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United States Gross National Product

1947 - 2018 | Quarterly | USD mn | CEIC Data

United States’s Gross National Product was reported at 5,077.441 USD bn in Mar 2018. This records an increase from the previous number of 5,025.649 USD bn for Dec 2017. United States’s Gross National Product data is updated quarterly, averaging 850.337 USD bn from Mar 1947 to Mar 2018, with 285 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 5,077.441 USD bn in Mar 2018 and a record low of 61.035 USD bn in Mar 1947. United States’s Gross National Product data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by CEIC Data. The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Gross National Product: USD: North and South America. CEIC de-annualises quarterly Gross National Product. The Bureau of Economic Analysis provides annualised Gross National Product in USD based on NIPA 2013.

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What was United States's Gross National Product in Mar 2018?

Last

5,077,441.000

Mar 2018
Previous

5,025,648.500

Dec 2017
Min

61,035.500

Mar 1947
Max

5,077,441.000

Mar 2018
Unit

USD mn

Frequency

quarterly

Range

Mar 1947 - Mar 2018

Updated on 27 Jul 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

5,077,441.000

Mar 2018

5,025,648.500

Dec 2017

61,035.500

Mar 1947

5,077,441.000

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Mar 2018

Updated on 27 Jul 2018

View United States's Gross National Product from Mar 1947 to Mar 2018 in the chart:

United States Gross National Product

Series Details
Series ID

384678707

Name

United States Gross National Product

Country

United States

Frequency

Quarterly

Unit

USD mn

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

Mar 1947

Last Date

Mar 2018

Last Updated

27 Jul 2018

Statistics
Mean

1,469,484.340

Variance

2,230,842,664,241.782

Standard deviation

1,493,600.571

Skewness

0.873

Kurtosis

-0.564

Coefficient variation

1.016

Median

850,337.250

Max
Mar 2018

5,077,441.000

Min
Mar 1947

61,035.500

Previous observation
Dec 2017

5,025,648.500

Last observation
Mar 2018

5,077,441.000

Number of Observations

285

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for Gross National Product

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

13,142.933

2017

12,076.266

2016

680.665

1992

13,349.628

2014

USD mn

yearly

1984 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Algeria

167,870.203

2017

157,479.094

2016

2,203.143

1962

209,164.338

2014

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-03
Argentina

621,648.947

2017

533,326.892

2016

18,744.952

1963

621,648.947

2017

USD mn

yearly

1962 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-26
Armenia

12,034.267

2017

10,770.356

2016

1,063.305

1992

12,353.321

2008

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-26
Australia

340,676.916

Mar 2018

349,396.520

Dec 2017

4,380.321

Mar 1960

401,871.738

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Sep 1959 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-06
Austria

