Explore our Data

Submit

Italy Gross Fixed Capital Formation

1980 - 2017 | Quarterly | USD mn | CEIC Generated

Italy’s Gross Fixed Capital Formation was reported at 76.20 USD bn in Mar 2017. This records a decrease from the previous number of 78.95 USD bn for Dec 2016. Italy’s Gross Fixed Capital Formation data is updated quarterly, averaging 61.44 USD bn from Mar 1980 to Mar 2017, with 149 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 137.40 USD bn in Jun 2008 and a record low of 22.01 USD bn in Mar 1985. Italy’s Gross Fixed Capital Formation data remains active status in CEIC and is generated by CEIC. The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Nominal GDP: Gross Fixed Capital Formation: USD: Europe and Central Asia. CEIC converts quarterly Gross Fixed Capital Formation into USD. The National Institute of Statistics provides Gross Fixed Capital Formation in EUR based on ESA 2010. Federal Reserve Board average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. Gross Fixed Capital Formation prior to Q1 1995 is based on ESA 1995.

CEIC only displays a select group of indicators on our website.
Explore the complete set of 4 million+ time series by registering for a free trial.

What was Italy’s Gross Fixed Capital Formation in Mar 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

76,195.84

Mar 2017

78,949.75

Dec 2016

22,010.13

Mar 1985

137,404.02

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017

View Italy's Gross Fixed Capital Formation from Mar 1980 to Mar 2017 in the chart:

Feed & API Explore More

More Countries for Gross Fixed Capital Formation

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Algeria

71,102.00

2015

78,714.85

2014

445.61

1966

78,714.85

2014

USD mn

yearly

1957 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Argentina

21,215.65

Mar 2017

20,136.85

Dec 2016

2,782.39

Sep 2002

26,836.37

Sep 2015

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Armenia

216.52

Mar 2017

766.08

Dec 2016

14.68

Mar 1995

2,001.18

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1994 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Australia

80,640.42

Mar 2017

79,850.80

Dec 2016

1,309.28

Sep 1959

113,846.47

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Sep 1959 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Austria

19,510.77

Mar 2017

23,946.56

Dec 2016

6,704.84

Mar 1989

28,251.21

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Azerbaijan

2,590.76

Dec 2016

2,556.78

Sep 2016

188.62

Mar 2001

6,301.22

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Apr 2017
Bahrain

7,474.43

2015

8,547.33

2014

326.42

1975

8,876.09

2008

USD mn

yearly

1975 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Bangladesh

74,827.70

2017

65,652.99

2016

18,814.54

2006

74,827.70

2017

USD mn

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Belarus

2,256.72

Mar 2017

3,679.00

Dec 2016

281.95

Mar 1994

8,359.92

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1994 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Belgium

26,635.88

Mar 2017

27,043.36

Dec 2016

3,133.04

Mar 1985

33,754.60

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Bolivia

2,136.21

Dec 2016

1,778.32

Sep 2016

119.04

Mar 1990

2,136.21

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
Bosnia and Herzegovina

2,828.87

2015

3,550.77

2014

229.00

1995

4,532.96

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Botswana

1,281.40

Mar 2017

1,301.37

Dec 2016

267.42

Mar 1997

1,331.58

Mar 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1994 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Brazil

