Argentina Private Consumption Expenditure

1993 - 2022 | Quarterly | USD mn | CEIC Data

Key information about Argentina Private Consumption Expenditure

  • Argentina Private Consumption Expenditure was reported at 93.317 USD bn in Mar 2022. This records an increase from the previous number of 76.494 USD bn for Dec 2021.
  • Argentina Private Consumption Expenditure data is updated quarterly, averaging 52.605 USD bn from Mar 1993 to Mar 2022, with 117 observations.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 114.297 USD bn in Jun 2017 and a record low of 13.958 USD bn in Sep 2002.
  • Argentina Private Consumption Expenditure data remains in an active status in CEIC and is reported by CEIC Data.
  • The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Nominal GDP: Private Consumption Expenditure: USD: Quarterly: North and South America.

CEIC converts quarterly de-annualised Private Consumption Expenditure into USD. The National Institute of Statistics and Censuses provides annualised Private Consumption Expenditure in local currency based on benchmark year 2004. The Central Bank of Argentina average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. Private Consumption Expenditure prior to Q1 2004 is based on previous benchmark year 1993.

View Argentina's Private Consumption Expenditure from Mar 1993 to Mar 2022 in the chart:

Argentina Private Consumption Expenditure

What was Argentina's Private Consumption Expenditure in Mar 2022?

Argentina Private Consumption Expenditure was reported at 93.317 USD bn in Mar 2022. This records an increase from the previous number of 76.494 USD bn for Dec 2021. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
93,317.490 Mar 2022 76,493.891 Dec 2021 13,957.979 Sep 2002 114,297.219 Jun 2017 USD mn quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2022

