European Union Business Confidence: Net Balance

1985 - 2019 | Monthly | % Point | European Commission's Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

European Union's Business Confidence: Net Balance lost 3.7% points in Apr 2019, compared with an decrease of 1.4 % points in the previous month. European Union's Business Confidence: Net Balance is updated monthly, available from Jan 1985 to Apr 2019, with an averaged number of -3.8 % points. The data reached an all-time high of 9.5 % points in Jan 2018 and a record low of -38.1 % points in Mar 2009. The European Commission's Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs provides monthly Business Confidence Indicator with range from -100 to 100 with neutral point 0. Contribution of member-states data to EU-wide aggregate is weighted according to the country's gross value added at constant prices by the industry sector excluding construction. Business Confidence covers Manufacturing sector only.

What was European Union's Business Confidence: Net Balance in Apr 2019?

Last

-3.7

Apr 2019
Previous

-1.4

Mar 2019
Min

-38.1

Mar 2009
Max

9.5

Jan 2018
Unit

% Point

Frequency

monthly

Range

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 29 Apr 2019
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

-3.7

Apr 2019

-1.4

Mar 2019

-38.1

Mar 2009

9.5

Jan 2018

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 29 Apr 2019

View European Union's Business Confidence: Net Balance from Jan 1985 to Apr 2019 in the chart:

European Union Business Confidence: Net Balance

European Union Business Confidence: Net Balance

Series Details
Series ID

289839404

Name

European Union Business Confidence: Net Balance

Country

European Union

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

% Point

Status

Active

Source

European Commission's Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

First Date

Jan 1985

Last Date

Apr 2019

Last Updated

29 Apr 2019

Statistics
Mean

-5.1

Variance

77.0

Standard deviation

8.8

Skewness

-1.0

Kurtosis

1.2

Coefficient variation

-1.7

Median

-3.8

Max
Jan 2018

9.5

Min
Mar 2009

-38.1

Previous observation
Mar 2019

-1.4

Last observation
Apr 2019

-3.7

Number of Observations

412

Get This Data

Related Indicators for European Union Business Confidence: Net Balance

Business and Economic Survey Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth

-11.0

Apr 2019

-7.5

Mar 2019

-40.0

Mar 2009

29.4

Mar 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Construction Confidence Indicator (CCI): sa: EU 28

2.500

Apr 2019

3.700

Mar 2019

-44.500

Jan 1985

6.600

Nov 2018

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Business Climate Indicator: sa: Euro Area 19

0.420

Apr 2019

0.540

Mar 2019

-3.300

Mar 2009

1.620

Jan 2018

NA

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EA 19

5.80

Jul 2018

6.90

Jun 2018

-38.00

Mar 2009

9.70

Jan 2018

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-27
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EA 19

5.80

Jul 2018

6.90

Jun 2018

-38.00

Mar 2009

9.70

Jan 2018

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-27
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EA 19

5.80

Jul 2018

6.90

Jun 2018

-38.00

Mar 2009

9.70

Jan 2018

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-27
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EA 19

5.80

Jul 2018

6.90

Jun 2018

-38.00

Mar 2009

9.70

Jan 2018

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-27
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: Euro Area 19

15.30

Jul 2018

14.40

Jun 2018

-25.10

Mar 2009

35.10

Jun 1998

% Point

monthly

Jan 1996 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-23
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: Euro Area 19

15.30

Jul 2018

14.40

Jun 2018

-25.10

Mar 2009

35.10

Jun 1998

% Point

monthly

Jan 1996 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-23
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: Euro Area 19

15.30

Jul 2018

14.40

Jun 2018

-25.10

Mar 2009

35.10

Jun 1998

% Point

monthly

Jan 1996 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-23
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: Euro Area 19

15.30

Jul 2018

14.40

Jun 2018

-25.10

Mar 2009

35.10

Jun 1998

% Point

monthly

Jan 1996 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-23
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: EU 28

8.500

Apr 2019

8.100

Mar 2019

-29.900

Mar 2009

33.800

Jun 1998

% Point

monthly

Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29

More Indicators for European Union

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth

-11.0

Apr 2019

-7.5

Mar 2019

-40.0

Mar 2009

29.4

Mar 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

1.750

Mar 2019

2.041

Feb 2019

-1.039

Jun 2014

7.947

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Consumer Confidence Growth

-2.9

Apr 2019

-2.7

Mar 2019

-16.2

Jul 2008

12.3

Jan 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-23
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.6

