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South Africa Container Port Throughput

2008 - 2016 | Yearly | TEU | United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

South Africa’s Container Port Throughput was reported at 4,355,320.000 TEU in Dec 2016. This records a decrease from the previous number of 4,597,907.000 TEU for Dec 2015. South Africa’s Container Port Throughput data is updated yearly, averaging 4,355,320.000 TEU from Dec 2008 to 2016, with 9 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 4,693,914.000 TEU in 2013 and a record low of 3,726,313.000 TEU in 2009. South Africa’s Container Port Throughput data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Association: Shipping and Port Sector – Table RP.UNCTAD.CPT: Container Port Throughput (CPT).

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What was South Africa's Container Port Throughput in 2016?

Last

4,355,320.000

2016
Previous

4,597,907.000

2015
Min

3,726,313.000

2009
Max

4,693,914.000

2013
Unit

TEU

Frequency

yearly

Range

2008 - 2016

Updated on 25 Oct 2017
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

4,355,320.000

2016

4,597,907.000

2015

3,726,313.000

2009

4,693,914.000

2013

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 25 Oct 2017

View South Africa's Container Port Throughput from 2008 to 2016 in the chart:

South Africa Container Port Throughput

Series Details
Series ID

359042602

Name

South Africa Container Port Throughput

Country

South Africa

Frequency

Yearly

Unit

TEU

Status

Active

Source

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

First Date

2008

Last Date

2016

Last Updated

25 Oct 2017

Statistics
Mean

4,262,410.444

Variance

132,080,721,646.028

Standard deviation

363,429.115

Skewness

-0.458

Kurtosis

-1.509

Coefficient variation

0.085

Median

4,355,320.000

Max
2013

4,693,914.000

Min
2009

3,726,313.000

Previous observation
2015

4,597,907.000

Last observation
2016

4,355,320.000

Number of Observations

9

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for Container Port Throughput

