Japan Total Debt: % of GDP

1998 - 2020 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Japan Total Debt accounted for 1,306.0 % of the country's GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 1,288.3 % in the previous quarter. Japan Total Debt: % of GDP data is updated quarterly, available from Jun 1998 to Dec 2020. The data reached an all-time high of 1,306.0 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 892.0 % in Jun 1998. CEIC calculates quarterly Total Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly Total Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. Total Debt is calculated as Total Liabilities less Equity & Investment Fund Shares and Financial Derivatives for Financial Corporations, Non Financial Corporations, General Government, Households and NPISH sectors. The Bank of Japan provides Total Debt in local currency. Economic and Social Research Institute provides Nominal GDP in local currency.

View Japan's Total Debt: % of GDP from Jun 1998 to Dec 2020 in the chart:

Japan Total Debt: % of GDP

What was Japan's Total Debt: % of GDP in Dec 2020?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
1,306.0 Dec 2020 1,288.3 Sep 2020 892.0 Jun 1998 1,306.0 Dec 2020 % quarterly Jun 1998 - Dec 2020

Total Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

Buy Selected Data

Includes Total Debt: % of GDP on 43 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Australia (%) 109.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1988 - Dec 2020
Austria (%) 639.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 862.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1998 - Dec 2020
Bulgaria (%) 376.5 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Canada (%) 1,052.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2020
Croatia (%) 536.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2020
Cyprus (%) 1,478.3 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Czech Republic (%) 426.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2020
Denmark (%) 857.4 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Estonia (%) 413.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2003 - Dec 2020
European Union (%) 732.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Finland (%) 676.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
France (%) 1,065.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2020
Germany (%) 662.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Greece (%) 697.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2020
Hungary (%) 469.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Iceland (%) 671.5 2019 yearly 2003 - 2019
Ireland (%) 1,152.8 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2020
Italy (%) 701.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2020
Japan (%) 1,306.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1998 - Dec 2020
South Korea (%) 745.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2008 - Dec 2020
Latvia (%) 369.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2020
Lithuania (%) 317.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Luxembourg (%) 8,073.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
North Macedonia (%) 310.5 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
Malta (%) 1,378.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2020
Mexico (%) 124.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Netherlands (%) 1,242.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
New Zealand (%) 584.1 2018 yearly 2006 - 2018
Norway (%) 707.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Poland (%) 344.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2020
Portugal (%) 624.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Romania (%) 263.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2020
Slovakia (%) 437.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Slovenia (%) 387.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2020
Spain (%) 759.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Sweden (%) 823.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2020
Switzerland (%) 1,058.9 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 865.4 2019 yearly 2000 - 2019
Turkey (%) 372.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2014 - Dec 2020
Ukraine (%) 337.4 2018 yearly 2009 - 2018
United Kingdom (%) 1,184.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1987 - Dec 2020
United States (%) 895.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1951 - Dec 2020

