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Canada External Debt: Short Term

2002 - 2018 | Quarterly | USD mn | CEIC Data

Canada's External Debt: Short Term value stood at 637.4 USD bn in Jun 2018, compared with 643.9 USD bn in the previous quarter. Canada's External Debt: Short Term data is updated quarterly, available from Dec 2002 to Jun 2018. The data reached an all-time high of 643.9 USD bn in Mar 2018 and a record low of 167.7 USD bn in Jun 2003. CEIC converts quarterly Short Term External Debt into USD. Statistics Canada provides Short Term External Debt in local currency. Federal Reserve Board average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions.

In the latest reports of Canada, Current Account recorded a deficit of 12.3 USD bn in Jun 2018. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 9.0 USD bn in Jun 2018. Canada's Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 16.8 USD bn in Jun 2018. Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 18.3 USD bn in Jun 2018. The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 430.9 USD bn in Jun 2018.

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What was Canada's External Debt: Short Term in Mar 2018?

Last

643,917.0

Mar 2018
Previous

632,578.6

Dec 2017
Min

167,687.3

Jun 2003
Max

643,917.0

Mar 2018
Unit

USD mn

Frequency

quarterly

Range

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 13 Jun 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

643,917.0

Mar 2018

632,578.6

Dec 2017

167,687.3

Jun 2003

643,917.0

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 13 Jun 2018

View Canada's External Debt: Short Term from Dec 2002 to Mar 2018 in the chart:

Canada External Debt: Short Term

Series Details
Series ID

285447502

Name

Canada External Debt: Short Term

Country

Canada

Frequency

Quarterly

Unit

USD mn

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

Dec 2002

Last Date

Mar 2018

Last Updated

13 Jun 2018

Statistics
Mean

372,645.1

Variance

18,726,011,228.4

Standard deviation

136,843.0

Skewness

0.2

Kurtosis

-0.9

Coefficient variation

0.4

Median

353,917.7

Max
Mar 2018

643,917.0

Min
Jun 2003

167,687.3

Previous observation
Dec 2017

632,578.6

Last observation
Mar 2018

643,917.0

Number of Observations

62

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for External Debt: Short Term

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

1,984.5

Mar 2018

1,861.9

Dec 2017

176.7

Sep 2005

1,984.5

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Algeria

2,083.0

Sep 2017

2,071.0

Jun 2017

485.0

Jun 2007

2,083.0

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-04-09
Argentina

85,045.8

Mar 2018

77,474.5

Dec 2017

5,762.0

Sep 2003

86,815.0

Mar 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Sep 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-26
Armenia

1,021.4

Mar 2018

888.7

Dec 2017

314.1

Dec 2005

1,149.8

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Australia

376,169.6

Mar 2018

359,250.5

Dec 2017

29,834.8

Sep 1988

376,169.6

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Sep 1988 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Austria

188,103.0

Mar 2018

165,037.2

Dec 2017

60,222.0

Sep 1998

315,777.2

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Azerbaijan

1,461.7

2016

1,650.7

2015

0.0

1992

2,020.7

2014

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Belarus

9,815.2

Mar 2018

9,720.7

Dec 2017

711.3

Sep 1996

14,766.0

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-15
Belgium

477,314.4

Mar 2018

465,264.2

Dec 2017

377,267.7

Dec 2015

1,200,483.8

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Bolivia

0.0

2017

0.0

2016

0.0

2001

166.8

2010

USD mn

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-25
Bosnia and Herzegovina

686.5

2016

644.0

2015

0.0

1998

1,457.0

2009

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Botswana

368.9

2016

380.5

2015

0.0

2006

472.8

2014

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Brazil

59,015.1

Sep 2018

59,494.1

Jun 2018

16,480.9

Jun 2006

68,505.7

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-25
Bulgaria

9,121.5

May 2018

9,632.9

Apr 2018

913.6

Feb 2002

18,498.5

Aug 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Canada

643,917.0

Mar 2018

632,578.6

Dec 2017

167,687.3

Jun 2003

643,917.0

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-13
Chile

21,785.3

Aug 2018

23,708.6

Jul 2018

4,153.0

Nov 1999

25,670.0

Jan 2013

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1995 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-08
China

