European Union Gross Savings Rate

1995 - 2023 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about EU Gross Savings Rate

  • EU Gross Savings Rate was measured at 26.7% in Sep 2023, compared with 26.7% in the previous quarter.
  • EU Gross Savings Rate is updated quarterly, with data available from Mar 1995 to Sep 2023, and an average rate of 26.7%.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 26.7% in Mar 2021 and a record low of 21.4% in Mar 2010.
  • CEIC calculates Gross Domestic Savings Rate from quarterly Gross Domestic Savings and quarterly Nominal GDP. Gross Domestic Savings is calculated as Nominal GDP less Final Consumption Expenditure. Eurostat provides Final Consumption Expenditure in local currency and Nominal GDP in local currency. European Union stands for EU27 excluding UK.
  • In the latest reports, EU GDP expanded 1.0% YoY in Mar 2023.
  • EU Nominal GDP reached 4,430,431.2 USD mn in Mar 2023. Its GDP deflator (implicit price deflator) increased 6.5% in Mar 2023.
  • EU GDP Per Capita reached 38,468.8 USD in Dec 2021.

View European Union's Gross Savings Rate from Mar 1995 to Sep 2023 in the chart:

European Union Gross Savings Rate

What was European Union's Gross Savings Rate in Sep 2023?

EU Gross Savings Rate was measured at 26.7% in Sep 2023, compared with 26.7% in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
26.7 Sep 2023 26.7 Jun 2023 21.4 Mar 2010 27.8 Mar 2021 % quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023

Gross Savings Rate by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 17.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2022
Algeria (%) 36.1 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Argentina (%) 11.0 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2023
Armenia (%) 13.7 Jun 2023 quarterly Dec 1994 - Jun 2023
Australia (%) 29.6 Dec 2022 quarterly Sep 1959 - Dec 2022
Austria (%) 27.4 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Azerbaijan (%) 31.2 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2001 - Sep 2023
Bahrain (%) 34.4 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Bangladesh (%) 30.4 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Belarus (%) 30.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1992 - Sep 2023
Belgium (%) 24.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2023
Bolivia (%) 13.6 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2023
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 19.2 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2023
Botswana (%) 25.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
Brazil (%) 17.4 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1991 - Jun 2023
Brunei (%) 60.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Sep 2022
Bulgaria (%) 22.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Cambodia (%) 31.1 2022 yearly 1993 - 2022
Canada (%) 20.0 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1961 - Jun 2023
Chile (%) 17.6 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2023
China (%) 45.9 2021 yearly 1952 - 2021
Colombia (%) 8.6 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2022
Croatia (%) 22.8 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Cyprus (%) 21.1 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Czech Republic (%) 34.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Denmark (%) 31.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2023
Ecuador (%) 22.4 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1991 - Sep 2023
Egypt (%) 6.7 2017 yearly 1990 - 2017
Estonia (%) 29.7 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2022
European Union (%) 26.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Finland (%) 21.9 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Jun 2023
France (%) 14.2 Dec 2017 quarterly Mar 1949 - Dec 2017
Georgia (%) 29.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2023
Germany (%) 29.6 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2023
Ghana (%) 15.4 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Greece (%) 8.1 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Dec 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 27.4 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Hungary (%) 28.0 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Iceland (%) 20.6 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
India (%) 30.2 2022 yearly 1951 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 34.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2023
Iran (%) 36.9 Jun 2023 quarterly Jun 1988 - Jun 2023
Ireland (%) 62.1 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Israel (%) 30.2 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Italy (%) 20.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Ivory Coast (%) 22.2 2022 yearly 1960 - 2022
Japan (%) 28.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2022
Jordan (%) -3.9 2022 yearly 1963 - 2022
Kazakhstan (%) 44.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2022
Kenya (%) 12.1 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
South Korea (%) 34.0 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 1970 - Dec 2022
Kosovo (%) 16.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2023
Kuwait (%) 31.1 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Kyrgyzstan (%) -4.1 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2022
Laos (%) 18.4 2016 yearly 2000 - 2016
Latvia (%) 20.1 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Lebanon (%) -21.7 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 27.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Luxembourg (%) 52.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2022
Macau SAR, China (%) 16.6 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Dec 2022
North Macedonia (%) 9.6 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2023
Malawi (%) 11.2 2019 yearly 1977 - 2019
Malaysia (%) 26.9 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2022
Malta (%) 40.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1992 - Sep 2023
Mauritius (%) 15.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Mexico (%) 19.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2023
Moldova (%) -4.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Mongolia (%) 35.8 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2022
Montenegro (%) 25.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2023
Morocco (%) 27.2 2022 yearly 1975 - 2022
Mozambique (%) 8.1 2022 yearly 1969 - 2022
Myanmar (%) 28.7 2018 yearly 1996 - 2018
Nepal (%) 31.4 2023 yearly 2001 - 2023
Netherlands (%) 31.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
New Zealand (%) 20.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1987 - Sep 2022
Nigeria (%) 30.6 2022 yearly 1981 - 2022
Norway (%) 35.9 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1978 - Jun 2023
Oman (%) 34.7 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Pakistan (%) 6.0 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Palestinian Territory (%) 11.6 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2023
Panama (%) 35.8 2021 yearly 1960 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 20.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
Peru (%) 23.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2023
Philippines (%) 10.8 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 1981 - Dec 2022
Poland (%) 23.3 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Portugal (%) 26.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Qatar (%) 66.4 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Dec 2022
Romania (%) 26.0 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Russia (%) 32.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2023
Saudi Arabia (%) 38.1 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2023
Serbia (%) 14.5 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Singapore (%) 49.2 2022 yearly 1960 - 2022
Slovakia (%) 18.6 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2023
Slovenia (%) 24.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
South Africa (%) 14.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1960 - Sep 2023
Spain (%) 22.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Sri Lanka (%) 26.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2022
Sudan (%) 13.7 2014 yearly 1960 - 2014
Sweden (%) 30.6 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2023
Switzerland (%) 33.4 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Jun 2023