417,604.101

2017

390,623.768

2016

6,547.435

1960

442,490.030

2014

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Azerbaijan

38,988.345

2017

35,375.307

2016

3,038.926

1995

73,087.339

2014

USD mn

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-26
Bahrain

30,383.595

2016

29,389.947

2015

2,738.830

1986

31,754.973

2014

USD mn

yearly

1980 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-20
Bangladesh

284,698.307

2018

260,438.092

2017

8,108.054

1973

284,698.307

2018

USD mn

yearly

1973 - 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Belarus

52,385.507

2017

45,517.178

2016

12,096.484

1999

76,401.540

2014

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-26
Bolivia

36,391.642

2017

33,320.126

2016

1,057.423

1970

36,391.642

2017

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Bosnia and Herzegovina

16,251.282

2015

18,660.002

2014

1,090.802

1994

19,807.584

2008

USD mn

yearly

1994 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Botswana

17,040.531

2017

15,394.788

2016

34.206

1960

17,040.531

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Brazil

497,995.995

Mar 2018

513,872.792

Dec 2017

103,817.870

Dec 2002

666,578.782

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-30
Brunei

12,885.365

2017

12,235.792

2016

2,985.468

1989

18,590.749

2012

USD mn

yearly

1989 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Bulgaria

57,317.833

2017

53,102.319

2016

9,504.965

1994

57,317.833

2017

USD mn

yearly

1980 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Cambodia

20,800.210

2017

18,788.293

2016

505.249

1972

20,800.210

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Canada

1,630,527.439

2017

1,515,474.990

2016

40,057.298

1961

1,814,493.323

2013

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Chile

266,522.506

2017

243,176.727

2016

4,038.182

1960

266,522.506

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-06
China

12,208,135.029

2017

11,150,781.994

2016

43,520.844

1957

12,208,135.029

2017

USD mn

yearly

1957 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-29
Colombia

301,024.803

2017

277,349.868

2016

4,019.001

1960

365,961.963

2013

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Croatia

53,634.155

2017

49,677.971

2016

21,367.779

2000

68,553.527

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Cyprus

21,296.364

2017

19,839.117

2016

493.727

1975

27,432.383

2011

USD mn

yearly

1975 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Czech Republic

204,567.369

2017

182,805.983

2016

34,254.741

1992

219,942.595

2008

USD mn

yearly

1992 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Denmark

86,259.489

Mar 2018

90,120.425

Dec 2017

31,220.094

Mar 1990

97,471.779

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Ecuador

100,724.446

2017

96,763.075

2016

934.744

1962

100,724.446

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Egypt

233,661.891

2017

330,944.672

2016

5,071.865

1965

330,944.672

2016

USD mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Estonia

6,880.603

Mar 2018

7,124.119

Dec 2017

789.132

Mar 1995

7,124.119

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
European Union

17,261,305.881

2017

16,414,079.768

2016

870,650.215

1970

19,070,696.613

2008

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-26
Finland

69,517.026

Mar 2018

70,846.156

Dec 2017

19,238.689

Mar 1993

74,002.609

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
France

2,647,767.705

2017

2,517,887.112

2016

56,442.573

1959

2,979,103.003

2008

USD mn

yearly

1957 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-02
Georgia

3,506.606

Mar 2018

3,964.194

Dec 2017

575.508

Mar 1999

4,550.838

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Germany

1,039,838.981

Mar 2018

1,005,357.746

Dec 2017

443,873.915

Jun 1991

1,039,838.981

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-24
Greece

200,391.032

2017

193,712.119

2016

4,499.158

1960

343,903.324

2008

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Hong Kong

90,977.451

Mar 2018

93,995.381

Dec 2017

37,688.642

Jun 2003

93,995.381

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-14
Hungary

133,447.346

2017

118,779.064

2016

39,584.451

1993

147,665.003

2008

USD mn

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-04
Iceland

23,969.782

2017

20,680.431

2016

247.369

1960

23,969.782

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-08
India

2,573,273.805

2017

2,249,350.562

2016

29,254.878

1957

2,573,273.805

2017

USD mn

yearly

1957 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-04
Indonesia

255,238.073

Jun 2018

250,358.423

Mar 2018

20,154.915

Sep 1998

255,238.073

Jun 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-14
Iran

419,328.924

2016

385,962.210

2015

3,758.449

1959

794,253.718

1991

USD mn

yearly

1959 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Ireland

274,487.863

2017

251,766.532

2016

2,056.603

1960

274,487.863

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-06
Israel

347,800.012

2017

313,917.518

2016

2,497.333

1962

347,800.012

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Italy

1,843,205.688

Mar 2018

1,768,101.168

Dec 2017

443,848.252

Jun 2001

1,843,205.688

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1998 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Ivory Coast