79,134.53

Mar 2017

77,393.27

Dec 2016

10,746.91

Mar 1991

144,940.36

Sep 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Brunei

782.86

Dec 2016

1,427.14

Sep 2016

223.84

Sep 2003

1,992.86

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Bulgaria

1,813.88

Mar 2017

2,816.69

Dec 2016

68.35

Jun 1996

5,000.00

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Cambodia

3,875.91

2015

3,514.17

2014

272.70

1993

3,875.91

2015

USD mn

yearly

1993 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Canada

90,139.87

Mar 2017

86,925.35

Dec 2016

2,115.90

Jun 1962

114,009.08

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Chile

13,488.99

Mar 2017

16,204.55

Dec 2016

1,822.19

Jun 1991

21,359.67

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
China

4,801,672.77

2016

4,798,698.10

2015

7,112.65

1962

4,801,672.77

2016

USD mn

yearly

1957 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Colombia

18,760.48

Mar 2017

18,299.31

Dec 2016

3,360.75

Dec 2000

26,225.87

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Croatia

2,350.36

Mar 2017

2,458.55

Dec 2016

958.27

Mar 2000

5,594.69

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Cyprus

988.67

Mar 2017

1,081.26

Dec 2016

206.63

Mar 2016

2,108.54

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Czech Republic

11,891.46

Mar 2017

11,995.06

Dec 2016

4,567.29

Jun 1999

18,534.24

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Denmark

14,954.85

Mar 2017

15,383.82

Dec 2016

5,992.45

Dec 1993

21,728.60

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Ecuador

5,606.65

Mar 2017

5,645.44

Dec 2016

421.97

Dec 1999

7,105.80

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Egypt

9,278.90

Dec 2016

11,063.96

Sep 2016

2,771.02

Sep 2004

12,715.26

Jun 2015

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2004 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
Estonia

1,229.46

Mar 2017

1,491.11

Dec 2016

213.31

Mar 1995

2,288.50

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
European Union

807,125.04

Mar 2017

802,201.89

Dec 2016

467,327.66

Dec 2000

1,160,563.83

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Finland

13,372.30

Mar 2017

13,128.20

Dec 2016

4,152.97

Sep 1993

18,464.57

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
France

133,695.26

Mar 2017

133,001.45

Dec 2016

3,105.03

Mar 1959

185,709.65

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Georgia

849.00

Mar 2017

1,293.48

Dec 2016

120.90

Mar 1996

1,293.48

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Germany

170,809.62

Mar 2017

169,054.95

Dec 2016

99,572.45

Mar 2002

202,093.27

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Greece

5,968.09

Mar 2017

5,136.12

Dec 2016

4,911.46

Jun 2015

23,490.44

Sep 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Hong Kong

17,079.13

Mar 2017

19,699.50

Dec 2016

404.33

Mar 1973

19,974.86

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1973 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Hungary

4,666.70

Mar 2017

6,671.68

Dec 2016

1,551.39

Mar 1996

11,957.69

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Iceland

1,123.97

Mar 2017

1,179.76

Dec 2016

391.23

Mar 1997

1,809.72

Dec 2006

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
India

158,037.56

Mar 2017

152,130.29

Dec 2016

20,971.33

Jun 1996

166,954.47

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1996 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Indonesia

76,297.23

Mar 2017

80,842.75

Dec 2016

4,949.56

Jun 1990

80,842.75

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Iran

26,520.52

Mar 2017

18,873.79

Dec 2016

2,607.14

Mar 1993

60,102.95

Dec 1991

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1988 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Ireland

17,570.73

Mar 2017

28,372.56

Dec 2016

4,025.73

Sep 1997

28,372.56

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Israel

16,384.80

Mar 2017

17,542.70

Dec 2016

1,030.54

Sep 1985

17,542.70

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Italy

76,195.84

Mar 2017

78,949.75

Dec 2016

22,010.13

Mar 1985

137,404.02

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Ivory Coast

7,400.07

2016

6,325.65

2015

77.90

1960

7,400.07

2016

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Japan

278,758.57

Mar 2017

286,762.30

Dec 2016

247,742.19

Mar 2002

1,322,200.78

Sep 1993

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Jordan

8,266.29

2016

8,769.44

2015

540.06

1976

9,748.08

2014

USD mn

yearly

1976 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Kazakhstan

11,761.49

Dec 2016

8,360.73

Sep 2016

491.40

Mar 2000

20,658.73

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1994 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jul 2017
Kenya

