,889.566

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

6,305,154.048

1995

56,464,887.012

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

27,726,922.141

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

27,816,070.835

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

3,963,140.096

1995

28,072,389.192

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

16,871,116.135

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

19,901,150.724

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

8,636,832.768

1995

26,050,817.000

2006

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

2,093,218.981

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

1,679,775.772

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

703,094.000

2000

2,855,179.000

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

5,533,437.8

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2018

5,708,517.2

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2018

1,897,496.4

Jun 1999

6,275,169.4

Sep 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
External Debt: % of GDP

143.2

% 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018

145.0

% 2017 yearly 1999 - 2018

93.5

1999

165.1

2012

%

yearly

1999 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
External Debt: Short Term

2,069,848.0

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2018

2,182,922.9

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2018

1,076,955.0

Jun 2004

2,204,830.4

Jun 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

53.6

% 2018 yearly 2004 - 2018

52.8

% 2017 yearly 2004 - 2018

41.0

2004

56.0

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.227

% 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

2.225

% 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

-0.125

1986

6.324

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Current Account Balance

305.670

USD bn 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

295.809

USD bn 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

-34.209

2000

305.670

2024

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-24
Forecast: Employment

42.031

Person mn 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020

41.893

Person mn 2019 yearly 1980 - 2020

33.595

1983

42.031

2020

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2020

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.500

% 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

3.650

% 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

-16.679

2009

16.002

2010

%

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

64,091.810

PPP Intl $ 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

61,997.630

PPP Intl $ 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

11,308.220

1980

64,091.810

2024

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Expenditure

1,835.520

EUR bn 2024 yearly 1991 - 2024

1,773.380

EUR bn 2023 yearly 1991 - 2024

732.310

1991

1,835.520

2024

EUR bn

yearly

1991 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Net Debt

1,815.760

EUR bn 2024 yearly 1991 - 2024

1,846.760

EUR bn 2023 yearly 1991 - 2024

618.217

1991

2,202.860

2012

EUR bn

yearly

1991 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Government Revenue

1,866.520

EUR bn 2024 yearly 1991 - 2024

1,802.620

EUR bn 2023 yearly 1991 - 2024

682.281

1991

1,866.520

2024

EUR bn

yearly

1991 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

59,405.120

USD 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

56,948.100

USD 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

8,505.460

1984

59,405.120

2024

USD

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Population

82.692

Person mn 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

82.776

Person mn 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

76.166

1985

82.960

2020

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.156

% 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

1.304

% 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

-5.560

2009

5.723

1990

%

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

3.149

% 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024

3.205

% 2023 yearly 1980 - 2024

3.149

2024

11.008

2005

%

yearly

1980 - 2024

Updated on 2019-04-09
Foreign Direct Investment

13,576.8

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1971 - Apr 2019

-2,976.7

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1971 - Apr 2019

-28,915.9

Dec 2000

139,005.2

Feb 2000

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1971 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

1.1

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

3.0

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

-3.7

Mar 2004

33.2

Mar 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Foreign Exchange Reserves

37,134.1

USD mn May 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

36,490.3

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2019

1,277.0

Apr 1959

114,644.0

Sep 1992

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

0.956

% Mar 2019 quarterly Dec 1991 - Mar 2019

0.939

% Dec 2018 quarterly Dec 1991 - Mar 2019

0.928

Sep 2018

5.535

Sep 1992

%

quarterly

Dec 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-17
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.4

NA Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

0.3

NA Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

0.3

Oct 2018

6.1

Sep 1973

NA

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Foreign Portfolio Investment

60,420.208

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1971 - Mar 2019

-31,657.103

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1971 - Mar 2019

-83,403.882

Mar 2000

141,044.775

Jun 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
GDP Deflator Growth

2.1

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1992 - Mar 2019

1.9

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1992 - Mar 2019

-0.7

Jun 2000

6.0

Mar 1992

%

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
GDP per Capita

48,210.447

USD 2018 yearly 1970 - 2018

44,702.944

USD 2017 yearly 1970 - 2018

2,750.678

1970

48,210.447

2018

USD

yearly

1970 - 2018

Updated on 2019-05-23
Gold Reserves

141,059.120

USD mn May 2019 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2019

139,353.276

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2019

29,039.442

Jul 2001

198,044.795

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1998 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Government Debt: % of GDP