22,073.071

2010

22,106.110

2009

566.488

1960

22,378.826

2008

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2010

Updated on 2018-09-16
Japan

1,313,256.146

Mar 2018

1,299,542.363

Dec 2017

5,850.000

Mar 1957

1,700,584.312

Dec 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-08
Jordan

39,863.097

2017

38,350.502

2016

576.029

1968

39,863.097

2017

USD mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Kazakhstan

141,479.944

2017

124,342.723

2016

16,302.017

1999

211,485.744

2013

USD mn

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-26
Kenya

74,117.870

2017

70,191.423

2016

764.960

1960

74,117.870

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
South Korea

393,043.653

Mar 2018

405,702.436

Dec 2017

552.077

Sep 1961

405,702.436

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Kosovo

7,321.952

2017

6,804.978

2016

4,206.122

2006

7,537.880

2014

USD mn

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Kuwait

138,513.378

2017

122,184.460

2016

1,517.599

1964

187,423.213

2013

USD mn

yearly

1964 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-26
Kyrgyzstan

6,458.721

2016

6,429.898

2015

1,175.083

1999

7,239.853

2014

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2018-07-19
Laos

15,963.617

2017

15,126.206

2016

598.961

1988

15,963.617

2017

USD mn

yearly

1984 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Latvia

30,215.539

2017

27,502.790

2016

5,448.336

1995

35,317.222

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-31
Lebanon

51,893.553

2017

48,715.376

2016

3,408.014

1989

51,893.553

2017

USD mn

yearly

1989 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Lithuania

11,656.306

Mar 2018

12,619.737

Dec 2017

1,339.605

Mar 1995

13,281.327

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-25
Macau

41,505.897

2016

41,698.084

2015

1,147.493

1983

47,421.930

2014

USD mn

yearly

1982 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-08
Macedonia

10,860.316

2017

10,321.509

2016

2,244.619

1992

11,149.566

2014

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Malawi

6,160.877

2017

5,292.836

2016

160.717

1960

7,887.734

2011

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Malaysia

84,913.971

Mar 2018

83,594.773

Dec 2017

20,336.316

Mar 2000

84,913.971

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Malta

3,360.626

Jun 2018

3,277.276

Mar 2018

841.537

Dec 2000

3,360.626

Jun 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-10
Mauritius

28,474.480

Aug 2018

28,411.982

Jul 2018

9,655.361

Oct 2005

29,750.204

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jun 2005 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-19
Mexico

1,123,689.021

2017

1,039,965.335

2016

12,666.168

1960

1,288,193.943

2014

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-26
Moldova

8,641.008

2017

7,258.875

2016

1,195.375

1999

8,856.990

2013

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Montenegro

4,873.179

2017

4,432.628

2016

1,034.067

2000

4,873.179

2017

USD mn

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Nepal

25,171.891

2017

21,505.703

2016

496.099

1964

25,171.891

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Netherlands

234,219.924

Mar 2018

228,225.395

Dec 2017

55,900.023

Sep 1988

246,860.366

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1988 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
New Zealand

51,025.851

Mar 2018

53,256.035

Dec 2017

8,799.167

Jun 1987

53,256.035

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1987 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-20
Nigeria

364,278.138

2017

395,953.769

2016

4,173.704

1960

549,528.095

2014

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Norway

418,232.117

2017

389,211.166

2016

5,084.205

1960

528,865.811

2013

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-06
Oman

64,867.383

2016

66,642.737

2015

63.288

1965

76,790.030

2014

USD mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Pakistan

329,083.887

2018

321,596.641

2017

3,803.077

1960

329,083.887

2018

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Panama

55,362.000

2017

50,325.999

2016

476.970

1960

55,362.000

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Paraguay

28,164.884

2017

25,952.346

2016

5,440.227

2003

29,343.966

2014

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Peru

204,003.235

2017

186,544.781

2016

2,433.616

1960

204,003.235

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Philippines

98,811.388

Jun 2018

92,601.965

Mar 2018

6,715.247

Sep 1985

103,797.510

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-13
Poland

453,740.632

2016

459,992.572

2015

80,870.610

1991

524,961.523

2014

USD mn

yearly

1991 - 2016

Updated on 2018-06-29
Portugal

212,886.482

2017

200,269.268

2016

3,171.545

1960

251,567.891

2008

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Qatar

167,185.714

2017

151,342.582

2016

287.784

1970

196,924.225

2014

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Romania

206,979.237

2017

183,361.070

2016

25,031.554

1992

206,979.237

2017

USD mn

yearly

1989 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-17
Russia

1,538,005.096

2017

1,249,210.702

2016

188,189.768

1999

2,217,523.689

2013

USD mn

yearly

1988 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Saudi Arabia

185,739.566

Mar 2018

183,587.427

Dec 2017

154,769.867

Dec 2015

185,739.566

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2015 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Serbia