1,187,200.0

Mar 2018

1,099,000.0

Dec 2017

64,186.0

Jun 2003

1,298,200.0

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Colombia

19,354.0

Apr 2018

19,127.0

Mar 2018

2,386.5

Mar 2001

19,354.0

Apr 2018

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1999 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Croatia

6,013.5

Mar 2018

5,253.5

Feb 2018

151.3

Dec 2002

7,950.8

May 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Cyprus

39,365.5

Mar 2018

37,754.5

Dec 2017

34,607.7

Sep 2016

112,228.6

Mar 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Czech Republic

124,649.3

Mar 2018

119,247.8

Dec 2017

2,326.4

Dec 1993

124,649.3

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Denmark

223,447.1

Mar 2018

226,290.9

Dec 2017

176,315.9

Dec 2005

345,985.5

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Ecuador

287.3

Mar 2015

598.2

Dec 2014

279.4

Dec 2012

2,177.7

Sep 2004

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Mar 2015

Updated on 2018-04-27
Egypt

11,504.9

Mar 2018

11,128.4

Dec 2017

1,449.5

Jun 2007

12,604.3

Mar 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-08-06
Estonia

7,799.6

Mar 2018

8,836.8

Dec 2017

349.9

Mar 1996

11,945.2

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Finland

170,943.7

Mar 2018

161,884.3

Dec 2017

14,349.6

Dec 1993

296,238.4

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-15
France

2,565,892.8

Mar 2018

2,276,648.9

Dec 2017

1,854,302.9

Dec 2015

2,578,345.9

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Georgia

2,656.0

Mar 2018

2,529.8

Dec 2017

260.4

Dec 2006

2,656.0

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Germany

2,163,172.4

Mar 2018

2,015,314.7

Dec 2017

1,076,955.0

Jun 2004

2,163,172.4

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Greece

115,425.9

Mar 2018

124,863.7

Dec 2017

36,637.9

Dec 2004

293,237.3

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Hong Kong

1,095,881.6

Mar 2018

1,048,001.9

Dec 2017

217,563.6

Jun 2003

1,095,881.6

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-22
Hungary

15,683.4

Mar 2018

13,564.9

Dec 2017

2,845.0

Jun 1995

37,453.0

Sep 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Iceland

843.4

Mar 2018

785.1

Dec 2017

462.6

Mar 1995

50,745.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1989 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-04
India

102,173.0

Mar 2018

97,608.6

Dec 2017

2,745.0

Mar 2002

102,173.0

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Sep 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Indonesia

49,945.9

Mar 2018

48,282.6

Dec 2017

4,773.5

Sep 2003

49,945.9

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-15
Iran

4,197.5

2018

3,311.5

2017

431.7

2015

17,616.0

1994

USD mn

yearly

1994 - 2018

Updated on 2018-07-30
Ireland

503,463.3

Dec 2017

492,565.8

Sep 2017

272,610.2

Dec 2002

1,031,660.6

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Israel

34,030.0

2017

32,480.0

2016

26,617.1

2002

50,409.9

2010

USD mn

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Italy

997,276.3

Mar 2018

941,634.8

Dec 2017

317,998.9

Dec 2002

997,276.3

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Ivory Coast

364.2

2016

0.0

2015

0.0

2015

5,805.4

1996

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Japan

2,786,473.3

Mar 2018

2,584,425.2

Dec 2017

819,396.3

Mar 2003

2,786,473.3

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Jordan

11,565.0

Mar 2018

11,900.7

Dec 2017

4,298.5

Dec 2006

13,486.3

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-28
Kazakhstan

8,339.5

Mar 2018

7,457.7

Dec 2017

911.3

Mar 2001

14,887.8

Jun 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Kenya

2,225.1

2016

2,618.5

2015

69.0

1970

2,618.5

2015

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
South Korea

120,484.8

Mar 2018

115,922.5

Dec 2017

35,310.6

Dec 2001

190,069.6

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-30
Kosovo

764.2

Mar 2018

833.8

Dec 2017

541.1

Mar 2012

833.8

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2011 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Kyrgyzstan

