Explore our Data

Submit

Turkey CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

2004 - 2017 | Monthly | % | CEIC

Turkey’s CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change was reported at 15.78 % in Nov 2017. This records an increase from the previous number of 12.74 % for Oct 2017. Turkey’s CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change data is updated monthly, averaging 9.67 % from Jan 2004 to Nov 2017, with 167 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 17.08 % in Oct 2010 and a record low of 1.38 % in Apr 2016. Turkey’s CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change data remains active status in CEIC and is generated by CEIC. The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage: Y-o-Y Growth: Europe and Central Asia. CEIC calculates Consumer Food Price Index Growth from monthly Consumer Food Price Index. Turkish Statistical Institute provides Consumer Food Price Index with base 2003=100.

CEIC only displays a select group of indicators on our website.
Explore the complete set of 4 million+ time series by registering for a free trial.

What was Turkey's CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change in Nov 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

15.78

Nov 2017

12.74

Oct 2017

1.38

Apr 2016

17.08

Oct 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017

View Turkey's CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change from Jan 2004 to Nov 2017 in the chart:

Feed & API Get This Data

CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage: YoY: Monthly: Turkey

Series Details
Series ID

384123167

Name

CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage: YoY: Monthly: Turkey

Country

Turkey

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

%

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generate

First Date

Jan 2004

Last Date

Dec 2017

Last Updated

03 Jan 2018

Statistics
Mean

9.40

Variance

12.84

Standard deviation

3.58

Skewness

-0.15

Kurtosis

-0.82

Coefficient variation

0.38

Median

9.67

Max
Oct 2010

NaN

Min
Apr 2016

NaN

Previous observation
Nov 2017

15.78

Last observation
Dec 2017

13.79

Number of Observations

168

Get This Data

More Countries for CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

3.74

Nov 2017

4.02

Oct 2017

-4.63

Apr 2000

49.27

Jan 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Algeria

8.30

Oct 2017

5.25

Sep 2017

-5.97

Sep 2005

78.71

Jan 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1991 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Armenia

5.00

Nov 2017

3.60

Oct 2017

-5.90

Feb 2016

18.80

Feb 2011

%

monthly

Apr 2008 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Australia

-0.70

Sep 2017

1.90

Jun 2017

-3.20

Jun 2012

20.60

Dec 1973

%

quarterly

Sep 1973 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Austria

3.17

Nov 2017

3.17

Oct 2017

0.10

May 2016

4.76

Dec 2012

%

monthly

Jan 2012 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Azerbaijan

12.88

Nov 2017

15.47

Oct 2017

-13.26

Apr 1999

37.46

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Dec 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Bahrain

3.41

Oct 2017

2.00

Sep 2017

-7.07

Oct 2016

8.90

Oct 2015

%

monthly

Jan 2010 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bangladesh

7.62

Oct 2017

7.87

Sep 2017

1.75

Sep 2012

9.09

May 2014

%

monthly

May 2012 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Belarus

4.24

Nov 2017

5.30

Oct 2017

4.24

Nov 2017

124.41

Nov 2011

%

monthly

Feb 2010 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Belgium

1.74

Nov 2017

1.35

Oct 2017

-1.37

Oct 2014

7.62

May 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2007 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bolivia

2.53

Nov 2017

3.74

Oct 2017

-3.63

Sep 2009

18.52

Mar 2011

%

monthly

Mar 2009 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Bosnia and Herzegovina

2.00

Oct 2017

2.10

Sep 2017

-4.20

Jun 2014

15.80

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jul 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Botswana

1.68

Nov 2017

2.39

Oct 2017

0.73

Dec 2015

25.11

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Brazil

-2.32

Nov 2017

-2.14

Oct 2017

-2.32

Nov 2017

13.99

Apr 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2012 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Brunei

1.49

Oct 2017

1.30

Sep 2017

-1.93

Sep 2016

1.49

Oct 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2011 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Bulgaria