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European Union Key Series

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Includes 563 key indicators for European Union, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.3 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -557,108.624 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 4,471,962.022 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 26.7 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 14,589,252.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2023
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 82.6 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2023
BE: General Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 104.300 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Revenue: EA 19 (EUR mn) 6,296,072.800 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Expenditure: EA 19 (EUR mn) 6,781,895.400 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Balance: EA 19 (EUR mn) -486,532.400 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Revenue: EA 19: Current Taxes on Income Wealth and Etc (EUR mn) 1,503,285.600 2018 yearly 1995 - 2018
General Govt: Revenue: EA 19: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 1,504,935.500 2018 yearly 1995 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 28: Current Taxes on Income Wealth (EUR mn) 3,875.300 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
General Govt: Revenue: EU 28: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 2,129,883.400 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EA 19: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 123,173.500 2018 yearly 1995 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 28: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 158,376.700 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 27E: Total (EUR mn) 7,893,694.300 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 27E: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 295,190.800 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 27E: Cur Taxes on Income Wealth & Etc (EUR mn) 7,148.800 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Revenue: EU 27E: Total (EUR mn) 7,363,890.400 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Revenue: EU 27E: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 2,115,857.300 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Balance: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR mn) -531,377.500 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Balance: EA 20 (EUR mn) -486,456.700 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Revenue: EA 20: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 1,745,756.200 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Expenditure: EA 20: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 265,903.800 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Revenue: EA 20 (EUR mn) 6,326,683.700 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
General Govt: Expenditure: EA 20 (EUR mn) 6,812,430.600 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
SSC: Balance: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR mn) 41,509.300 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
SSC: Balance: EA 20 (EUR mn) 40,194.900 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Gross Debt: General Government: EU 27 excl UK (EUR mn) 13,784,252.300 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2023
Gross Debt: General Govt: SFD: Long Term: EU 27 excl UK (EUR mn) 10,184,941.700 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Gross Debt: General Govt: SFD: Short Term: EU 27 excl UK (EUR mn) 689,680.000 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
General Government Debt: % of GDP: EU 27 excl UK (%) 83.500 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Trade Balance (USD mn) 10,225.7 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Total Exports (USD mn) 229,724.2 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Total Exports Growth (%) -5.7 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Nov 2023
Total Imports (USD mn) 214,537.4 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Total Imports Growth (%) -20.4 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Nov 2023
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 48,019.807 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 30,558.157 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 19,621.338 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 44,020.239 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
AT: Exports Volume Index: swda (2015=100) 106.900 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Oct 2023
AT: Imports Volume Index: swda (2015=100) 93.700 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Oct 2023
BE: Trade Balance: swda (EUR mn) 3,172.000 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Nov 2023
Trade Balance: EA 19 (EUR bn) 22.51 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1999 - Jun 2018
Exports: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 75.377 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 44.525 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 34.092 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 4.222 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 13.662 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 56.766 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 43.113 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 20.204 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 6.096 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 10.865 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EU 28: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 2.838 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Exports: EU 28: MP: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 14.257 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Imports: EU 28: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 3.146 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Imports: EU 28: MP: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 7.177 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Exports: EU 27E: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 3.373 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2023
Exports: EU 27E: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 24.556 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2023
Imports: EU 27E: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 4.582 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2023
Imports: EU 27E: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 9.913 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2023