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

68,780.000

2009

46,798.000

2008

46,798.000

2008

68,780.000

2009

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
Algeria

1,243,300.000

2016

1,243,300.000

2015

225,140.000

2008

1,494,877.000

2013

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Angola

446,000.000

2016

580,000.000

2015

446,000.000

2016

912,898.000

2013

TEU

yearly

2010 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Antigua and Barbuda

31,765.000

2016

29,600.000

2015

21,824.000

2011

32,562.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Argentina

1,593,545.000

2016

1,697,892.000

2015

1,593,545.000

2016

2,131,434.000

2011

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Aruba

125,000.000

2009

140,000.000

2008

125,000.000

2009

140,000.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
Australia

7,635,620.000

2016

7,627,147.000

2015

6,039,156.000

2011

7,635,620.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Austria

330,995.873

2009

379,740.707

2008

330,995.873

2009

379,740.707

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
Bahamas

1,200,000.000

2016

1,400,000.000

2015

1,116,272.000

2011

1,702,000.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Bahrain

269,331.000

2016

424,602.000

2015

269,331.000

2016

525,309.000

2012

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Bangladesh

2,366,651.000

2016

2,044,651.000

2015

1,091,200.000

2008

2,366,651.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Barbados

105,321.000

2016

86,508.000

2015

72,163.000

2012

105,321.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Belgium

11,459,909.000

2016

11,237,600.000

2015

9,701,494.000

2009

11,459,909.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Belize

44,916.500

2016

48,141.000

2015

31,344.000

2009

48,141.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Benin

333,000.000

2016

346,000.000

2015

272,820.000

2009

388,341.000

2013

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Brazil

9,289,501.000

2016

9,673,401.000

2015

6,590,363.887

2009

9,864,456.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Brunei

124,919.000

2016

128,026.000

2015

85,577.000

2009

128,026.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Bulgaria

198,400.000

2016

201,000.000

2015

136,444.000

2009

203,253.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Cambodia

482,000.000

2016

474,000.000

2015

207,577.000

2009

482,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Cameroon

370,000.000

2016

379,000.000

2015

245,538.000

2009

379,000.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Canada

5,738,484.000

2016

5,793,852.000

2015

4,191,568.063

2009

5,793,852.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Cayman Islands

44,215.000

2009

36,644.000

2008

36,644.000

2008

44,215.000

2009

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
Chile

4,145,047.000

2016

3,956,842.000

2015

2,795,990.202

2009

4,145,047.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
China

199,565,501.000

2016

194,755,501.000

2015

108,799,933.725

2009

199,565,501.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Colombia

3,450,612.000

2016

3,577,704.000

2015

1,969,316.000

2008

3,577,704.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Congo

550,000.000

2016

571,000.000

2015

291,917.400

2009

619,692.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Costa Rica

1,441,756.000

2016

1,343,841.000

2015

875,687.000

2009

1,441,756.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Croatia

196,850.000

2016

181,800.000

2015

130,740.000

2009

211,900.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Cuba

325,328.000

2016

401,964.000

2015

228,346.000

2010

401,964.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Cyprus

308,458.000

2016

317,170.000

2015

307,661.000

2014

416,970.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Denmark

787,652.000

2016

750,000.000

2015

621,546.000

2009

828,133.000

2011

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Djibouti

987,000.000

2016

910,000.000

2015

356,462.000

2008

987,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Dominican Republic

1,486,227.000

2016

1,371,708.000

2015

1,138,471.000

2008

1,898,887.000

2012

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Ecuador

1,907,090.000

2016

1,824,595.000

2015

670,831.000

2008

1,907,090.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Egypt

6,776,300.000

2016

6,731,464.000

2015

5,518,301.000

2011

6,828,719.000

2010

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
El Salvador

202,165.000

2016

190,708.000

2015

126,369.000

2009

202,165.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Estonia

202,327.000

2016

208,784.000

2015

130,939.000

2009

260,293.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Finland

1,513,174.000

2016

1,416,985.000

2015

1,097,530.000

2010

1,605,522.758

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
France

5,768,351.000

2016

5,627,630.000

2015

4,564,238.000

2011

5,768,351.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
French Polynesia

63,807.000