60.9

% 2018 yearly 1991 - 2018

64.5

% 2017 yearly 1991 - 2018

39.1

1991

81.8

2010

%

yearly

1991 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

208,910.016

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

205,941.777

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

99,611.028

Mar 2002

212,241.759

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Gross National Product

992,775.321

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

1,007,689.093

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

443,873.915

Jun 1991

1,045,906.542

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Gross Savings Rate

29.0

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

25.9

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

20.8

Dec 1992

29.1

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
House Prices Growth

4.6

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2001 - Dec 2018

5.1

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 2001 - Dec 2018

-3.8

Mar 2007

6.9

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-11
Household Debt

2,044,629.9

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Dec 2018

2,066,079.7

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Dec 2018

880,901.3

Jun 1991

2,378,569.5

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-16
Household Debt: % of GDP

52.9

% 2018 yearly 1991 - 2018

52.7

% 2017 yearly 1991 - 2018

52.7

2017

70.8

2000

%

yearly

1991 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-16
Household Expenditure per Capita

18,654.599

USD 2013 yearly 1998 - 2013

18,933.310

USD 2008 yearly 1998 - 2013

12,325.923

1998

18,933.310

2008

USD

yearly

1998 - 2013

Updated on 2018-12-10
Household Income per Capita

31,136.721

USD 2013 yearly 1998 - 2013

31,263.153

USD 2008 yearly 1998 - 2013

19,729.850

1998

31,263.153

2008

USD

yearly

1998 - 2013

Updated on 2018-12-10
Imports: ICT Goods

102,494,546.797

USD th 2017 yearly 2000 - 2017

89,368,161.060

USD th 2016 yearly 2000 - 2017

58,283,034.000

2000

102,494,546.797

2017

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2019-02-20
Imports: Medicament

27,426,846.341

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

26,497,248.212

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

4,046,265.088

1995

30,756,747.000

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

25,809,426.215

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

23,064,173.174

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

2,616,890.112

1995

25,809,426.215

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

26,296,172.322

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

28,847,946.975

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

6,637,869.056

1996

28,847,946.975

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

6,761,367.571

USD th 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017

4,978,027.788

USD th 2016 yearly 1995 - 2017

1,385,056.007

1997

7,281,123.000

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

-1.9

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1959 - Apr 2019

-0.8

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1959 - Apr 2019

-22.1

Apr 2009

17.3

Jun 1985

%

monthly

Jan 1959 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Investment: % of GDP

22.1

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

19.7

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

15.8

Dec 2009

28.0

Sep 1991

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Labour Force Participation Rate

55.7

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2019

56.0

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2019

53.7

Mar 2007

56.0

Dec 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-17
Labour Productivity Growth

-0.47

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1992 - Mar 2019

-0.26

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1992 - Mar 2019

-8.09

Jun 2009

4.58

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

97.090

2004=100 2018 yearly 2004 - 2018

89.750

2004=100 2017 yearly 2004 - 2018

76.590

2004

97.790

2015

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Long Term Interest Rate

-0.13

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

-0.04

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

-0.15

Jul 2016

7.60

Jan 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
M2 Growth

5.6

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

5.3

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

-7.5

Apr 1995

27.0

Jan 1991

%

monthly

Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

45.3

% 2018 yearly 1975 - 2018

57.6

% 2017 yearly 1975 - 2018

7.6

1980

67.3

1999

%

yearly

1975 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-24
Minerals Production

219,052,926.000

Metric Ton 2017 yearly 2009 - 2017

217,214,774.000

Metric Ton 2016 yearly 2009 - 2017

217,214,774.000

2016

240,314,386.000

2012

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-29
Money Supply M2

3,457,488.168

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1969 - Apr 2019

3,464,596.167

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1969 - Apr 2019

34,700.000

Jan 1969

3,592,277.480

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1969 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Monthly Earnings

4,493

USD Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2018

4,536

USD Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2018

3,925

Mar 2007

4,842

Jun 2008

USD

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-24
Motor Vehicle Registered