36,129.700

2016

35,298.900

2015

11,485.141

2001

47,791.400

2008

USD mn

yearly

1997 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-29
Slovakia

24,657.135

Mar 2018

25,482.450

Dec 2017

4,550.665

Mar 1995

26,558.482

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Slovenia

12,842.153

Mar 2018

12,918.679

Dec 2017

4,725.106

Mar 1995

14,939.013

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
South Africa

94,732.633

Mar 2018

86,628.829

Dec 2017

1,723.399

Mar 1960

107,525.390

Jun 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Spain

355,317.984

Mar 2018

362,037.145

Dec 2017

140,864.463

Sep 2000

433,985.439

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Sri Lanka

22,239.992

Mar 2018

22,410.759

Dec 2017

12,223.551

Mar 2010

22,410.759

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-18
Sudan

107,383.901

2017

86,599.448

2016

1,314.000

1960

107,383.901

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Sweden

546,102.508

2017

520,417.849

2016

15,076.660

1960

592,161.113

2013

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-25
Switzerland

181,168.609

Jun 2018

176,587.460

Mar 2018

59,272.835

Mar 1990

189,945.967

Sep 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Syria

39,715.797

2007

32,393.616

2006

885.274

1960

39,715.797

2007

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2007

Updated on 2018-04-25
Taiwan

148,345.000

Jun 2018

154,324.000

Mar 2018

405.000

Sep 1961

156,153.000

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-08-17
Tajikistan

8,244.056

2017

8,165.101

2016

824.422

2000

11,420.090

2014

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-26
Thailand

434,444.996

2017

392,660.906

2016

2,753.694

1960

434,444.996

2017

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Tunisia

40,630.669

2016

41,812.122

2015

798.333

1960

45,929.102

2014

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-07-27
Turkey

840,009.312

2017

854,540.544

2016

15,600.000

1967

941,959.560

2013

USD mn

yearly

1967 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Ukraine

115,156.834

2017

94,831.447

2016

30,319.527

2000

187,716.627

2013

USD mn

yearly

1987 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-27
United Arab Emirates

385,352.440

2017

359,141.820

2016

35,968.673

1993

403,796.159

2014

USD mn

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
United Kingdom

2,589,725.307

2017

2,597,969.177

2016

63,156.775

1957

3,071,434.374

2007

USD mn

yearly

1957 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
United States

5,077,441.000

Mar 2018

5,025,648.500

Dec 2017

61,035.500

Mar 1947

5,077,441.000

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Uruguay

54,445.767

2017

51,131.504

2016

1,233.722

1960

55,662.803

2013

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Venezuela

448,112.273

2014

336,349.467

2013

8,203.576

1960

448,112.273

2014

USD mn

yearly

1960 - 2014

Updated on 2018-04-30
Vietnam

196,937.801

2016

183,494.759

2015

6,008.929

1990

196,937.801

2016

USD mn

yearly

1989 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-24
Yemen

31,502.251

2016

36,379.650

2015

5,949.557

1998

40,607.559

2014

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2018-07-12

More Indicators for United States

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

6,791,173.963

2017

7,766,737.093

2016

3,046,108.513

2003

7,766,737.093

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Bank Lending Rate

5.000

15 Aug 2018

5.000

14 Aug 2018

3.250

16 Dec 2015

21.500

01 Jan 1981

% pa

daily

01 Jan 1980 - 15 Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-08-16
Business Confidence Growth

-0.8

Sep 2018

4.0

Aug 2018

-70.8

Jul 1951

90.0

Jun 1950

% Point

monthly

Jan 1949 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Business Confidence: Net Balance

19.6

Sep 2018

22.6

Aug 2018

-41.2

May 1980

55.0

Jul 1950

% Point

monthly

Jan 1948 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

1.451

Jun 2018

1.241

May 2018

-0.467

Nov 2009

18.681

Feb 1974

%

monthly

Jan 1968 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Coal Consumption

332.119

2017

340.562

2016

277.235

1965

545.740

2005

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Coal Production

371.253

2017

348.334

2016

348.334

2016

573.003

1998

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-3.5

2017

-3.2

2016

-9.8

2009

4.4

1948

%

yearly

1948 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-27
Consumer Confidence Growth

14.8

Sep 2018

11.9

Aug 2018

-66.9

Feb 2009

94.4

Mar 2010

%

monthly

Jun 1978 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

2.9

Jul 2018

2.8

Jun 2018

-3.0

Aug 1949

14.6

Mar 1980

%

monthly

Jan 1948 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Container Port Throughput