12,185.06

2016

13,856.76

2015

124.04

1964

14,059.18

2014

USD mn

yearly

1964 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Kosovo

1,663.02

2015

1,716.62

2014

565.13

2002

2,052.59

2011

USD mn

yearly

2002 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Kyrgyzstan

712.52

Jun 2016

254.94

Mar 2016

140.07

Mar 2008

2,284.24

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2016

Updated on Feb 2017
Latvia

906.22

Mar 2017

1,593.60

Dec 2016

125.57

Mar 1995

3,478.64

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Lebanon

10,314.85

2015

11,291.11

2014

3,629.19

2000

12,839.14

2013

USD mn

yearly

1997 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Lithuania

2,000.73

Mar 2017

2,076.60

Dec 2016

325.74

Mar 1995

3,491.36

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Luxembourg

10,043.14

2015

12,064.61

2014

639.97

1985

12,064.61

2014

USD mn

yearly

1985 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Macau

1,977.03

Mar 2017

2,933.27

Dec 2016

137.92

Sep 2001

3,339.32

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Macedonia

2,743.87

2016

2,324.48

2015

425.78

1993

2,743.87

2016

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Malaysia

19,224.58

Mar 2017

18,133.60

Dec 2016

3,997.11

Mar 1999

23,443.95

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Malta

606.06

Mar 2017

637.21

Dec 2016

133.09

Jun 2002

738.68

Jun 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Mauritius

525.04

Mar 2017

520.43

Dec 2016

179.89

Mar 2002

790.29

Dec 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Mexico

59,263.69

Mar 2017

59,050.74

Dec 2016

13,773.42

Mar 1995

69,758.01

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Moldova

333.60

Mar 2017

427.65

Dec 2016

17.92

Mar 2000

853.82

Dec 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Mongolia

368.33

Mar 2017

694.55

Dec 2016

228.73

Mar 2010

1,809.68

Sep 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Montenegro

212.53

Mar 2017

246.68

Dec 2016

158.00

Mar 2015

352.51

Jun 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Morocco

31,291.37

2016

28,705.55

2015

156.03

1959

32,894.74

2013

USD mn

yearly

1957 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nepal

6,086.35

2016

5,988.82

2015

1,145.59

2001

6,086.35

2016

USD mn

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Netherlands

38,868.77

Mar 2017

37,685.63

Dec 2016

13,390.66

Jun 1989

55,392.16

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
New Zealand

11,268.52

Mar 2017

11,014.10

Dec 2016

1,834.78

Jun 1992

11,331.79

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1987 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Nigeria

11,053.34

Sep 2016

21,047.37

Jun 2016

11,053.34

Sep 2016

23,106.21

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Sep 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
Norway

22,513.17

Mar 2017

22,468.69

Dec 2016

3,160.54

Sep 1978

31,255.51

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1978 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Oman

23,618.73

2015

23,336.54

2014

1,273.34

1988

23,618.73

2015

USD mn

yearly

1975 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Pakistan

38,920.78

2016

38,167.45

2015

11,599.41

2002

38,920.78

2016

USD mn

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Panama

22,455.34

2015

23,130.42

2014

1,664.80

2002

23,130.42

2014

USD mn

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Paraguay

1,269.18

Mar 2017

1,569.84

Dec 2016

195.81

Sep 2002

1,569.84

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1994 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Peru

9,879.23

Mar 2017

12,597.82

Dec 2016

1,026.74

Sep 1990

15,334.37

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Philippines

18,256.48

Mar 2017

20,011.05

Dec 2016

1,058.11

Mar 1986

20,011.05

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Poland

13,062.51

Mar 2017

31,374.92

Dec 2016

4,477.43

Mar 1996

41,716.17

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Portugal

7,930.37

Mar 2017

7,782.65

Dec 2016

6,483.85

Mar 1995

16,338.42

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Romania

10,215.74

Mar 2017

10,296.83

Dec 2016

1,555.85

Mar 1997

22,264.04

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Russia

51,381.69

Mar 2017

109,386.96

Dec 2016

3,905.33

Mar 1993

166,670.77

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Saudi Arabia

38,171.19

Mar 2017

51,373.16

Dec 2016

9,127.60

Jun 2003

53,232.23

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Serbia

1,457.10

Mar 2017

1,751.96

Dec 2016

291.60

Mar 2001

3,556.86

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Singapore

16,980.64

Mar 2017

18,274.26

Dec 2016

468.86

Sep 1975

21,630.89

Sep 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1975 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Slovakia

3,539.94

Mar 2017

5,134.85

Dec 2016

1,101.34

Mar 1995

6,981.50

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Slovenia

2,132.76

Mar 2017

2,055.91

Dec 2016

1,165.45

Mar 1995

4,559.55

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
South Africa

16,333.96

Mar 2017

15,320.77

Dec 2016

361.55

Jun 1960

20,848.09

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
South Korea

114,785.78

Mar 2017

108,025.06

Dec 2016

66.00

Sep 1961

114,785.78

Mar 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Spain

61,007.78

Mar 2017

60,546.25

Dec 2016

31,543.85

Sep 1997

131,154.87

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Sri Lanka

5,722.76

Mar 2017

6,679.67

Dec 2016

2,980.12

Jun 2010

6,679.67

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Sudan

17,854.52

2016

15,166.03

2015

766.05

1995

17,854.52

2016

USD mn

yearly

1976 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Sweden

29,119.86

Mar 2017

32,814.33

Dec 2016

5,093.58

Sep 1983

37,280.10

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Switzerland

39,644.23

Mar 2017

39,297.14

Dec 2016

1,400.20

Jun 1970

43,358.37

Sep 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Taiwan

28,294.70

Mar 2017

29,338.74

Dec 2016

2,963.06

Mar 1984

29,780.97

Sep 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1983 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Thailand