48,427.094

Unit th 2015 yearly 2005 - 2015

47,647.581

Unit th 2014 yearly 2005 - 2015

44,021.000

2007

49,742.000

2006

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

369,146.000

Unit Dec 2017 semiannually Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

357,260.000

Unit Dec 2016 semiannually Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

141,631.000

Jun 2013

369,146.000

Dec 2017

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

3,442,100.389

Unit Dec 2017 semiannually Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

3,351,607.000

Unit Dec 2016 semiannually Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

1,502,630.000

Jun 2013

3,807,175.000

Dec 2009

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicles Sales

3,811,246

Unit 2017 yearly 2005 - 2017

3,708,867

Unit 2016 yearly 2005 - 2017

3,198,416

2010

4,049,353

2009

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

2.8

% 2017 yearly 2006 - 2017

4.8

% 2016 yearly 2006 - 2017

-21.0

2010

18.2

2009

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
National Government Debt

2,354,162.1

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

2,416,248.8

USD mn Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

1,073,265.3

Jun 2001

3,063,148.9

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

5,945.000

Cub m mn 2018 yearly 1960 - 2018

6,974.000

Cub m mn 2017 yearly 1960 - 2018

686.000

1960

26,316.000

1974

Cub m mn

yearly

1960 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Natural Gas: Consumption

8.542

Cub ft/Day bn 2018 yearly 1965 - 2018

8.682

Cub ft/Day bn 2017 yearly 1965 - 2018

0.300

1965

8.902

2006

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-11
Natural Gas: Exports

44,859.833

Cub m mn 2018 yearly 1960 - 2018

35,910.000

Cub m mn 2017 yearly 1960 - 2018

0.000

1969

44,859.833

2018

Cub m mn

yearly

1960 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
Natural Gas: Imports

133,822.303

Cub m mn 2018 yearly 1975 - 2018

126,540.000

Cub m mn 2017 yearly 1975 - 2018

30,980.000

1975

133,822.303

2018

Cub m mn

yearly

1975 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-04
New Orders Growth

-5.0

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - Apr 2019

-5.9

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - Apr 2019

-36.4

Feb 2009

29.7

Apr 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-06
Nominal GDP

978,433.9

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2019

974,349.0

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2019

17,238.1

Mar 1960

1,029,831.3

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-17
Nominal GDP Growth

2.840

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1961 - Mar 2019

2.570

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1961 - Mar 2019

-5.596

Mar 2009

24.978

Jun 1991

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-17
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

139.400

2010=100 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1970 - Dec 2018

137.600

2010=100 Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1970 - Dec 2018

37.620

Mar 1970

139.400

Dec 2018

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-29
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

4.580

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1971 - Dec 2018

5.120

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1971 - Dec 2018

-2.930

Sep 1984

11.060

Sep 1971

%

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-29
Non Performing Loans Ratio

1.5

% 2017 yearly 2005 - 2017

1.7

% 2016 yearly 2005 - 2017

1.5

2017

4.0

2005

%

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

44,400,000.000

Unit 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017

45,300,000.000

Unit 2016 yearly 1960 - 2017

3,220,990.000

1960

54,791,000.000

2005

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-18
Number of Subscriber Mobile

106,000,000.000

Person 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017

103,470,000.000

Person 2016 yearly 1960 - 2017

0.000

1984

106,000,000.000

2017

Person

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-19
Oil Consumption

2,321.334

Barrel/Day th 2018 yearly 1965 - 2018

2,442.509

Barrel/Day th 2017 yearly 1965 - 2018

1,708.632

1965

3,336.601

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-11
Policy Rate

0.00

% pa May 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2019

0.00

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2019

0.00

May 2019

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Population

82.8

Person mn 2017 yearly 1950 - 2017

82.5

Person mn 2016 yearly 1950 - 2017

69.3

1950

82.8

2017

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-14
Private Consumption Expenditure

514,978.318

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2019

511,528.311

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2019

9,857.143

Mar 1960

551,870.313

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Private Consumption: % of GDP

51.5

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

53.1

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

51.5

Mar 2019

59.0

Jun 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Producer Price Index Growth

2.5

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1977 - Apr 2019

2.4

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1977 - Apr 2019

-7.8

Jul 2009

9.1

Sep 1981

%

monthly

Jan 1977 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20
Public Consumption Expenditure

192,146.802

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2019

192,431.862

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2019

2,380.952

Sep 1960

199,778.493

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Public Consumption: % of GDP

19.5

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

21.0

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

16.7

Sep 2007

21.2

Dec 1992

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Real GDP Growth

0.7

% Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1992 - Mar 2019

0.6

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1992 - Mar 2019

-6.9

Mar 2009

5.6

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-17
Real Residential Property Price Index

124.850

2010=100 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1970 - Dec 2018

123.120

2010=100 Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1970 - Dec 2018

99.150

Mar 2010

143.190

Jun 1981

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-29
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

2.540

% Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1971 - Dec 2018

3.170

% Sep 2018 quarterly Mar 1971 - Dec 2018

-5.020

Sep 1982

6.180

Jun 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-29
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