Private Consumption Expenditure by Country Comparison

Buy Selected Data

Includes Private Consumption Expenditure on 115 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (USD mn) 3,529.949 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2022
Algeria (USD mn) 69,637.701 2020 yearly 1957 - 2020
Argentina (USD mn) 93,317.490 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2022
Armenia (USD mn) 2,525.757 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2022
Australia (USD mn) 210,734.991 Mar 2022 quarterly Sep 1959 - Mar 2022
Austria (USD mn) 57,757.447 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1988 - Mar 2022
Azerbaijan (USD mn) 7,756.588 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2022
Bahrain (USD mn) 14,583.142 2020 yearly 1975 - 2020
Bangladesh (USD mn) 335,275.945 2022 yearly 1981 - 2022
Belarus (USD mn) 9,603.598 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Belgium (USD mn) 75,349.008 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2022
Bolivia (USD mn) 8,673.854 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2021
Bosnia and Herzegovina (USD mn) 3,962.700 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2021
Botswana (USD mn) 2,131.530 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2022
Brazil (USD mn) 268,751.343 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2022
Brunei (USD mn) 899.199 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2013 - Dec 2021
Bulgaria (USD mn) 11,711.987 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Cambodia (USD mn) 18,844.023 2019 yearly 1993 - 2019
Canada (USD mn) 286,326.166 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1961 - Mar 2022
Chile (USD mn) 49,292.832 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2022
China (USD mn) 6,803,989.740 2021 yearly 1957 - 2021
Colombia (USD mn) 58,195.774 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Croatia (USD mn) 9,718.361 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Cyprus (USD mn) 4,056.524 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Czech Republic (USD mn) 34,794.082 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Denmark (USD mn) 44,537.044 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Mar 2022
Ecuador (USD mn) 17,226.316 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2022
Egypt (USD mn) 81,648.948 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2001 - Jun 2021
Estonia (USD mn) 4,432.182 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
European Union (USD mn) 2,209,722.656 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Finland (USD mn) 36,975.103 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Mar 2022
France (USD mn) 384,622.569 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2022
Georgia (USD mn) 3,728.892 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2022
Germany (USD mn) 529,525.544 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2022
Ghana (USD mn) 55,015.416 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Greece (USD mn) 39,030.746 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (USD mn) 54,599.828 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1973 - Mar 2022
Hungary (USD mn) 22,806.954 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Iceland (USD mn) 3,520.944 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
India (USD mn) 521,059.698 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1996 - Mar 2022
Indonesia (USD mn) 172,509.934 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2022
Iran (USD mn) 185,987.477 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 1988 - Dec 2021
Ireland (USD mn) 32,650.713 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Israel (USD mn) 64,843.316 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Italy (USD mn) 303,646.129 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Ivory Coast (USD mn) 45,980.109 2021 yearly 1960 - 2021
Japan (USD mn) 642,038.728 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2022
Jordan (USD mn) 37,953.657 2021 yearly 1962 - 2021
Kazakhstan (USD mn) 19,620.710 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Kenya (USD mn) 76,274.031 2020 yearly 1960 - 2020
South Korea (USD mn) 205,475.141 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2022
Kosovo (USD mn) 1,847.900 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2022
Kuwait (USD mn) 56,322.765 2019 yearly 1962 - 2019
Kyrgyzstan (USD mn) 2,100.023 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2021
Laos (USD mn) 10,453.639 2016 yearly 2000 - 2016
Latvia (USD mn) 5,539.450 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Lebanon (USD mn) 67,290.874 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Lithuania (USD mn) 10,195.995 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Luxembourg (USD mn) 6,552.708 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Macau SAR, China (USD mn) 3,217.647 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2022
North Macedonia (USD mn) 2,175.375 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Malawi (USD mn) 6,072.721 2019 yearly 1960 - 2019
Malaysia (USD mn) 58,850.503 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2022
Malta (USD mn) 1,786.862 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1992 - Mar 2022
Mauritius (USD mn) 1,979.471 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Mexico (USD mn) 229,773.836 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2022
Moldova (USD mn) 2,574.279 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Mongolia (USD mn) 2,222.924 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2022
Montenegro (USD mn) 991.672 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2022
Morocco (USD mn) 21,619.999 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Mozambique (USD mn) 10,823.761 2021 yearly 1969 - 2021
Nepal (USD mn) 30,443.686 2021 yearly 1975 - 2021
Netherlands (USD mn) 110,862.440 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1988 - Mar 2022
New Zealand (USD mn) 36,901.571 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1987 - Mar 2022
Nigeria (USD mn) 73,854.829 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2021
Norway (USD mn) 48,347.866 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1978 - Mar 2022
Oman (USD mn) 32,585.436 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Pakistan (USD mn) 324,824.486 2022 yearly 1960 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (USD mn) 4,829.100 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2011 - Mar 2022
Panama (USD mn) 29,102.656 2020 yearly 1969 - 2020
Paraguay (USD mn) 6,383.357 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1994 - Mar 2022
Peru (USD mn) 37,544.992 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1979 - Mar 2022
Philippines (USD mn) 74,857.337 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1981 - Mar 2022
Poland (USD mn) 101,514.595 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Portugal (USD mn) 41,453.208 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Qatar (USD mn) 9,147.842 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2013 - Dec 2021
Romania (USD mn) 45,561.629 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Russia (USD mn) 201,898.710 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2022
Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 91,566.529 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2003 - Mar 2022
Serbia (USD mn) 9,616.881 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2022
Singapore (USD mn) 33,213.498 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1975 - Mar 2022
Slovakia (USD mn) 17,174.181 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Slovenia (USD mn) 8,833.244 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
South Africa (USD mn) 66,895.312 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2022
Spain (USD mn) 196,997.994 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2022
Sri Lanka (USD mn) 15,127.532 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2021
Sudan (USD mn) 29,247.914 2021 yearly 1960 - 2021
Sweden (USD mn) 64,635.269 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2022
Switzerland (USD mn) 104,560.075 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2022
Syria (USD mn) 17,809.227 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020