Exports: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 91.129 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Exports: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 48.203 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 44.773 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible except Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 5.022 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EU 27E: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 18.080 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 70.072 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 47.746 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 26.314 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible except Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 6.358 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: EU 27E: Food, Drink and Tobacco (FT) (FT) (EUR bn) 12.134 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Trade Balance: EU 27E (EUR bn) 19.238 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EU 27E (EUR bn) 225.548 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR bn) 206.310 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: EA 20: MP: OP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 82.383 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EA 20: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 20.241 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EA 20: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 56.358 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EA 20: MP: OP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 102.725 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 80.203 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 46.325 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 35.365 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 4.127 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 14.629 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 60.256 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 44.118 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 20.402 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 6.423 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 11.856 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 85.986 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 45.333 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 42.615 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible ex Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 4.871 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 16.557 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 62.135 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 44.116 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 27.321 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible ex Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 6.327 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 11.445 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Trade Balance: swda: EU 27E (EUR bn) 14.037 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E (EUR bn) 212.334 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR bn) 198.297 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EA 20 (EUR bn) 236.839 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EA 20: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 14.665 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EA 20: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 6.871 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EA 20: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 49.865 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EA 20: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 18.746 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EA 20: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 4.816 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EA 20: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 52.917 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EA 20: MP: OP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 96.006 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EA 20: swda: Switzerland (EUR bn) 14.671 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: EA 20: swda: Russia (EUR bn) 2.270 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: EA 20: swda: China (except Hong Kong) (EUR bn) 33.679 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EA 20: swda: Turkey (EUR bn) 7.621 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EA 20: swda: Russia (EUR bn) 2.309 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E: China: Total (EUR bn) 18.136 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: China: Total (EUR bn) 40.688 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EU 27E: China: Total (EUR bn) 19.145 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): China: Total (EUR bn) 43.724 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E: Russia: Total (EUR bn) 2.772 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: Russia: Total (EUR bn) 3.498 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EU 27E: Russia: Total (EUR bn) 3.213 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): Russia: Total (EUR bn) 3.514 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E: Switzerland: Total (EUR bn) 15.722 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: Switzerland: Total (EUR bn) 11.759 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EU 27E: Switzerland: Total (EUR bn) 17.285 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): Switzerland: Total (EUR bn) 12.700 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E: Turkey: Total (EUR bn) 9.270 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: Turkey: Total (EUR bn) 7.875 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EU 27E: Turkey: Total (EUR bn) 9.647 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): Turkey: Total (EUR bn) 8.215 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: swda: EU 27E: United States: Total (EUR bn) 44.385 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Imports: swda: EU 27E: United States: Total (EUR bn) 28.245 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports: EU 27E: United States: Total (EUR bn) 45.139 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): United States: Total (EUR bn) 29.017 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Exports Volume Index: EU27E (2015=100) 109.000 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports Volume Index: EU27E (2015=100) 116.100 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Exports Unit Value Index: EU27E (2015=100) 133.500 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports Unit Value Index: EU27E (2015=100) 136.800 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Exports Volume Index: swda: EU27E (2015=100) 103.800 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Imports