4.94

Nov 2017

4.21

Oct 2017

-15.84

Apr 1999

2,223.88

Feb 1997

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Cambodia

2.79

Sep 2017

2.75

Aug 2017

-6.73

May 2009

50.59

May 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2004 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Canada

1.34

Oct 2017

1.34

Sep 2017

-2.29

Feb 2017

7.62

Mar 2009

%

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Chile

1.60

Nov 2017

0.84

Oct 2017

-2.36

Jan 2010

10.16

Oct 2014

%

monthly

Jan 2010 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
China

-1.10

Nov 2017

-0.40

Oct 2017

-5.50

Apr 1999

40.20

Oct 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Colombia

2.51

Nov 2017

2.51

Oct 2017

-4.81

Jul 1955

56.01

Jun 1977

%

monthly

Jul 1955 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Croatia

2.80

Nov 2017

3.20

Oct 2017

-4.00

Jun 2014

13.70

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Cyprus

0.20

Nov 2017

0.50

Oct 2017

-6.39

Mar 2016

12.09

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2007 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Czech Republic

5.69

Nov 2017

7.74

Oct 2017

-7.07

Jun 1999

16.26

Mar 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Denmark

3.38

Nov 2017

3.91

Oct 2017

-3.03

Dec 2009

10.51

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Egypt

32.31

Nov 2017

39.55

Oct 2017

5.45

Nov 2012

43.61

Apr 2017

%

monthly

Sep 2008 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Estonia

7.77

Nov 2017

7.93

Oct 2017

-6.80

Dec 2009

18.95

May 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
European Union

2.93

Oct 2017

2.28

Sep 2017

-1.04

Jun 2014

7.95

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Finland

-0.28

Nov 2017

-0.35

Oct 2017

-6.25

Jun 2010

10.72

Dec 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
France

1.58

Nov 2017

1.66

Oct 2017

-1.87

Jun 2014

7.10

Jul 2001

%

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Georgia

7.49

Nov 2017

7.37

Oct 2017

-10.94

May 2012

30.70

May 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Germany

2.80

Nov 2017

3.81

Oct 2017

-3.09

Oct 2009

8.22

Mar 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Greece

0.71

Nov 2017

0.02

Oct 2017

-2.95

Jun 2014

12.85

Jan 2002

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Hong Kong

2.86

Oct 2017

2.39

Sep 2017

-3.33

Jul 2002

11.66

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Oct 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Hungary

3.40

Nov 2017

3.20

Oct 2017

-2.70

May 2010

14.00

May 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Iceland

-1.40

Nov 2017

-2.23

Oct 2017

-7.10

May 2005

30.35

Dec 2008

%

monthly

Nov 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
India

4.41

Nov 2017

2.26

Oct 2017

-1.17

Jun 2017

16.65

Nov 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2012 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Indonesia

-0.49

Nov 2017

0.80

Oct 2017

-0.49

Nov 2017

20.12

Sep 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2008 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Iran

11.41

Oct 2017

11.11

Sep 2017

1.83

May 2016

57.85

Apr 2013

%

monthly

Apr 2008 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ireland

-1.20

Nov 2017

-1.19

Oct 2017

-8.22

Jan 2010

21.00

Dec 1976

%

monthly

Nov 1976 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Israel

0.30

Nov 2017

0.19

Oct 2017

-3.57

Dec 2014

496.80

Nov 1984

%

monthly

Jan 1984 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Italy

1.99

Nov 2017

2.30

Oct 2017

-0.90

Jun 2014

6.32

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Ivory Coast

-1.29

Nov 2017

1.65

Oct 2017

-36.38

Feb 2010

25.71

Apr 2011

%

monthly

Feb 2010 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Japan

-1.26

Oct 2017

1.08

Sep 2017

-3.73

Nov 1999

31.34

Feb 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1971 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Jordan

1.99

Nov 2017

0.31

Oct 2017

-5.90

Oct 2016

27.70

Sep 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2007 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Kazakhstan

7.10

Nov 2017

8.40

Oct 2017

3.00

Dec 2009

29.30

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Sep 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Kenya