26,055.41

Mar 2017

25,519.64

Dec 2016

6,038.84

Mar 1999

28,727.49

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Tunisia

8,264.54

2016

8,575.86

2015

141.67

1960

10,830.35

2010

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Turkey

50,624.81

Mar 2017

68,970.23

Dec 2016

8,442.83

Sep 2001

73,156.39

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Ukraine

2,750.00

Mar 2017

5,185.65

Dec 2016

1,227.33

Mar 2001

14,912.27

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
United Arab Emirates

82,458.89

2016

83,840.42

2015

410.40

1972

83,840.42

2015

USD mn

yearly

1972 - 2016

Updated on 2017
United Kingdom

102,716.31

Mar 2017

101,763.08

Dec 2016

2,380.00

Mar 1957

147,740.23

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
United States

941,525.00

Mar 2017

917,925.00

Dec 2016

10,100.00

Mar 1947

941,525.00

Mar 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Uruguay

9,917.16

2016

10,559.61

2015

94.85

1958

12,576.46

2013

USD mn

yearly

1957 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Venezuela

378,778.52

2015

104,302.80

2014

11,154.96

1996

378,778.52

2015

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Vietnam

47,690.26

2015

44,376.15

2014

650.47

1985

47,690.26

2015

USD mn

yearly

1985 - 2015

Updated on 2017

More Indicators for Italy

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Real GDP Growth

1.5

Jun 2017

1.2

Mar 2017

-7.1

Mar 2009

4.7

Dec 1988

%

quarterly

Mar 1982 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

-0.5

Mar 2017

0.6

Dec 2016

-0.5

Mar 2017

4.0

Sep 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
GDP per Capita

30,518.01

2016

30,060.73

2015

575.10

1957

40,316.77

2008

USD

yearly

1957 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

17.9

Mar 2017

16.8

Dec 2016

16.1

Sep 2012

28.2

Jun 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Gross Savings Rate

19.2

Mar 2017

20.2

Dec 2016

17.5

Mar 2013

25.3

Dec 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

18.1

Mar 2017

21.7

Dec 2016

15.9

Sep 1995

23.6

Dec 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

62.6

Mar 2017

58.1

Dec 2016

53.8

Dec 1991

63.5

Sep 2012

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

2.9

May 2017

1.2

Apr 2017

-25.7

Apr 2009

22.1

Jan 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
New Orders Growth

4.2

Apr 2017

6.0

Mar 2017

-32.7

Apr 2009

42.7

Aug 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
House Prices Growth

-0.1

Mar 2017

-0.3

Dec 2016

-6.0

Mar 2013

1.2

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-2.4

2016

-2.7

2015

-7.3

1995

-1.3

2000

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
National Government Debt

2,562,713.0

Jun 2017

2,518,570.4

May 2017

9,611.3

Feb 1957

2,978,774.2

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Government Debt: % of GDP

132.6

2016

132.1

2015

56.1

1980

132.6

2016

%

yearly

1980 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Population

59.4

2016

59.5

2015

46.0

1948

59.8

2011

Person mn

yearly

1948 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Unemployment Rate

11.06

Jun 2017

11.26

May 2017

5.70

Apr 2007

13.03

Nov 2014

%

monthly

Jan 1983 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Monthly Earnings

3,199

Mar 2017

3,229

Dec 2016

992

Mar 1985

4,456

Jun 2008

USD

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

65.3

Mar 2017

65.5

Dec 2016

57.2

Jun 1978

65.5

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 1977 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

