Germany Forecast: Unemployment Rate

1980 - 2025 | Yearly | % | International Monetary Fund

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Germany’s Unemployment Rate is forecasted to be 4.267 % in Dec 2020 as reported by International Monetary Fund. It records a decrease from the last reported number of 3.133 % in Dec 2019. Looking ahead, Germany’s Unemployment Rate is projected to stand at 3.363 % in Dec 2025. The data is updated yearly and is categorized in CEIC under World Trend Plus’s Country Forecast – Table IMF.WEO: Unemployment Rate.

What is Germany's Forecast: Unemployment Rate in 2025?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

3.363

% 2025 yearly 1980 - 2025

3.454

% 2024 yearly 1980 - 2025

3.133

2019

11.008

2005

%

yearly

1980 - 2025

Updated on 30 Oct 2020

Forecast: Unemployment Rate by Country Comparison

Buy this table Includes Forecast: Unemployment Rate for ALL Countries/Regions: countries Instant access to full history data in excel
All Countries/Regions
Asia and Oceania
Europe and Central Asia
Middle East and Africa
North and South America
Country/Region Last Frequency Range
Afghanistan (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Albania (%)

11.000

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Algeria (%)

18.064

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Angola (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Antigua and Barbuda (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Argentina (%)

9.150

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Armenia (%)

20.705

2025

yearly

2001 - 2025

Aruba (%)

7.458

2021

yearly

1998 - 2021

Australia (%)

5.423

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Austria (%)

4.500

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Azerbaijan (%)

5.501

2025

yearly

2000 - 2025

Bahamas (%)

15.268

2025

yearly

1986 - 2025

Bahrain (%)

3.749

2025

yearly

2007 - 2025

Bangladesh (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Barbados (%)

10.863

2025

yearly

1981 - 2025

Belarus (%)

0.504

2025

yearly

1991 - 2025

Belgium (%)

5.636

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Belize (%)

17.753

2025

yearly

1990 - 2025

Benin (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Bhutan (%)

3.138

2017

yearly

2003 - 2017

Bolivia (%)

4.000

2025

yearly

2000 - 2025

Bosnia and Herzegovina (%)

14.500

2025

yearly

1995 - 2025

Botswana (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Brazil (%)

10.820

2025

yearly

1991 - 2025

Brunei (%)

6.822

2025

yearly

2011 - 2025

Bulgaria (%)

4.200

2025

yearly

1989 - 2025

Burkina Faso (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Burundi (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Cambodia (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Cameroon (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Canada (%)

6.513

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Cape Verde (%)

8.500

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Central African Republic (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Chad (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Chile (%)

7.075

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

China (%)

3.510

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Colombia (%)

11.744

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Comoros (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Congo, Republic of (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Costa Rica (%)

9.500

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Croatia (%)

7.147

2025

yearly

1991 - 2025

Cyprus (%)

5.143

2025

yearly

1982 - 2025

Czech Republic (%)

2.800

2025

yearly

1995 - 2025

Congo, Democratic Republic of (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Denmark (%)

5.600

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Djibouti (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Dominica (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Dominican Republic (%)

5.500

2025

yearly

1991 - 2025

Ecuador (%)

4.125

2025

yearly

1988 - 2025

Egypt (%)

8.983

2025

yearly

1990 - 2025

El Salvador (%)

7.000

2025

yearly

1988 - 2025

Equatorial Guinea (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Eritrea (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Estonia (%)

4.966

2025

yearly

1993 - 2025

Eswatini (%)

25.000

2016

yearly

1995 - 2016

Ethiopia (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Fiji (%)

4.369

2025

yearly

1986 - 2025

Finland (%)

6.540

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

France (%)

8.466

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Gabon (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Gambia (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Georgia (%)

11.600

2019

yearly

1996 - 2019

Germany (%)

3.363

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Ghana (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Greece (%)

12.664

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Grenada (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Guatemala (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Guinea (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Guinea-Bissau (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Guyana (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Haiti (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Honduras (%)

4.529

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Hong Kong SAR, China (%)

3.745

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Hungary (%)

3.400

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Iceland (%)

4.000

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

India (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Indonesia (%)

5.300

2025

yearly

1984 - 2025

Iran (%)

15.303

2025

yearly

1990 - 2025

Iraq (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Ireland (%)

5.349

2025

yearly

1985 - 2025

Israel (%)

4.700

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Italy (%)

10.200

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Ivory Coast (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Jamaica (%)

7.700

2019

yearly

1980 - 2019

Japan (%)

2.333

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Jordan (%)

19.075

2019

yearly

1984 - 2019

Kazakhstan (%)

4.779

2025

yearly

1994 - 2025

Kenya (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Kiribati (%)

0.000

yearly

-

South Korea (%)

3.800

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Kosovo (%)

25.700

2019

yearly

2012 - 2019

Kuwait (%)

1.087

2018

yearly

1981 - 2018

Kyrgyzstan (%)

6.605

2025

yearly

1994 - 2025

Laos (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Latvia (%)

6.986

2025

yearly

1992 - 2025

Lebanon (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Lesotho (%)

0.000

2015

yearly

2000 - 2015

Liberia (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Libya (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Lithuania (%)

5.600

2025

yearly

1999 - 2025

Luxembourg (%)