48,381,722.500

2016

47,895,811.000

2015

37,353,574.903

2009

48,381,722.500

2016

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Core CPI Change

2.231

Jun 2018

2.211

May 2018

0.603

Oct 2010

13.604

Jun 1980

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Credit to Households

15,251.401

Dec 2017

15,047.201

Sep 2017

84.061

Mar 1952

15,251.401

Dec 2017

USD bn

quarterly

Jun 1951 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector

29,510.653

Dec 2017

29,151.569

Sep 2017

189.293

Mar 1952

29,510.653

Dec 2017

USD bn

quarterly

Jun 1951 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Crude Oil: Exports

1,118.000

2017

591.000

2016

20.100

2003

1,118.000

2017

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Crude Oil: Imports

7,912.000

2017

7,850.000

2016

7,344.000

2014

10,775.200

2007

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Crude Oil: Production

9,355.000

2017

8,856.700

2016

5,000.400

2008

9,408.200

2015

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Current Account Balance

-124,105.0

Mar 2018

-116,148.0

Dec 2017

-215,769.0

Sep 2006

9,957.0

Mar 1991

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-20
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-2.5

Mar 2018

-2.3

Dec 2017

-6.3

Dec 2005

1.2

Jun 1975

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Debt Service Ratio: Households

8.300

Dec 2017

8.300

Sep 2017

8.200

Jun 2017

11.600

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector

14.900

Dec 2017

14.800

Sep 2017

14.200

Dec 2015

18.400

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-06-05
Direct Investment Abroad

-105,505.0

Mar 2018

58,127.0

Dec 2017

-105,505.0

Mar 2018

167,491.0

Mar 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-20
Domestic Credit

20,244,184.4

Dec 2016

19,944,458.2

Sep 2016

9,167,012.9

Dec 2001

20,244,184.4

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on 2018-10-18
Domestic Credit Growth

5.1

Dec 2016

4.9

Sep 2016

-2.4

Jun 2010

10.0

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Dec 2016

Updated on 2018-10-15
Electricity Production

410,148

Jul 2018

371,221

Jun 2018

139,589

Apr 1973

421,797

Aug 2007

GWh

monthly

Jan 1973 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Employed Persons

155,962,000.000

Sep 2018

155,542,000.000

Aug 2018

57,172,000.000

Jun 1949

155,965,000.000

Jul 2018

Person

monthly

Jan 1948 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Equity Market Index

13,082.5

Sep 2018

13,016.9

Aug 2018

353.7

Sep 1974

13,368.0

Jan 2018

31Dec2002=5000

monthly

Dec 1965 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Exports: ICT Goods

140,161,627.228

2016

141,752,047.122

2015

111,424,313.253

2002

156,742,176.727

2000

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

23,352,475.691

2017

24,083,392.478

2016

2,295,174.912

1995

26,045,833.098

2015

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

23,696,538.110

2017

27,268,399.443

2016

4,258,804.480

1995

27,268,399.443

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

38,180,287.661

2017

43,631,120.204

2016

17,842,317.638

1995

45,123,764.467

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

4,798,780.256

2017

3,920,424.088

2016

868,790.301

1995

4,798,780.256

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

19,180,854.0

Mar 2018

19,019,303.0

Dec 2017

6,570,168.0

Jun 2003

19,180,854.0

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
External Debt: % of GDP

97.6

2017

96.4

2016

60.6

2003

99.8

2011

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-27
External Debt: Short Term

5,562,146.0

Mar 2018

5,450,687.0

Dec 2017

2,718,776.0

Jun 2003

5,918,314.0

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

28.0

2017

27.8

2016

25.0

2003

39.5

2007

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-27
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.186