Accurate Macro & Micro Economic Data You Can Trust

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

Learn more about what we do

Japan Key Series

Buy Selected Data

Includes 266 key indicators for Japan, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -7.8 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -1,073,254.658 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 94,328.896 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 1983 - Jun 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 9.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 1983 - Mar 2021
National Government Debt (USD mn) 11,220,214.0 May 2021 monthly Apr 1982 - May 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 224.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1994 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (JPY bn) 222,603.350 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (JPY bn) 1,539,846.940 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (JPY bn) 208,238.500 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
GG: REV: TS: Taxes on Income, Profits, & Capital Gains(TIPC) (JPY bn) 54,159.700 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
GG: Net Operating Balance (JPY bn) 5,656.200 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
GG: Revenue: Social Contributions (JPY bn) 74,345.900 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
GG: REV: TS: Taxes on Goods & Services (TGS) (JPY bn) 36,253.900 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
GG: Net Acquisition of Nonfinancial Assets (JPY bn) 4,165.800 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Government (GG): Revenue (JPY bn) 197,377.700 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
GG: Expenses (JPY bn) 210,283.600 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
GG: Revenue: Grants (JPY bn) 0.900 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Central Government Debt (JPY bn) 1,232,316.100 May 2021 monthly Apr 1982 - May 2021
Central Government Operations: Revenue (JPY hm) 188,268.007 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Central Government Operations: Expenditure (JPY hm) 317,861.282 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Central Government Operations: Balance (Deficit/Surplus) (JPY hm) -129,593.275 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 1.849 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -819.1 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jun 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 63,938.8 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jun 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 47.1 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 1996 - Jun 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 1,496,095.780 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 5,225,887.341 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 2,579,546.994 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 64,757.9 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jun 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 34.0 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 1996 - Jun 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 17,729,990.589 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 11,660,738.070 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 9,649.093 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Jan 2021
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 7,271.820 Mar 2021 monthly Feb 1960 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 14,515.096 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 16,046.190 Apr 2021 monthly Feb 1960 - Apr 2021
Trade Balance: sa (JPY bn) -90.193 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jun 2021
Exports: sa (JPY bn) 7,040.128 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jun 2021
Imports: sa (JPY bn) 7,130.321 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jun 2021
Exports: MTE: Electrical Machinery (EM) (JPY bn) 1,267.934 Jun 2021 monthly May 1994 - Jun 2021
Exports: MTE: Transport Equipment (TE) (JPY bn) 1,502.109 Jun 2021 monthly Feb 1991 - Jun 2021
Exports: MTE: Machinery (MY) (JPY bn) 1,427.007 Jun 2021 monthly Feb 1991 - Jun 2021
Exports: Manufactured Goods (MG) (JPY bn) 862.169 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jun 2021
Exports: Chemicals (CS) (JPY bn) 885.248 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 1984 - Jun 2021
Imports: MTE: Electrical Machinery (EM) (JPY bn) 1,094.726 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jun 2021
Imports: MTE: Machinery (MY) (JPY bn) 652.462 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jun 2021
Imports: Mineral Fuels (MF) (JPY bn) 1,159.844 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 1984 - Jun 2021
Imports: Manafactured Goods (MG) (JPY bn) 710.884 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jun 2021
Imports: Food and Live Animals & Beverages and Tobacco (JPY bn) 647.261 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 1984 - Jun 2021
Exports Unit Value Index: Fisher Formula (FF): Total (2015=100) 100.40 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2018
Imports Unit Value Index: FF: Fisher Formula (FF): Total (2015=100) 101.17 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2018
Exports Quantum Index (2015=100) 106.65 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2018
Imports Quantum Index: USA (2015=100) 106.43 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2018
Imports Quantum Index: China (2015=100) 104.22 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2018
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 10,400.3 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 17,106.0 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 319.1 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 7,943.077 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 9.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1980 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 16,101.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 109,881.129 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 4,691,629.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 3,357,402.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Mar 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 65.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 1,306.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1998 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 212.048 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 3,740,718.206 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2010 - Dec 2020