Mar 2019

1.6

Feb 2019

-0.5

Jan 2015

4.4

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Core CPI Change

1.329

Mar 2019

1.411

Feb 2019

0.666

Mar 2015

2.940

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Current Account Balance

71,993.4

Dec 2018

57,658.6

Sep 2018

-135,922.8

Jun 2008

95,362.0

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-05
Direct Investment Abroad

23,249.6

Feb 2019

-3,424.0

Jan 2019

-186,604.8

Jul 2017

224,352.4

Oct 2013

USD mn

monthly

Apr 1999 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Domestic Credit

21,627,475.9

Feb 2019

21,758,944.0

Jan 2019

7,301,048.7

Oct 2000

26,340,415.0

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-08
Domestic Credit Growth

2.6

Feb 2019

2.0

Jan 2019

-6.2

Dec 2013

15.0

Oct 2007

%

monthly

Sep 1998 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-08
Electricity Production

278,705

Dec 2018

265,420

Nov 2018

219,146

Jun 2014

311,887

Dec 2010

GWh

monthly

Oct 2008 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-05
Employed Persons

224,641,000.000

Dec 2018

225,389,000.000

Sep 2018

198,965,000.000

Mar 2001

225,389,000.000

Sep 2018

Person

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-13
Equity Market Index

383.6

Apr 2019

366.9

Mar 2019

69.4

Jan 1988

444.4

Feb 2000

31Dec1991=100

monthly

Dec 1986 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Exchange Rate against USD

0.890

Apr 2019

0.885

Mar 2019

0.635

Jul 2008

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-01
External Debt

16,185,908.6

Dec 2018

16,824,292.1

Sep 2018

14,107,149.4

Mar 2009

17,417,757.9

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-04
External Debt: % of GDP

122.6

2018

124.4

2017

111.7

2009

130.9

2016

%

yearly

2008 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Foreign Direct Investment

8,358.7

Feb 2019

17,672.2

Jan 2019

-184,590.4

Jul 2017

244,122.8

Dec 2015

USD mn

monthly

Apr 1999 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

-4.5

Dec 2018

-3.5

Sep 2018

-5.2

Sep 2017

14.2

Mar 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Foreign Exchange Reserves

294,643.1

Apr 2019

293,202.4

Mar 2019

163,897.1

Mar 2006

294,643.1

Apr 2019

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2.187

Dec 2018

2.133

Sep 2018

1.428

Sep 2009

3.697

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-06
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1.5

Feb 2019

1.4

Jan 2019

1.0

Jul 2008

3.4

Apr 2000

NA

monthly

Dec 1999 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Foreign Portfolio Investment

-183,879.523

Dec 2018

69.573

Sep 2018

-183,879.523

Dec 2018

355,703.780

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-10
GDP Deflator Growth

1.4

Dec 2018

1.3

Sep 2018

-2.2

Dec 2016

3.9

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
GDP per Capita

33,938.875

2017

32,363.424

2016

18,235.561

2000

38,296.900

2008

USD

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-16
Government Debt: % of GDP

80.1

2018

81.8

2017

57.5

2007

86.6

2014

%

yearly

1996 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-24
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

950,759.974

Dec 2018

954,670.019

Sep 2018

467,481.327

Dec 2000

1,163,764.630

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Gross National Product

17,311,072.923

2017

16,474,162.634

2016

870,846.236

1970

19,070,688.215

2008

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Gross Savings Rate

24.2

Dec 2018

24.7

Sep 2018

20.7

Jun 2009

24.8

Jun 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
House Prices Growth

4.2

Dec 2018

4.3

Sep 2018

-6.0

Jun 2009

10.2

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-11
Household Debt

6,522,708.7

Mar 2019

6,532,432.9

Feb 2019

2,512,031.1

Oct 2000

7,716,455.6

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Household Debt: % of GDP

49.7

2018

50.0

2017

39.3

1997

54.4

2010

%

yearly

1997 - 2018

Updated on 2019-05-02
Industrial Production Index Growth

0.3

Mar 2019

0.7

Feb 2019

-19.3

Apr 2009

8.2

Dec 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-14
Investment: % of GDP

21.3

Dec 2018

21.6

Sep 2018

18.9

Mar 2013

23.5

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Labour Force Participation Rate

57.4

2018

57.6

2017

56.2

1997

57.7

1991

%

yearly

1990 - 2018

Updated on 2019-04-25
Labour Productivity Growth

0.53

Dec 2018

0.89

Sep 2018

-4.49

Mar 2009

3.98

Jun 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-05-13
Long Term Interest Rate

