Romania Population

1930 - 2020 | Yearly | Person mn | CEIC Data

Key information about Romania population

  • The Romania population reached 19.2 million people in Dec 2020, compared with the previously reported figure of 19.3 million people in Dec 2019
  • The data reached an all-time high of 23.2 million people in Dec 1989 and a record low of 14.1 million people in Dec 1930

CEIC extends history for Population. The National Institute of Statistics provides year-end Population. Population prior to 1989 is a Mid-year estimate.


Further information about Romania population data

  • In the latest reports, Romania Unemployment Rate dropped to 5.5 % in Apr 2022
  • Monthly earnings of the Romania population was 1,411.8 USD in Apr 2022
  • Romania Labour Force Participation Rate remained the same rate at 51.3 % in Dec 2021

View Romania's Population from 1930 to 2020 in the chart:

Romania Population

What was Romania's Population in 2020?

The Romania population reached 19.2 million people in Dec 2020, compared with the previously reported figure of 19.3 million people in Dec 2019 See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
19.2 2020 19.3 2019 14.1 1930 23.2 1989 Person mn yearly 1930 - 2020

Population by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (Person mn) 2.8 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Algeria (Person mn) 43.4 2019 yearly 1950 - 2019
Argentina (Person mn) 45.8 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Armenia (Person mn) 3.0 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Australia (Person mn) 25.8 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Austria (Person mn) 9.0 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Azerbaijan (Person mn) 10.1 2020 yearly 1925 - 2020
Bahrain (Person mn) 1.5 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Bangladesh (Person mn) 169.3 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Belarus (Person mn) 9.3 2021 yearly 1949 - 2021
Belgium (Person mn) 11.6 2021 yearly 1953 - 2021
Bolivia (Person mn) 11.7 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Person mn) 3.5 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Botswana (Person mn) 2.4 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Brazil (Person mn) 213.3 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Brunei (Person mn) 0.4 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Bulgaria (Person mn) 6.8 2021 yearly 1900 - 2021
Cambodia (Person mn) 16.7 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Canada (Person mn) 38.2 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Chile (Person mn) 19.7 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
China (Person mn) 1,412.6 2021 yearly 1949 - 2021
Colombia (Person mn) 51.0 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Croatia (Person mn) 4.0 2020 yearly 1960 - 2020
Cyprus (Person mn) 0.9 2019 yearly 1974 - 2019
Czech Republic (Person mn) 10.5 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Denmark (Person mn) 5.8 2020 yearly 1900 - 2020
Ecuador (Person mn) 17.6 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Egypt (Person mn) 103.4 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Estonia (Person mn) 1.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
European Union (Person mn) 447.2 2020 yearly 1959 - 2020
Finland (Person mn) 5.5 2021 yearly 1749 - 2021
France (Person mn) 67.8 2021 yearly 1949 - 2021
Georgia (Person mn) 3.7 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Germany (Person mn) 83.3 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Ghana (Person mn) 31.1 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Greece (Person mn) 10.4 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (Person mn) 7.4 2021 yearly 1961 - 2021
Hungary (Person mn) 9.7 2021 yearly 1948 - 2021