1.0

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

1.0

Apr 2019

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Retail Sales Growth

-0.3

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

3.5

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

-6.0

Dec 2007

5.8

Jul 2015

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-14
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.32

% pa May 2019 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2019

-0.31

% pa Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2019

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Tax Revenue

230,189.896

USD mn Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

234,616.117

USD mn Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

94,623.336

Jun 1991

246,107.870

Jun 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Teledensity: Fixed Line

54.071

Number 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017

55.301

Number 2016 yearly 1960 - 2017

4.387

1960

67.087

2005

Number

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-19
Teledensity: Mobile

133.594

Number 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017

126.314

Number 2016 yearly 1960 - 2017

0.000

1984

133.594

2017

Number

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Total Deposits

5,617,097.717

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Sep 1997 - Apr 2019

5,614,200.120

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Sep 1997 - Apr 2019

2,855,583.440

Oct 2000

7,082,966.849

Apr 2008

USD mn

monthly

Sep 1997 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Total Exports

122,102.3

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

127,475.4

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

651.9

Jan 1957

134,995.6

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Total Exports Growth

-0.5

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1951 - Apr 2019

3.1

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1951 - Apr 2019

-23.2

May 2009

107.4

Feb 1951

%

monthly

Jan 1951 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Total Imports

103,004.5

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

104,985.0

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

591.4

May 1958

110,596.7

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Total Imports Growth

2.1

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1951 - Apr 2019

5.7

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1951 - Apr 2019

-23.5

Jul 2009

73.7

Feb 1951

%

monthly

Jan 1951 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Tourism Revenue

42,955

USD mn 2018 yearly 1991 - 2018

39,778

USD mn 2017 yearly 1991 - 2018

14,918

1994

43,265

2014

USD mn

yearly

1991 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Tourism Revenue Growth

3.1

% 2018 yearly 1992 - 2018

4.3

% 2017 yearly 1992 - 2018

-8.5

2009

18.0

2000

%

yearly

1992 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Trade Balance

19,097.8

USD mn Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

22,490.3

USD mn Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

-443.5

May 1991

28,960.6

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Unemployment Rate

3.20

% Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

3.20

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

3.20

Apr 2019

11.20

Aug 2005

%

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-29
Visitor Arrivals

2,661,789

Person Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - Mar 2019

2,413,689

Person Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1992 - Mar 2019

672,895

Jan 1993

4,708,654

Jul 2018

Person

monthly

Jan 1992 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-21
Visitor Arrivals Growth