0.82

Mar 2017

-0.39

Dec 2016

-6.54

Mar 2009

3.87

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Retail Sales Growth

-0.1

May 2017

0.3

Apr 2017

-3.9

Mar 2013

4.9

Feb 2001

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Nominal GDP

448,274.2

Mar 2017

453,949.4

Dec 2016

97,873.6

Mar 1985

644,058.4

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-16.2

Jul 2017

-16.3

Jun 2017

-41.5

Jun 2012

2.5

Jun 2001

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

-5.2

Jul 2017

-4.0

Jun 2017

-21.6

Apr 1993

26.6

Sep 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

2.2

Jul 2017

1.6

Jun 2017

-34.4

Mar 2009

14.2

Feb 1995

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Business Confidence Growth

4.0

Jul 2017

4.0

Jun 2017

-32.2

Mar 2009

27.3

Dec 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.1

Jul 2017

1.2

Jun 2017

-2.0

Jul 1959

25.0

Nov 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

1.3

Mar 2017

3.0

Dec 2016

-6.2

Mar 1981

4.6

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Current Account Balance

5,905.2

Jun 2017

3,891.5

May 2017

-12,028.0

Jan 2011

9,846.6

Jul 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

1,721.7

Jun 2017

-1,186.8

May 2017

-19,437.3

Jan 2008

40,252.3

Oct 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1988 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

1.6

Mar 2017

0.8

Feb 2017

-4.8

May 2014

19.4

Dec 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Domestic Credit

3,078,184.8

Mar 2017

3,036,229.8

Feb 2017

955,388.2

Oct 2000

3,818,892.6

Mar 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Electricity Production

24,590

Jun 2017

22,096

May 2017

20,071

Aug 2002

29,279

Mar 2006

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Equity Market Index

21,486.9

Jul 2017

20,584.2

Jun 2017

12,873.8

May 2012

43,755.0

Apr 2007

31Dec1997=24402

monthly

Sep 2003 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

0.867

Jul 2017

0.890

Jun 2017

0.292

Sep 1973

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
External Debt: % of GDP

125.7

2016

126.0

2015

79.2

2002

126.0

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

43.1

2016

35.4

2015

23.1

2004

43.1

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term

858,378.7

Mar 2017

776,682.1

Dec 2016

317,998.9

Dec 2002

905,300.0

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

0.2

Mar 2017

1.1

Dec 2016

-4.1

Sep 2009

8.2

Mar 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

3,582.5

Jun 2017

875.6

May 2017

-14,719.3

May 2009

18,810.4

Jan 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1988 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
External Debt

2,285,740.9

Mar 2017

2,265,430.5

Dec 2016

1,066,089.4

Dec 2002

2,956,487.7

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

55.4

2016

55.7

2015

26.9

1995

57.6

2012

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt

1,000,656.0

Dec 2016

1,026,586.0

Sep 2016

288,786.8

Mar 1995

1,341,164.4

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

2.23

Jul 2017

2.05

Jun 2017

1.18

Aug 2016

13.45

Mar 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
M2 Growth

4.4

Mar/2017

4.1

Feb/2017

-1.5

Sep/1998

12.1

Aug/2009

%

monthly

Sep/1998 - Mar/2017

Updated on May/2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

31.4

2016

34.9

2015

20.3

2011

66.0

2000

%

yearly

1998 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

2,050,292

2016

1,726,079

2015

1,420,814

2013

2,777,175

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

18.8

2016

15.6

2015

-20.4

2012

18.8

2016

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

16.3

Mar 2017

16.2

Dec 2016

5.0

Jun 2008

17.1

Sep 2015

%

quarterly

Jun 2008 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves

37,875.7

Jun 2017

37,908.0

May 2017

18,826.8

Dec 1999

37,908.0

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.9

May 2017

1.1

Apr 2017

0.6

Mar 2008

2.0

Aug 2003

NA

monthly

Dec 1999 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

2.6

Jun 2017

2.8

May 2017

-7.6

Jul 2009

14.8

Jan 1982

%

monthly

Jan 1982 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Policy Rate

0.00

Jul 2017

0.00

Jun 2017

0.00

Jul 2017

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

-879.61

Mar 2017

-19,950.91

Dec 2016

-78,864.05

Mar 2012

88,390.78

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Real Effective Exchange Rate