6.002

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Macau SAR, China (%)

1.735

2025

yearly

2001 - 2025

North Macedonia (%)

15.352

2025

yearly

1996 - 2025

Madagascar (%)

3.600

2012

yearly

2000 - 2012

Malawi (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Malaysia (%)

3.300

2025

yearly

1985 - 2025

Maldives (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Mali (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Malta (%)

4.000

2025

yearly

1983 - 2025

Marshall Islands (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Mauritania (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Mauritius (%)

7.300

2025

yearly

1982 - 2025

Mexico (%)

4.035

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Micronesia (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Moldova (%)

3.000

2025

yearly

1993 - 2025

Mongolia (%)

7.086

2025

yearly

2007 - 2025

Montenegro (%)

11.000

2015

yearly

2003 - 2015

Morocco (%)

8.500

2025

yearly

1995 - 2025

Mozambique (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Myanmar (%)

4.000

2021

yearly

1998 - 2021

Namibia (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Nepal (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Netherlands (%)

4.000

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

New Zealand (%)

5.019

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Nicaragua (%)

6.355

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Niger (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Nigeria (%)

22.562

2018

yearly

2010 - 2018

Norway (%)

3.800

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Oman (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Pakistan (%)

5.047

2025

yearly

1983 - 2025

Palau (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Panama (%)

8.812

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Papua New Guinea (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Paraguay (%)

5.770

2025

yearly

1983 - 2025

Peru (%)

6.500

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Philippines (%)

5.075

2025

yearly

1985 - 2025

Poland (%)

4.485

2025

yearly

1990 - 2025

Portugal (%)

6.015

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Puerto Rico (%)

12.500

2021

yearly

1980 - 2021

Qatar (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Romania (%)

5.500

2025

yearly

1985 - 2025

Russia (%)

4.600

2025

yearly

1992 - 2025

Rwanda (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Saint Kitts and Nevis (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Saint Lucia (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Samoa (%)

0.000

yearly

-

San Marino (%)

8.399

2025

yearly

2001 - 2025

Sao Tome and Principe (%)

13.472

2017

yearly

1980 - 2017

Saudi Arabia (%)

5.625

2019

yearly

1999 - 2019

Senegal (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Serbia (%)

11.630

2025

yearly

1997 - 2025

Seychelles (%)

3.000

2025

yearly

1995 - 2025

Sierra Leone (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Singapore (%)

2.100

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Slovakia (%)

6.579

2025

yearly

1993 - 2025

Slovenia (%)

4.600

2025

yearly

1992 - 2025

Solomon Islands (%)

0.000

yearly

-

South Africa (%)

37.494

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Spain (%)

14.247

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Sri Lanka (%)

4.400

2025

yearly

1990 - 2025

Sudan (%)

18.600

2025

yearly

1981 - 2025

Suriname (%)

9.254

2025

yearly

1994 - 2025

Sweden (%)

7.200

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Switzerland (%)

3.000

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Syria (%)

8.613

2010

yearly

1997 - 2010

Taiwan (%)

3.800

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Tajikistan (%)

2.492

2011

yearly

1999 - 2011

Tanzania (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Thailand (%)

1.000

2025

yearly

2001 - 2025

Timor-Leste (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Togo (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Tonga (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Trinidad and Tobago (%)

4.067

2018

yearly

1981 - 2018

Tunisia (%)

14.889

2019

yearly

1990 - 2019

Turkey (%)

8.504

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Turkmenistan (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Tuvalu (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Uganda (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Ukraine (%)

7.964

2025

yearly

1995 - 2025

United Arab Emirates (%)

0.000

yearly

-

United Kingdom (%)

4.200

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

United States (%)

4.431

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Uruguay (%)

7.979

2025

yearly

1983 - 2025

Uzbekistan (%)

0.200

2018

yearly

1993 - 2018

Vanuatu (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Venezuela (%)

35.543

2018

yearly

1999 - 2018

Vietnam (%)

2.300

2025

yearly

1990 - 2025

Yemen (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Zambia (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Zimbabwe (%)

0.000

yearly

-

Germany Key Series

Buy this table Includes All Indicators: series Instant access to full history data in excel
All Indicators
National Accounts
Production
Sales, Orders, Inventory & Shipments
Construction and Properties
Government and Public Finance
Demographic and Labour Market
Domestic Trade and Household Survey
Inflation
Foreign Trade
Balance of Payments
Monetary
Banking Statistics
Interest and Foreign Exchange Rates
Energy
Tourism
Business and Economic Survey
Financial Market
Transport and Telecommunications
National Accounts Last Frequency Range
Nominal GDP (USD mn)

981,744.4

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2020

Real GDP Growth (%)

-4.0

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Sep 2020

Nominal GDP Growth (%)

-3.156

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Sep 2020

GDP per Capita (USD)

46,467.159

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

GDP Deflator Growth (%)

0.8

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Sep 2020

Private Consumption Expenditure (USD mn)

509,451.330

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2020

Private Consumption: % of GDP (%)

51.4

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

Public Consumption Expenditure (USD mn)

219,492.514

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Sep 2020

Public Consumption: % of GDP (%)

21.8

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

Investment: % of GDP (%)