2009

70,336.000

2008

63,807.000

2009

70,336.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
Gabon

145,529.000

2016

145,731.000

2015

132,348.800

2009

190,150.000

2013

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Georgia

303,537.000

2016

222,081.000

2015

181,613.000

2009

403,447.000

2013

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Germany

19,420,700.000

2016

19,238,700.000

2015

12,795,518.000

2010

19,866,700.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Ghana

925,964.000

2016

816,852.000

2015

557,323.220

2009

925,964.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Greece

4,026,000.000

2016

3,679,000.000

2015

672,522.000

2008

4,026,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Guam

157,096.000

2009

167,784.000

2008

157,096.000

2009

167,784.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
Guatemala

1,470,101.000

2016

1,350,920.000

2015

906,326.000

2009

1,470,101.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Honduras

757,500.000

2016

119,384.000

2015

119,384.000

2015

757,500.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Hong Kong

19,580,000.000

2016

20,114,000.000

2015

19,580,000.000

2016

24,494,229.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Iceland

261,700.000

2016

238,723.000

2015

192,778.000

2010

267,151.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
India

12,083,010.000

2016

11,883,003.000

2015

7,672,457.000

2008

12,083,010.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Indonesia

12,431,700.000

2016

12,031,700.000

2015

7,255,004.749

2009

12,431,700.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Iran

2,452,000.000

2016

2,174,000.000

2015

1,910,717.000

2013

2,952,233.000

2011

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Ireland

910,000.000

2016

860,000.000

2015

727,114.000

2013

1,059,926.984

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Israel

2,450,400.000

2016

2,489,500.000

2015

2,033,000.000

2009

2,541,000.000

2012

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Italy

10,574,791.000

2016

10,217,316.000

2015

9,464,031.000

2011

10,574,791.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Ivory Coast

705,000.000

2016

697,160.000

2015

639,265.000

2010

880,104.000

2012

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Jamaica

1,567,442.000

2016

1,653,272.000

2015

1,567,442.000

2016

1,915,943.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Japan

20,257,000.000

2016

20,076,396.250

2015

16,285,918.000

2009

20,674,500.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Jordan

777,516.000

2016

767,000.000

2015

582,515.000

2008

872,809.000

2013

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Kenya

1,091,000.000

2016

1,076,118.000

2015

615,733.000

2008

1,091,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
South Korea

26,373,000.000

2016

25,477,000.000

2015

15,699,663.275

2009

26,373,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Kuwait

1,262,174.000

2016

1,246,674.000

2015

700,000.000

2010

1,277,674.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Latvia

388,433.000

2016

359,390.000

2015

184,399.000

2009

391,200.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Lebanon

1,147,219.000

2016

1,130,284.000

2015

861,931.000

2008

1,210,000.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Libya

451,232.000

2016

445,690.000

2015

70,000.000

2010

456,773.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Lithuania

443,300.000

2016

393,000.000

2015

247,982.000

2009

450,400.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Madagascar

170,281.000

2016

159,454.000

2015

131,580.000

2012

181,108.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Malaysia

24,570,000.000

2016

24,012,700.000

2015

15,922,799.648

2009

24,570,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Maldives

81,744.000

2016

83,778.000

2015

49,627.000

2010

83,778.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Malta

3,140,000.000

2016

3,023,900.000

2015

2,323,941.000

2009

3,140,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Mauritania

88,389.000

2016

85,779.000

2015

57,478.000

2008

91,000.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Mauritius

511,000.000

2016

467,000.000

2015

332,662.000

2010

511,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Mexico

5,682,322.000

2016

5,506,488.000

2015

2,874,312.625

2009

5,682,322.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Morocco

3,810,000.000

2016

3,806,000.000

2015

919,360.000

2008

3,916,000.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Mozambique

348,550.000

2016

351,900.000

2015

219,380.928

2009

351,900.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Myanmar

1,026,216.000

2016

827,249.000

2015

163,692.000

2009

1,026,216.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Namibia

373,100.000

2016

386,600.000

2015

183,605.000

2008

386,600.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Netherlands

12,800,244.000

2016

12,609,016.000

2015

10,066,374.000

2009

12,800,244.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Netherlands Antilles