BoP: Capital Account (JPY bn) -1.961 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: CA: G&S: Goods: Exports (JPY bn) 6,183.204 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets (JPY bn) 255.093 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: CA: G&S: Goods (JPY bn) 2.022 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (JPY bn) 726.044 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: CA: G&S: Services (JPY bn) -255.459 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: Current Account (CA) (JPY bn) 1,979.668 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (JPY bn) -669.311 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: CA: Primary Income (JPY bn) 2,451.785 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (JPY bn) 2,703.751 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: CA: G&S: Goods: Imports (JPY bn) 6,181.183 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (JPY bn) 1,099.979 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (JPY bn) -218.679 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: CA: G&S: Services (SS): Total: Debit (DR) (JPY bn) 1,954.023 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: CA: G&S: Services (SS): Total: Credit (CR) (JPY bn) 1,698.563 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: FA: DI: Liabilities (Lia) (JPY bn) 34.813 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: FA: DI: Assets (Ass) (JPY bn) 1,134.793 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: sa: CA: G&S: Goods: Imports (JPY bn) 6,507.305 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: sa: CA: Secondary Income: Net (JPY bn) -181.786 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: sa: CA: Primary Income: Net (JPY bn) 1,971.298 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: sa: CA: Secondary Income: Credit (JPY bn) 284.009 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Mar 2019
BoP: sa: CA: Secondary Income: Debit (JPY bn) 365.341 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1996 - Mar 2019
BoP: sa: CA: G&S: Goods: Net (JPY bn) 417.818 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: sa: Current Account (CA): Net (JPY bn) 1,866.471 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: sa: CA: G&S: Goods: Exports (JPY bn) 6,925.122 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
BoP: sa: CA: G&S: Services (SS): Net (JPY bn) -340.858 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
Gross External Debt Position (EDP) (JPY bn) 518,941.134 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2014 - Mar 2021
EDP: DTC: Short Term (ST) (JPY bn) 150,797.620 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2014 - Mar 2021
EDP: GG: Long Term (LT) (JPY bn) 88,909.823 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2014 - Mar 2021
EDP: DTC: Long Term (LT) (JPY bn) 19,884.277 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2014 - Mar 2021
EDP: GG: Short Term (ST) (JPY bn) 88,905.599 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2014 - Mar 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.1 Sep 2020 semiannually Mar 1999 - Sep 2020
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 65.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 63,684.553 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 8,895,386.506 May 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 13,506,256.032 May 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2021
M2 Growth (%) 5.9 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1968 - Jun 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 0.8 Feb 2021 monthly Oct 1980 - Feb 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 1,294,260.0 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 2000 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 0.820 Feb 2021 monthly Oct 1980 - Feb 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 20.8 Jun 2021 monthly Apr 2000 - Jun 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 47,956.000 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Jun 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 11,541,095.329 May 2021 monthly Apr 1998 - May 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 8.7 Feb 2021 monthly Apr 1999 - Feb 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 15,705,193.5 May 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - May 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 4.7 May 2021 monthly Apr 2004 - May 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Households (%) 7.600 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2020
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 16.300 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Credit to Households (USD bn) 3,410.597 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1964 - Dec 2020
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 9,449.807 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1964 - Dec 2020
Household Debt (USD mn) 3,273,435.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1997 - Mar 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 6,287,496.249 Feb 2021 monthly Oct 2000 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 3.39 Apr 2021 monthly Oct 2001 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 117.06 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Sep 2020
JP: Loans & Discounts: Outstanding: DLB: Individuals (JPY bn) 140,008.40 Mar 2018 monthly Oct 2000 - Mar 2018
JP: Loans & Discounts: Outstanding: DLB: Local Governments (JPY bn) 29,197.20 Mar 2018 monthly Oct 2000 - Mar 2018
JP: Loans & Discounts: Outstanding: DLB: Corporations: Incl Finance & Insurance (JPY bn) 312,385.90 Mar 2018 monthly Oct 2000 - Mar 2018
JP: Loans & Discounts: Outstanding: DLB: Overseas Yen Loans, Domestic Transfer (JPY bn) 12,191.20 Mar 2018 monthly Oct 2000 - Mar 2018
JP: Outstanding of NPLs: Total (JPY bn) 1,800.000 Sep 2018 semiannually Mar 2002 - Sep 2018
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 15.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Jun 2021
Tankan: AE: DI: Forecast: BC: Non Manufacturing (NM) (%) -9.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2015 - Sep 2021
Tankan: AE: DI: Forecast: BC: Mfg: Electrical Machinery (%) 15.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2015 - Sep 2021
Tankan: AE: DI: Forecast: BC: Manufacturing (%) 0.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2015 - Sep 2021
Tankan: All Enterprises(AE): DI:Forecast: Bus. Condition(BC):All Ind (%) -5.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2015 - Sep 2021
Tankan: AE: DI: Actual: BC: Mfg: Electrical Machinery (%) 16.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2015 - Jun 2021
Economy Watchers: Diffusion Index: Current Economics Conditions: sa (NA) 47.600 Jun 2021 monthly Aug 2001 - Jun 2021
Business Condition Judgement: All Industries (%) -42.300 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 1994 - Jun 2021

Check out our pricing options.

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

View pricing options

CEIC Flex

from $39

Entry level access to the CEIC platform for individual users. Download limits apply. Payable monthly by credit card.

View this option

CEIC Unlimited

Request a Demo

Full and unlimited access to CEIC data for multiple users. Suitable for enterprise usage. Available via annual subscription to one or more of CEIC’s global and premium databases.

Request a demo
Unlimited access tailored to your data needs
Flexible monthly access to CEIC data