20.7

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

Gross Fixed Capital Formation (USD mn)

213,579.667

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

Gross National Product (GNP) (USD mn)

1,014,568.055

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

Gross Savings Rate (%)

25.9

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita (PPP Intl $)

66,365.721

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita (USD)

60,890.484

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Forecast: Real GDP Growth (%)

1.198

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Total Trade of Goods & Services: % of Nominal GDP (%)

76.055

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

GDP: Domestic Demand (DD) (EUR bn)

792.290

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: DD: GCF: Changes in Inventories (EUR bn)

-19.303

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: Exports (EUR bn)

365.033

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: Imports (EUR bn)

314.353

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: DD: Final Consumption Expenditure (FCE) (EUR bn)

579.140

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

GDP: DD: FCE: Households & NPISH (EUR bn)

440.853

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: DD: FCE: Government (Govt) (EUR bn)

182.573

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

GDP: DD: Gross Capital Formation (GCF) (EUR bn)

159.390

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

GDP: DD: GCF: Fixed (EUR bn)

177.086

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

GDP: swda: DD: GCF: Fixed (EUR bn)

182.557

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: Net Exports (EUR bn)

55.275

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: DD: Gross Capital Formation (GCF) (EUR bn)

160.347

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: Exports (EUR bn)

365.861

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: Imports (EUR bn)

310.586

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda (EUR bn)

853.913

Dec 2018

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Dec 2018

GDP: swda: Domestic Demand (DD) (EUR bn)

783.411

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: DD: Final Consumption Expenditure (FCE) (EUR bn)

623.064

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: DD: FCE: Households & NPISH (EUR bn)

435.453

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: DD: FCE: Government (Govt) (EUR bn)

187.611

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: Gross Value Added (GVA) (EUR bn)

765.089

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: Gross Value Added (GVA) (EUR bn)

760.352

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Public Services, Education, Health (EUR bn)

150.926

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Other Services (EUR bn)

25.019

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

GVA: swda: Taxes less Subsidies on Products (EUR bn)

75.383

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing (EUR bn)

5.069

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Industry (EUR bn)

170.808

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Industry: ow Manufacturing (EUR bn)

147.003

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Construction (EUR bn)

43.779

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Trade, Transportation, Accommodation (EUR bn)

109.447

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Information & Communication (EUR bn)

39.387

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Financial & Insurance Services (EUR bn)

28.983

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

GDP: swda: GVA: Real Estate Activities (EUR bn)

83.360

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

National Income: Gross (EUR bn)

786.194

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

National Income: Disposable (EUR bn)

611.745

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

National Income: Memo: Savings (EUR bn)

32.605

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

Liabilities: Stock: HH (EUR bn)

1,908.100

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2020

Liabilities: Stock: NH: Loans (EUR bn)

17.500

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2020

DE: GDP: Gross Capital Formation (EUR mn)

740,339.000

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP: External Balance of Goods and Services (EUR mn)

200,536.000

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP: USD (USD mn)

3,845,630.031

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP: Final Consumption Expenditure (EUR mn)

2,494,335.000

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP (EUR mn)

3,435,210.000

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP: USD: per Capita (USD)

46,258.878

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP: Gross Value Added at Factor Cost (EUR mn)

3,092,489.000

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP: Gross Value Added at Factor Cost: Agriculture (EUR mn)

28,133.000

2019

yearly

1991 - 2019

DE: GDP: Gross Value Added at Factor Cost: Industry (EUR mn)

921,292.000

2019

yearly

1991 - 2019

DE: GDP: Gross Value Added at Factor Cost: Industry: Manufacturing (EUR mn)

667,931.000

2019

yearly

1991 - 2019

DE: GDP: per Capita (EUR)

41,321.958

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP: Real: Gross Value Added at Factor Cost: Agriculture (EUR mn)

20,014.550

2019

yearly

1991 - 2019

DE: GDP: Real: Gross Value Added at Factor Cost: Industry (EUR mn)

866,828.590

2019

yearly

1991 - 2019

DE: GDP: Real: Gross Value Added at Factor Cost: Industry: Manufacturing (EUR mn)

650,290.970

2019

yearly

1991 - 2019

DE: GDP: Real: Final Consumption Expenditure: Household (EUR mn)

1,708,799.630

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP: Real: Final Consumption Expenditure: General Government (EUR mn)

657,883.680

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

DE: GDP: Real: Gross Value Added at Factor Cost (EUR mn)

2,912,649.790

2019

yearly

1970 - 2019

Production Last Frequency Range
Industrial Production Index Growth (%)

-10.0

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1959 - Aug 2020

Minerals Production (Metric Ton)

212,196,016.000

2018

yearly

2009 - 2018

Gold Production (kg)

10.000

1991

yearly

1990 - 1991

Silver Production (Metric Ton)

6.000

1990

yearly

1986 - 1990

Motor Vehicle Production (Unit)

4,661,328.000

2019

yearly

1997 - 2019

Electricity Generation (MWh)

23,891,939.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2020

Sales, Orders, Inventory & Shipments Last Frequency Range
New Orders Growth (%)

-1.9

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Sep 2020

Sales Turnover: Value: Intermediate Goods (EUR th)

48,365,236.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Sales Turnover: Value: Manufacturing (Mfg) (EUR th)