0.95

Apr 2019

0.99

Mar 2019

0.61

Aug 2016

15.44

Sep 1981

% pa

monthly

Jan 1970 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

77.6

2017

63.7

2016

7.6

1981

84.2

2000

%

yearly

1975 - 2017

Updated on 2019-04-25
Money Supply M1

9,558,530.631

Mar 2019

9,494,273.805

Feb 2019

1,722,327.912

Oct 2000

9,695,130.780

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Money Supply M2

13,429,030.485

Mar 2019

13,386,568.844

Feb 2019

3,600,813.363

Oct 2000

13,926,445.131

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Nominal GDP

4,576,703.1

Dec 2018

4,627,319.3

Sep 2018

2,139,149.7

Dec 2000

5,142,785.9

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Nominal GDP Growth

2.878

Dec 2018

3.182

Sep 2018

-7.454

Mar 2009

7.994

Jun 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Non Performing Loans Ratio

3.7

2017

4.5

2016

2.8

2008

7.5

2012

%

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Policy Rate

0.00

Apr 2019

0.00

Mar 2019

0.00

Apr 2019

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Population

512.4

2017

511.4

2016

378.3

1950

512.4

2017

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2017

Updated on 2019-05-08
Private Consumption Expenditure

2,537,849.986

Dec 2018

2,563,260.821

Sep 2018

1,241,583.087

Dec 2000

2,905,871.450

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Private Consumption: % of GDP

54.9

Dec 2018

55.9

Sep 2018

54.8

Dec 2017

58.7

Sep 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Public Consumption Expenditure

920,093.265

Dec 2018

925,983.956

Sep 2018

407,337.063

Dec 2000

1,029,283.355

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Public Consumption: % of GDP

20.9

Dec 2018

19.5

Sep 2018

18.5

Sep 1998

22.6

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-04-12
Real Effective Exchange Rate

89.2

Apr 2019

89.4

Mar 2019

41.3

Sep 1980

110.7

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Real GDP Growth

1.5

Mar 2019

1.5

Dec 2018

-5.4

Mar 2009

4.6

Jun 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Apr 2019

1.0

Mar 2019

1.0

Apr 2019

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Retail Sales Growth

3.1

Mar 2019

3.3

Feb 2019

-3.8

Feb 2009

4.8

Sep 2000

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.31

Apr 2019

-0.32

Mar 2019

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Tax Revenue

4,589,045.558

2017

4,344,749.406

2016

2,311,563.675

2001

4,898,098.403

2014

USD mn

yearly

2001 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-22
Total Deposits

13,889,186.974

Mar 2019

13,817,481.028

Feb 2019

4,273,389.827

Oct 2000

15,011,548.181

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Total Exports

188,091.4

Feb 2019

189,601.7

Jan 2019

63,392.4

Feb 2002

199,649.7

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Total Exports Growth

5.9

Feb 2019

2.1

Jan 2019

-20.8

Jan 2009

34.3

Jan 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Total Imports

191,301.5

Feb 2019

197,034.8

Jan 2019

67,752.2

Jan 2002

223,069.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Total Imports Growth