5.79

Nov 2017

8.47

Oct 2017

1.44

Oct 2012

28.37

Nov 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2008 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Kosovo

2.12

Nov 2017

2.22

Oct 2017

-8.94

Nov 2004

26.63

May 2008

%

monthly

May 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Kuwait

0.37

Oct 2017

0.00

Sep 2017

-1.60

Sep 2001

14.20

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Kyrgyzstan

2.51

Nov 2017

2.80

Oct 2017

-10.31

Jun 2012

48.16

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Laos

3.88

Dec 2016

3.51

Nov 2016

-2.09

Aug 2009

18.87

Oct 2003

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Sep 2017
Latvia

4.69

Nov 2017

5.24

Oct 2017

-7.83

Jan 2010

21.72

May 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Lebanon

4.54

Oct 2017

4.52

Sep 2017

-3.30

Oct 2009

18.16

Dec 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2008 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Lithuania

4.83

Nov 2017

5.57

Oct 2017

-7.27

Feb 2003

820.29

Jun 1993

%

monthly

Jun 1993 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Luxembourg

3.13

Nov 2017

3.31

Oct 2017

-1.14

Dec 2014

6.25

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Macau

2.33

Oct 2017

1.96

Sep 2017

0.14

Feb 2017

19.97

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Macedonia

1.63

Nov 2017

1.03

Oct 2017

-5.30

Jan 2005

20.40

Apr 2008

%

monthly

Nov 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Malawi

4.81

Oct 2017

5.17

Sep 2017

4.81

Oct 2017

30.31

Jul 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2014 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Malaysia

4.35

Oct 2017

4.58

Sep 2017

0.82

Oct 2009

12.28

Sep 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Malta

2.23

Nov 2017

2.26

Oct 2017

-4.18

Oct 2004

11.29

Mar 2009

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Mauritius

3.36

Nov 2017

2.63

Oct 2017

-3.83

Feb 2016

11.77

Feb 2014

%

monthly

Jun 2013 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Mexico

7.95

Nov 2017

7.70

Oct 2017

0.32

May 2006

175.17

Jan 1988

%

monthly

Jan 1974 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Moldova

9.29

Nov 2017

10.31

Oct 2017

-9.79

May 2009

127.03

Jan 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Montenegro

0.80

Nov 2017

0.98

Oct 2017

-3.64

May 2014

10.40

May 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2008 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Morocco

-0.39

Oct 2017

-0.93

Sep 2017

-4.52

Dec 2009

11.46

May 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2008 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Myanmar

3.45

Oct 2017

2.52

Sep 2017

-6.27

Apr 2012

20.46

Oct 2015

%

monthly

Oct 2008 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nepal

0.51

Oct 2017

1.79

Sep 2017

-1.00

Aug 2017

21.42

Jun 2009

%

monthly

Sep 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Netherlands

3.13

Nov 2017

3.43

Oct 2017

-5.68

Sep 2004

8.45

Jul 2001

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
New Zealand

2.35

Nov 2017

2.66

Oct 2017

-1.99

Jun 2010

25.20

Mar 1980

%

monthly

Jan 1961 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Nigeria

20.24

Nov 2017

20.24

Oct 2017

-3.60

Jul 2006

38.04

Aug 2005

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Norway

-0.78

Nov 2017

-1.15

Oct 2017

-7.06

Jun 2002

19.93

Jul 1981

%

monthly

Jan 1980 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Oman

0.77

Oct 2017

1.84

Sep 2017

-6.17

Nov 2009

23.87

Sep 2008

%

monthly

Nov 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Pakistan

3.44

Nov 2017

3.24

Oct 2017

-1.06

Sep 2015

34.09

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jul 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Paraguay

8.10

Nov 2017

9.27

Oct 2017

-4.84

Aug 2012

32.41

Apr 2003

%

monthly

Jan 1996 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Peru

-0.93

Nov 2017

0.74

Oct 2017

-0.93

Nov 2017

6.39

Mar 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2013 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Philippines