93.9

Jul 2017

93.1

Jun 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Jul 2017

1.0

Jun 2017

1.0

Jul 2017

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Jul 2017

-0.33

Jun 2017

-0.33

Jun 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Total Exports Growth

8.2

Jun 2017

13.1

May 2017

-28.7

Jan 2009

35.0

May 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Total Exports

44,416.4

Jun 2017

45,205.5

May 2017

8,358.4

Aug 1993

59,381.5

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Total Imports Growth

9.9

Jun 2017

17.5

May 2017

-29.4

Apr 2009

39.4

May 2000

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Total Imports

39,359.3

Jun 2017

40,405.4

May 2017

7,578.5

Aug 1993

55,826.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

-13.5

2015

3.9

2014

-13.5

2015

16.2

2004

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Tourism Revenue

39,420

2015

45,547

2014

26,916

2001

46,191

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Visitor Arrivals

50,732,000

2015

48,576,000

2014

31,052,000

1995

50,732,000

2015

Person

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

4.4

2015

1.8

2014

-6.4

2004

12.8

2000

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Trade Balance

4,579.7

Jun 2017

3,805.6

May 2017

-5,807.1

Mar 2011

6,074.5

Dec 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

0.70

Mar 2017

1.72

Dec 2016

-5.27

Jun 2009

21.07

Dec 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Gross National Product

1,543,251.79

Mar 2017

1,567,429.50

Dec 2016

443,848.25

Jun 2001

1,786,388.38

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

275,469.53

Mar 2017

275,122.80

Dec 2016

166,485.47

Dec 2000

381,445.80

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

84,873.12

Mar 2017

85,699.89

Dec 2016

49,332.53

Dec 2000

127,475.27

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Bank Lending Rate

1.56

Jun 2017

1.60

May 2017

1.50

Sep 2016

11.26

Aug 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Gold Reserves

96,509.33

Jun 2017

98,307.45

May 2017

325.00

Jan 1957

141,798.52

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Money Supply M2

1,812,776.40

May 2017

1,767,138.16

Apr 2017

139,718.55

Apr 1976

2,008,987.33

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1974 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Money Supply M1

1,384,719.02

May 2017

1,350,306.73

Apr 2017

76,681.75

Apr 1976

1,384,719.02

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1974 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Employed Persons

22,961,235.00

Jun 2017

22,938,481.00

May 2017

22,129,452.00

Sep 2013

23,191,119.00

Apr 2008

Person

monthly

Jan 2004 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

1.99

May 2017

2.10

Apr 2017

-0.90

Jun 2014

6.32

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - May 2017

Updated on May 2017
Core CPI Change

0.79

May 2017

1.18

Apr 2017

0.20

Oct 2016

3.20

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2.01

Mar 2017

2.00

Dec 2016

1.11

Mar 2008

2.16

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Total Deposits

1,567,429.50

2016

1,516,419.17

2015

451,434.53

2000

1,712,780.79

2013

USD mn

yearly

1998 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Non-Performing Loans

346,919.12

Mar 2017

349,638.25

Dec 2016

114,637.77

Dec 2008

417,292.99

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2008 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Tax Revenue

118,457.71

Mar 2017

161,385.87

Dec 2016

66,275.83

Mar 2002

210,459.47

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Building Permits

11,915.00

Dec 2016

10,578.00

Sep 2016

10,092.00

Dec 2015

75,081.00

Dec 2004

Unit

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jul 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

13.41

2022

19.43

2021

-72.73

2010

50.76

2016

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

1.40

2022

1.40

2021

-0.05

2016

21.80

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Employment

23.07

2018

22.88

2017

20.17

1980

23.09

2008

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2018

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

2,301.60

2022

2,301.73

2021

562.27

1988

2,301.73

2021

EUR bn

yearly

1988 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

905.04

2022

884.17

2021

227.15

1988

905.04

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1988 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