422.3

Mar 2018

359.2

Dec 2017

173.6

Mar 2011

481.2

Mar 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Latvia

22,750.0

Mar 2018

24,223.5

Dec 2017

2,257.4

Mar 2000

24,223.5

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-04
Lithuania

20,582.2

Mar 2018

18,200.1

Dec 2017

3,899.9

Mar 2004

22,215.1

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Luxembourg

918,619.7

Mar 2018

833,107.4

Dec 2017

451,961.2

Dec 2002

997,580.7

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Macedonia

2,834.6

Mar 2018

2,133.5

Dec 2017

764.1

Mar 2006

2,834.6

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-03
Malawi

44.1

2016

26.2

2015

0.0

1976

120.9

2002

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Malaysia

101,432.7

Mar 2018

91,222.6

Dec 2017

44,449.5

Mar 2009

115,022.8

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Malta

33,778.8

Mar 2018

34,163.0

Dec 2017

13,665.8

Mar 2004

53,690.2

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Mauritius

4,893.8

Jun 2018

5,801.8

Mar 2018

1,117.7

Mar 2010

5,920.4

Mar 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2009 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-02
Mexico

54,179.6

Mar 2018

56,920.8

Dec 2017

16,272.9

Sep 2004

95,063.3

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Moldova

1,787.6

Mar 2018

2,507.2

Dec 2017

452.9

Dec 2001

2,583.5

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Montenegro

167.6

2016

0.0

2015

0.0

2015

1,207.0

2009

USD mn

yearly

2007 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Morocco

7,264.5

Jun 2018

7,776.5

Mar 2018

1,518.1

Mar 2007

9,996.9

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-17
Myanmar

761.6

2016

798.4

2015

0.0

1975

1,191.3

2011

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Nepal

374.3

2016

349.4

2015

0.0

1976

374.3

2016

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Netherlands

869,732.7

Dec 2017

918,711.1

Sep 2017

500,938.2

Sep 2003

1,270,171.0

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-07-27
New Zealand

64,298.1

Mar 2018

58,672.4

Dec 2017

28,447.6

Dec 2000

102,294.2

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-19
Norway

247,389.4

Mar 2018

241,873.7

Dec 2017

159,563.7

Dec 2015

248,882.5

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2012 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-20
Pakistan

5,810.3

Mar 2018

5,805.3

Dec 2017

25.0

Jun 2007

5,810.3

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-15
Panama

43,297.0

2016

43,818.3

2015

0.0

2007

43,818.3

2015

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Paraguay

4,673.4

Mar 2018

4,758.5

Dec 2017

3,229.2

Jun 2004

4,813.8

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Peru

9,352.9

Mar 2018

8,063.8

Dec 2017

2,118.0

Sep 1985

10,073.0

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1980 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-25
Philippines