Iceland (Person mn) 0.4 2021 yearly 1732 - 2021
India (Person mn) 1,368.6 2022 yearly 1951 - 2022
Indonesia (Person mn) 264.2 2018 yearly 1950 - 2018
Iran (Person mn) 84.0 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Ireland (Person mn) 5.0 2020 yearly 1900 - 2020
Israel (Person mn) 9.5 2021 yearly 1949 - 2021
Italy (Person mn) 60.5 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Ivory Coast (Person mn) 26.4 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Japan (Person mn) 125.4 2021 yearly 1899 - 2021
Jordan (Person mn) 11.1 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Kazakhstan (Person mn) 18.9 2020 yearly 1960 - 2020
Kenya (Person mn) 47.6 2019 yearly 1950 - 2019
South Korea (Person mn) 51.7 2021 yearly 1956 - 2021
Kosovo (Person mn) 1.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Kuwait (Person mn) 4.7 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (Person mn) 6.7 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Laos (Person mn) 7.3 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Latvia (Person mn) 1.9 2021 yearly 1960 - 2021
Lebanon (Person mn) 6.8 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Lithuania (Person mn) 2.8 2021 yearly 1960 - 2021
Luxembourg (Person mn) 0.6 2021 yearly 1960 - 2021
Macau SAR, China (Person mn) 0.7 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
North Macedonia (Person mn) 2.1 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Malawi (Person mn) 19.1 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Malaysia (Person mn) 32.6 2020 yearly 1947 - 2020
Malta (Person mn) 0.4 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Mauritius (Person mn) 1.3 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Mexico (Person mn) 128.4 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Moldova (Person mn) 2.6 2020 yearly 2013 - 2020
Mongolia (Person mn) 3.4 2021 yearly 1935 - 2021
Montenegro (Person mn) 0.6 2021 yearly 1921 - 2021
Morocco (Person mn) 35.6 2019 yearly 1960 - 2019
Mozambique (Person mn) 28.6 2019 yearly 1950 - 2019
Myanmar (Person mn) 54.4 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Nepal (Person mn) 29.5 2022 yearly 1950 - 2022
Netherlands (Person mn) 17.3 2018 yearly 1899 - 2018
New Zealand (Person mn) 5.1 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Nigeria (Person mn) 206.1 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Norway (Person mn) 5.4 2019 yearly 1845 - 2019
Oman (Person mn) 4.5 2020 yearly 1977 - 2020
Pakistan (Person mn) 224.8 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (Person mn) 5.9 2026 yearly 1950 - 2026
Panama (Person mn) 4.4 2022 yearly 1950 - 2022
Paraguay (Person mn) 7.4 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Peru (Person mn) 32.8 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Philippines (Person mn) 109.6 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Poland (Person mn) 38.1 2021 yearly 1946 - 2021
Portugal (Person mn) 10.3 2020 yearly 1960 - 2020
Qatar (Person mn) 2.8 2020 yearly 1984 - 2020
Romania (Person mn) 19.2 2020 yearly 1930 - 2020
Russia (Person mn) 145.6 2021 yearly 1949 - 2021
Saudi Arabia (Person mn) 35.0 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Serbia (Person mn) 6.9 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Singapore (Person mn) 5.5 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021
Slovakia (Person mn) 5.5 2020 yearly 1945 - 2020
Slovenia (Person mn) 2.1 2021 yearly 1920 - 2021
South Africa (Person mn) 60.6 2022 yearly 1960 - 2022
Spain (Person mn) 47.4 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Sri Lanka (Person mn) 22.2 2021 yearly 1948 - 2021
Sudan (Person mn) 37.3 2014 yearly 1970 - 2014
Sweden (Person mn) 10.4 2020 yearly 1749 - 2020
Switzerland (Person mn) 8.7 2021 yearly 1950 - 2021

