Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

Country/Region Last Previous Frequency Range
Australia (%) quarterly Sep 1959 - Jun 2019

4.2

% Jun 2019

2.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Sep 1959 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-04
Brazil (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2019

4.6

% Sep 2019

2.4

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-10-24
Canada (%) quarterly Mar 1961 - Jun 2019

3.8

% Jun 2019

2.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-08-30
China (%) quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2019

0.4

% Sep 2019

1.0

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-08
European Union (%) quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

0.4

% Jun 2019

1.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-21
France (%) quarterly Mar 1997 - Sep 2019

1.4

% Sep 2019

4.0

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-08
Germany (%) quarterly Mar 1991 - Sep 2019

3.6

% Sep 2019

3.1

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-14
Greece (%) quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

2.6

% Jun 2019

1.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-04
India (%) quarterly Jun 2004 - Jun 2019

2.4

% Jun 2019

1.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Jun 2004 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Indonesia (%) quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2019

1.9

% Sep 2019

2.5

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-08
Italy (%) quarterly Mar 1988 - Jun 2019

-0.3

% Jun 2019

1.6

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-31
Japan (%) quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2019

0.6

% Sep 2019

0.6

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-14
Malaysia (%) quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2019

0.6

% Sep 2019

0.9

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-15
Russia (%) quarterly Mar 1994 - Jun 2019

1.4

% Jun 2019

2.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1994 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Singapore (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2019

26.8

% Mar 2019

20.7

% Dec 2018

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-21
South Africa (%) quarterly Mar 1985 - Jun 2019

2.1

% Jun 2019

1.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-25
Turkey (%) quarterly Mar 1987 - Jun 2019

1.2

% Jun 2019

1.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-12
United Kingdom (%) quarterly Mar 1987 - Jun 2019

4.7

% Jun 2019

-2.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
United States (%) quarterly Mar 1960 - Jun 2019

1.5

% Jun 2019

2.1

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-26

All countries/regions

Country/Region Last Previous Frequency Range
Albania (%) quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

6.9

% Jun 2019

9.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Algeria (%) yearly 1970 - 2017

0.7

% 2017

1.0

% 2016

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2019-07-05
Argentina (%) quarterly Mar 2004 - Jun 2019

0.8

% Jun 2019

2.3

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-26
Armenia (%) quarterly Dec 1994 - Jun 2019

1.8

% Jun 2019

1.3

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Dec 1994 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Australia (%) quarterly Sep 1959 - Jun 2019

4.2

% Jun 2019

2.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Sep 1959 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-04
Austria (%) quarterly Mar 1970 - Jun 2019

0.4

% Jun 2019

2.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-31
Azerbaijan (%) quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2019

0.6

% Mar 2019

3.4

% Dec 2018

quarterly

Mar 2013 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-11-13
Bahrain (%) yearly 2012 - 2018

4.0

% 2018

4.0

% 2017

yearly

2012 - 2018

Updated on 2019-06-18
Bangladesh (%) yearly 1998 - 2018

0.7

% 2018

1.0

% 2017

yearly

1998 - 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Belarus (%) quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2019

-1.1

% Jun 2019

9.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Belgium (%) quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2019

-21.1

% Jun 2019

-15.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-04
Bolivia (%) quarterly Mar 1990 - Mar 2019

0.5

% Mar 2019

2.3

% Dec 2018

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-10-31
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

4.6

% Jun 2019

3.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-04
Botswana (%) quarterly Mar 2004 - Jun 2019

1.2

% Jun 2019

1.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-05
Brazil (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2019

4.6

% Sep 2019

2.4

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-10-24
Brunei (%) quarterly Mar 2015 - Dec 2018

-8.3

% Dec 2018

16.0

% Sep 2018

quarterly

Mar 2015 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-27
Bulgaria (%) quarterly Mar 2007 - Jun 2019

1.9

% Jun 2019

1.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-18
Cambodia (%) yearly 2010 - 2018

13.1

% 2018

12.6

% 2017

yearly

2010 - 2018

Updated on 2019-10-23
Canada (%) quarterly Mar 1961 - Jun 2019

3.8

% Jun 2019

2.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-08-30
Chile (%) quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2019

5.6

% Jun 2019

2.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-08-19
China (%) quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2019

0.4

% Sep 2019

1.0

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-08
Colombia (%) yearly 2000 - 2018

3.5

% 2018

4.4

% 2017

yearly

2000 - 2018

Updated on 2019-11-14
Croatia (%) quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2019

-0.2

% Jun 2019

2.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Cyprus (%) quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