3.16

Nov 2017

3.62

Oct 2017

-0.78

Nov 1999

17.29

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Poland

6.00

Nov 2017

5.40

Oct 2017

-3.90

Jan 2015

13.80

Jul 2000

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Portugal

2.43

Nov 2017

1.32

Oct 2017

-6.33

Aug 2009

50.79

May 1977

%

monthly

Jan 1949 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Qatar

5.45

Nov 2017

4.90

Oct 2017

-3.41

Nov 2016

5.45

Nov 2017

%

monthly

Mar 2015 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Romania

3.88

Nov 2017

3.53

Oct 2017

-7.58

May 2016

369.34

Feb 1992

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Russia

0.73

Nov 2017

1.29

Oct 2017

0.03

Apr 2012

252.47

Jul 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Saudi Arabia

-1.23

Oct 2017

-1.43

Sep 2017

-4.28

Dec 2016

16.00

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Serbia

3.38

Nov 2017

3.35

Oct 2017

-4.38

Jun 2014

32.20

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2007 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Singapore

1.47

Oct 2017

1.22

Sep 2017

-7.83

Aug 1976

59.22

Nov 1973

%

monthly

Jan 1962 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Slovakia

6.57

Nov 2017

6.16

Oct 2017

-5.69

Oct 2009

10.47

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Slovenia

2.70

Nov 2017

1.70

Oct 2017

-2.90

Jun 2005

14.50

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
South Africa

5.24

Nov 2017

5.26

Oct 2017

0.63

Jun 2010

15.64

Jan 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
South Korea

0.50

Nov 2017

1.68

Oct 2017

-4.50

Feb 1987

15.62

Mar 1988

%

monthly

Jan 1986 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Spain

2.22

Nov 2017

2.34

Oct 2017

-2.75

Feb 2010

7.20

Jun 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Sri Lanka

14.66

Oct 2017

13.85

Sep 2017

-4.21

Jan 2016

42.83

May 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Sudan

35.78

Apr 2017

34.58

Mar 2017

5.38

Aug 2015

50.29

Nov 2012

%

monthly

Jan 2010 - Apr 2017

Updated on May 2017
Sweden

2.52

Nov 2017

2.46

Oct 2017

-7.74

May 1996

16.13

Jun 1981

%

monthly

Jan 1981 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Switzerland

0.33

Nov 2017

0.38

Oct 2017

-4.58

Nov 2011

6.80

Aug 1990

%

monthly

Dec 1983 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Taiwan

-2.68

Nov 2017

-3.86

Oct 2017

-7.56

Sep 1991

15.85

Sep 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1982 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tajikistan

8.52

Nov 2017

8.19

Oct 2017

0.18

Apr 2012

70.08

Feb 2001

%

monthly

Dec 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Thailand

0.03

Nov 2017

0.40

Oct 2017

-7.30

Nov 1984

26.11

May 1980

%

monthly

Jan 1977 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tunisia

8.69

Nov 2017

7.21

Oct 2017

1.11

Feb 2016

10.01

Feb 2012

%

monthly

Dec 2010 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Turkey

15.78

Nov 2017

12.74

Oct 2017

1.38

Apr 2016

17.08

Oct 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Ukraine

17.90

Nov 2017

18.00

Oct 2017

-5.00

Jun 2012

53.70

Apr 2015

%

monthly

Dec 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
United Arab Emirates

2.39

Oct 2017

1.55

Sep 2017

-2.32

Sep 2009

8.66

Jan 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
United Kingdom

4.08

Nov 2017

3.99

Oct 2017

-3.28

Feb 2015

13.05

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1989 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
United States

1.39

Nov 2017

1.32

Oct 2017

-0.47

Nov 2009

18.68

Feb 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1968 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Uruguay