151,530,292.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Sales Turnover: Value: Capital (EUR th)

72,751,511.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Sales Turnover: Value: Consumer Goods: Durables (EUR th)

4,202,845.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Sales Turnover: Value: Consumer Goods: Non Durables (EUR th)

22,239,933.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Sales Turnover: Value: Energy (EUR th)

4,396,405.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Sales Turnover: Value: Mining & Quarrying (MQ) (EUR th)

425,637.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Construction and Properties Last Frequency Range
Building Permits (Unit)

19,816.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2020

House Prices Growth (%)

6.6

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2020

Nominal Residential Property Price Index (2010=100)

155.900

Mar 2020

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Mar 2020

Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth (%)

6.781

Mar 2020

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Mar 2020

Real Residential Property Price Index (2010=100)

137.786

Mar 2020

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Mar 2020

Real Residential Property Price Index Growth (%)

5.060

Mar 2020

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Mar 2020

Bldg Permits Granted: Residential (RS) (Unit)

15,690.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2020

Construction Cost: Estimated: Residential (RS) (EUR th)

6,007,447.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2020

Construction Cost: Estimated: Non Residential (NR) (EUR th)

4,076,661.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2020

Bldg Permits Granted: Non Residential (NR) (Unit)

3,959.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2020

Building Permits Granted: swda: Residential Bldg (EUR bn)

5.710

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2020

Building Permits Granted: swda: Non Residential Bldg (EUR bn)

3.860

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2020

Construction Started: NB: Residential (RS) (Unit)

1,948.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2020

Construction Started: NB: Non Residential (NR) (Unit)

820.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2020

Construction Started: NB: Dwellings: Germany (Unit)

3,508.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2020

Construction Completion: Dwellings (Unit)

293,002.000

2019

yearly

2001 - 2019

Construction Completion: Non Residential (NR): Volume (Cub m th)

187,808.000

2019

yearly

2001 - 2019

Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%)

-2.9

Sep 2020

quarterly

Dec 1991 - Sep 2020

Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn)

-52,265.638

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

Tax Revenue (USD mn)

195,592.915

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%)

23.0

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

National Government Debt (USD mn)

2,508,507.7

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2020

Government Debt: % of GDP (%)

67.5

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2020

Forecast: Government Expenditure (EUR bn)

1,839.709

2025

yearly

1991 - 2025

Forecast: Government Net Debt (EUR bn)

2,398.769

2025

yearly

1991 - 2025

Forecast: Government Revenue (EUR bn)

1,881.848

2025

yearly

1991 - 2025

General Govt Debt: Foreign Creditors (EUR bn)

1,056.004

Jun 2020

quarterly

Dec 1998 - Jun 2020

General Government Debt: as % of GDP (%)

67.400

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2020

Demographic and Labour Market Last Frequency Range
Population (Person mn)

83.2

2019

yearly

1950 - 2019

Labour Force Participation Rate (%)

56.0

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Sep 2020

Employed Persons (Person)

44,662,000.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Sep 2020

Unemployment Rate (%)

4.50

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2020

Monthly Earnings (USD)

4,259

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Jun 2020

Labour Productivity Growth (%)

-2.51

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Sep 2020

Forecast: Population (Person mn)

82.787

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Forecast: Employment (Person mn)

42.433

2021

yearly

1980 - 2021

Forecast: Unemployment Rate (%)

3.363

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Population: Male (Person)

40,843,565.000

2017

yearly

1970 - 2017

Population: Female (Person)

41,948,786.000

2017

yearly

1970 - 2017

Employment: swda: Domestic Concept (Person th)

45,197.000

Mar 2019

monthly

Jan 1992 - Mar 2019

Unemployment (Person th)

1,387.000

Dec 2018

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Dec 2018

Emigration (Person)

1,231,552.000

2019

yearly

1964 - 2019

Immigration (Person)

1,558,612.000

2019

yearly

1964 - 2019

Employment: Domestic Concept (Person th)

44,860.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2020

Labour Force: swda (Person th)

46,416.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

Unemployment: swda (Person th)

1,990.000

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

Labor Force: Population: Average: swda: Activity Rate (%)

56.000

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

Employment: Mining and Mfg: Mining (Person th)

25.789

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Employment: Mining and Mfg: Energy (Person th)

31.640

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Employment: Mining and Mfg: Manufacturing (Person th)

5,530.238

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2005 - Sep 2020

Registered Unemployment (Person th)

2,759.780

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1950 - Oct 2020

Registered Unemployment: Male (Person th)

1,543.552

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Oct 2020

Registered Unemployment: Female (Person th)

1,216.216

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Oct 2020

Registered Unemployment: Age: between 15 & 20 (Person th)

51.742

Oct 2020

monthly

Oct 1990 - Oct 2020

Registered Unemployment: Seasonally Adjusted (sa) (Person th)

2,863.437

Oct 2020

monthly

Dec 1991 - Oct 2020

Registered Unemployment Rate (%)

6.000

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Oct 2020

No of Vacancies: UP: swda (Unit th)

585.000

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2020

Gross Avg Monthly Earnings (GE) (EUR)

3,868.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Jun 2020

GE: Manufacturing (Mfg) (EUR)