12,847.0

Mar 2018

14,275.0

Dec 2017

6,490.0

Dec 2009

16,908.7

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-15
Poland

53,118.0

Mar 2018

50,740.0

Dec 2017

14,157.0

Mar 2004

69,581.0

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Portugal

200,530.4

Mar 2018

186,422.3

Dec 2017

37,225.1

Jun 1996

240,860.4

Dec 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-21
Romania

33,692.0

May 2018

33,546.3

Apr 2018

2,715.8

Jan 2005

33,692.0

May 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Russia

59,451.0

Mar 2018

55,887.0

Dec 2017

15,666.0

Dec 2002

106,156.0

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Serbia

1,046.8

Mar 2018

1,045.7

Dec 2017

123.1

Dec 2014

2,960.6

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Singapore

1,139,000.8

Mar 2018

1,085,132.0

Dec 2017

428,148.0

Sep 2003

1,139,000.8

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Slovakia

58,140.6

Mar 2018

54,073.2

Dec 2017

14,211.5

Sep 2006

58,140.6

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Slovenia

10,469.8

Jul 2018

10,950.2

Jun 2018

112.3

Feb 2001

18,498.2

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-13
South Africa

33,630.0

Mar 2018

32,898.0

Dec 2017

7,736.0

Sep 2003

34,042.0

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Spain

952,279.0

Mar 2018

908,216.3

Dec 2017

132,776.8

Jun 2000

952,279.0

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-25
Sri Lanka

7,473.8

Mar 2018

7,692.6

Dec 2017

6,419.0

Dec 2012

7,756.1

Jun 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2012 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Sudan

5,035.6

2016

5,073.9

2015

53.0

1971

7,178.5

2010

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Sweden

374,044.9

Mar 2018

333,157.0

Dec 2017

86,015.3

Dec 1999

403,729.1

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-04
Switzerland

1,106,197.1

Mar 2018

1,049,713.8

Dec 2017

350,893.5

Dec 1999

1,106,197.1

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-25
Taiwan

179,519.0

Mar 2018

169,247.0

Dec 2017

23,964.0

Jun 2001

179,519.0

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-21
Tajikistan

816.0

2016

957.0

2015

0.0

1992

1,164.7

2014

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Thailand

62,864.6

Mar 2018

62,938.7

Dec 2017

10,464.0

Jun 2004

64,259.6

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Tunisia

6,148.5

2012

5,442.4

2011

2,722.4

2002

6,148.5

2012

USD mn

yearly

2002 - 2012

Updated on 2018-05-30
Turkey

119,722.0

Jun 2018

122,336.0

Mar 2018

5,745.0

Dec 1989

135,138.0

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1989 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Ukraine

17,281.0

Mar 2018

17,133.0

Dec 2017

15,843.0

Jun 2017

29,742.0

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2009 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-19
United Kingdom

5,829,769.6

Mar 2018

5,550,174.8

Dec 2017

763,032.5

Mar 1987

9,329,422.3

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-04
United States

5,562,146.0

Mar 2018

5,450,687.0

Dec 2017

2,718,776.0

Jun 2003

5,918,314.0

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Uruguay

5,695.1

Jun 2018

5,646.4

Mar 2018

2,937.2

Jun 2003

9,729.2

Dec 2001

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Venezuela

30,212.0

Sep 2015

30,193.0

Jun 2015

6,682.0

Dec 2002

31,273.0

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2015

Updated on 2017-01-31
Yemen

245.9

2016

295.9

2015

0.0

1970

1,317.7

1992

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19

More Indicators for Canada

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

8,004,365.941

2017

6,500,066.964

2016

3,937,369.075

1996

9,561,245.853

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Bank Lending Rate

3.700

Sep 2018

3.700

Aug 2018

2.250

May 2010

22.750

Aug 1981

% pa

monthly

Jan 1935 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Business Confidence Growth

-18.4

Sep 2018

11.2

Aug 2018

-40.2

Jan 2009

41.2

Jan 2016

% Point

monthly

Dec 2001 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Business Confidence: Net Balance

26.2

Jun 2018

25.0

May 2018

-15.8

Mar 2009

46.4

Mar 2011

% Point

monthly

Dec 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

1.399

Jun 2018

1.264

May 2018

-2.288

Feb 2017

7.624

Mar 2009

%

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Capital Adequacy Ratio

15.2

Jun 2018

14.6

Mar 2018

12.2

Dec 2008

16.3

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Coal Consumption

18.586

2017

18.900

2016

15.032

1967

31.992

2002

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Coal Production

31.073

2017

31.798

2016

23.157

1981

45.332

1997

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-0.9

2017

-0.0

2016

-7.9

1985

1.8

2001

%

yearly

1962 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-31
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