3.91

Nov 2017

2.62

Oct 2017

-1.82

Oct 1999

37.12

Mar 2003

%

monthly

Mar 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Venezuela

315.04

Dec 2015

304.05

Nov 2015

17.89

Aug 2012

315.04

Dec 2015

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Dec 2015

Updated on Feb 2017
Vietnam

-1.60

Nov 2017

-1.23

Oct 2017

-3.10

Jun 2017

34.06

Aug 2011

%

monthly

Nov 2009 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Yemen

5.96

Dec 2014

3.54

Nov 2014

1.30

May 2014

34.33

Mar 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Dec 2014

Updated on Feb 2017

More Indicators for Turkey

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Business Confidence: Net Balance

9.8

Nov 2017

12.2

Oct 2017

-40.2

Nov 2008

17.0

Jan 2007

% Point

monthly

Jan 2007 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

800.0

Oct 2017

755.0

Sep 2017

-697.0

Jul 2000

6,837.0

May 2006

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1992 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Imports Growth

21.5

Nov 2017

19.2

Oct 2017

-43.4

Apr 2009

51.5

Apr 2004

%

monthly

Jan 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Money Supply M2

419,509.30

Nov 2017

439,624.93

Oct 2017

7,922.21

Mar 1980

456,416.14

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1976 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

1,611.44

2022

1,450.92

2021

53.34

2000

1,611.44

2022

TRY bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Production

1,485,927.00

Dec 2016

725,477.00

Jun 2016

270,685.00

Dec 2001

1,485,927.00

Dec 2016

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

14.30

2016

14.99

2015

0.65

1960

29.49

2001

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

11.1

Sep 2017

5.4

Jun 2017

-14.4

Mar 2009

11.7

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

6.29

Sep 2017

2.70

Jun 2017

-13.78

Mar 2009

8.34

Jun 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

19.9

Nov 2017

20.7

Oct 2017

7.6

May 2007

153.6

Oct 1996

%

monthly

Jan 1987 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

23.5

2016

23.7

2015

14.8

1998

57.0

1999

%

yearly

1998 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Total Imports

19,376.2

Nov 2017

19,856.4

Oct 2017

3,065.4

Jan 1999

22,425.8

Apr 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

13,408.73

2022

12,841.73

2021

1,627.69

1984

13,408.73

2022

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

279.34

2016

131.44

2015

0.56

2006

400.50

2011

USD th

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

12.4

Sep 2017

14.5

Jun 2017

9.3

Sep 1998

17.0

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Retail Sales Growth

1.5

Oct 2017

0.3

Sep 2017

-4.3

Feb 2017

15.6

Jan 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2011 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Equity Market Index

115,333.0

Dec 2017

103,984.4

Nov 2017

1.0

Jan 1986

115,333.0

Dec 2017

01Jan1986=1

monthly

Jan 1986 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Domestic Credit

586,374.8

Nov 2017

609,343.4

Oct 2017

22,301.6

Apr 1986

633,034.1

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1986 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