3,891.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Jun 2020

GE: Wholesale & Retail Trade, Repair of Vehicles (WR) (EUR)

3,498.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Jun 2020

GE: Financial & Insurance Activities (FI) (EUR)

5,515.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Jun 2020

DE: Population: Total (Person)

83,132,799.000

2019

yearly

1960 - 2019

DE: Urban Population (Person)

64,324,835.000

2019

yearly

1960 - 2019

Domestic Trade and Household Survey Last Frequency Range
Retail Sales Growth (%)

4.4

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2020

Motor Vehicles Sales (Unit)

4,017,059

2019

yearly

2005 - 2019

Motor Vehicles Sales Growth (%)

5.1

2019

yearly

2006 - 2019

Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars (Unit)

409,801.000

Dec 2019

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2019

Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars (Unit)

3,607,258.000

Dec 2019

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2019

Consumer Confidence: Net Balance (% Point)

-9.5

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1985 - Oct 2020

Consumer Confidence Growth (% Point)

-5.4

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1986 - Oct 2020

Household Expenditure per Capita (USD)

18,766.086

2018

yearly

1998 - 2018

Household Income per Capita (USD)

33,631.824

2018

yearly

1998 - 2018

Consumer Climate Survey: GfK: Consumer Climate Indicator (CCI) (NA)

-6.700

Dec 2020

monthly

Jan 2001 - Dec 2020

Consumer Confidence Index: ICON: sa (NA)

88.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2020

IES: Average Monthly Household Income (AMHI): Gross Income (EUR)

4,846.000

2018

yearly

1998 - 2018

IES: Average Monthly Household Expenditure (AMHE) (EUR)

2,704.000

2018

yearly

1998 - 2018

Inflation Last Frequency Range
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth (%)

-0.2

Oct 2020

monthly

Jun 1949 - Oct 2020

Core CPI Change (%)

0.470

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 2006 - Oct 2020

CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change (%)

1.307

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Oct 2020

Producer Price Index Growth (%)

-0.7

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1977 - Oct 2020

Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth (%)

1.968

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Harmonized Index of Consumer Price (HICP) (2015=100)

105.800

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1996 - Oct 2020

Producer Price Index (PPP): 2015=100: swda: Commerical Products (2015=100)

104.100

Aug 2018

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

PPI: 2015=100: swda: Agricultural Products (2015=100)

116.400

Aug 2018

monthly

Jan 1968 - Aug 2018

PPI: 2015=100: swda: Commerical Products excl Energy Source (2015=100)

104.500

Aug 2018

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Export Price Index: 2015=100 (2015=100)

102.400

Aug 2018

monthly

Jan 2015 - Aug 2018

Import Price Index: 2015=100 (2015=100)

103.300

Aug 2018

monthly

Jan 2015 - Aug 2018

Export Price Index: 2015=100: swda (2015=100)

102.500

Aug 2018

monthly

Jan 1970 - Aug 2018

Import Price Index: 2015=100: swda (2015=100)

103.500

Aug 2018

monthly

Jan 1970 - Aug 2018

Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%)

3.255

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Trade Balance (USD mn)

20,741.6

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2020

Total Exports (USD mn)

122,422.6

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2020

Total Exports Growth (%)

-6.6

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1951 - Sep 2020

Aluminum: Exports (USD th)

10,472,205.880

2019

yearly

1995 - 2019

Exports: Medicament (USD th)

59,311,171.670

2019

yearly

1995 - 2019

Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th)

32,125,059.687

2019

yearly

1995 - 2019

Total Imports (USD mn)

102,338.1

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1957 - Aug 2020

Total Imports Growth (%)

-5.3

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1951 - Aug 2020

Imports: Medicament (USD th)

32,035,194.178

2019

yearly

1995 - 2019

Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th)

27,798,786.360

2019

yearly

1995 - 2019

Total Exports to USA (USD mn)

9,097.063

Aug 2020

monthly

Sep 1977 - Aug 2020

Total Imports from USA (USD mn)

7,271.345

Sep 2020

monthly

Jul 1990 - Sep 2020

Total Exports to China (USD mn)

8,644.159

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2020

Total Imports from China (USD mn)

11,076.629

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2020

Exports fob (EUR mn)

109,778.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1950 - Sep 2020

Imports cif (EUR mn)

79,304.859

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1950 - Aug 2020

Exports fob: swda (EUR bn)

103.930

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1950 - Sep 2020

Imports cif: swda (EUR bn)

86.330

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1950 - Sep 2020

Trade Balance: swda (EUR bn)

17.600

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1950 - Sep 2020

Exports: SITC: Iron & Steel (EUR th)

1,436,903.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Aug 2020

Imports: SITC: Mineral Fuels & Oils, Bituminous Substances (EUR th)

5,093,152.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Aug 2020

Exports: SITC: Pharmaceutical Products (EUR th)

6,642,147.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Aug 2020

Exports: SITC: Plastics & Articles Thereof (EUR th)

5,053,953.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Sep 2020

Imports: SITC: Iron & Steel (EUR th)

1,566,263.000

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

Exports: SITC: Machinery and Mechanical Appliances (EUR th)

15,540,042.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Aug 2020

Exports: SITC: Electrical Machinery, TV Image and Sound Reproducing (EUR th)