2.4

Jun 2018

2.3

May 2018

-1.0

Jul 2009

4.6

Feb 2003

%

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Container Port Throughput

5,738,484.000

2016

5,793,852.000

2015

4,191,568.063

2009

5,793,852.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Core CPI Change

1.313

Jun 2018

1.471

May 2018

0.778

Jul 2017

5.319

Nov 1986

%

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Credit to Households

1,713.486

Dec 2017

1,709.436

Sep 2017

24.039

Mar 1969

1,713.486

Dec 2017

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1969 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

3,662.945

Dec 2017

3,646.180

Sep 2017

18.690

Sep 1954

3,662.945

Dec 2017

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1954 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Crude Oil: Exports

2,912.100

2017

2,742.100

2016

1,042.900

1997

2,912.100

2017

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Crude Oil: Imports

807.100

2017

888.500

2016

563.600

2014

914.700

2000

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Crude Oil: Production

1,212.300

2017

1,185.500

2016

1,185.500

2016

1,459.400

2003

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Current Account Balance

-15,411.9

Mar 2018

-12,964.4

Dec 2017

-19,447.6

Sep 2010

10,422.1

Dec 2005

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-15
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-3.6

Mar 2018

-3.0

Dec 2017

-5.1

Mar 1975

3.6

Mar 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-15
Debt Service Ratio: Households

12.700

Dec 2017

12.700

Sep 2017

10.200

Jun 2002

13.200

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

23.700

Dec 2017

23.800

Sep 2017

18.600

Dec 2005

24.200

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Direct Investment Abroad

4,785.0

Mar 2018

16,997.8

Dec 2017

-1,197.5

Mar 2010

35,405.1

Mar 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-30
Domestic Credit

3,287,180.2

May 2018

3,304,145.5

Apr 2018

69,764.1

Jan 1969

3,343,396.9

Jan 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1969 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Domestic Credit Growth

5.8

May 2018

6.0

Apr 2018

1.4

Jul 1983

19.5

Aug 1981

%

monthly

Jan 1970 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Electricity Production

49,891

Apr 2018

56,956

Mar 2018

39,914

Sep 2010

64,408

Jan 2018

GWh

monthly

Jan 2008 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-06-27
Employed Persons

18,693,800.000

Sep 2018

18,630,500.000

Aug 2018

9,636,700.000

Jan 1976

18,693,800.000

Sep 2018

Person

monthly

Jan 1976 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Equity Market Index

16,073.1

Sep 2018

16,262.9

Aug 2018

6,180.4

Sep 2002

16,434.0

Jul 2018

31Dec1976=1000

monthly

May 2002 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Exchange Rate against USD

1.303

Sep 2018

1.304

Aug 2018

0.948

Oct 1959

1.600

Jan 2002

CAD/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Exports: ICT Goods

8,239,393.943

2016

8,763,765.370

2015

8,239,393.943

2016

20,956,560.874

2000

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

5,344,114.323

2017

7,479,337.628

2016

375,821.529

1995

7,479,337.628

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

998,060.468

2017

964,106.984

2016

219,618.405

1996

1,783,437.574

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

2,908,134.683

2017

3,836,887.609

2016

2,908,134.683

2017

11,501,633.375

2000

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

339,860.227

2017

263,761.091

2016

25,154.484

1997

436,080.475

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

1,976,288.5

Mar 2018

1,943,178.1

Dec 2017

570,262.5

Dec 2002

1,976,288.5

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-13
External Debt: % of GDP

115.2

2017

115.9

2016

57.4

2007

115.9

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-13
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

37.5

2017

39.3

2016

17.2

2004

39.3

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-13
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.017