2023

2.178

2022

-0.320

2009

13.502

1980

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-739.733

2023

-771.074

2022

-805.963

2006

5.031

1981

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Employment

156.537

2019

155.069

2018

99.303

1980

156.537

2019

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2019

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

2.962

2023

3.307

2022

-12.084

2009

17.786

1988

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

71,805.316

2023

70,165.348

2022

12,575.568

1980

71,805.316

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Expenditure

9,024.206

2023

8,799.990

2022

3,474.706

2001

9,024.206

2023

USD bn

yearly

2001 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Net Debt

28,676.164

2023

27,409.894

2022

5,631.898

2001

28,676.164

2023

USD bn

yearly

2001 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Revenue

7,805.838

2023

7,506.755

2022

3,270.250

2002

7,805.838

2023

USD bn

yearly

2001 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

71,805.316

2023

70,165.348

2022

12,575.568

1980

71,805.316

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Population

341.713

2023

339.015

2022

227.622

1980

341.713

2023

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

1.375

2023

1.484

2022

-2.537

2009

7.237

1984

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

3.862

2023

3.589

2022

3.420

2020

9.708

1982

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Foreign Direct Investment

95,641.0

Mar 2018

34,407.0

Dec 2017

-69,815.0

Mar 2014

244,382.0

Mar 2015

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-20
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

1.9

Mar 2018

0.8

Dec 2017

-1.7

Mar 2014

6.1

Jun 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Foreign Exchange Reserves

42,065.0

Aug 2018

42,174.0

Jul 2018

2.0

Jul 1975

54,933.0

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1961 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

0.212

Jun 2018

0.225

Mar 2018

0.000

Dec 1974

0.875

Dec 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.2

Aug 2018

0.2

Jul 2018

0.2

Aug 2018

1.4

Feb 1991

NA

monthly

Jan 1989 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Foreign Portfolio Investment

292,084.000

Mar 2018

81,626.000

Dec 2017

-146,760.000

Sep 2015

393,364.000

Jun 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1960 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-20
GDP Deflator Growth

2.5

Jun 2018

2.0

Mar 2018

-2.0

Dec 1949

10.9

Mar 1975

%

quarterly

Mar 1948 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
GDP per Capita

59,484.000

2017

57,542.000

2016

455.000

1933

59,484.000

2017

USD

yearly

1929 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-27
Gold Production

245,000.000

2017

222,000.000

2016

29,700.000

1945

366,000.000

1998

kg

yearly

1900 - 2017

Updated on 2018-02-01
Gold Reserves

11,041.000

Aug 2018

11,041.000

Jul 2018

9,662.000

Apr 1972

24,771.000

Aug 1949

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1947 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Government Debt: % of GDP

105.2

2017

106.8

2016

31.9

1974

106.8

2016

%

yearly

1969 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-13
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

1,066,375.750

Jun 2018

1,041,812.250

Mar 2018

10,076.500

Mar 1947

1,066,375.750

Jun 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Gross Savings Rate

17.3

Mar 2018

16.8

Dec 2017

13.7

Sep 2009

24.9

Mar 1965

%

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
House Prices Growth

7.0

Jun 2018

7.4

Mar 2018

-11.8

Mar 2009

10.7

Sep 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 1992 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-13
Household Debt

13,293,000.0

Jun 2018

13,211,000.0

Mar 2018

4,540,000.0

Mar 1999

13,293,000.0

Jun 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-13
Household Expenditure per Capita

22,924.400

2016

22,391.200

2015

8,451.923

1984

22,924.400

2016

USD

yearly

1984 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Household Income per Capita

29,865.600

2016

27,850.800

2015

9,024.615

1984

29,865.600

2016

USD

yearly

1984 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Imports: ICT Goods

315,987,796.859

2016

318,817,406.170

2015

174,115,682.938

2001

318,817,406.170

2015

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

68,032,464.221

2017

68,309,933.601

2016

2,830,787.072

1995

68,309,933.601

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

31,520,834.887

2017

27,622,326.859

2016

2,774,555.392

1995

31,520,834.887

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

123,861,068.712

2017

123,520,544.776

2016

17,812,992.157

1996

123,861,068.712

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

24,607,570.103

2017

21,244,825.323

2016

3,820,490.752

1995

34,117,150.990

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

4.2

Jul 2018

4.0

Jun 2018

-33.7

Feb 1946

62.0

Jul 1933

%

monthly

Jan 1920 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Investment: % of GDP

20.8

Jun 2018

21.0

Mar 2018

16.1

Jun 1947

25.4

Dec 1978

%

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Labour Force Participation Rate

62.7

Sep 2018

62.7

Aug 2018

57.2

Jan 1948

68.1

Jul 1997

%

monthly

Jan 1948 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Labour Productivity Growth