Accurate Macro & Micro Economic Data You Can Trust

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

Learn more about what we do

Argentina Key Series

Buy Selected Data

Includes 205 key indicators for Argentina, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Mar 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -3,179.742 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 8,762.310 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 15.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 376,300.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 78.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (ARS bn) 109,556.099 2027 yearly 1993 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (ARS bn) 179,437.957 2027 yearly 1992 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (ARS bn) 105,573.143 2027 yearly 1993 - 2027
Government Revenue: Taxes (ARS mn) 187,540.45 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2018
NFPS 2017: Current Expenditure (ARS mn) 1,494,530.100 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2015 - Jun 2022
NFPS 2017: Current Revenue (ARS mn) 1,200,064.200 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2015 - Jun 2022
Non Financial Public Sector (NFPS) 2017: Total Balance (ARS mn) -396,577.400 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2015 - Jun 2022
NFPS 2017: Total Expenditure (ARS mn) 1,371,062.800 May 2022 monthly Jan 2015 - May 2022
NFPS 2017: Total Revenue (ARS mn) 1,201,888.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2015 - Jun 2022
NFPS 2017: Capital Expenditure (ARS mn) 103,935.300 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2015 - Jun 2022
Public Debt: Annual: Short Term (USD mn) 34,921.032 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
AR: Social Contributions (ARS mn) 1,519,742.865 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
AR: Net Lending (+) / Net Borrowing (-) (ARS mn) -2,366,027.062 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
AR: Revenue Excluding Grants (ARS mn) 4,755,922.382 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.158 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) 228.6 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 7,898.3 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 18.9 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Jun 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 7,986.132 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 733,621.525 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 170,981.321 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 7,669.7 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 46.5 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Jun 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,228,185.995 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,150,961.178 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 736.696 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,529.584 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 602.898 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,577.286 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 1983 - Jun 2022
Terms of Trade Index (2004=100) 142.208 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1986 - Jun 2022
Exports: fob: Agricultural: Fats and Oils (USD mn) 8,733.000 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
AR: Import Value Index (2000=100) 168.379 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 420.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1992 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,130.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1976 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 0.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 3,563.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1977 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -1,394.474 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1994 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.5 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 155.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1994 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -1,549.918 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1994 - Mar 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 274,355.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 77,093.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Sep 2003 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 15.7 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 4.479 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 77,626.422 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2016 - Dec 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Other Investments (USD mn) -3,720.448 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services: Import (USD mn) 5,091.774 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Other Financial Corporations (USD mn) -80.884 Dec 2016 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2016
Foreign Direct Investment: Information & Communication (USD mn) -254.943 Dec 2016 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2016
Foreign Direct Investment: Wholesale & Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles & ... (USD mn) -165.881 Dec 2016 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2016
Foreign Direct Investment: Deposit-taking Corporations, except the Central Bank (USD mn) 418.013 Dec 2016 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2016
Foreign Direct Investment: First-Rate Investor: United States of america (USD mn) -522.212 Dec 2016 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2016
Foreign Direct Investment: First-Rate Investor: Spain (USD mn) -96.376 Dec 2016 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2016
Foreign Direct Investment: First-Rate Investor: Chile (USD mn) 24.550 Dec 2016 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2016
Foreign Direct Investment: First-Rate Investor: Germany (USD mn) -24.999 Dec 2016 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2016
Foreign Direct Investment: First-Rate Investor: Netherlands (USD mn) -188.390 Dec 2016 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2016
AR: BOP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Net (USD mn) 4,928.746 2021 yearly 1976 - 2021
AR: BOP: Current Account: Personal Remittances: Received (USD mn) 630.974 2020 yearly 1978 - 2020
AR: BOP: Current Account: Personal Remittances: Paid (USD mn) 545.152 2020 yearly 1978 - 2020
AR: External Debt: DOD: Stocks: Short-Term (USD mn) 42,606.862 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
AR: External Debt: DOD: Stocks: Long-Term (USD mn) 162,279.484 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
AR: External Debt: TDS: Debt Service: Total (USD mn) 28,096.830 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.4 May 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - May 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 4.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Mar 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 46,802.139 May 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 81,618.527 May 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2022
M2 Growth (%) 50.4 May 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 41.3 Mar 2022 monthly Apr 1985 - Mar 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 32,375.6 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Jun 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 6.373 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Mar 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 3.8 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - Jun 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 3,587.940 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Jun 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 103,163.554 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 2002 - Jul 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 72.9 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Jul 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 164,095.2 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1990 - Jul 2018
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 24.1 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2018
Credit to Households (USD bn) 20.383 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 102.271 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 20,923.4 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 2002 - Jul 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 219,504.942 May 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 51.20 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 11.19 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Mar 2022
Money Supply: Month End: M3 (ARS th) 16,848,666,599.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2022
Official Reserve Assets (ORA) (USD mn) 42,786.790 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
ORA: Gold Incl Gold Deposits & Gold Swapped (USD mn) 3,587.940 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves (FCR) (USD mn) 32,250.760 Jun 2022 monthly Jul 2006 - Jun 2022
Deposits: ARS (ARS mn) 13,542,279.742 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 2002 - Jul 2022
Loans (ARS mn) 5,759,914.20 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1990 - Jun 2018
Loans: ARS: Non Financial: Private: Mortgages (ARS mn) 342,001.935 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 2002 - Jul 2022
AR: Domestic Credit: Net (ARS mn) 4,080,573.405 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017
AR: Bank Non-Performing Loans to Total Gross Loans (%) 3.861 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
AR: Broad Money (ARS mn) 3,030,589.910 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Geopolitical Risk Index (%) 0.060 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2022

More Indicators for Argentina

Check out our pricing options.

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

View pricing options

CEIC Flex

from $49

Entry level access to the CEIC platform for individual users. Download limits apply. Payable monthly by credit card.

View this option

CEIC Unlimited

Request a Demo

Full and unlimited access to CEIC data for multiple users. Suitable for enterprise usage. Available via annual subscription to one or more of CEIC’s global and premium databases.

Request a demo
Unlimited access tailored to your data needs
Flexible monthly access to CEIC data