2.9

Nov 2017

3.0

Oct 2017

2.7

Jun 2012

6.0

Jan 2005

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Visitor Arrivals

2,952,300

Oct 2017

4,015,830

Sep 2017

623,405

Feb 2006

5,229,977

Jul 2015

Person

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Core CPI Change

12.17

Nov 2017

11.79

Oct 2017

2.31

Jun 2009

12.17

Nov 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

1,732.22

2022

1,560.54

2021

68.02

2000

1,732.22

2022

TRY bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

250,919.00

Dec 2016

112,515.00

Jun 2016

79,351.00

Jun 2014

285,598.00

Dec 2015

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Crude Oil: Production

49.50

2016

48.50

2015

41.60

2008

68.00

1998

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Gold Production

25,000.00

2015

32,000.00

2014

500.00

2000

33,980.00

2013

kg

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Population

79.8

2016

78.7

2015

13.6

1927

79.8

2016

Person mn

yearly

1927 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Capital Adequacy Ratio

16.4

Nov 2017

16.9

Oct 2017

14.6

Sep 2015

29.7

Feb 2005

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

23.8

2013

21.2

2012

3.0

2003

23.8

2013

%

yearly

2003 - 2013

Updated on 2015
Short Term Interest Rate

14.32

Nov 2017

13.24

Oct 2017

5.25

Apr 2013

52.97

Sep 2002

% pa

monthly

Aug 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Gold Reserves

21,588.90

Oct 2017

20,440.80

Sep 2017

96.00

Aug 1967

22,045.40

Aug 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

1,447.46

2022

1,303.42

2021

88.01

2000

1,447.46

2022

TRY bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

756,938.00

Dec 2016

338,482.00

Jun 2016

225,773.00

Jun 2014

756,938.00

Dec 2016

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

11.8

Sep 2017

10.6

Jun 2017

2.7

Sep 2009

65.5

Dec 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Unemployment Rate

10.30

Oct 2017

10.60

Sep 2017

8.00

Jun 2012

13.90

Apr 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Direct Investment Abroad

349.0

Nov 2017

186.0

Oct 2017

-275.0

Jan 2006

2,018.0

Mar 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1992 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Total Exports

13,115.3

Nov 2017

12,911.1

Oct 2017

1,919.8

Apr 1999

14,332.4

Mar 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-34.9

Dec 2017

-34.8

Nov 2017

-44.3

Nov 2008

-1.3

Feb 2004

% Point

monthly

Jan 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
External Debt: % of GDP

47.0

2016

46.2

2015

26.1

1990

55.8

2001

%

yearly

1989 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

15.5

Dec 2017

17.3

Nov 2017

-3.8

Jul 2009

156.8

Jan 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1987 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Trade Balance

-6,260.9

Nov 2017

-6,945.3

Oct 2017

-10,134.6

Sep 2011

-453.8

May 2001

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tax Revenue

15,048.02

Nov 2017

12,440.25

Oct 2017

6,168.50

Mar 2009

16,921.53

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2006 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

33,235.96

2022

31,751.47

2021

3,491.03

1980

33,235.96

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

4.06

2016

4.22

2015

0.00

1982

4.31

2014

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1982 - 2016

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

11.7

Oct 2017

11.2

Sep 2017

7.6

Jan 2011

19.0

May 2015

%

monthly

Jan 2011 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

1.7

Dec 2017

-3.8

Nov 2017

-24.0

Dec 2008

15.8

Sep 2016

% Point

monthly

Jan 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

3.848

Dec 2017

3.879

Nov 2017

0.000

Jul 1958

3.879

Nov 2017

TRY/USD

monthly

Feb 1957 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves

90,807.0

Nov 2017

94,681.0

Oct 2017

16,484.0

Jun 2001

112,569.0

Nov 2013

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

22.5

Nov 2017

24.6

Oct 2017

-40.1

Jun 2016

48.6

Aug 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Non-Performing Loans

16,406.85

Nov 2017

17,328.25

Oct 2017

3,845.43

Jun 2004

18,639.83

Sep 2016

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.60

2022

3.59

2021

-5.96

2001

11.11

2011

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Silver Production

183.88

2014

189.60

2013

7.00

1986

363.52

2010

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-1.3

2016

-1.1

2015

-5.3

2009

-0.7

2006

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

11.9

Dec 2017

13.0

Nov 2017

2.6

Jul 1970

140.9

May 1980

%

monthly

Jan 1970 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
External Debt

437,996.5

Sep 2017

433,108.9

Jun 2017

43,910.7

Dec 1989

437,996.5

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1989 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Real Effective Exchange Rate