44.0

% Jun 2019

-41.1

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-21
Czech Republic (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

3.6

% Jun 2019

4.8

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-01
Denmark (%) quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

-0.1

% Jun 2019

-16.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-11
Ecuador (%) quarterly Mar 1993 - Jun 2019

0.9

% Jun 2019

0.6

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Egypt (%) quarterly Sep 2001 - Jun 2019

1.7

% Jun 2019

2.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Sep 2001 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-30
Estonia (%) quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

-1.6

% Jun 2019

27.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-10
European Union (%) quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

0.4

% Jun 2019

1.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-21
Finland (%) quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2019

-5.3

% Jun 2019

14.3

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-04
France (%) quarterly Mar 1997 - Sep 2019

1.4

% Sep 2019

4.0

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-08
Georgia (%) quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2019

4.8

% Jun 2019

7.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Germany (%) quarterly Mar 1991 - Sep 2019

3.6

% Sep 2019

3.1

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-14
Greece (%) quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

2.6

% Jun 2019

1.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-04
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

-22.4

% Jun 2019

29.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-15
Hungary (%) quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2019

0.3

% Jun 2019

13.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-02
Iceland (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

1.1

% Jun 2019

-6.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-02
India (%) quarterly Jun 2004 - Jun 2019

2.4

% Jun 2019

1.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Jun 2004 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Indonesia (%) quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2019

1.9

% Sep 2019

2.5

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-08
Iran (%) yearly 1997 - 2017

0.5

% 2017

0.7

% 2016

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Ireland (%) quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2019

-15.3

% Jun 2019

8.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-13
Israel (%) quarterly Mar 1979 - Jun 2019

4.2

% Jun 2019

4.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1979 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-17
Italy (%) quarterly Mar 1988 - Jun 2019

-0.3

% Jun 2019

1.6

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-31
Ivory Coast (%) yearly 1975 - 2018

2.1

% 2018

2.6

% 2017

yearly

1975 - 2018

Updated on 2019-09-20
Japan (%) quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2019

0.6

% Sep 2019

0.6

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-14
Jordan (%) quarterly Mar 1992 - Jun 2019

2.1

% Jun 2019

2.6

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-01
Kazakhstan (%) quarterly Dec 1997 - Jun 2019

-2.7

% Jun 2019

5.6

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Dec 1997 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-08
Kenya (%) yearly 1996 - 2018

1.8

% 2018

1.6

% 2017

yearly

1996 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-25
Kosovo (%) quarterly Mar 2010 - Jun 2019

2.3

% Jun 2019

4.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-22
Kuwait (%) yearly 2009 - 2018

-0.0

% 2018

0.1

% 2017

yearly

2009 - 2018

Updated on 2019-10-27
Kyrgyzstan (%) quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

6.4

% Jun 2019

0.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-14
Laos (%) yearly 1988 - 2018

7.3

% 2018

9.9

% 2017

yearly

1988 - 2018

Updated on 2019-10-01
Latvia (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

-0.8

% Jun 2019

2.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-03
Lebanon (%) yearly 2004 - 2017

4.7

% 2017

5.0

% 2016

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Lithuania (%) quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2019

4.9

% Sep 2019

3.6

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-13
Luxembourg (%) quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2019

-11.4

% Jun 2019

300.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-09
Macau SAR, China (%) yearly 1982 - 2017

0.8

% 2017

3.7

% 2016

yearly

1982 - 2017

Updated on 2019-11-15
Macedonia (%) quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

4.4

% Jun 2019

8.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Malawi (%) yearly 1970 - 2018

4.4

% 2018

4.4

% 2017

yearly

1970 - 2018

Updated on 2019-09-23
Malaysia (%) quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2019

0.6

% Sep 2019

0.9

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-15
Malta (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

27.0

% Jun 2019

33.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-24
Mauritius (%) quarterly Mar 2010 - Jun 2019

24.2

% Jun 2019

28.6

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Mexico (%) quarterly Mar 1993 - Jun 2019

1.6

% Jun 2019

4.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-08-23
Moldova (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

10.6

% Jun 2019

5.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-09
Mongolia (%) quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2019

12.1

% Sep 2019

13.1

% Jun 2019

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2019

Updated on 2019-11-15
Montenegro (%) quarterly Mar 2010 - Jun 2019

13.3

% Jun 2019

14.6

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-27
Morocco (%) quarterly Mar 2014 - Jun 2019

1.5

% Jun 2019

1.3

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2014 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-07
Nepal (%) yearly 2001 - 2019