8.4

Feb 2019

4.7

Jan 2019

-30.1

Jul 2009

35.5

Jun 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Tourism Revenue

498,264

2017

460,798

2016

215,703

1995

498,264

2017

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Tourism Revenue Growth

8.1

2017

1.5

2016

-13.6

2009

16.7

2003

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Trade Balance

-3,210.1

Feb 2019

-7,433.1

Jan 2019

-48,596.2

Jul 2008

17,268.4

May 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Feb 2019

Updated on 2019-04-17
Unemployment Rate

6.40

Mar 2019

6.50

Feb 2019

6.40

Mar 2019

11.00

Jun 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Visitor Arrivals

522,620,000

2017

484,642,000

2016

258,799,860

1995

522,620,000

2017

Person

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29
Visitor Arrivals Growth

7.8

2017

4.5

2016

-4.8

2009

7.8

2017

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2019-03-29

More Countries/Regions for Business Confidence: Net Balance

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

6.5

Mar 2019

6.1

Dec 2018

-20.8

Sep 2013

24.2

Mar 2017

% Point

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Armenia

7.4

Jun 2016

7.4

Mar 2016

-10.3

Mar 2009

43.4

Jun 2006

% Point

quarterly

Sep 2005 - Jun 2016

Updated on 2019-03-29
Australia

9.6

Apr 2019

2.0

Mar 2019

-39.8

Apr 2009

26.2

Mar 2018

% Point

monthly

Aug 2006 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-01
Austria

-4.0

Apr 2019

-6.0

Mar 2019

-38.0

Mar 2009

15.0

Feb 2007

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Belgium

-6.1

Apr 2019

-3.1

Mar 2019

-34.3

Mar 2009

6.0

Jun 2007

% Point

monthly

Jan 1980 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Brazil

27.6

Nov 2018

7.8

Oct 2018

-30.2

Oct 2015

36.0

Jan 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 2007 - Nov 2018

Updated on 2018-12-07
Bulgaria

-1.3

Apr 2019

-3.5

Mar 2019

-32.1

Jun 1993

12.3

Jan 2008

% Point

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Canada

11.8

Apr 2019

8.6

Mar 2019

-15.8

Mar 2009

46.4

Mar 2011

% Point

monthly

Dec 2000 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
China

0.2

Apr 2019

1.0

Mar 2019

-22.4

Nov 2008

18.4

Apr 2008

% Point

monthly

Jan 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Croatia

5.8

Apr 2019

11.7

Mar 2019

-28.6

Apr 2009

17.7

Feb 2018

% Point

monthly

May 2008 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Cyprus

34.4

Apr 2019

27.5

Mar 2019

-59.0

Apr 2013

45.3

Jan 2018

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Czech Republic

0.3

Apr 2019

-1.3

Mar 2019

-34.3

Feb 2009

21.7

Jun 2000

% Point

monthly

Mar 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Denmark

-3.0

Apr 2019

-5.0

Mar 2019

-33.0

Apr 2009

14.0

Jan 2007

% Point

monthly

Jan 1998 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Estonia

1.7

Apr 2019

4.3

Mar 2019

-40.0

Dec 2008

27.0

Mar 2007

% Point

monthly

May 2001 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Finland

-2.7

Apr 2019

-1.0

Mar 2019

-37.3

Mar 2009

31.3

Oct 1994

% Point

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
France

-7.2

Apr 2019

-5.2

Mar 2019

-39.4

Jul 1993

14.7

Jun 2000

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Georgia

15.2

Jun 2019

0.4

Mar 2019

-38.2

Dec 2018

53.0

Jun 2018

% Point

quarterly

Dec 2013 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Germany

4.0

Apr 2019

6.7

Mar 2019

-44.9

Mar 2009

34.0

Nov 2017

% Point

monthly

Jan 1991 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Greece

-0.9

Apr 2019

-2.3

Mar 2019

-36.6

Mar 2009

13.3

Mar 2000

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Hong Kong SAR

-1.0

Jun 2019

-12.0

Mar 2019

-53.0

Mar 2009

27.0

Jun 2010

% Point

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Hungary

7.1

Apr 2019

12.1

Mar 2019

-37.4

Mar 2009

17.3

Jul 2018

% Point

monthly

Jan 1996 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Iceland

-77.6

Mar 2019

-86.6

Dec 2018

-86.6

Dec 2018

78.8

Sep 2013

% Point

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
India

13.5

Jun 2019

16.2

Mar 2019

-3.6

Jun 2009

27.5

Jun 2007

% Point

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-04-04
Indonesia

4.9

Jun 2019

2.6

Mar 2019

-15.5

Mar 2009

14.2

Dec 2007

% Point

quarterly

Jun 2006 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-05-06
Israel

27.3

Apr 2019

23.4

Mar 2019

8.5

Jun 2015

28.0

Apr 2017

% Point

monthly

Jan 2015 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-07
Italy

-5.0

Apr 2019

-4.7

Mar 2019

-34.4

Mar 2009

14.2