-0.4

% Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - Mar 2019

2.5

% Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - Mar 2019

-17.9

Sep 2001

27.0

Jun 2006

%

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-21

More Countries/Regions for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

93.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

93.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

88.6

Feb 2018

184.7

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Argentina

73.1

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2019

73.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2019

41.1

Oct 2001

123.1

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
Armenia

132.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

131.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Australia

97.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

97.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Austria

99.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

99.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

94.4

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Azerbaijan

124.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

123.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

94.5

Jan 2005

190.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Bahrain

100.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

100.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

83.1

Jun 2011

223.4

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Belgium

100.3

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

100.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

91.1

Oct 2000

109.0

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Bolivia

54.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

54.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

53.7

Nov 2018

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-13
Bosnia and Herzegovina

99.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

100.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

98.7

Aug 2005

109.8

Jan 2010

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Botswana

100.7

Sep2016=100 Feb 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

100.7

Sep2016=100 Jan 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Brazil

100.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

101.7

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-14
Bulgaria

116.5

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

115.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Canada

90.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

90.8

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Chile

96.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - Apr 2019

96.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - Apr 2019

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
China

147.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

147.4

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

78.0

Jan 1994

155.2

Feb 2016

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Colombia

116.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2019

112.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2019

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-12
Croatia

103.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

103.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Cyprus

91.2

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

91.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Czech Republic

119.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

119.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Denmark

103.1

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

102.9

2005=100 Jan 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

84.4

Jan 1984

107.9

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-28
Ecuador

110.3

2007=100 Nov 2017 monthly Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

109.3

2007=100 Oct 2017 monthly Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

87.1

Mar 2015

110.3

Nov 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Nov 2017

Updated on 2019-05-21
Estonia

122.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

121.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

43.5

Jan 1993

123.3

Sep 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
European Union

90.1

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

89.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

41.3

Sep 1980

110.7

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Finland

96.9

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

96.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

93.1

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
France

92.4

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

92.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

88.6

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Georgia

113.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1995 - Apr 2019

113.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1995 - Apr 2019

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-17
Greece

94.2

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

93.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-06
Hong Kong SAR

107.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

107.7

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Hungary

102.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1990 - Apr 2019

101.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1990 - Apr 2019

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Iceland

86.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

86.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

56.9

Nov 2008

106.9

Nov 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
India

113.8

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Apr 2004 - May 2019

113.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Apr 2004 - May 2019

94.8

Apr 2009

119.7

Dec 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-06
Indonesia

113.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

112.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Iran

192.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

183.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

68.1

Aug 1992

632.8

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Ireland

85.7

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

85.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Israel

124.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

123.5

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Italy

93.2

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

92.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

73.6

Nov 1981

126.6

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Ivory Coast

94.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

95.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

65.7

Jan 1994

134.6

Oct 1980

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Japan

74.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

75.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

57.2

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-20
Kazakhstan

86.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

86.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
South Korea

90.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

90.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

59.2

Jan 1998

107.9

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Kosovo

107.2

Jan2007=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Apr 2019

107.3

Jan2007=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Apr 2019

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-28
Kyrgyzstan

119.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

118.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-22
Latvia

120.1

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

119.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

39.4

Jan 1993

129.2

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Lithuania

116.0

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Dec 1990 - May 2019

115.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1990 - May 2019

1.2

Dec 1990

119.1

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Luxembourg

98.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

98.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Macedonia

97.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

98.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

93.9

Dec 1993

166.6

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Malaysia

95.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

96.2

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

90.3

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Malta

99.0

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

98.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-06
Mexico

120.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1968 - Mar 2019

120.9

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1968 - Mar 2019

75.5

Mar 2002

189.2

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-17
Moldova

151.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Nov 1993 - Apr 2019

155.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Nov 1993 - Apr 2019

47.1

Nov 1993

159.8

Aug 2018

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Mongolia

116.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

115.9

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-23
Morocco

94.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

94.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

90.8

Sep 1990

113.7

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Netherlands

92.1

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

91.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1980 - May 2019

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
New Zealand

93.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1984 - Apr 2019

95.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1984 - Apr 2019

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Nigeria

136.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

135.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

51.2

Mar 1992

701.6

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Norway

86.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

85.8

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.3

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Pakistan

106.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jul 2001 - Apr 2019

106.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jul 2001 - Apr 2019

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Paraguay

64.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

64.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

55.1

Feb 1999

103.2

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-11
Peru

92.8

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2019

93.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2019

74.7

Mar 1992

107.9

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Philippines

132.4

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

131.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Poland

93.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

93.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

69.1

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Portugal

95.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

95.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Romania

99.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

99.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Russia

104.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

103.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

50.5

Oct 1994

137.0

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Saudi Arabia

119.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

119.7

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Serbia

124.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2019

124.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2019

88.5

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-24
Singapore

120.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

120.7

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Slovakia

125.5

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

125.0

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

59.2

Sep 1993

134.5

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Slovenia

99.6

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

99.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
South Africa

85.0

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Mar 2019

88.3

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1970 - Mar 2019

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Spain

97.8

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

97.4

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2019

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Sweden

81.1

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.1

Mar 2019

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Switzerland

107.2

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1973 - May 2019

106.7

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1973 - May 2019

72.1

Jan 1973

126.8

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-07
Taiwan

89.9

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

89.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

83.5

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Thailand

128.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

127.6

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
Tunisia

45.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

44.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

44.2

Jan 2019

142.1

Feb 1981

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Turkey

61.9

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - May 2019

64.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - May 2019

55.4

Sep 2018

113.3

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-10
Ukraine

86.2

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 1992 - Apr 2019

85.1

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1992 - Apr 2019

44.6

Apr 1993

232.2

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-06-04
United Arab Emirates

125.3

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

125.5

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

79.1

Apr 1995

132.3

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
United Kingdom

80.8

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

81.3

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

75.2

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
United States

104.5

2005=100 May 2019 monthly Jan 1973 - May 2019

103.5

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 1973 - May 2019

82.7

Jul 2011

131.9

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-06-03
Uruguay

54.6

2005=100 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

53.9

2005=100 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

52.4

Sep 2018

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-31
Venezuela

0.8

2005=100 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Feb 2019

0.8

2005=100 Jan 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Feb 2019

0.4

Jul 2018

3,712.9

Jan 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-03-20
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