0.4

% 2019

0.6

% 2018

yearly

2001 - 2019

Updated on 2019-09-02
Netherlands (%) quarterly Jun 2003 - Jun 2019

-14.4

% Jun 2019

3.3

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-23
New Zealand (%) quarterly Jun 2000 - Jun 2019

6.6

% Jun 2019

-1.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-18
Nigeria (%) quarterly Mar 2010 - Jun 2019

0.8

% Jun 2019

1.1

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-13
Norway (%) quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2019

-5.8

% Jun 2019

1.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-04
Oman (%) yearly 1970 - 2018

8.0

% 2018

4.1

% 2017

yearly

1970 - 2018

Updated on 2019-11-13
Pakistan (%) yearly 1977 - 2019

0.6

% 2019

1.1

% 2018

yearly

1977 - 2019

Updated on 2019-10-18
Panama (%) quarterly Mar 2007 - Jun 2019

12.9

% Jun 2019

7.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-18
Paraguay (%) quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

1.6

% Jun 2019

0.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-01
Peru (%) quarterly Mar 1990 - Jun 2019

5.3

% Jun 2019

4.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-08-23
Philippines (%) quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2019

1.8

% Jun 2019

2.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-06
Poland (%) quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

-1.3

% Jun 2019

5.6

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Portugal (%) quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2019

2.9

% Jun 2019

4.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-21
Qatar (%) quarterly Mar 2011 - Jun 2019

0.7

% Jun 2019

-4.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2011 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-01
Romania (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

1.8

% Jun 2019

4.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-14
Russia (%) quarterly Mar 1994 - Jun 2019

1.4

% Jun 2019

2.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1994 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Saudi Arabia (%) quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2019

0.5

% Jun 2019

0.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Serbia (%) quarterly Mar 2013 - Jun 2019

10.0

% Jun 2019

8.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2013 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-14
Singapore (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2019

26.8

% Mar 2019

20.7

% Dec 2018

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-21
Slovakia (%) quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

-0.7

% Jun 2019

4.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-28
Slovenia (%) quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

0.4

% Jun 2019

7.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-13
South Africa (%) quarterly Mar 1985 - Jun 2019

2.1

% Jun 2019

1.0

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-25
South Korea (%) quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2019

0.8

% Jun 2019

0.4

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-02
Spain (%) quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2019

-1.8

% Jun 2019

3.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Sri Lanka (%) quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2019

1.1

% Jun 2019

0.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-10-03
Sudan (%) yearly 1996 - 2017

0.9

% 2017

1.1

% 2016

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2019-07-04
Sweden (%) quarterly Mar 1982 - Jun 2019

3.4

% Jun 2019

5.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1982 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-13
Switzerland (%) quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

-2.1

% Jun 2019

-8.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-20
Syria (%) yearly 1980 - 2011

1.2

% 2011

2.4

% 2010

yearly

1980 - 2011

Updated on 2019-07-04
Taiwan (%) quarterly Mar 1981 - Jun 2019

0.9

% Jun 2019

0.9

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-08-20
Tajikistan (%) quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2018

2.4

% Dec 2018

-1.4

% Sep 2018

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-06-06
Thailand (%) quarterly Mar 1993 - Jun 2019

1.5

% Jun 2019

0.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-18
Tunisia (%) quarterly Dec 2003 - Jun 2019

2.1

% Jun 2019

2.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-12
Turkey (%) quarterly Mar 1987 - Jun 2019

1.2

% Jun 2019

1.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-11-12
Ukraine (%) quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2019

2.0

% Jun 2019

1.5

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-19
United Arab Emirates (%) yearly 1972 - 2018

2.5

% 2018

2.7

% 2017

yearly

1972 - 2018

Updated on 2019-07-04
United Kingdom (%) quarterly Mar 1987 - Jun 2019

4.7

% Jun 2019

-2.7

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
United States (%) quarterly Mar 1960 - Jun 2019

1.5

% Jun 2019

2.1

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-26
Uruguay (%) quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2019

3.2

% Jun 2019

-0.2

% Mar 2019

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-09-30
Venezuela (%) yearly 1970 - 2017

-0.0

% 2017

0.0

% 2016

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2019-05-29
Vietnam (%) yearly 1985 - 2018

6.3

% 2018

6.3

% 2017

yearly

1985 - 2018

Updated on 2019-07-23
Yemen (%) yearly 1990 - 2018

-1.0

% 2018

-1.0

% 2017

yearly

1990 - 2018

Updated on 2019-09-20