12,099,246.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Sep 2020

Exports: SITC: Vehicles, Motorcycles & Bicycles (EUR th)

18,782,839.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Sep 2020

Exports: Netherlands (EUR th)

6,440,870.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2020

Exports: United Kingdom (EUR th)

5,592,889.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2020

Exports: United States of America (EUR th)

7,689,175.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2020

Imports: China (EUR th)

9,717,357.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2020

Imports: France (EUR th)

4,818,877.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2020

Imports: Italy (EUR th)

4,691,828.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2020

Imports: Netherlands (EUR th)

7,556,794.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2020

Imports: United States of America (EUR th)

5,571,830.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2020

Exports: France (EUR th)

8,441,403.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2020

Exports: Italy (EUR th)

4,105,394.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2020

Export Unit Value Index (EUVI): Total (2010=100)

121.900

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

Import Unit Value Index (IUVI): Total (2010=100)

120.200

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

EVI: Leathers & Leather Goods (2010=100)

151.100

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

EVI: Data Processing Equipment (2010=100)

121.900

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

EVI: Fishery Products (2010=100)

102.400

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

IVI: Tobacco (2010=100)

205.800

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

IVI: Leathers & Leather Goods (2010=100)

118.800

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

IVI: Pharmaceutical & Similar Products (2010=100)

138.600

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

IVI: Machines (2010=100)

120.800

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

IVI: Cars & Car Parts (2010=100)

107.700

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

EVI: Oil & Natural Gas (2010=100)

313.200

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

EVI: Ores (2010=100)

63.800

Jul 2020

monthly

Jan 2008 - Jul 2020

Motor Vehicle Exports: Car (Unit)

266,600.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jul 2000 - Sep 2020

Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn)

-8,136.2

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

Current Account Balance (USD mn)

25,950.6

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2020

Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%)

7.8

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn)

-1,425.2

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%)

3.3

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2020

Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn)

160,844.712

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Sep 2020

Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn)

70,168.055

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Jun 2020

Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn)

765.6

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Sep 2020

Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%)

16.3

Sep 2020

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Sep 2020

External Debt (USD mn)

5,913,742.6

Jun 2020

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Jun 2020

External Debt: % of GDP (%)

144.2

2019

yearly

1999 - 2019

External Debt: Short Term (USD mn)

2,222,776.1

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Jun 2020

External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%)

51.7

2019

yearly

2004 - 2019

Total Debt: % of GDP (%)

637.4

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2020

Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn)

336.044

2025

yearly

1980 - 2025

Net International Investment Position (USD mn)

2,662,053.960

Jun 2020

quarterly

Dec 1957 - Jun 2020

Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (CA) (EUR mn)

26,322.636

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: CA: Goods (EUR mn)

23,185.025

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: Credit: CA: Services (EUR mn)

21,708.213

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: Debit: CA: Services (EUR mn)

23,121.093

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Aug 2020

BoP: CA: Services (EUR mn)

-2,948.986

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Aug 2020

BoP: CA: Primary Income (EUR mn)

7,363.991

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: CA: Credit: Primary Income (PN) (EUR mn)

15,910.932

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: CA: Debit: Primary Income (PN) (EUR mn)

8,546.941

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: swda: Current Account (EUR mn)

22,020.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2020

BoP: swda: Current Account: Primary Income: Credit (EUR mn)

16,660.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2020

BoP: swda: Current Account: Primary Income: Debit (EUR mn)

9,050.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2020

BoP: swda: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR mn)

-3,350.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2020

BoP: swda: Current Account: Goods (EUR mn)

19,910.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2020

BoP: swda: Current Account: Service (EUR mn)

-1,160.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2020

BoP: swda: Current Account: Service: Credit (EUR mn)

21,380.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2020

BoP: swda: Current Account: Service: Debit (EUR mn)

22,020.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2020

BoP: swda: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR mn)

6,980.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2020

BoP: FA: Direct Investment (EUR mn)

5,297.271

Feb 2019

monthly

Jan 1971 - Feb 2019

BoP: Liabs: FA: Other Investment (EUR mn)

-38,253.531

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Aug 2020

BoP: Financial Account (FA): Assets (EUR mn)

28,565.171

Feb 2019

monthly

Jan 1971 - Feb 2019

BoP: Assets: FA: Other Investment (EUR mn)

101,150.912

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (EUR mn)

69,749.984

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Aug 2020

BoP: Capital Account (EUR mn)

613.303

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Aug 2020

BoP: Assets: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (EUR mn)

-6,903.875

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: Liabs: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (EUR mn)

-1,209.316

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: FA: Financial Derivative (EUR mn)

5,631.746

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1987 - Sep 2020

BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn)

-35,053.523

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI): Assets (EUR mn)

6,509.702

Nov 2018

monthly

Jan 1971 - Nov 2018

Investment Outward: FI: ow Reserve Assets (EUR mn)

-53.457

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

BoP: Financial Account (FA) (EUR mn)

35,718.141

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Aug 2020

International Investment Position (IIP): Net: Total (EUR mn)

2,051,030.000

Dec 2018

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2018

International Investment Position (IIP): Assets: Total (EUR mn)

10,010,106.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Dec 1949 - Jun 2020