2023

2.059

2022

0.136

1994

12.462

1981

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-42.058

2023

-39.610

2022

-65.733

2012

23.229

2004

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Employment

18.817

2019

18.642

2018

10.951

1982

18.817

2019

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2019

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

1.429

2023

1.447

2022

-14.851

2009

20.224

1984

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

56,994.351

2023

55,640.463

2022

11,738.675

1980

56,994.351

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Expenditure

1,086.705

2023

1,047.457

2022

132.167

1980

1,086.705

2023

CAD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Net Debt

2,005.000

2023

1,990.200

2022

144.940

1980

2,005.000

2023

CAD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Revenue

1,067.735

2023

1,029.285

2022

119.116

1980

1,067.735

2023

CAD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

62,610.035

2023

59,488.304

2022

11,239.370

1980

62,610.035

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Population

38.880

2023

38.529

2022

24.471

1980

38.880

2023

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.600

2023

1.637

2022

-3.202

1982

5.925

1984

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-18
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

6.500

2023

6.390

2022

6.033

2007

12.000

1983

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Foreign Direct Investment

14,064.8

Mar 2018

7,307.1

Dec 2017

-6,355.0

Jun 2004

50,956.3

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-30
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

3.4

Mar 2018

1.7

Dec 2017

-2.6

Jun 2004

17.7

Dec 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Foreign Exchange Reserves

70,434.0

Sep 2018

70,944.0

Aug 2018

21,573.0

Jul 1999

76,757.0

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1999 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

4.324

Mar 2018

4.629

Dec 2017

2.523

Dec 2006

4.866

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1.7

May 2018

1.8

Apr 2018

1.0

May 2006

2.4

Jan 2016

NA

monthly

Jun 1999 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Foreign Portfolio Investment

14,494.862

Mar 2018

32,845.946

Dec 2017

-24,577.037

Dec 2007

44,896.041

Mar 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1950 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-30
GDP Deflator Growth

1.4

Mar 2018

1.8

Dec 2017

-4.2

Jun 2009

16.4

Sep 1974

%

quarterly

Mar 1962 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
GDP per Capita

43,006.056

2017

41,688.150

2016

4,293.541

1971

52,304.954

2013

USD

yearly

1971 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-31
Gold Production

180,000.000

2017

165,000.000

2016

94,909.000

2008

180,000.000

2017

kg

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-02-01
Gold Reserves

0.000

Sep 2018

0.000

Aug 2018

0.000

Sep 2018

1,150.800

Dec 1965

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1956 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Government Debt: % of GDP

51.8

2018

53.2

2017

32.8

1977

82.8

1996

%

yearly

1962 - 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

101,405.534

Mar 2018

99,847.178

Dec 2017

2,229.702

Mar 1959

114,009.079

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Gross National Product

1,630,527.439

2017

1,515,474.990

2016

40,057.298

1961

1,814,493.323

2013

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Gross Savings Rate

20.0

Mar 2018

21.7

Dec 2017

16.3

Mar 1992

34.8

Sep 1966

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
House Prices Growth

0.9

May 2018

1.6

Apr 2018

-9.7

Apr 1991

16.5

Mar 1989

%

monthly

Jan 1982 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Household Debt

1,626,586.5

Jul 2018

1,620,809.1

Jun 2018

22,229.0

Jan 1969

1,691,944.0

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1969 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-08-31
Imports: ICT Goods

28,503,770.671

2016

29,876,951.796

2015

21,280,085.948

2002

35,983,179.313

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

7,686,882.119

2017

7,375,162.262

2016

1,204,520.238

1995

9,501,511.548

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

5,215,048.590

2017

5,062,989.580

2016

604,575.566

1995

5,215,048.590

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

12,238,190.026

2017

11,979,949.421

2016

3,122,035.116

1995

12,678,268.332

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

2,288,204.459

2017

1,548,813.352

2016

377,473.160

1996

3,245,641.164

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

4.1

Mar 2018

4.3

Feb 2018

-15.5

Jul 2009

19.0

Dec 1983

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Investment: % of GDP

22.6

Mar 2018

23.7

Dec 2017

15.9

Jun 1996

33.0

Sep 1966

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Labour Force Participation Rate