Volume Index: swda: EU27E (2015=100) 111.300 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 130.600 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: EU 27E: Machinery and Transport Equipment (2015=100) 103.300 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: EU 27E: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (2015=100) 136.500 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: EU 27E: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants (2015=100) 131.200 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: EU 27E: Food and Live Animals (2015=100) 122.600 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: EU 27E: Manufactured Products (2015=100) 120.700 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 114.700 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: EU 27E: Machinery and Transport Equipment (2015=100) 126.000 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: EU 27E: Petroleum Products (2015=100) 180.700 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: EU 27E: Crude Materials, Inedible (2015=100) 115.200 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 127.700 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Machinery and Transport Equipment (2015=100) 97.900 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (2015=100) 132.400 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants (2015=100) 130.800 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Crude Materials, Inedible (2015=100) 129.900 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 111.800 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Petroleum Products (2015=100) 179.400 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants (2015=100) 146.500 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Crude Materials, Inedible (2015=100) 112.000 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Beverages and Tobacco (2015=100) 109.800 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 22,399.9 Nov 2023 monthly Apr 1999 - Nov 2023
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 133,289.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 2.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 25,928.8 Nov 2023 monthly Apr 1999 - Nov 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.9 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 121,319.157 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 3.1 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 30,896.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 90,422.264 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
External Debt (USD mn) 16,979,574.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2023
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 117.4 2022 yearly 2008 - 2022
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 729.9 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 345,730.959 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
BOP: EU27E: Current and Capital Account (EUR bn) 95.277 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 4.385 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Capital Account (EUR bn) -9.274 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 28.383 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 91.994 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Financial Account: Direct Investment (DI) (EUR bn) 167.086 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR bn) 123.204 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account (EUR bn) 1,050.863 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current and Capital Account (EUR bn) 1,058.971 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 569.427 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 190.739 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 24.371 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Capital Account (EUR bn) 8.108 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 266.326 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Financial Account: Direct Investment (EUR bn) -62.153 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: FA: Portfolio Investment (EUR bn) 158.279 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account (EUR bn) 946.312 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current and Capital Account (EUR bn) 963.694 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 477.433 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 162.355 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 44.582 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Capital Account (EUR bn) 17.383 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 261.941 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Financial Account: Direct Investment (EUR bn) -229.238 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: FA: Portfolio Investment (EUR bn) 35.075 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: FA: PI: Equity & Investment Fund (EUR bn) 95.930 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: FA: PI: Debt Securities (EUR bn) -60.849 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account (EUR bn) 90.896 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 83.445 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 10.779 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) -15.452 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 12.124 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account (EUR bn) 1,029.929 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 556.488 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 187.329 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 24.902 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 261.210 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account (EUR bn) 939.032 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 473.043 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 176.550 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 40.353 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 249.086 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EA 20: CA: Credit (EUR bn) 484.899 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2013 - Nov 2023
BoP: EA 20: CA: Services: Debit (EUR bn) 99.738 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2013 - Nov 2023
BOP: EA 20: CA: Primary Income (PA) (EUR bn) -5.490 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2013 - Nov 2023
BOP: EA 20: CA: Secondary Income: Debit (EUR bn) 26.159 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2013 - Nov 2023
BOP: EA 20: Net Errors & Omissions (EUR bn) 35.774 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2013 - Nov 2023
BOP: EA 20: swda: CA: Credit (EUR bn) 474.774 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2013 - Nov 2023
BoP: EA 20: swda: CA: Services: Debit (EUR bn) 92.901 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2013 - Nov 2023