International Investment Position (IIP): Liabilities: Total (EUR mn)

7,592,163.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Dec 1949 - Jun 2020

External Debt: Gross (EUR mn)

5,371,451.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Jun 2020

External Debt: GG: Short Term (EUR mn)

140,056.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Jun 2020

External Debt: GG: Long Term (EUR mn)

1,078,956.000

Jun 2020

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Jun 2020

Investment Inward: Direct Investment (EUR mn)

-1,209.316

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Sep 2020

Investment Outward: Direct Investment (EUR mn)

13,598.299

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1971 - Aug 2020

No of Business Registration (Unit)

53,227.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2006 - Aug 2020

DE: BOP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Net (USD mn)

105,348.650

2019

yearly

1971 - 2019

DE: BOP: Financial Account: Foreign Direct Investment: Net (USD mn)

62,729.432

2019

yearly

1971 - 2019

Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%)

1.2

2018

yearly

2005 - 2018

Household Debt: % of GDP (%)

54.4

2019

yearly

1991 - 2019

Money Supply M2 (USD mn)

4,008,886.864

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1969 - Oct 2020

M2 Growth (%)

8.1

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1970 - Oct 2020

Reserve Requirement Ratio (%)

1.0

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1999 - Oct 2020

Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn)

36,823.4

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2020

Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%)

0.933

Sep 2020

quarterly

Dec 1991 - Sep 2020

Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA)

0.4

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2020

Gold Reserves (USD mn)

205,272.754

Oct 2020

monthly

Dec 1998 - Oct 2020

Total Deposits Growth (%)

9.0

Sep 2020

monthly

Sep 1998 - Sep 2020

Total Deposits (USD mn)

6,482,917.931

Sep 2020

monthly

Sep 1997 - Sep 2020

Domestic Credit (USD mn)

5,836,645.0

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2020

Domestic Credit Growth (%)

3.6

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2020

Debt Service Ratio: Households (%)

6.100

Mar 2020

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2020

Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%)

10.400

Mar 2020

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2020

Credit to Households (USD bn)

2,069.386

Mar 2020

quarterly

Dec 1970 - Mar 2020

Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn)

4,361.485

Mar 2020

quarterly

Mar 1955 - Mar 2020

Household Debt (USD mn)

2,100,738.2

Jun 2020

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Jun 2020

Total Loans (USD mn)

6,643,551.018

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2020

Total Loans Growth (%)

0.81

Aug 2020

monthly

Dec 1949 - Aug 2020

Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%)

82.10

Jun 2020

quarterly

Dec 1991 - Jun 2020

Money Stock: Chg: M1 (EUR bn)

-0.55

Mar 2018

monthly

Feb 1980 - Mar 2018

Money Stock: Chg: M2 (EUR bn)

4.93

Mar 2018

monthly

Feb 1980 - Mar 2018

Money Stock: M3: sa (EUR bn)

3,428.900

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1995 - Oct 2020

Money Stock: M2: sa (EUR bn)

3,406.600

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1995 - Oct 2020

Intl Reserve: Official Reserve Assets (RA) (EUR mn)

227,150.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Dec 1998 - Sep 2020

Intl Reserve: RA: Foreign Currency Reserves (FR) (EUR mn)

31,246.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Dec 1998 - Sep 2020

Banking Statistics Last Frequency Range
Liquid Assets Ratio (%)

23.6

Jun 2020

quarterly

Dec 2008 - Jun 2020

Capital Adequacy Ratio (%)

18.6

Jun 2020

quarterly

Dec 2008 - Jun 2020

DE: TARGET 2 Balance: Outstanding (EUR mn)

1,115,189.250

Sep 2020

monthly

May 2008 - Sep 2020

DE: TARGET 2 Balance: Average (EUR mn)

1,050,868.242

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2001 - Sep 2020

Deutsche Bundesbank (DB): Assets (EUR bn)

2,325.121

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2020

Interest and Foreign Exchange Rates Last Frequency Range
Bank Lending Rate (% pa)

2.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2020

Exchange Rate against USD (EUR/USD)

0.849

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2020

Policy Rate (% pa)

0.00

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1999 - Oct 2020

Short Term Interest Rate (% pa)

-0.52

Oct 2020

monthly

Dec 1998 - Oct 2020

Long Term Interest Rate (% pa)

-0.61

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2020

Real Effective Exchange Rate (2005=100)

94.3

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1993 - Oct 2020

Short Term Government Bond Yield (% pa)

-0.77

27 Oct 2020

daily

02 Jan 2014 - 27 Oct 2020

Lending Rate: Household (HH): Housing: Up To 1 Year (% pa)

1.950

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2020

Government Bonds Yield: Residual Maturity: 3 to 5 Years (% pa)

-0.720

Aug 2020

monthly

Feb 1982 - Aug 2020

Energy Last Frequency Range
Electricity Production (GWh)

23,892

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2020

Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production (Cub m mn)

5,741.000

2019

yearly

1960 - 2019

Natural Gas: Exports (Cub m mn)

28,031.000

2019

yearly

1960 - 2019

Natural Gas: Imports (Cub m mn)

123,495.000

2019

yearly

1975 - 2019

Natural Gas: Consumption (Cub ft/Day bn)