65.2

Sep 2018

66.5

Aug 2018

59.9

Jan 1976

69.3

Jul 1989

%

monthly

Jan 1976 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Labour Productivity Growth

0.58

Jun 2018

0.74

Mar 2018

-2.22

Dec 1986

3.63

Dec 1984

%

quarterly

Mar 1977 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

45.370

2017

42.140

2016

34.280

2008

45.370

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Liquid Assets Ratio

8.1

Aug 2018

8.7

Jul 2018

7.2

May 2015

18.5

Dec 1994

%

monthly

Dec 1985 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Long Term Interest Rate

2.42

Sep 2018

2.22

Aug 2018

1.00

Sep 2016

9.28

Jun 1994

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
M2 Growth

3.4

May 2018

4.3

Apr 2018

-1.8

Apr 1998

23.6

May 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1969 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

143.2

2017

129.8

2016

66.1

1982

214.2

1999

%

yearly

1977 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Minerals Production

439,969,934.000

2016

450,076,421.000

2015

406,547,690.000

2009

451,316,763.000

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

756,788.836

Aug 2018

746,538.491

Jul 2018

30,194.439

May 1975

776,685.172

Jan 2018

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1975 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Money Supply M2

1,241,577.802

May 2018

1,253,792.806

Apr 2018

23,530.008

Jan 1968

1,278,180.867

Jan 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1968 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Monthly Earnings

3,036

Jul 2018

3,051

Jun 2018

1,644

Oct 1998

3,693

Sep 2012

USD

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Motor Vehicle Production

2,199,789.000

Dec 2017

2,370,656.000

Dec 2016

1,100,656.000

Jun 2015

2,711,536.000

Dec 2004

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Registered

23,214.548

2015

22,849.800

2014

18,910.000

2005

23,214.548

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

1,437,728.159

Dec 2017

1,322,657.000

Dec 2016

490,601.000

Jun 2012

1,437,728.159

Dec 2017

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

639,272.096

Dec 2017

661,088.000

Dec 2016

346,289.000

Jun 2016

872,720.000

Dec 2008

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

220,264

May 2018

195,751

Apr 2018

2,756

Jan 1946

220,436

May 2017

Unit

monthly

Jan 1946 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

-0.1

May 2018

-2.3

Apr 2018

-42.3

Feb 1952

407.1

Jan 1947

%

monthly

Jan 1947 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
National Government Debt

874,757.9

2018

835,877.8

2017

20,966.1

1962

1,014,817.3

2013

USD mn

yearly

1962 - 2018

Updated on 2018-05-25
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

184,161.000

2017

174,057.000

2016

144,537.000

2010

187,810.000

2002

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Consumption

11.199

2017

10.562

2016

2.096

1965

11.199

2017

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Natural Gas: Exports

84,679.000

2017

82,023.000

2016

77,968.000

2014

107,600.000

2002

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Imports

24,260.000

2017

20,679.000

2016

670.000

1995

29,740.000

2011

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
New Orders Growth

9.8

Aug 2018

14.0

Jul 2018

-33.4

May 2009

29.7

May 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-17
Nominal GDP

430,909.8

Jun 2018

434,230.0

Mar 2018

8,817.5

Mar 1958

463,966.6

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Nominal GDP Growth

3.768

Mar 2018

4.878

Dec 2017

-7.694

Jun 2009

20.636

Sep 1974

%

quarterly

Mar 1958 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

159.810

Dec 2017

160.500

Sep 2017

6.430

Jun 1970

163.420

Jun 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

9.420

Dec 2017

11.430

Sep 2017

-8.540

Sep 1982

36.830

Mar 1974

%

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

15,155,520.000

2016

15,612,271.000

2015

4,987,502.000

1960

21,126,000.000

2001

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

30,752,000.000

2016

29,765,000.000

2015

0.000

1984

30,752,000.000

2016

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Oil Consumption

2,428.306

2017

2,400.636

2016

1,108.116

1965

2,428.306

2017

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Policy Rate

1.50

Sep 2018

1.50

Aug 2018

0.25

May 2010

8.13

Feb 1995

% pa

monthly

Dec 1992 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Population

36.7

2017

36.3

2016

14.0

1950

36.7

2017

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Private Consumption Expenditure