97,913.000

2009

102,082.000

2008

97,913.000

2009

102,082.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
New Caledonia

119,147.000

2009

119,661.000

2008

119,147.000

2009

119,661.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
New Zealand

3,030,870.500

2016

3,119,000.000

2015

2,112,192.000

2010

3,119,000.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Nicaragua

156,900.000

2016

144,718.000

2015

59,471.000

2009

156,900.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Nigeria

1,335,470.000

2016

1,558,679.000

2015

72,500.000

2008

1,893,409.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Norway

739,633.000

2016

735,600.000

2015

273,027.000

2011

739,633.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Oman

3,944,000.000

2016

3,136,000.000

2015

3,136,000.000

2015

3,944,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Pakistan

2,645,100.000

2016

2,755,600.000

2015

1,938,001.000

2008

2,755,600.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Panama

6,266,502.000

2016

6,893,886.000

2015

4,597,112.000

2009

6,911,084.000

2012

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Papua New Guinea

329,145.000

2016

275,989.000

2015

229,834.000

2010

382,301.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Paraguay

7,045.000

2009

9,317.000

2008

7,045.000

2009

9,317.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
Peru

2,319,012.000

2016

2,141,738.000

2015

1,232,849.000

2009

2,319,012.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Philippines

7,421,441.000

2016

7,210,441.000

2015

4,306,964.646

2009

7,421,441.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Poland

2,028,577.000

2016

1,860,800.000

2015

671,552.000

2009

2,139,616.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Portugal

2,823,300.000

2016

2,606,500.000

2015

1,233,482.000

2009

2,823,300.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Qatar

495,952.000

2016

530,042.000

2015

346,000.000

2010

530,042.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Romania

721,339.000

2016

699,000.000

2015

556,674.000

2010

1,380,935.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Russia

3,923,662.000

2016

3,909,400.000

2015

2,427,743.695

2009

5,252,000.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Saint Helena

623.000

2009

700.000

2008

623.000

2009

700.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2009

Updated on 2017-10-25
Saint Lucia

38,383.000

2016

41,500.000

2015

38,383.000

2016

74,831.000

2012

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

19,941.000

2016

18,620.000

2015

15,569.000

2010

19,941.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Saudi Arabia

7,677,000.000

2016

7,783,000.000

2015

4,430,676.000

2009

7,783,000.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Senegal

496,800.000

2016

486,092.000

2015

331,076.000

2009

496,800.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Singapore

31,688,000.000

2016

31,710,200.000

2015

26,592,800.000

2009

34,688,000.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Slovenia

844,000.000

2016

791,000.000

2015

343,165.000

2009

844,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
South Africa

4,355,320.000

2016

4,597,907.000

2015

3,726,313.000

2009

4,693,914.000

2013

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Spain

14,993,941.000

2016

14,291,755.000

2015

11,803,192.275

2009

14,993,941.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Sri Lanka

5,550,000.000

2016

5,185,467.000

2015

3,464,297.000

2009

5,550,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Sudan

551,906.000

2016

565,811.000

2015

441,469.000

2012

565,811.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2012 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Switzerland

1,503,400.000

2016

1,438,700.000

2015

1,219,255.000

2010

1,503,400.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Syria

636,287.000

2016

636,287.000

2015

610,607.000

2008

795,606.000

2013

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Taiwan

14,865,000.000

2016

14,491,800.000

2015

11,352,097.000

2009

15,050,100.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Tanzania

648,100.000

2016

683,600.000

2015

363,310.000

2008

683,600.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Thailand

8,239,362.750

2016

8,359,454.500

2015

5,897,935.000

2009

8,359,454.500

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Trinidad and Tobago

427,427.000

2016

520,825.000

2015

427,427.000

2016

594,364.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Tunisia

489,600.000

2016

303,198.000

2015

303,198.000

2015

489,600.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Turkey

8,851,485.000

2016

8,297,985.000

2015

4,521,713.000

2009

8,851,485.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Ukraine

588,000.000

2016

480,000.000

2015

480,000.000

2015

1,123,268.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
United Arab Emirates

20,413,200.000

2016

21,233,200.000

2015

14,425,039.000

2009

21,233,200.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
United Kingdom

12,962,143.000

2016

10,764,546.000

2015

7,671,299.961

2009

12,962,143.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
United States

48,381,722.500

2016

47,895,811.000

2015

37,353,574.903

2009

48,381,722.500

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Uruguay

888,000.000

2016

811,300.000

2015

588,410.000

2009

888,000.000

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Venezuela

838,783.000

2016

734,185.000

2015

734,185.000

2015

1,535,149.000

2012

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Vietnam

8,495,729.500

2016

8,841,833.000

2015

4,393,699.000

2008

8,841,833.000

2015

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Yemen

200,000.000

2016

178,098.000

2015

178,098.000

2015

775,164.921

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25

More Indicators for South Africa

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

1,591,225.436

2017

1,319,133.860

2016

697,284.693

1998

2,201,370.616

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Bank Lending Rate

10.000

29 Jul 2018

10.000

28 Jul 2018

4.500

16 Oct 1949

25.500

18 Oct 1998

% pa

daily

31 Dec 1948 - 29 Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Business Confidence Growth

-3.8

Sep 2018

-2.4

Aug 2018

-37.3

Apr 2009

36.7

Feb 2010

% Point

monthly

Sep 2000 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Business Confidence: Net Balance