75.1

Dec 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

74.5

Nov 2017

113.4

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Gross National Product

854,710.39

2016

850,152.14

2015

15,600.00

1967

942,016.36

2013

USD mn

yearly

1967 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Gross Savings Rate

28.6

Sep 2017

26.0

Jun 2017

14.4

Mar 2000

29.3

Sep 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

53.1

Oct 2017

53.6

Sep 2017

42.4

Feb 2006

53.7

Aug 2017

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-4.4

Sep 2017

-6.3

Jun 2017

-11.4

Mar 2011

5.8

Jun 1994

%

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
M2 Growth

20.6

Apr/2017

18.7

Mar/2017

6.6

Aug/2012

179.0

Mar/1995

%

monthly

Dec/1977 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

10.5

Dec 2017

10.5

Nov 2017

8.0

Jan 2011

16.0

Sep 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

138,765.46

Sep 2017

122,346.95

Jun 2017

12,982.43

Mar 1987

152,759.49

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

684.60

Jun 2017

636.65

Mar 2017

11.25

Jun 1985

684.60

Jun 2017

USD bn

quarterly

Jun 1985 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Crude Oil: Imports

503.80

2016

505.90

2015

287.00

2009

505.90

2015

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Production

15.23

2016

12.79

2015

6.93

1981

17.87

2011

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

32.2

Sep 2017

30.9

Jun 2017

12.8

Mar 1999

33.3

Sep 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Business Confidence Growth

1.6

Nov 2017

7.3

Oct 2017

-50.5

Dec 2008

42.2

Jan 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 2008 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

1.1

Sep 2017

1.0

Jun 2017

-0.5

Sep 2000

7.0

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Policy Rate

8.00

Dec 2017

8.00

Nov 2017

4.50

Dec 2013

10.00

Apr 2014

% pa

monthly

May 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

69,448.81

Sep 2017

63,939.49

Jun 2017

8,442.83

Sep 2001

73,156.39

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-42.63

2022

-42.13

2021

-74.40

2011

3.76

2001

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

10.17

2022

10.30

2021

6.00

2000

13.05

2009

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

1,491,024.47

2016

1,599,840.12

2015

118,474.74

1995

1,623,158.72

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

7.2

Nov 2017

7.0

Oct 2017

-20.0

Mar 2009

18.2

Mar 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Household Expenditure per Capita

3,783.00

2016

3,722.59

2015

3,088.58

2007

4,332.61

2013

USD

yearly

2007 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term

110,466.0

Sep 2017

108,953.0

Jun 2017

5,745.0

Dec 1989

131,565.0

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1989 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
P/E ratio

11.48

Dec 2017

10.51

Nov 2017

2.37

Jan 1989

824.42

Dec 2001

NA

monthly

Jan 1986 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Tourism Revenue

3,653

Sep 2017

4,270

Aug 2017

256

Jan 2002

4,947

Aug 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Employed Persons

28,622,000.00

Oct 2017

28,487,000.00

Sep 2017

19,349,000.00

Jan 2005

28,622,000.00

Oct 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

-17.4

Nov 2017

10.0

Oct 2017

-84.4

Jan 2002

459.4

Jan 2003

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

7.51

2022

7.51

2021

6.25

2009

110.64

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.39

2022

3.91

2021

-7.76

2009

69.77

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Credit to Households

139.09

Jun 2017

129.66

Mar 2017

0.08

Sep 1988

170.03

Jun 2014

USD bn

quarterly

Jun 1985 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

6,068,891.62

2016

6,299,127.49

2015

590,783.10

1995

6,299,127.49

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

738,047.42

2016

822,603.25

2015

16,351.86

1995

1,075,167.31

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

75,061,699.00

2016

73,639,261.00

2015

0.00

1985

75,061,699.00

2016

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

885.95

2016

838.57

2015

69.37

1965

885.95

2016

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Imports

46,332.00

2016

48,427.00

2015

6,958.00

1995

49,262.00

2014

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

8,851,485.00

2016

8,297,985.00

2015

4,521,713.00

2009

8,851,485.00

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

57.21

2017

57.15

2016

25.60

2004

57.21

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

29.57

2016

135.24

2015

2.38

2003

164.04

2010

USD th

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

62,100.98

2016

53,559.44

2015

1,544.69

1995

69,165.76

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

38.44

2016

34.74

2015

3.62

1967

38.44

2016

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

10,882.54

2016

11,018.94

2015

3,084.39

2001

12,480.37

2013

USD

yearly

1998 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

58.9

Sep 2017

59.5

Jun 2017

58.2

Sep 2015

73.4

Mar 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Deposits

441,679.13

Nov 2017

460,361.13

Oct 2017

81,521.58

Apr 2003

472,262.00

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2002 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