250,800.000

Mar 2018

247,284.333

Dec 2017

6,411.543

Mar 1961

260,159.718

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Private Consumption: % of GDP

57.4

Mar 2018

57.8

Dec 2017

47.9

Sep 1974

65.3

Dec 1961

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Producer Price Index Growth

5.8

Aug 2018

6.7

Jul 2018

-7.2

Jul 2009

21.1

Nov 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1957 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Public Consumption Expenditure

90,523.320

Mar 2018

89,171.145

Dec 2017

1,662.991

Mar 1961

98,171.823

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Public Consumption: % of GDP

22.6

Mar 2018

20.5

Dec 2017

14.1

Sep 1964

27.1

Mar 1992

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Real Effective Exchange Rate

91.0

Jun 2018

92.0

May 2018

80.5

Nov 2001

116.5

Oct 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Real GDP Growth

2.3

Mar 2018

3.0

Dec 2017

-4.1

Dec 1982

9.3

Mar 1962

%

quarterly

Mar 1962 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Real Residential Property Price Index

142.080

Dec 2017

143.170

Sep 2017

36.890

Sep 1970

145.920

Jun 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1970 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

7.500

Dec 2017

9.920

Sep 2017

-17.310

Sep 1982

24.760

Mar 1974

%

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Retail Sales Growth

3.6

May 2018

2.1

Apr 2018

-6.5

Dec 2008

10.5

Dec 1997

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Short Term Interest Rate

1.59

Sep 2018

1.53

Aug 2018

0.16

Feb 2010

8.30

Mar 1995

% pa

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Silver Production

380.000

2015

493.000

2014

380.000

2015

1,500.000

1990

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Tax Revenue

16,249.806

May 2018

19,081.056

Apr 2018

5,256.769

Apr 1996

20,471.323

Feb 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1996 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Teledensity: Fixed Line

41.762

2016

43.428

2015

26.741

1965

68.094

2001

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

84.740

2016

82.796

2015

0.000

1984

84.740

2016

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

2,882,542.841

May 2018

2,877,812.799

Apr 2018

1,550,083.901

Apr 2009

2,930,424.952

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2009 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-17
Total Exports

38,758.9

Aug 2018

38,920.0

Jul 2018

8,889.4

Jan 1988

43,966.7

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Total Exports Growth

15.5

Aug 2018

15.9

Jul 2018

-35.3

May 2009

40.3

Jan 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1989 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Total Imports

39,729.1

May 2018

39,476.1

Apr 2018

8,370.2

Feb 1988

41,012.7

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1988 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Total Imports Growth

7.3

Aug 2018

9.9

Jul 2018

-24.3

Jun 2009

30.8

Jan 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1989 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Tourism Revenue

18,278

2016

19,273

2015

9,176

1995

20,941

2013

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-03
Tourism Revenue Growth

-5.2

2016

-7.4

2015

-14.4

2009

23.7

2004

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-03
Trade Balance

403.4

Aug 2018

-144.1

Jul 2018

-3,148.8

Sep 2016

6,351.1

Oct 2005

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Unemployment Rate

5.90

Sep 2018

6.00

Aug 2018

5.80

Jul 2018

13.10

Dec 1982

%

monthly

Jan 1976 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Visitor Arrivals

1,211,722

Apr 2018

1,203,388

Mar 2018

289,014

Jan 1972

3,337,878

Aug 2002

Person

monthly

Jan 1972 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-06-26
Visitor Arrivals Growth

3.0

Jun 2018

2.2

May 2018

-22.6

May 2003

32.4

Sep 1986

%

monthly

Jan 1973 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-10
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