-13.6

Sep 2018

-13.2

Aug 2018

-29.8

Apr 2009

21.7

Apr 2002

% Point

monthly

Sep 1999 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

3.388

Jun 2018

3.388

May 2018

0.635

Jun 2010

15.642

Jan 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Coal Consumption

82.199

2017

84.726

2016

24.345

1966

93.824

2009

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Coal Production

142.995

2017

142.393

2016

74.861

1981

148.233

2014

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-4.4

2017

-4.2

2016

-6.6

1993

0.7

2007

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-28
Consumer Confidence Growth

31.2

Jun 2018

31.0

Mar 2018

-38.0

Jun 1985

31.2

Jun 2018

% Point

quarterly

Jun 1983 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

22.0

Jun 2018

26.0

Mar 2018

-33.0

Jun 1985

26.0

Mar 2018

% Point

quarterly

Jun 1982 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-17
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

4.9

Aug 2018

5.1

Jul 2018

-2.0

Jan 2004

20.9

Jan 1986

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Core CPI Change

4.183

Jun 2018

4.395

May 2018

2.901

Feb 2011

8.333

May 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2009 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Credit to Households

125.065

Dec 2017

112.843

Sep 2017

94.823

Dec 2015

167.376

Jun 2011

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

268.864

Dec 2017

244.072

Sep 2017

6.099

Mar 1965

290.484

Jun 2011

USD bn

quarterly

Mar 1965 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Current Account Balance

-4,790.7

Mar 2018

-2,524.8

Dec 2017

-6,172.5

Sep 2013

2,630.6

Mar 1980

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

8.700

Dec 2017

8.800

Sep 2017

7.600

Dec 2013

12.100

Mar 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Direct Investment Abroad

1,713.3

Mar 2018

-232.9

Dec 2017

-5,055.3

Jun 2001

5,099.8

Sep 2006

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Domestic Credit

299,510.0

May 2018

310,075.2

Apr 2018

6,566.0

Mar 1965

326,708.5

Jul 2011

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1965 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Domestic Credit Growth

6.5

Aug 2018

5.7

Jul 2018

-0.9

Apr 2010

30.1

Jul 1981

%

monthly

Mar 1966 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-24
Electricity Production

21,990

Aug 2018

22,678

Jul 2018

10,439

Feb 1985

23,801

Jul 2007

GWh

monthly

Jan 1985 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Employed Persons

16,377,523.824

Mar 2018

16,171,025.868

Dec 2017

13,647,783.704

Sep 2010

16,377,523.824

Mar 2018

Person

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-15
Equity Market Index

55,708.5

Sep 2018

58,668.5

Aug 2018

60.7

Apr 1961

59,772.8

Nov 2017

02Jan2002=100

monthly

Jan 1960 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Exchange Rate against USD

13.314

Jun 2018

12.539

May 2018

0.668

Jul 1974

16.325

Jan 2016

ZAR/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Exports: ICT Goods

1,034,752.355

2016

999,223.858

2015

388,281.691

2002

1,440,959.548

2014

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

371,169.801

2017

343,338.139

2016

41,433.139

2001

388,189.702

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

111,761.278

2017

104,209.345

2016

31,338.024

2000

111,761.278

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

287,389.747

2017

434,837.243

2016

171,106.374

1998

686,927.691

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

112,159.902

2017

121,803.342

2016

10,048.240

2002

258,483.357

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

183,239.0

Mar 2018

173,286.0

Dec 2017

21,185.0

Dec 1988

183,239.0

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1985 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
External Debt: % of GDP

49.6

2017

48.2

2016

18.9

2005

49.6

2017

%

yearly

1985 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
External Debt: Short Term

33,630.0

Mar 2018

32,898.0

Dec 2017

7,736.0

Sep 2003

34,042.0

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

9.4

2017

10.1

2016

4.9

2004

10.1

2016

%

yearly

1994 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-09
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