Feb 1995

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Japan

2.0

Jun 2019

11.0

Mar 2019

-59.0

Jun 2009

15.0

Sep 2018

% Point

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2019

Updated on 2019-04-01
Kazakhstan

6.0

Mar 2019

1.0

Dec 2018

-4.0

Dec 2008

16.0

Jun 2011

% Point

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
South Korea

-23.0

May 2019

-24.0

Apr 2019

-57.0

Jan 2009

5.0

May 2010

% Point

monthly

Feb 2003 - May 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Latvia

-2.6

Apr 2019

-0.3

Mar 2019

-44.0

Apr 1993

11.8

Feb 2007

% Point

monthly

Apr 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Lithuania

1.0

Apr 2019

1.0

Mar 2019

-38.0

Apr 2009

14.0

Apr 2007

% Point

monthly

Apr 2003 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Luxembourg

-19.7

Apr 2019

-12.8

Mar 2019

-53.9

Mar 2009

24.1

Apr 1995

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Macedonia

31.8

Apr 2019

31.4

Mar 2019

-35.8

Aug 2001

31.8

Apr 2019

% Point

monthly

Apr 2001 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-15
Malaysia

-5.7

Mar 2019

-4.7

Dec 2018

-46.1

Dec 2008

24.1

Jun 2004

% Point

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-16
Malta

-22.4

Apr 2019

-2.5

Mar 2019

-31.6

Mar 2009

18.8

Mar 2008

% Point

monthly

Nov 2002 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Mexico

3.9

Apr 2019

3.1

Mar 2019

-7.5

Feb 2009

12.6

Jan 2008

% Point

monthly

Jan 2004 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Netherlands

6.7

Apr 2019

6.1

Mar 2019

-23.5

Feb 2009

10.9

Feb 2018

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
New Zealand

3.8

Mar 2019

6.8

Feb 2019

-27.8

Nov 2008

25.5

Jun 2004

% Point

monthly

Aug 2002 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-12
Norway

7.6

Apr 2019

12.6

Mar 2019

-26.2

Feb 2009

28.1

Nov 2006

% Point

monthly

Feb 2004 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Peru

11.7

Apr 2019

19.2

Mar 2019

-36.0

Dec 2008

50.7

Dec 2007

% Point

monthly

Apr 2002 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-08
Philippines

50.2

Mar 2019

25.9

Dec 2018

-10.4

Mar 2009

57.9

Mar 2011

% Point

quarterly

Jun 2001 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-03-29
Poland

5.1

Apr 2019

4.9

Mar 2019

-15.4

Mar 2009

23.6

Mar 2007

% Point

monthly

Jul 2005 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Portugal

-4.9

Apr 2019

-2.8

Mar 2019

-33.4

Apr 2009

14.9

Mar 1987

% Point

monthly

Jan 1987 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Romania

0.5

Apr 2019

1.1

Mar 2019

-22.2

Sep 1992

27.3

Jun 1996

% Point

monthly

Jul 1991 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
Singapore

0.6

Apr 2019

1.6

Mar 2019

-11.4

Nov 2008

30.2

Apr 2000

% Point

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Slovakia

-14.7

Apr 2019

-5.7

Mar 2019

-26.3

May 2009

22.3

May 2007

% Point

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-30
Slovenia

0.0

Apr 2019

3.0

Mar 2019

-36.0

Jan 2009

16.0

Sep 2006

% Point

monthly

May 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
South Africa

-5.6

Apr 2019

-10.0

Mar 2019

-29.8

Apr 2009

21.7

Apr 2002

% Point

monthly

Sep 1999 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-03
Spain

-2.3

Mar 2019

-4.7

Feb 2019

-38.8

Mar 2009

8.5

Sep 1997

% Point

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-08
Sri Lanka

33.8

Mar 2019

1.2

Feb 2019

-16.8

Apr 2016

34.6

May 2015

% Point

monthly

May 2015 - Mar 2019

Updated on 2019-04-16
Sweden

1.8

Apr 2019

5.0

Mar 2019

-34.6

Dec 2008

31.8

May 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 2001 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Switzerland

-3.0

Apr 2019

0.6

Mar 2019

-34.4

Mar 2009

33.8

Dec 2006

% Point

monthly

Jan 1995 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-02
Taiwan

27.2

Mar 2018

0.8

Feb 2018

-17.2

Feb 2016

30.4

Mar 2017

% Point

monthly

May 2012 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
Turkey

0.0

Apr 2019

-0.7

Mar 2019

-40.2

Nov 2008

17.0

Jan 2007

% Point

monthly

Jan 2007 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-24
Ukraine

29.3

Dec 2018

28.1

Sep 2018

-12.9

Mar 2015

29.3

Dec 2018

% Point

quarterly

Sep 2012 - Dec 2018

Updated on 2019-03-29
United Kingdom

-4.6

Apr 2019

-0.4

Mar 2019

-49.0

Mar 2009

21.6

Jan 1988

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-04-29
United States

5.6

Apr 2019

10.6

Mar 2019

-41.2

May 1980

55.0

Jul 1950

% Point

monthly

Jan 1948 - Apr 2019

Updated on 2019-05-01
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