8.578

2019

yearly

1965 - 2019

Crude Oil: Production (Barrel/Day th)

37.836

2019

yearly

1960 - 2019

Crude Oil: Imports (Barrel/Day th)

1,735.571

2019

yearly

1980 - 2019

Oil Consumption (Barrel/Day th)

2,281.053

2019

yearly

1965 - 2019

Coal Production (TOE mn)

37.590

2018

yearly

1981 - 2018

Coal Consumption (TOE mn)

66.399

2018

yearly

1965 - 2018

Tourism Last Frequency Range
Visitor Arrivals (Person)

1,365,840

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Sep 2020

Visitor Arrivals Growth (%)

-62.4

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2020

Tourism Revenue (USD mn)

41,637

2019

yearly

1991 - 2019

Tourism Revenue Growth (%)

2.2

2019

yearly

1992 - 2019

DE: Net Occupancy Rate: Bed Places (%)

43.230

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2020

DE: Net Occupancy Rate: Bedrooms (%)

50.520

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 2012 - Aug 2020

Visitor Arrivals: Accommodation Establishments (AE) (Person)

15,192,644.000

Aug 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Aug 2020

Visitor Arrivals: AE: Foreigners (Person)

1,365,840.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Sep 2020

Visitor Arrivals: AE: Europe: ow France (Person)

1,923,420.000

2019

yearly

1992 - 2019

Visitor Arrivals: AE: Europe: ow Italy (Person)

1,849,395.000

2019

yearly

1992 - 2019

Visitor Arrivals: AE: Europe: ow United Kingdom (Person)

2,552,384.000

2019

yearly

1992 - 2019

Visitor Arrivals: AE: America: ow USA (Person)

3,057,411.000

2019

yearly

1992 - 2019

Length of Stay: Accommodation Establishments (AE) (Night)

41,200,000.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Sep 2020

Length of Stay: AE: Foreigners (Night)

3,407,655.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Sep 2020

Tourism Expenditure (EUR mn)

82,060.182

2019

yearly

1991 - 2019

Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence: Net Balance (% Point)

3.5

Nov 2020

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2020

Business Confidence Growth (% Point)

11.0

Nov 2020

monthly

Jan 1992 - Nov 2020

Current Economic Situation Indicator: Germany: Balance (%)

-59.500

Oct 2020

monthly

Dec 1991 - Oct 2020

Economic Expectation Indicator: Germany (%)

56.100

Oct 2020

monthly

Dec 1991 - Oct 2020

Financial Market Last Frequency Range
Equity Market Index (30Dec1987=1000)

11,556.5

Oct 2020

monthly

Oct 1959 - Oct 2020

Market Capitalization: % of GDP (%)

54.3

2019

yearly

1975 - 2019

Market Capitalization (USD mn)

2,115,581.706

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1998 - Sep 2020

Insurance: Gross Written Premium (EUR mn)

217,387.000

2019

yearly

1950 - 2019

DE: Stocks Traded: Total Value (USD mn)

1,350,329.600

2019

yearly

1975 - 2019

Market Cap: Frankfurt Stock Exchange: Domestic Shares (EUR mn)

1,795,147.810

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 1998 - Sep 2020

No of Listed Companies: All Exchanges (Unit)

11,436.000

Oct 2020

monthly

Jan 1998 - Oct 2020

Transport and Telecommunications Last Frequency Range
Motor Vehicle Registered (Unit th)

48,427.094

2015

yearly

2005 - 2015

Container Port Throughput (TEU)

19,596,415.000

2019

yearly

2008 - 2019

Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (2004=100)

97.090

2018

yearly

2004 - 2018

Number of Subscriber Fixed Line (Unit)

40,400,000.000

2019

yearly

1960 - 2019

Number of Subscriber Mobile (Person)

107,200,000.000

2019

yearly

1960 - 2019

Teledensity: Fixed Line (Number)

48.373

2019

yearly

1960 - 2019

Teledensity: Mobile (Number)

128.357

2019

yearly

1960 - 2019

Exports: ICT Goods (USD th)

77,542,849.322

2018

yearly

2000 - 2018

Exports: Telecommunication Equipment (USD th)

18,944,870.932

2019

yearly

1995 - 2019

Exports: Television (USD th)

2,119,661.520

2019

yearly

1995 - 2019

Imports: ICT Goods (USD th)

110,557,487.078

2018

yearly

2000 - 2018

Imports: Telecommunication Equipment (USD th)

27,404,414.361

2019

yearly

1995 - 2019

Imports: Television (USD th)

6,042,149.841

2019

yearly

1995 - 2019

DE: Germany Airports: Passenger Traffic (Person)

4,742,398.000

Sep 2020

monthly

Jan 2011 - Sep 2020

DE: Air Transport: Passengers Carried (Person)

109,796,202.174

2018

yearly

1970 - 2018

DE: Railways: Goods Transported (Ton-km mn)

70,614.000

2017

yearly

1995 - 2017

DE: Railways: Passengers Carried (Person-km mn)

79,456.000

2018

yearly

1995 - 2018

DE: Pump Price for Gasoline: USD per Liter (USD)

1.390

2016

yearly

1995 - 2016

DE: Air Transport: Freight (Ton-km mn)

7,969.864

2018

yearly

1970 - 2018

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