5.500

2023

5.500

2022

1.425

2004

18.410

1986

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-15.447

2023

-14.655

2022

-21.567

2013

5.105

1987

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.280

2023

3.280

2022

-18.517

2009

11.041

1993

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

15,357.282

2023

15,059.178

2022

4,630.877

1980

15,357.282

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Expenditure

2,408.382

2023

2,231.909

2022

238.498

2000

2,408.382

2023

ZAR bn

yearly

2000 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Net Debt

4,116.760

2023

3,798.955

2022

399.445

2000

4,116.760

2023

ZAR bn

yearly

2000 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Revenue

2,117.734

2023

1,963.124

2022

223.936

2000

2,117.734

2023

ZAR bn

yearly

2000 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

7,335.897

2023

7,165.851

2022

1,792.065

1985

8,083.126

2011

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Population

62.130

2023

61.158

2022

29.080

1980

62.130

2023

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.828

2023

1.828

2022

-2.137

1992

6.621

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

29.023

2023

28.888

2022

9.241

1980

29.023

2023

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Foreign Direct Investment

878.9

Mar 2018

-995.3

Dec 2017

-1,430.4

Dec 2006

6,557.1

Jun 2001

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

0.9

Mar 2018

-1.1

Dec 2017

-2.1

Dec 2006

20.4

Jun 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Foreign Exchange Reserves

42,706.0

Jun 2018

43,156.0

May 2018

5,584.0

Jan 2003

43,156.0

May 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

11.388

Jun 2018

11.480

Mar 2018

3.483

Dec 2003

13.499

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

5.5

Aug 2018

5.1

Jul 2018

2.4

Oct 2004

7.2

Dec 2015

NA

monthly

Oct 2004 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Foreign Portfolio Investment

7,480.653

Mar 2018

6,926.536

Dec 2017

-6,099.537

Dec 2008

8,648.379

Mar 2006

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
GDP Deflator Growth

4.8

Mar 2018

5.7

Dec 2017

0.0

Sep 1962

27.1

Mar 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
GDP per Capita

6,268.980

2017

5,381.428

2016

410.200

1957

8,066.348

2011

USD

yearly

1957 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-09
Gold Production

145,000.000

2017

145,000.000

2016

144,515.000

2015

619,201.000

1993

kg

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-02-01
Gold Reserves

5,039.000

Jun 2018

5,243.000

May 2018

147.319

May 1961

7,492.775

Sep 1980

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Government Debt: % of GDP

53.0

2017

51.6

2016

26.5

2008

53.0

2017

%

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-12
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

18,576.178

Mar 2018

16,421.103

Dec 2017

361.550

Jun 1960

20,848.092

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Gross National Product

94,732.633

Mar 2018

86,628.829

Dec 2017

1,723.399

Mar 1960

107,525.390

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Gross Savings Rate

13.8

Mar 2018

15.8

Dec 2017

13.8

Mar 2018

42.4

Mar 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
House Prices Growth

7.3

Nov 2016

6.5

Oct 2016

-9.0

Jul 1985

41.5

May 1981

%

monthly

Jan 1967 - Nov 2016

Updated on 2018-05-09
Household Debt

172,076.0

Mar 2018

149,279.7

Dec 2017

4,410.0

Mar 1969

205,443.3

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1969 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Household Debt: % of GDP

43.7

2017

44.4

2016

25.8

1980

54.2

2007

%

yearly

1969 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-09
Imports: ICT Goods

6,440,541.443

2016

7,000,632.537

2015

2,857,675.859

2002

8,453,001.088

2013

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

1,782,994.971

2017

1,440,399.075

2016

499,344.202

2002

1,897,105.686

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

552,961.673

2017

539,441.379

2016

137,105.353

2000

576,982.311

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

3,062,039.363

2017

3,521,608.512

2016

1,303,080.231

2001

4,139,209.895

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

177,140.586

2017

127,081.110

2016

54,650.052

2002

319,224.243

2010

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

1.4

May 2018

-1.6

Apr 2018

-20.3

Apr 2009

23.2

Apr 1964

%

monthly

Jan 1962 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Investment: % of GDP