1.34

Jun 2018

1.00

Mar 2018

-2.69

Mar 1974

9.69

Dec 1950

%

quarterly

Mar 1949 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

86.280

2017

93.630

2016

81.630

2011

96.740

2015

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Liquid Assets Ratio

12.8

Jun 2018

13.0

May 2018

2.8

Aug 2008

19.7

Sep 2014

%

monthly

Jan 1973 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Long Term Interest Rate

3.00

Sep 2018

2.89

Aug 2018

1.50

Jul 2016

15.32

Sep 1981

% pa

monthly

Apr 1953 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
M2 Growth

3.9

Sep 2018

4.0

Aug 2018

0.2

Mar 1993

13.8

Feb 1976

%

monthly

Jan 1960 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-18
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

165.7

2017

146.9

2016

39.4

1981

165.7

2017

%

yearly

1980 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Minerals Production

1,937,449,125.000

2016

2,118,592,432.000

2015

1,894,315,090.000

2009

2,137,515,136.000

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

3,727,900.000

Sep 2018

3,700,900.000

Aug 2018

138,900.000

Jan 1959

3,727,900.000

Sep 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1959 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-18
Money Supply M2

14,241,600.000

Sep 2018

14,211,000.000

Aug 2018

286,600.000

Jan 1959

14,241,600.000

Sep 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1959 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-18
Monthly Earnings

3,759

Sep 2018

3,748

Aug 2018

2,741

Mar 2006

3,759

Sep 2018

USD

monthly

Mar 2006 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Motor Vehicle Production

11,189,985.000

Dec 2017

12,180,301.000

Dec 2016

5,377,687.000

Jun 2012

12,279,582.000

Dec 2002

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Registered

264,194.366

2015

258,026.929

2014

237,697.000

2005

264,194.366

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

11,487,730.980

Dec 2017

10,993,044.000

Dec 2016

3,680,098.000

Jun 2012

11,487,730.980

Dec 2017

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

6,096,110.623

Dec 2017

6,872,729.000

Dec 2016

3,534,415.000

Jun 2016

7,761,592.000

Dec 2006

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

1,469,569

Sep 2018

1,521,287

Aug 2018

670,466

Jan 2009

1,845,713

Jul 2005

Unit

monthly

Jan 1976 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

-5.4

Sep 2018

0.6

Aug 2018

-41.4

Feb 2009

41.1

Feb 1984

%

monthly

Jan 1977 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
National Government Debt

21,516,058.0

Sep 2018

21,458,850.0

Aug 2018

353,720.0

Jun 1969

21,516,058.0

Sep 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1969 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

762,276.000

2017

756,622.000

2016

510,830.000

2005

768,071.000

2015

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Consumption

71.544

2017

72.393

2016

40.241

1965

72.393

2016

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Natural Gas: Exports

89,718.000

2017

66,133.000

2016

4,000.000

1996

89,718.000

2017

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Imports

86,087.000

2017

85,133.000

2016

76,328.000

2014

130,650.000

2007

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
New Orders Growth

10.0

Aug 2018

9.2

Jul 2018

-30.4

Apr 2009

21.7

Apr 2010

%

monthly

Feb 1993 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-04
Nominal GDP

5,102,981.0

Jun 2018

5,010,261.8

Mar 2018

60,791.0

Mar 1947

5,102,981.0

Jun 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Nominal GDP Growth

5.390

Jun 2018

4.584

Mar 2018

-3.474

Dec 1949

19.646

Mar 1951

%

quarterly

Mar 1948 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

146.180

Mar 2018

143.270

Dec 2017

16.460

Dec 1975

146.180

Mar 2018

2010=100

quarterly

Dec 1975 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-08-29
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

6.130

Dec 2017

5.950

Sep 2017

-17.430

Dec 2008

17.320

Jun 1977

%

quarterly

Dec 1976 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Non Performing Loans Ratio

1.7

Mar 2018

1.8

Dec 2017

1.4

Jun 2006

7.5

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1985 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-18
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