11,751,430.13

2015

12,321,294.40

2014

2,832,556.24

2001

12,321,294.40

2014

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

305,293.53

2016

254,678.11

2015

40,522.38

1995

305,293.53

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

1,406,069.20

2016

1,611,767.35

2015

201,554.26

1995

2,933,949.00

2005

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

244.55

Sep 2017

238.74

Jun 2017

97.22

Mar 2010

244.55

Sep 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

11.31

Sep 2017

12.65

Jun 2017

8.47

Mar 2011

19.03

Jun 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

139.83

Sep 2017

137.44

Jun 2017

98.50

Mar 2010

139.83

Sep 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

0.68

Sep 2017

1.03

Jun 2017

0.68

Sep 2017

10.49

Jun 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

11,077,559.00

2016

11,493,057.00

2015

180,030.00

1960

19,125,163.00

2004

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

96.87

2016

96.02

2015

0.00

1985

96.87

2016

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

226,256.48

2016

217,514.80

2015

9,182.00

1996

243,498.34

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

106,716,779.00

2015

110,220,415.00

2014

98,709,865.00

2010

115,925,159.00

2013

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Building Permits

51,636.00

Sep 2017

45,499.00

Jun 2017

6,022.00

Mar 2002

64,035.00

Dec 2010

Unit

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
National Government Debt

244,654.8

2016

237,792.8

2015

152,748.7

2001

310,291.4

2010

USD mn

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Nominal GDP

235,445.7

Sep 2017

205,522.4

Jun 2017

16,462.4

Mar 1987

253,963.6

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Household Income per Capita

3,831.30

2016

3,674.25

2015

3,495.94

2009

4,138.98

2013

USD

yearly

2007 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Current Account Balance

-3,827.0

Oct 2017

-4,560.0

Sep 2017

-9,407.0

Mar 2011

1,132.0

Sep 1998

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1992 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Electricity Production

24,025

Nov 2017

23,334

Oct 2017

9,325

May 2001

27,753

Jul 2017

GWh

monthly

Jan 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

11.4

2016

11.9

2015

6.3

2007

14.1

2014

%

yearly

1998 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liquid Assets Ratio

45.0

Nov 2017

44.5

Oct 2017

42.1

Jan 2017

61.7

Jun 2007

%

monthly

Apr 2007 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Household Debt

119,964.0

Nov 2017

125,719.8

Oct 2017

74.8

Feb 1989

155,286.9

May 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1986 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

103,125

Nov 2017

93,806

Oct 2017

2,248

Jan 2002

163,432

Dec 2015

Unit

monthly

Jan 1999 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

4.4

Nov 2017

4.5

Oct 2017

3.4

Dec 2004

7.4

Feb 2009

NA

monthly

Apr 2000 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

4,823.00

Sep 2017

13,389.00

Jun 2017

-6,478.00

Sep 1998

15,805.00

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Exports Growth

10.0

Nov 2017

6.9

Oct 2017

-38.6

May 2009

46.0

Jan 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1998 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

31.0

Sep 2017

37.8

Aug 2017

-43.2

Jun 2016

75.0

Apr 2004

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

24.18

Sep 2017

16.52

Jun 2017

-3.31

Jun 2009

223.62

Mar 1998

%

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

29,292.59

Sep 2017

29,740.83

Jun 2017

1,106.96

Mar 1987

36,366.16

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Money Supply M1

111,698.25

Nov 2017

118,320.60

Oct 2017

278.76

Jul 1968

125,239.46

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1963 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

10.65

Sep 2017

10.63

Jun 2017

6.54

Jun 2001

11.93

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Population

84.44

2022

83.71

2021

44.51

1980

84.44

2022

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

15,360.96

2015

14,373.32

2014

8,427.00

2005

15,360.96

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

15.30

Jun 2017

14.60

Mar 2017

5.10

Sep 2005

15.30

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

2,111,790.65

2015

2,398,492.07

2014

1,013,335.67

2000

3,226,928.58

2005

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017