16.8

Mar 2018

18.5

Dec 2017

11.3

Dec 1993

40.6

Sep 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Labour Force Participation Rate

59.1

Jun 2018

59.3

Mar 2018

55.0

Dec 2010

60.5

Mar 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-31
Labour Productivity Growth

-0.77

Jun 2018

-0.20

Mar 2018

-3.84

Dec 2015

8.38

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

37.350

2017

35.450

2016

23.130

2004

43.020

2013

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Liquid Assets Ratio

10.1

Mar 2018

9.9

Feb 2018

3.5

May 2002

10.1

Mar 2018

%

monthly

Mar 1988 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Long Term Interest Rate

9.40

Sep 2018

9.38

Aug 2018

6.73

Apr 2013

10.65

Jun 2008

% pa

monthly

Aug 2006 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

332.4

2017

312.2

2016

59.2

1976

332.4

2017

%

yearly

1975 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-03
Minerals Production

316,812,764.000

2016

319,271,916.000

2015

293,820,974.000

2009

324,079,437.000

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

122,027.023

Aug 2018

127,190.319

Jul 2018

2,074.799

Mar 1965

142,481.380

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1965 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-24
Money Supply M2

201,123.151

Aug 2018

208,823.745

Jul 2018

4,041.798

Mar 1965

246,531.715

Apr 2011

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1965 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Monthly Earnings

1,659

May 2018

1,605

Feb 2018

968

Feb 2009

1,877

Aug 2011

USD

quarterly

Nov 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-09-26
Motor Vehicle Production

589,951.000

Dec 2017

599,004.000

Dec 2016

246,092.000

Jun 2014

615,658.000

Dec 2015

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Registered

9,600.412

2015

9,319.194

2014

6,872.000

2005

9,600.412

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

186,117.000

Dec 2017

186,117.000

Dec 2016

90,459.000

Jun 2012

241,455.000

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

369,598.647

Dec 2017

361,289.000

Dec 2016

180,690.000

Jun 2016

481,558.000

Dec 2006

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

49,670

Sep 2018

47,977

Aug 2018

25,377

Apr 2003

63,675

Sep 2012

Unit

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

-1.9

Sep 2018

-2.5

Aug 2018

-37.9

Apr 2009

56.0

Aug 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Natural Gas: Consumption

0.434

2017

0.444

2016

0.006

1971

0.444

2016

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1971 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Natural Gas: Imports

4,077.000

2017

3,960.000

2016

600.000

2003

4,077.000

2017

Cub m mn

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Nominal GDP

97,677.2

Jun 2018

99,893.0

Mar 2018

1,853.6

Mar 1960

109,785.3

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Nominal GDP Growth

6.972

Jun 2018

6.426

Mar 2018

4.334

Jun 1961

36.817

Sep 1980

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

144.390

Dec 2017

143.340

Sep 2017

1.080

Mar 1966

144.390

Dec 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1966 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

4.900

Dec 2017

4.160

Sep 2017

-8.820

Sep 1985

40.900

Jun 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1967 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Non Performing Loans Ratio

3.6

Aug 2018

3.6

Jul 2018

2.1

Jan 2008

6.0

Nov 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2008 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-11
Non-Performing Loans

10,163.473

Aug 2018

10,579.269

Jul 2018

6,179.640

Jan 2008

19,976.469

Oct 2010

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2008 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-24
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