121,530,000.000

2016

124,848,000.000

2015

49,269,000.000

1960

192,513,000.000

2000

Unit

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

395,881,000.000

2017

395,881,000.000

2016

0.000

1980

395,881,000.000

2017

Person

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-19
Oil Consumption

19,879.852

2017

19,687.232

2016

11,522.188

1965

20,802.160

2005

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-13
Policy Rate

2.18

Sep 2018

1.91

Aug 2018

0.04

Dec 2011

22.00

Dec 1980

% pa

monthly

Jul 1954 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Population

326.9

2017

324.6

2016

76.1

1900

326.9

2017

Person mn

yearly

1900 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Private Consumption Expenditure

3,469,307.000

Jun 2018

3,419,900.000

Mar 2018

39,040.250

Mar 1947

3,469,307.000

Jun 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Private Consumption: % of GDP

68.0

Jun 2018

68.3

Mar 2018

58.6

Mar 1967

68.7

Sep 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Producer Price Index Growth

3.3

Jun 2018

3.1

May 2018

-1.5

Oct 2015

4.5

Sep 2011

%

monthly

Nov 2010 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Public Consumption Expenditure

707,378.750

Jun 2018

699,254.000

Mar 2018

8,237.250

Dec 1947

707,378.750

Jun 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Public Consumption: % of GDP

13.9

Jun 2018

14.0

Mar 2018

12.3

Sep 1950

18.3

Dec 1953

%

quarterly

Mar 1947 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Real Effective Exchange Rate

104.1

Sep 2018

103.7

Aug 2018

82.6

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Real GDP Growth

2.9

Jun 2018

2.6

Mar 2018

-3.9

Jun 2009

13.4

Dec 1950

%

quarterly

Mar 1948 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Real Residential Property Price Index

128.110

Mar 2018

126.670

Dec 2017

64.980

Dec 1975

155.590

Mar 2006

2010=100

quarterly

Dec 1975 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-08-29
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

3.930

Dec 2017

3.900

Sep 2017

-20.060

Sep 2008

13.020

Jun 2005

%

quarterly

Dec 1976 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Retail Sales Growth

5.4

Sep 2018

6.6

Aug 2018

-10.0

Jul 2009

10.4

Dec 1999

%

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Short Term Interest Rate

2.15

Sep 2018

2.07

Aug 2018

-0.01

Sep 2015

15.52

Aug 1981

% pa

monthly

Jan 1954 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Silver Production

1,020.000

2017

1,150.000

2016

712.000

1932

2,450.000

1916

Metric Ton

yearly

1900 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Tax Revenue

307,187.000

Jun 2018

210,809.000

May 2018

10,507.000

Oct 1968

498,646.000

Apr 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1967 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Teledensity: Fixed Line

37.721

2016

39.024

2015

26.374

1960

68.271

2000

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

122.876

2016

119.497

2015

0.000

1980

122.876

2016

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

12,234,509.200

Sep 2018

12,213,929.300

Aug 2018

596,888.700

Jan 1973

12,234,509.200

Sep 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1973 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-19
Total Exports

138,422.0

Aug 2018

140,210.0

Jul 2018

28,380.7

Jan 1989

144,208.0

May 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1989 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Total Exports Growth

8.3

Sep 2018

8.1

Aug 2018

-26.5

Apr 2009

26.6

May 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1990 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-25
Total Imports

216,988.0

Sep 2018

213,878.0

Aug 2018

37,513.9

Jan 1989

216,988.0

Sep 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1989 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-25
Total Imports Growth

11.1

Aug 2018

10.3

Jul 2018

-35.4

May 2009

33.2

May 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Tourism Revenue

251,360

2017

246,174

2016

95,423

2003

251,360

2017

USD mn

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-19
Tourism Revenue Growth

2.1

2017

-1.2

2016

-13.7

2001

15.6

2004

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-19
Trade Balance

-75,456.0

Aug 2018

-72,042.0

Jul 2018

-76,025.0

Jul 2008

-3,668.5

Feb 1992

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1986 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Unemployment Rate

3.70

Sep 2018

3.90

Aug 2018

2.50

Jun 1953

10.80

Dec 1982

%

monthly

Jan 1948 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Visitor Arrivals

6,907,642

Apr 2018

6,620,845

Mar 2018

2,094,287

Nov 2001

8,364,941

Aug 2014

Person

monthly

Jan 1996 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Visitor Arrivals Growth

3.1

Apr 2018

14.3

Mar 2018

-38.8

Oct 2001

44.0

Jan 2005

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
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