904.91

2022

885.97

2021

290.93

1988

904.91

2022

EUR bn

yearly

1988 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

0.85

2022

0.85

2021

-5.48

2009

4.19

1988

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

32,864.81

2022

32,298.13

2021

7,668.02

1982

40,953.86

2008

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

43,910.79

2022

42,630.50

2021

10,543.69

1980

43,910.79

2022

Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Population

60.66

2022

60.69

2021

56.39

1980

60.80

2015

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

9.95

2022

10.15

2021

6.13

2007

12.64

2014

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.60

2022

3.60

2021

-19.07

2009

14.52

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Production

1,103,516.00

Dec 2016

572,740.00

Jun 2016

362,865.00

Jun 2014

1,579,696.00

Dec 2001

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

225,324.00

Dec 2016

94,727.00

Jun 2016

58,689.00

Jun 2013

283,060.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

1,824,968.00

Dec 2016

1,041,854.00

Jun 2016

732,322.00

Jun 2013

2,494,115.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

42,241.93

2015

41,945.92

2014

39,089.00

2005

42,241.93

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

2,069.53

Dec 2016

2,201.15

Sep 2016

19.86

Mar 1960

3,040.94

Jun 2008

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
Credit to Households

729.96

Dec 2016

776.38

Sep 2016

3.01

Mar 1960

1,031.31

Jun 2011

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

11.10

Dec 2016

11.30

Sep 2016

9.10

Sep 1999

14.00

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
Debt Service Ratio: Households

4.40

Dec 2016

4.50

Sep 2016

2.90

Sep 1999

5.40

Dec 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jun 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

8,669,150.35

2015

8,844,470.81

2014

8,210,328.77

2009

11,581,023.20

2005

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

21,338,457.35

2015

22,785,907.66

2014

18,422,523.15

2002

37,659,381.89

2010

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

3,517,041.71

2016

3,606,739.99

2015

2,073,770.24

1995

5,247,374.14

2006

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

8,837,899.92

2016

9,260,340.77

2015

2,669,981.70

1995

9,260,340.77

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

143,736.07

2016

154,437.40

2015

143,670.10

2003

537,537.28

1996

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

1,533,052.07

2016

1,440,923.69

2015

640,830.46

1995

3,435,387.77

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

85.50

Dec 2016

85.50

Sep 2016

37.66

Mar 1990

102.85

Sep 2008

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

0.12

Dec 2016

-0.93

Sep 2016

-6.01

Mar 2013

17.62

Mar 1991

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

79.43

Dec 2016

79.38

Sep 2016

68.86

Mar 1990

105.69

Sep 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

-0.05

Dec 2016

-0.91

Sep 2016

-7.77

Mar 2013

10.71

Jun 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

20,209,324.00

2015

20,581,426.00

2014

3,057,645.00

1960

27,353,000.00

2001

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

86,893,935.00

2015

94,226,354.00

2014

0.00

1984

97,188,624.00

2012

Person

yearly

1960 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

33.05

2015

33.70

2014

6.17

1960

47.82

2001

Number

yearly

1960 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

142.12

2015

154.29

2014

0.00

1984

159.63

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

6.23

2016

5.95

2015

0.68

1965

7.65

2005

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

1,232.36

2016

1,221.71

2015

978.99

1965

2,035.51

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Crude Oil: Imports

1,228.80

2016

1,261.60

2015

1,085.90

2014

1,804.60

2005

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Crude Oil: Production

70.70

2016

100.10

2015

64.00

2001

114.50

2005

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Exports

212.00

2016

220.00

2015

70.00

2007

400.00

2005

Cub m mn

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Imports

65,285.00

2016

61,200.00

2015

35,291.00

1995

77,350.00

2006

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

5,783.00

2016

6,773.00

2015

5,783.00

2016

20,380.00

1995

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

11,312,777.35

2014

11,017,734.21

2013

9,532,462.00

2009

11,312,777.35

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2014

Updated on 2015
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

67.41

2016

67.43

2015

55.87

2008

70.18

2011

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2016
Exports: Medicament

1,061.15

2016

1,953.58

2015

1,061.15

2016

8,603.98

1996

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

39,123.24

2016

32,268.19

2015

36.64

1999

67,333.86

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

311.06

2016

494.14

2015

52.03

2004

5,292.93

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

404,141.41

2016

353,924.21

2015

69,935.64

1999

404,141.41

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Crude Steel Production

23,341.18

2016

22,018.00

2015

15,890.00

1967

31,624.00

2006

Tonne th

yearly

1967 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Hot Rolled Products Production

21,730.00

2015

23,150.00

2014

20,743.00

2009

32,935.00

2007

Tonne th

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2016
Minerals Production

23,130,954.00

2015

21,745,091.00

2014

21,745,091.00

2014

26,050,206.00

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

10.87

2016

12.30

2015

8.63

1965

16.67

2006

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

3,103,886.83

2016

3,168,715.53

2015

1,219,826.30

1997

3,913,994.53

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Gold Production

0.00

2014

0.00

2013

0.00

2014

1,100.00

1998

kg

yearly

1998 - 2014

Updated on 2016