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: America: United States (EUR mn) 20,778.300 2022 yearly 2013 - 2022
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: United Kingdom (EUR mn) 62,771.100 2021 yearly 2013 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Netherlands (EUR mn) 42,120.600 2021 yearly 2013 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Luxembourg (EUR mn) 29,700.400 2022 yearly 2015 - 2022
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Belgium (EUR mn) 6,020.800 2022 yearly 2013 - 2022
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: EU 27E (EUR mn) 121,931.500 2022 yearly 2013 - 2022
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: America: United States (EUR mn) -188,875.300 2022 yearly 2013 - 2022
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Luxembourg (EUR mn) -16,424.600 2021 yearly 2013 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Germany (EUR mn) 24,190.800 2022 yearly 2013 - 2022
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: France (EUR mn) -21,792.300 2021 yearly 2013 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Belgium (EUR mn) -1,263.300 2022 yearly 2013 - 2022
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: EU 27E (EUR mn) 58,984.400 2022 yearly 2013 - 2022
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Financial and Insurance Activities (EUR mn) 85,525.900 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Information and Communication (EUR mn) -47,466.700 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Wholesale and Retail Trade (EUR mn) 25,775.400 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Manufacturing (EUR mn) -25,406.000 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Mining and Quarrying (EUR mn) -2,447.300 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Administrative and Support Service Activ (EUR mn) -8,593.100 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Professional, Scientific and Tech Activ (EUR mn) 14,509.900 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Financial and Insurance Activities (EUR mn) -100,574.900 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Information and Communication (EUR mn) -38,066.900 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Wholesale and Retail Trade (EUR mn) 614.900 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.7 2017 yearly 2008 - 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 47.0 Sep 2023 quarterly Sep 1997 - Sep 2023
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 11,469,079.398 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 16,742,141.218 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
M2 Growth (%) -0.7 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1981 - Dec 2023
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 300,984.9 Dec 2023 monthly Dec 1999 - Dec 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 1.908 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 1.2 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Total Deposits (USD mn) 16,743,348.474 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Total Deposits Growth (%) 0.6 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 1998 - Dec 2023
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 26,033,299.2 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Nov 2023
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 0.4 Nov 2023 monthly Sep 1998 - Nov 2023
Household Debt (USD mn) 7,361,152.3 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Total Loans (USD mn) 19,892,405.439 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Total Loans Growth (%) 0.75 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 1998 - Dec 2023
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 83.13 Sep 2023 quarterly Sep 1997 - Sep 2023
Money Supply M3: Outstanding (EUR bn) 16,169.619 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1970 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M2: Outstanding (EUR bn) 15,195.612 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1980 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M3: swda: Outstanding (EUR bn) 16,112.378 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1980 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M2: swda: Outstanding (EUR bn) 15,134.823 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1980 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M1: Outstanding (EUR bn) 10,443.706 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1970 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M1: swda: Outstanding (EUR bn) 10,367.998 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1980 - Dec 2023
Eurosystem: ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves (FCR) (EUR bn) 271.937 Dec 2023 monthly Nov 1999 - Dec 2023
Eurosystem: Official Reserve Assets (ORA) (EUR bn) 1,147.672 Dec 2023 monthly Nov 1999 - Dec 2023
MFIs Loans: Outstanding: Non Financial Sector (EUR bn) 5,113.699 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 1997 - Dec 2023
MFIs Loans: Outstanding: Households: Consumer Credit (CS) (EUR bn) 686.042 Jan 2019 monthly Sep 1997 - Jan 2019
MFIs Loans: Outstanding: Households: HP: Over 5 Years (EUR bn) 4,296.809 Jan 2019 monthly Sep 1997 - Jan 2019
MFIs Deposits: Outstanding: Non Financial Corp (NFC) (EUR bn) 3,529.364 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 1997 - Dec 2023
MFIs Deposits: Outstanding: Households (EUR bn) 9,167.265 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 1997 - Dec 2023
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -8.5 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 1986 - Jan 2024
BE: Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: NACE 2 (% Point) -20.900 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 1985 - Jan 2024
Construction Confidence Indicator (CCI): sa: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (% Point) -15.900 Apr 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2020
Business Climate Indicator: sa: Euro Area 20 (NA) -0.400 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 1985 - Jan 2024
Economic Sentiment Index: sa: EU 27 excl UK (NA) 65.800 Apr 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2020
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EA 19 (% Point) 5.80 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2018
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (% Point) -30.600 Apr 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2020
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: Euro Area 19 (% Point) 15.30 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2018
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (% Point) -35.400 Apr 2020 monthly Oct 1996 - Apr 2020

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