4,522,850.000

2016

4,131,055.000

2015

650,013.000

1960

5,492,838.000

1999

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

82,412,880.000

2016

87,999,492.000

2015

0.000

1988

87,999,492.000

2015

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Oil Consumption

580.187

2017

576.972

2016

117.729

1965

591.804

2015

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
P/E ratio

15.190

Sep 2018

15.579

Aug 2018

14.508

Jun 2018

30.533

Jan 2017

NA

monthly

Apr 2013 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Policy Rate

6.50

Sep 2018

6.50

Aug 2018

5.00

Dec 2013

13.50

May 2003

% pa

monthly

Nov 1999 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Population

57.7

2018

56.5

2017

17.4

1960

57.7

2018

Person mn

yearly

1960 - 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
Private Consumption Expenditure

60,111.317

Mar 2018

52,335.379

Dec 2017

1,149.050

Mar 1960

65,512.399

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Private Consumption: % of GDP

58.6

Mar 2018

62.3

Dec 2017

47.6

Jun 1980

66.9

Dec 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Public Consumption Expenditure

20,990.278

Mar 2018

18,460.554

Dec 2017

169.050

Mar 1960

22,057.665

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Public Consumption: % of GDP

21.2

Mar 2018

21.1

Dec 2017

8.6

Jun 1963

21.5

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Real Effective Exchange Rate

87.6

Jul 2018

86.8

Jun 2018

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Real GDP Growth

1.5

Mar 2018

1.9

Dec 2017

-4.5

Mar 1983

9.4

Sep 1967

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Real Residential Property Price Index

97.850

Dec 2017

97.990

Sep 2017

45.840

Mar 1997

120.100

Dec 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 1966 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

0.180

Dec 2017

-0.610

Sep 2017

-21.700

Sep 1985

30.930

Mar 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 1967 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Retail Sales Growth

2.4

Jul 2018

0.9

Jun 2018

-6.3

Apr 2009

14.2

Sep 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Short Term Interest Rate

7.12

Sep 2018

7.16

Aug 2018

4.92

Sep 2012

22.15

Feb 1985

% pa

monthly

Dec 1980 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Silver Production

35.000

2015

37.000

2014

35.000

2015

222.000

1986

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Tax Revenue

8,128.630

Aug 2018

5,578.316

Jul 2018

1,487.025

Apr 2002

12,108.415

Mar 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Teledensity: Fixed Line

8.074

2016

7.471

2015

3.724

1960

12.190

1999

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

147.125

2016

159.156

2015

0.000

1988

159.156

2015

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

315,540.693

Mar 2018

311,389.575

Feb 2018

35,325.125

Dec 1986

346,503.072

Jul 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1986 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Total Exports

8,294.5

Aug 2018

7,993.7

Jul 2018

3,545.7

Jan 2006

10,098.9

Sep 2011

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2004 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Total Exports Growth

13.1

Aug 2018

14.8

Jul 2018

-33.4

Aug 2009

58.8

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Oct 2005 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Total Imports

7,902.5

May 2018

7,209.9

Apr 2018

3,946.9

Feb 2005

9,975.4

Oct 2014

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Total Imports Growth

11.0

Aug 2018

33.9

Jul 2018

-41.8

Jul 2009

67.1

Oct 2006

%

monthly

Oct 2005 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Tourism Revenue

274

May 2018

312

Apr 2018

172

Jun 2005

422

Jun 2010

USD mn

monthly

Sep 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
Tourism Revenue Growth

-1.2

May 2018

-3.0

Apr 2018

-34.8

Jun 2011

49.4

Jun 2010

%

monthly

Sep 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
Trade Balance

624.1

Aug 2018

-396.1

Jul 2018

-2,224.0

Jan 2018

2,192.5

Dec 2010

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2004 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Unemployment Rate

27.20

Jun 2018

26.70

Mar 2018

21.50

Dec 2008

27.70

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-31
Visitor Arrivals

10,044,000

2016

8,904,000

2015

4,488,000

1995

10,044,000

2016

Person

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-09
Visitor Arrivals Growth

12.8

2016

-6.8

2015

-26.9

2009

15.2

1998

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-09
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