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Romania Key Series

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Includes 255 key indicators for Romania, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -6.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Mar 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 128,890.2 Apr 2022 monthly Nov 2011 - Apr 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 48.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2011 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (RON bn) 639.663 2027 yearly 1990 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (RON bn) 1,185.772 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (RON bn) 536.893 2027 yearly 1990 - 2027
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Expenditure: Current (RON mn) 231,356.095 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Jun 2022
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Revenue: Current (RON mn) 201,177.575 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Jun 2022
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Expenditure (RON mn) 240,204.450 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Jun 2022
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Balance (RON mn) -23,507.522 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Jun 2022
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Revenue (RON mn) 216,696.928 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Jun 2022
Public Debt: General Government: Domestic (RON mn) 413,060.700 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Public Debt: General Government: ESA 2010 (RON mn) 602,870.930 Apr 2022 monthly Nov 2011 - Apr 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 5.887 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,877.1 May 2022 monthly Aug 1990 - May 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 8,450.9 May 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - May 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 34.5 May 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - May 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 1,148,653.903 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 1,056,575.159 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 103,938.143 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 11,327.9 May 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - May 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 38.8 May 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - May 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 3,539,423.813 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,358,421.114 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 175.873 Apr 2022 monthly Sep 1999 - Apr 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 103.601 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Apr 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 69.895 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Apr 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 596.974 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: BEC: Consumer Goods (EUR mn) 1,005.700 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: BEC: Fuel & Lubricants (EUR mn) 319.400 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: BEC: Transport Equipment & Parts & Accessories (TE) (EUR mn) 1,480.100 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: BEC: Industrial Supplies (EUR mn) 2,006.200 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: BEC: Foods & Beverages (FB) (EUR mn) 604.300 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: Germany (EUR mn) 1,412.100 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: France (EUR mn) 423.100 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: Hungary (EUR mn) 355.200 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: Turkey (EUR mn) 217.500 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: FOB: Italy (EUR mn) 715.000 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Export Unit Value Index: EUR (Prev Year=100) 98.800 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Imports: CIF: BEC: Foods & Beverages (FB) (EUR mn) 853.300 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: CIF: BEC: Fuel & Lubricants (EUR mn) 860.500 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: CIF: BEC: Consumer Goods (EUR mn) 1,321.900 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: CIF: BEC: Industrial Supplies (EUR mn) 3,448.300 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: CIF: BEC: Transport Equipment & Parts & Accessories (TE) (EUR mn) 1,076.900 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: CIF: Russian Federation (EUR mn) 445.400 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: CIF: Italy (EUR mn) 855.700 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: CIF: Turkey (EUR mn) 694.400 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: CIF: Hungary (EUR mn) 659.400 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: CIF: Germany (EUR mn) 1,699.800 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Apr 2022
Import Unit Value Index: EUR (Prev Year=100) 95.800 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Energy Production: Crude Oil (TOE th) 3,548.000 2017 yearly 1992 - 2017
Natural Gas: Indigenous Production (Cub m) 724,000,000.000 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2010 - Apr 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 280.0 May 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -2,885.8 May 2022 monthly Jun 2002 - May 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -9.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 918.3 May 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 6.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 2,063.617 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 3.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -101.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 2,164.833 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 147,320.4 May 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - May 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 56.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 44,026.8 May 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - May 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 15.6 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 249.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -23.174 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -125,135.695 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
BoP: Net: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn) -1,609.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2022
BoP: Liabilities: FA: Other Investment (OI) (EUR mn) 704.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2022
BoP: Liabilities: FA: PI: Equity & Investment Fund Shares (EUR mn) -50.000 Nov 2018 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2018
BoP: Net: CA: Secondary Income (SI) (EUR mn) 175.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2022
International Investment Position (IIP): Net (EUR mn) -112,806.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
IIP: Liabilities (EUR mn) 211,361.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
IIP: Assets (EUR mn) 98,555.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Long Term (EUR mn) 67,725.800 Nov 2018 monthly Jan 2008 - Nov 2018
External Debt Service: Short Term (EUR mn) 35,118.500 May 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - May 2022
Gross External Debt: Total (EUR mn) 136,269.300 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
External Debt Service: Long Term (LT) (EUR mn) 6,905.400 May 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - May 2022
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Trade (EUR mn) 14,681.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Stock (EUR mn) 88,304.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Industry: Electricity, Heating, Natural Gas & Water (EUR mn) 6,131.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Financial Intermediation & Insurance (EUR mn) 10,152.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Industry (EUR mn) 35,648.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Industry: Manufacturing (Mfg) (EUR mn) 25,596.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow France (EUR mn) 5,486.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow Netherlands (EUR mn) 20,515.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow Austria (EUR mn) 11,107.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow Italy (EUR mn) 7,263.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow Germany (EUR mn) 10,893.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
No of Companies Registered (Unit) 240,323.000 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2001 - Jun 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.2 May 2022 monthly Sep 2014 - May 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 18.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 1,741.139 Sep 2017 monthly Jun 2015 - Sep 2017
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 85,753.254 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2001 - Jun 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 120,042.956 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2001 - Jun 2022
M2 Growth (%) 9.6 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Jun 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 8.0 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Jul 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 40,012.3 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 2005 - Jul 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 14.776 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2005 - Mar 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 3.5 May 2022 monthly Apr 2005 - May 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 5,866.813 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1973 - Jul 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 129,625.981 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Jun 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 15.4 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Jun 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 109,022.3 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Jun 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 12.5 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2005 - Jun 2022
Household Debt (USD mn) 51,840.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 101,469.138 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Jun 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 15.83 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Jun 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 26.39 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Broad Money: M3 (RON mn) 569,291.712 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Jun 2022
Broad Money: Narrow Money (M1) (RON mn) 406,676.229 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Jun 2022
Broad Money: M2 (RON mn) 569,291.712 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Jun 2022
Official Reserve Assets (EUR mn) 48,518.930 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 2005 - Jul 2022
Official Reserve Assets: Foreign Currency Reserves in Convertible Foreign Curren... (EUR mn) 39,220.040 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 2005 - Jul 2022
Loans: Residents: Household: Consumer (RON mn) 62,892.647 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Jun 2022
Loans: Residents: Household: Lending for House Purchase (RON mn) 105,200.034 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Jun 2022
Prudential Ratios: Non Performing Loans Ratio: EBA Definition (%) 3.190 May 2022 monthly Sep 2014 - May 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -0.2 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 1992 - Jul 2022
RO: Ease of Doing Business Rank: 1=Most Business-friendly Regulations (NA) 55.000 2019 yearly 2019 - 2019

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